0A4F4F9BD490A749D5437F821CF06DF1

Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador 2008 (Article: 92)

https://www.asambleanacional.gob.ec/sites/default/files/documents/old/constitucion_de_bolsillo.pdf

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This file was generated: 2020-07-15 04:41:32

Indicators in focus are typically shown highlighted in yellow; Peer Indicators (that share the same Vulnerability association) are shown highlighted in pink; "Outside" Indicators (those that do NOT share the same Vulnerability association) are shown highlighted in green; Trigger Words/Phrases are shown highlighted in gray.

Link to Orphaned Trigger Words (Appendix (Indicator List, Indicator Peers, Trigger Words, Type/Vulnerability/Indicator Overlay)


Applicable Type / Vulnerability / Indicator Overlay for this Input

Vulnerability TypeVulnerabilityIndicator# Matches
PoliticalIllegal Activitycrime7
PoliticalIllegal Activityillegal1
PoliticalIndigenousindigenous19
PoliticalIndigenousnative1
PoliticalProsecutedprosecuted1
PoliticalRefugee Statusasylum3
PoliticalRefugee Statusrefugee2
Politicalcriminalcriminal34
Politicaldisplaceddisplaced3
Politicalpolitical affiliationparty10
Politicalpolitical affiliationpolitical97
Politicalstateless personsnation1
Politicalvulnerablevulnerability3
HealthCognitive Impairmentcognitive1
HealthDrug Dependencedependence4
HealthDrug Dependencedependency2
HealthDrug Usagedrug1
HealthDrug Usageinfluence3
HealthDrug Usageusage1
HealthHIV/AIDSHIV1
HealthHealthy Peoplevolunteers1
HealthMentally Disableddisabled1
HealthMentally Disableddisability15
HealthMotherhood/Familyfamily23
HealthMotherhood/Familymotherhood1
HealthPhysically Disabledillness4
HealthPhysically Illsick1
HealthPregnantpregnant6
Healthalcoholismalcoholic1
Healthbreastfeedingbreastfeeding3
Healthinjuredinjured1
Healthof childbearing age/fertilefertile1
Healthpatients in emergency situationsemergencies3
SocialAccess to Social Goodsaccess69
SocialAccess to informationaccess to information2
SocialAccess to informationfreedom of information1
SocialAgeage12
SocialChildchild3
SocialChildchildren8
SocialElderlyelderly5
SocialEthnicityethnic4
SocialEthnicityethnicity3
SocialFathersfathers5
SocialIncarceratedliberty28
SocialIncarceratedprison1
SocialIncarceratedrestricted1
SocialLGBTQ+ Statusgender identity1
SocialLinguistic Proficiencylanguage13
SocialLinguistic Proficiencylinguistic3
SocialLiteracyilliterate1
SocialLiteracyliteracy1
SocialMarital Statusmarital status1
SocialMarital Statussingle9
SocialMothersmothers6
SocialOccupationjob6
SocialOccupationoccupation3
SocialPolice Officerpolice32
SocialProperty Ownershiphome3
SocialProperty Ownershipproperty18
SocialRacial Minorityminority1
SocialRacial Minorityracial1
SocialReligionfaith2
SocialReligionconviction4
SocialReligionreligion4
SocialReligionreligious5
SocialSoldierarmed forces21
SocialSoldiermilitary16
SocialThreat of Stigmathreat5
SocialThreat of Violenceviolence16
SocialTrade Union Membershipunion5
SocialUnemploymentunemployed1
SocialUnemploymentunemployment4
SocialVictim of Abusevictim4
SocialVictim of Abuseabuse8
SocialWomenwomen34
SocialYouth/Minorsminor1
Socialeducationeducation84
Socialeducationeducational25
Socialeducationschooling1
Socialemployeesemployees12
Socialgendergender12
Socialgenetic heritagegenetic heritage6
Socialparentsparent2
Socialphilosophical differences/differences of opinionopinion15
EconomicEconomic/Povertypoor2
EconomicEconomic/Povertypoverty2
EconomicEconomic/Povertylow-income1
General/OtherDependentdependent1
General/OtherImpaired Autonomyautonomy29
General/OtherIncapacitatedincapacity1
General/OtherPublic Emergencyemergency3
General/OtherRelationship to Authorityauthority53
General/Othercultural differenceculturally3

Political / Illegal Activity

Searching for indicator crime:

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p.000046: organization.
p.000046: 16. Participate through their representatives in the official bodies determined by law, in the
p.000046: definition of public policies that concern them, as well as in the design and decision of their priorities in the
p.000046: State plans and projects.
p.000046: 17. Be consulted before adopting a legislative measure that may affect any of your rights
p.000046: collective
p.000046: 18. Maintain and develop contacts, relationships and cooperation with other peoples, in
p.000046: particularly those divided by international borders.
p.000046: 19. Promote the use of clothing, symbols and emblems that identify them.
p.000046: 20. The limitation of military activities in their territories, in accordance with the law.
p.000046: 21. That the dignity and diversity of their cultures, traditions, stories and aspirations be reflected in education
p.000046: public and in the media; the creation of their own social media in their languages ​​and the
p.000046: access to others without discrimination.
p.000046: The territories of the peoples in voluntary isolation are of irreducible and intangible ancestral power, and in
p.000046: they will be banned all kinds of extractive activity. The State will adopt measures to guarantee their lives, to do
p.000046: Respect their self-determination and willingness to remain in isolation, and take care to observe their rights.
p.000046: Violation of these rights will constitute the crime of ethnocide, which will be typified by law.
p.000046: The State shall guarantee the application of these collective rights without discrimination, under conditions of equality
p.000046: and equity between women and men.
p.000046: Art. 58.- To strengthen their identity, culture, traditions and rights, the people are recognized
p.000046: Afro-Ecuadorian collective rights established in the Constitution, law and pacts, conventions,
p.000046: declarations and other international human rights instruments.
p.000047: 47
p.000047: Art. 59.- The collective rights of the montubios peoples are recognized to guarantee their process
p.000047: of integral, sustainable and sustainable human development, policies and strategies for their progress and their
p.000047: forms of associative administration, based on knowledge of their reality and respect for their culture, identity and
p.000047: own vision, in accordance with the law.
p.000047: Art. 60.- Ancestral, indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian and montubio peoples may constitute constituencies.
p.000047: territorial for the preservation of their culture. The law will regulate its conformation.
p.000047: Communes that have collective ownership of land are recognized as an ancestral form of
p.000047: Territorial organization.
p.000047: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000047: Participation Rights
p.000047: Art. 61.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians enjoy the following rights:
p.000047: 1. Choose and be chosen.
p.000047: 2. Participate in matters of public interest.
p.000047: 3. Present projects of normative popular initiative.
p.000047: 4. Be consulted.
p.000047: 5. Supervise the acts of public power.
p.000047: 6. Revoke the mandate conferred on the authorities of popular election.
p.000047: 7. Perform public jobs and functions based on merits and capabilities, and a system of selection and
...

p.000056: i) No one may be tried more than once for the same cause and matter. The cases resolved by the jurisdiction
p.000056: Indigenous should be considered for this purpose.
p.000056: j) Those who act as witnesses or experts will be required to appear before the judge, judge or authority, and
p.000056: answer the respective interrogation.
p.000056: k) Be judged by an independent, impartial and competent judge or judge. No one will be judged by courts of
p.000056: exception or by special commissions created for this purpose.
p.000056: l) The resolutions of the public authorities must be motivated. There will be no motivation if in the resolution
p.000056: the legal norms or principles on which it is based are not stated and not
p.000057: 57
p.000057: the relevance of its application to the factual background is explained. Administrative acts, resolutions or
p.000057: failures that are not duly motivated will be considered void. The servers or servers responsible will be
p.000057: sanctioned
p.000057: m) Appeal the decision or resolution in all procedures in which you decide on your rights.
p.000057: Art. 77.- In all criminal proceedings in which a person has been deprived of liberty, the following shall be observed
p.000057: basic guarantees:
p.000057: 1. Deprivation of liberty shall not be the general rule and shall be applied to guarantee the appearance of the
p.000057: charged or accused to the process, the right of the victim of the crime to a prompt, timely and without delay justice,
p.000057: and to ensure compliance with the penalty; shall proceed by written order of a competent judge or judge, in the cases, by
p.000057: the time and with the formalities established in the law. Flagrant crimes are excepted, in which case you cannot
p.000057: keep the person detained without trial for more than twenty-four hours. Non-proprietary measures of
p.000057: Freedom shall apply in accordance with the cases, terms, conditions and requirements established by law.1
p.000057: 2. No person may be admitted to a detention center without a written order issued by
p.000057: competent judge or judge, except in case of flagrant crime. Persons prosecuted or indicted in court
p.000057: criminals who are deprived of liberty will remain in centers of provisional deprivation of liberty legally
p.000057: established.
p.000057: 3. Every person, at the time of detention, shall have the right to know clearly and in simple language
p.000057: the reasons for her detention, the identity of the judge or judge, or authority that ordered her, that of those who execute her and the
p.000057: of the persons responsible for the respective interrogation.
p.000057: 4. At the time of detention, the agent or agent shall inform the detained person of his right to remain
p.000057: in silence, to request the assistance of a lawyer or lawyer, or of a public defender or defender in case
p.000057: He could not designate himself, and to communicate with a family member or with any person he indicated.
p.000057: 1 Numeral replaced by the approval of question number 2 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000057: of May 7, 2011, results published in the Supplement to Official Registry No. 490 of July 13,
p.002011: 2011
p.000058: 58
p.000058: 5. If the person arrested is a foreigner, the person carrying out the detention shall immediately inform the
p.000058: consular representative of your country.
p.000058: 6. No one can be held incommunicado.
p.000058: 7. The right of every person to defense includes:
p.000058: a) Be informed, in advance and in detail, in their own language and in simple language of the actions and
p.000058: procedures formulated against him, and of the identity of the authority responsible for the action or procedure.
p.000058: b) Take refuge in silence.
p.000058: c) No one may be forced to testify against himself, on matters that may cause his responsibility
p.000058: penal.
p.000058: 8. No one may be called to testify in criminal proceedings against their spouse, partner or relatives until
p.000058: the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree of affinity, except in the case of violence
p.000058: intrafamiliar, sexual and gender. The voluntary declarations of the victims of a crime or of the
p.000058: relatives of these, regardless of the degree of kinship. These people may raise and continue the
p.000058: corresponding criminal action.
p.000058: 9. Under the responsibility of the judge or judge who knows the process, pretrial detention may not
p.000058: exceed six months in cases for crimes punishable by imprisonment, nor one year in cases of crimes
p.000058: sanctioned with seclusion. If these deadlines are exceeded, the preventive detention order will be void.
p.000058: The preventive detention order will remain in force and ipso jure will be suspended during the course of the
p.000058: term of pretrial detention if by any means the accused person has evaded, delayed,
p.000058: its judgment avoided or impeded by acts oriented to cause its expiration. If procrastination
p.000058: occurred during the process or caused expiration, whether due to actions or omissions of judges, judges,
p.000058: prosecutors, public defender, experts or servants of auxiliary bodies, they will be considered to have incurred a fault
p.000058: very serious and must be sanctioned in accordance with the law.2
p.000058: 2 Item incorporated by the approval of question number 1 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000058: of May 7, 2011, results published in the Supplement of the Official Registry No. 490 of July 13,
p.002011: 2011
p.000059: 59
p.000059: 10. Without exception, issued the order of dismissal or the acquittal, the person
p.000059: detained will immediately regain his freedom, even if any inquiry or appeal is pending.
p.000059: 11. The judge or judge will apply the alternative precautionary measures to the deprivation of liberty contemplated in the law.
p.000059: The alternative sanctions will be applied in accordance with the cases, terms, conditions and requirements established in the
...

p.000079: administrative operation of the National Assembly.
p.000079: 3. Manage public office appointments.
p.000079: 4. Receive per diems or other income from public funds other than those corresponding to their function as assembly members.
p.000079: 5. Accept appointments, delegations, commissions or paid representations of other functions of the State.
p.000079: 6. Integrate directories of other collegiate bodies of institutions or companies in which the
p.000079: State.
p.000079: 7. Enter into contracts with public sector entities.
p.000079: Whoever violates any of these prohibitions will lose the quality of assembly, in addition to the responsibilities that
p.000079: Determine the law.
p.000079: Art. 128.- Assembly members and assembly members shall enjoy the jurisdiction of the National Court of Justice during the
p.000079: exercise of their functions; they will not be civil or criminally responsible for the opinions they issue, nor for the
p.000079: decisions or acts that they carry out in the exercise of their functions, inside and outside the National Assembly.
p.000079: To initiate criminal proceedings against an assemblyman or an assemblyman, authorization will be required
p.000079: prior to the National Assembly, except in cases that are not related to the exercise of their
p.000079: functions. If the request of the competent judge or judge requesting authorization for prosecution is not
p.000079: Answer within thirty days, will be deemed granted. During the recess periods the course will be suspended
p.000079: of the mentioned term. They may only be deprived of liberty in case of flagrant crime or enforceable sentence.
p.000079: Criminal cases that have been initiated prior to the possession of the charge will continue pending
p.000079: the judge or judge who avoided the knowledge of the cause.
p.000080: 80
p.000080: SECTION SECTION
p.000080: Control of government action
p.000080: Art. 129.- The National Assembly may proceed to the political prosecution of the President or President, or of
p.000080: the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, at the request of at least one third of its members, in the
p.000080: following cases:
p.000080: 1. For crimes against state security.
p.000080: 2. For crimes of concussion, bribery, peculation or illicit enrichment.
p.000080: 3. For crimes of genocide, torture, forced disappearance of persons, kidnapping or homicide for
p.000080: political or conscientious reasons.
p.000080: To initiate the political trial, the admissibility opinion of the Constitutional Court will be required,
p.000080: but prior criminal prosecution will not be necessary.
p.000080: Within a period of seventy-two hours, after the procedure established by law, the National Assembly
p.000080: will resolve motivated based on the evidence of discharge presented by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000080: To proceed with censorship and dismissal, the favorable vote of two thirds of the
p.000080: members of the National Assembly. If evidence of criminal responsibility is derived from censorship, provision will be made
p.000080: that the matter be made known to the competent judge or judge.
...

p.000093: diversity and rights, and will be accompanied by alternative training in various occupational fields that
p.000093: contribute to the individual development and welfare of society. Those who participate in this service will not be
p.000093: destined to areas of high military risk.
p.000093: All forms of forced recruitment are prohibited.
p.000093: Art. 162.- The Armed Forces may only participate in economic activities related to the
p.000093: national defense, and may contribute their quota to support national development, in accordance with the law.
p.000093: The Armed Forces may organize reserve forces, according to the needs for compliance with
p.000093: its functions. The State will allocate the necessary resources for its equipment, training and training.
p.000093: Art. 163.- The National Police is a state institution of a civil, armed, technical, hierarchical nature,
p.000093: disciplined, professional and highly specialized, whose mission is to meet citizen security and
p.000093: public order, and protect the free exercise of the rights and security of people within
p.000093: of the national territory.
p.000093: The members of the National Police will have a training based on human rights, specialized research,
p.000093: prevention, control and prevention of crime and use of means of deterrence and conciliation as alternatives to
p.000093: use of force
p.000094: 94
p.000094: For the development of its tasks the National Police will coordinate its functions with the different levels
p.000094: of decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000094: FOURTH SECTION
p.000094: States of exception
p.000094: Art. 164.- The President or President of the Republic may decree the state of exception throughout the territory
p.000094: national or in part of it in case of aggression, international or internal armed conflict, serious commotion
p.000094: internal, public calamity or natural disaster. The declaration of the state of exception will not interrupt the activities
p.000094: of the functions of the State.
p.000094: The state of exception shall observe the principles of necessity, proportionality, legality, temporality,
p.000094: territoriality and reasonableness. The decree establishing the state of exception will contain the
p.000094: determination of the cause and its motivation, territorial scope of application, the period of duration, the measures that
p.000094: shall apply, the rights that may be suspended or limited and the corresponding notifications according to
p.000094: the Constitution and international treaties.
p.000094: Art. 165.- During the state of exception, the President or President of the Republic may only suspend or
p.000094: limit the exercise of the right to inviolability of domicile, inviolability of correspondence, freedom of
p.000094: transit, freedom of association and assembly, and freedom of information, in the terms established by the Constitution.
p.000094: Declared the state of exception, the President or President of the Republic may:
p.000094: 1. Decree the anticipated collection of taxes.
...

p.000109: The Board will consist of seven female directors or senior directors and seven alternates. The main members
p.000109: they will choose from among them the President or President, who will be their legal representative, for a time that will be extended
p.000109: in the middle of his period.
p.000109: The selection of the directors and the directors will be made from among the applicants who propose the
p.000109: social organizations and citizenship. The selection process will be organized by the National Electoral Council,
p.000109: which will conduct the corresponding public contest of opposition and merits, with nomination, oversight and right, to
p.000109: citizen challenge in accordance with the law.
p.000109: Art. 208.- The duties and powers of the Citizen Participation and Social Control Council, in addition to the
p.000109: provided by law:
p.000109: 1. Promote citizen participation, stimulate public deliberation processes and promote
p.000109: training in citizenship, values, transparency and fight against corruption.
p.000110: 110
p.000110: 2. Establish accountability mechanisms for institutions and entities in the sector
p.000110: public, and contribute to citizen oversight and social control processes.
p.000110: 3. Urge the other entities of the Function to act in a mandatory manner on the matters that merit
p.000110: intervention at the discretion of the Council.
p.000110: 4. Investigate complaints about acts or omissions that affect citizen participation or generate corruption.
p.000110: 5. Issue reports that determine the existence of indications of responsibility, formulate the
p.000110: necessary recommendations and promote the corresponding legal actions.
p.000110: 6. Act as a procedural part in the cases that are established as a result of their
p.000110: research. When in sentence it is determined that in the commission of the crime there was appropriation
p.000110: undue resources, the competent authority will confiscate the assets of the personal assets of the
p.000110: sentenced
p.000110: 7. Contribute to the protection of people who report acts of corruption.
p.000110: 8. Request from any entity or official of the State institutions the information that
p.000110: consider necessary for your investigations or processes. People and institutions will collaborate with the
p.000110: Council and those who refuse to do so will be sanctioned in accordance with the law.
p.000110: 9. Organize the process and monitor transparency in the execution of the acts of the citizen commissions
p.000110: of selection of state authorities.
p.000110: 10. Appoint the first authority of the State Attorney General's Office and the superintendencies of
p.000110: among the three proposals proposed by the President or President of the Republic, after the process of
p.000110: challenge and corresponding citizen oversight.
p.000110: 11. Appoint the first authority of the Office of the Ombudsman, Public Defender, State Attorney General
p.000110: and Comptroller General of the State, after exhausting the corresponding selection process.
p.000111: 111
p.000111: 12. Appoint the members of the National Electoral Council, Contentious Electoral Tribunal and Council
p.000111: of the Judiciary, after exhausting the corresponding selection process.
p.000111: Art. 209.- In order to fulfill its designation functions, the Citizen Participation and Social Control Council
p.000111: organize citizen selection commissions, which will be responsible for carrying out, in the cases that
...

Searching for indicator illegal:

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p.000035: sentence of imprisonment, provided that no other alternative measures are applied, will serve their sentence
p.000035: in centers suitable for this purpose, and in case of pretrial detention they will be subjected to house arrest.
p.000035: 8. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000035: 9. Adequate economic and psychological assistance that guarantees your physical and mental stability.
p.000036: 36
p.000036: The law will sanction the abandonment of older adults by their relatives or institutions
p.000036: established for your protection.
p.000036: SECTION SECTION
p.000036: Young boys
p.000036: Art. 39.- The State will guarantee the rights of young people and young people, and promote their cash
p.000036: exercise through policies and programs, institutions and resources that ensure and maintain so
p.000036: Permanent participation and inclusion in all areas, particularly in public power spaces.
p.000036: The State will recognize young people and young people as strategic actors in the country's development, and
p.000036: guarantee education, health, housing, recreation, sports, leisure time, freedom of expression and
p.000036: association. The State will promote its incorporation to work in fair and dignified conditions, with
p.000036: emphasis on training, the guarantee of access to first employment and the promotion of their skills
p.000036: entrepreneurship
p.000036: SECTION THREE
p.000036: Human mobility
p.000036: Art. 40.- The right to migrate is recognized to people. No being will be identified or considered
p.000036: human as illegal because of his immigration status.
p.000036: The State, through the corresponding entities, will develop among others the following actions for the
p.000036: Exercise of the rights of Ecuadorian people abroad, whatever their immigration status:
p.000036: 1. Offer assistance to them and their families, whether they reside abroad or in the country.
p.000036: 2. It will offer attention, advisory services and integral protection so that they can freely exercise their
p.000036: rights.
p.000036: 3. Precautionary your rights when, for any reason, they have been deprived of their freedom abroad.
p.000036: 4. It will promote its links with Ecuador, facilitate family reunification and stimulate voluntary return.
p.000037: 37
p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
...

Political / Indigenous

Searching for indicator indigenous:

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p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Habeas corpus 65 action
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Action to access public information 66
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Habeas action data 67
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Non-compliance action 67
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Extraordinary protection action 68
p.000022: TITLE IV
p.000022: PARTICIPATION AND ORGANIZATION OF POWER 69
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Participation in democracy 69
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Principles of participation 69
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Collective Organization 69
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Participation in different levels of government 70
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Direct Democracy 71
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Political organizations 73
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Political representation 74
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Legislative Function 77
p.000022: First section
p.000022: National Assembly 77
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Control of government action 81
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Legislative procedure 82
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Executive Function 87
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Organization and functions 87
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: National Equality Councils 92
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Armed Forces and National Police 93
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: States of exception 95
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Judicial Function and Indigenous Justice 97
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Principles of the administration of justice 97
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Indigenous Justice 98
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Principles of the Judicial Function 98
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Organization and operation 99
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Judicial Council 100
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Ordinary Justice 101
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Justices of the Peace 104
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Alternative means of conflict resolution 104
p.000022: Ninth section
p.000022: Public Defender 104
p.000022: Tenth Section
p.000022: State Attorney General 105
p.000022: Eleventh section
p.000022: Victim and witness protection system 106
p.000022: Twelfth Section
p.000022: Notarial service 107
p.000022: Thirteenth Section
p.000022: Social rehabilitation 107
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Transparency and Social Control Function 109
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Nature and functions 109
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Citizen Participation and Social Control Council 110
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Comptroller General of the State 113
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Superintendencies 113
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Office of the Ombudsman 114
p.000022: Sixth chapter
p.000022: Electoral Function 115
p.000022: First section
p.000022: National Electoral Council 115
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Contentious Electoral Tribunal 116
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Common norms of political and social control 117
p.000022: Seventh chapter
p.000022: Public Administration 118
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Public Sector 118
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Public Administration 118
p.000022: Third section
...

p.000022: A new way of citizen coexistence, in diversity and harmony with nature, to achieve good living, the
p.000022: Sumak kawsay;
p.000022: A society that respects, in all its dimensions, the dignity of people and communities;
p.000022: A democratic country, committed to Latin American integration - dream of Bolívar and Alfaro -, peace and
p.000022: solidarity with all the peoples of the earth; Y,
p.000022: In the exercise of our sovereignty, in Ciudad Alfaro, Montecristi, province of Manabí, we present ourselves:
p.000022: Constitution
p.000022: of the Republic of Ecuador
p.000022: twenty-one
p.000022: 22
p.000022: Title I
p.000022: Constitutive Elements of the State
p.000022: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000022: Fundamental Principles
p.000022: Art. 1.- Ecuador is a constitutional State of rights and justice, social, democratic, sovereign,
p.000022: independent, unitary, intercultural, plurinational and secular. It is organized in the form of a republic and is
p.000022: governs in a decentralized manner.
p.000022: Sovereignty lies in the people, whose will is the foundation of authority, and is exercised through the
p.000022: bodies of public power and the forms of direct participation provided for in the Constitution.
p.000022: The non-renewable natural resources of the State territory belong to its heritage
p.000022: inalienable, inalienable and imprescriptible.
p.000022: Art. 2.- The flag, the shield and the national anthem, established by law, are the symbols of the country.
p.000022: Spanish is the official language of Ecuador; Spanish, Kichwa and Shuar are languages
p.000022: Intercultural relationship officers. The other ancestral languages ​​are of official use for the indigenous peoples in
p.000022: the areas where they live and in the terms established by law. The State will respect and stimulate its conservation and use.
p.000022: Art. 3.- The primary duties of the State are:
p.000022: 1. Guarantee without discrimination the effective enjoyment of the rights established in the Constitution and in
p.000022: international instruments, in particular education, health, food, security
p.000022: social and water for its inhabitants.
p.000022: 2. Guarantee and defend national sovereignty.
p.000022: 3. Strengthen national unity in diversity.
p.000022: 4. Guarantee secular ethics as a basis for public activity and legal order.
p.000022: 5. Plan national development, eradicate poverty, promote sustainable development and
p.000022: equitable redistribution of resources and wealth, to access the good life.
p.000022: 2. 3
p.000022: 6. Promote the equitable and solidarity development of the entire territory, by strengthening the
p.000022: autonomy and decentralization process.
p.000022: 7. Protect the natural and cultural heritage of the country.
p.000022: 8. Guarantee its inhabitants the right to a culture of peace, to integral security and to live in a society
p.000022: Democratic and corruption free.
p.000022: Art. 4.- The territory of Ecuador constitutes a geographical and historical unit of natural, social dimensions.
p.000022: and cultural, legacy of our ancestors and ancestral peoples. This territory includes the space
p.000022: continental and maritime, the adjacent islands, the territorial sea, the Galapagos Archipelago, the
p.000022: soil, the underwater platform, the subsoil and the overlying continental, insular and
p.000022: maritime. Its limits are those determined by the current treaties.
p.000022: The territory of Ecuador is inalienable, irreducible and inviolable. No one will attempt against territorial unity or
p.000022: It will promote secession.
p.000022: The capital of Ecuador is Quito.
p.000022: The Ecuadorian State will exercise rights over the corresponding segments of the synchronous orbit
p.000022: geostationary, maritime spaces and Antarctica.
p.000022: Art. 5.- Ecuador is a territory of peace. The establishment of military bases will not be allowed
p.000022: foreign or foreign facilities for military purposes. It is forbidden to assign national military bases to
p.000022: foreign armed or security forces.
p.000022: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000022: Citizens and citizens
p.000022: Art. 6.- All Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians are citizens and will enjoy the rights established in the
p.000022: Constitution.
p.000022: Ecuadorian nationality is the political legal link of people with the State, without prejudice
p.000022: of their belonging to one of the indigenous nationalities that coexist in Ecuador
p.000022: Plurinational
p.000022: Ecuadorian nationality will be obtained by birth or naturalization and will not be lost by marriage or
p.000022: its dissolution, nor by the acquisition of another nationality.
p.000024: 24
p.000024: Art. 7.- They are Ecuadorian and Ecuadorian by birth:
p.000024: 1. People born in Ecuador.
p.000024: 2. Persons born abroad of a mother or father born in Ecuador; and his descendants until the
p.000024: third degree of consanguinity.
p.000024: 3. Persons belonging to communities, peoples or nationalities recognized by Ecuador
p.000024: with presence in border areas.
p.000024: Art. 8.- The following persons are Ecuadorian and Ecuadorian by naturalization:
p.000024: 1. Those who obtain the naturalization letter.
p.000024: 2. Foreign minors adopted by an Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian, who will retain their nationality
p.000024: Ecuadorian while not expressing contrary will.
p.000024: 3. Those born abroad of an Ecuadorian mother or father by naturalization, while those are
p.000024: minors; they will retain Ecuadorian nationality if they do not express contrary will.
p.000024: 4. Those who marry or maintain de facto union with an Ecuadorian or an Ecuadorian, according to
p.000024: with the law
p.000024: 5. Those who obtain Ecuadorian nationality for having provided relevant services to the country with
p.000024: Your talent or individual effort.
p.000024: Those who acquire Ecuadorian nationality will not be obliged to renounce their nationality of origin.
p.000024: Ecuadorian nationality acquired by naturalization will be lost by express resignation.
p.000024: Art. 9.- Foreign persons who are in Ecuadorian territory will have the same rights
p.000024: and duties that Ecuadorians, in accordance with the Constitution.
p.000025: 25
p.000025: Title II
p.000025: Rights
p.000025: FIRST CHAPTER
...

p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
p.000043: Satisfaction measurement systems for users and consumers, and implement systems
p.000043: of attention and repair.
p.000043: The State will respond civilly for damages caused to people through negligence and carelessness in the
p.000043: attention to public services that are in charge, and for the lack of services that have been paid.
p.000043: Art. 54.- Persons or entities that provide public services or that produce or market consumer goods,
p.000043: they will be responsible civil and criminally for the deficient provision of the service, for the defective quality of the
p.000043: product, or when its conditions do not agree with the advertising made or with the description that
p.000043: incorporate
p.000043: People will be responsible for the bad practice in the exercise of their profession, art or trade, especially
p.000043: one that puts the integrity or life of people at risk.
p.000043: Art. 55.- Users and consumers may establish associations that promote information and
p.000043: education about their rights, and represent and defend them before judicial or administrative authorities.
p.000043: For the exercise of this or other rights, no one will be obliged to associate.
p.000044: 44
p.000044: FOURTH CHAPTER
p.000044: Rights of communities, peoples and nationalities
p.000044: Art. 56.- The communities, peoples, and indigenous nationalities, the Afro-Ecuadorian people, the Montubio people and the
p.000044: communes are part of the Ecuadorian State, unique and indivisible.
p.000044: Art. 57.- Indigenous communities, communities, peoples and nationalities are recognized and guaranteed, of
p.000044: conformity with the Constitution and with the pacts, conventions, declarations and other instruments
p.000044: international human rights, the following collective rights:
p.000044: 1. Maintain, develop and strengthen freely your identity, sense of belonging, traditions
p.000044: ancestral and forms of social organization.
p.000044: 2. Not be subject to racism and any form of discrimination based on their origin, ethnic or cultural identity.
p.000044: 3. The recognition, reparation and compensation to the communities affected by racism, xenophobia and others
p.000044: related forms of intolerance and discrimination.
p.000044: 4. Keep the imprescriptible property of their community lands, which will be
p.000044: inalienable, unattachable and indivisible. These lands will be exempt from the payment of taxes and fees.
p.000044: 5. Maintain possession of ancestral lands and territories and obtain their free adjudication.
p.000044: 6. Participate in the use, usufruct, administration and conservation of renewable natural resources found
p.000044: in their lands
p.000044: 7. Free and informed prior consultation, within a reasonable time, about plans and programs
p.000044: prospecting, exploitation and commercialization of non-renewable resources that are in their lands and
p.000044: that may affect them environmentally or culturally; participate in the benefits that these projects report and receive
p.000044: compensation for the social, cultural and environmental damages caused to them. The consultation
...

p.000046: public and in the media; the creation of their own social media in their languages ​​and the
p.000046: access to others without discrimination.
p.000046: The territories of the peoples in voluntary isolation are of irreducible and intangible ancestral power, and in
p.000046: they will be banned all kinds of extractive activity. The State will adopt measures to guarantee their lives, to do
p.000046: Respect their self-determination and willingness to remain in isolation, and take care to observe their rights.
p.000046: Violation of these rights will constitute the crime of ethnocide, which will be typified by law.
p.000046: The State shall guarantee the application of these collective rights without discrimination, under conditions of equality
p.000046: and equity between women and men.
p.000046: Art. 58.- To strengthen their identity, culture, traditions and rights, the people are recognized
p.000046: Afro-Ecuadorian collective rights established in the Constitution, law and pacts, conventions,
p.000046: declarations and other international human rights instruments.
p.000047: 47
p.000047: Art. 59.- The collective rights of the montubios peoples are recognized to guarantee their process
p.000047: of integral, sustainable and sustainable human development, policies and strategies for their progress and their
p.000047: forms of associative administration, based on knowledge of their reality and respect for their culture, identity and
p.000047: own vision, in accordance with the law.
p.000047: Art. 60.- Ancestral, indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian and montubio peoples may constitute constituencies.
p.000047: territorial for the preservation of their culture. The law will regulate its conformation.
p.000047: Communes that have collective ownership of land are recognized as an ancestral form of
p.000047: Territorial organization.
p.000047: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000047: Participation Rights
p.000047: Art. 61.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians enjoy the following rights:
p.000047: 1. Choose and be chosen.
p.000047: 2. Participate in matters of public interest.
p.000047: 3. Present projects of normative popular initiative.
p.000047: 4. Be consulted.
p.000047: 5. Supervise the acts of public power.
p.000047: 6. Revoke the mandate conferred on the authorities of popular election.
p.000047: 7. Perform public jobs and functions based on merits and capabilities, and a system of selection and
p.000047: transparent, inclusive, equitable, pluralistic and democratic designation that guarantees their participation,
p.000047: with criteria of equity and gender parity, equal opportunities for people with disabilities and
p.000047: intergenerational participation
p.000047: 8. Forming political parties and movements, affiliating or disenrolling freely from them
p.000047: and participate in all the decisions they adopt.
p.000047: Foreign persons will enjoy these rights as applicable.
p.000048: 48
p.000048: Art. 62.- People in enjoyment of political rights have the right to universal, equal, direct, secret and secret voting.
p.000048: publicly scrutinized, in accordance with the following provisions:
p.000048: 1. Voting will be mandatory for people over eighteen. They will exercise their right to vote
...

p.000056: 56
p.000056: a) No one may be deprived of the right to defense at any stage or degree of the procedure.
p.000056: b) Have the time and the appropriate means to prepare your defense.
p.000056: c) Be heard in a timely manner and on equal terms.
p.000056: d) The procedures will be public except as otherwise provided by law. The parties can access all
p.000056: the documents and proceedings of the procedure.
p.000056: e) No one may be interrogated, even for research purposes, by the State Attorney General's Office, for
p.000056: a police authority or by any other, without the presence of a private lawyer or a public defender, or outside
p.000056: of the enclosures authorized for this purpose.
p.000056: f) Be assisted free of charge by a translator or translator or interpreter, if you do not understand or speak the language in the
p.000056: that the procedure is substantiated.
p.000056: g) In judicial proceedings, be assisted by a lawyer or lawyer of your choice or by a defender or defender
p.000056: public; Access and free and private communication with your defender or defender cannot be restricted.
p.000056: h) Present verbally or in writing the reasons or arguments of which it is believed assisted and replicate the
p.000056: arguments of the other parties; present evidence and contradict those presented against it.
p.000056: i) No one may be tried more than once for the same cause and matter. The cases resolved by the jurisdiction
p.000056: Indigenous should be considered for this purpose.
p.000056: j) Those who act as witnesses or experts will be required to appear before the judge, judge or authority, and
p.000056: answer the respective interrogation.
p.000056: k) Be judged by an independent, impartial and competent judge or judge. No one will be judged by courts of
p.000056: exception or by special commissions created for this purpose.
p.000056: l) The resolutions of the public authorities must be motivated. There will be no motivation if in the resolution
p.000056: the legal norms or principles on which it is based are not stated and not
p.000057: 57
p.000057: the relevance of its application to the factual background is explained. Administrative acts, resolutions or
p.000057: failures that are not duly motivated will be considered void. The servers or servers responsible will be
p.000057: sanctioned
p.000057: m) Appeal the decision or resolution in all procedures in which you decide on your rights.
p.000057: Art. 77.- In all criminal proceedings in which a person has been deprived of liberty, the following shall be observed
p.000057: basic guarantees:
p.000057: 1. Deprivation of liberty shall not be the general rule and shall be applied to guarantee the appearance of the
p.000057: charged or accused to the process, the right of the victim of the crime to a prompt, timely and without delay justice,
p.000057: and to ensure compliance with the penalty; shall proceed by written order of a competent judge or judge, in the cases, by
...

p.000095: reserve or a part of it, as well as the staff of other institutions.
p.000095: 7. Arrange for the closure or authorization of ports, airports and border crossings.
p.000095: 8. Arrange the necessary mobilization and requisitions, and decree the national demobilization, when
p.000095: restore normality.
p.000095: Art. 166.- The President or President of the Republic will notify the declaration of the state of exception
p.000095: to the National Assembly, the Constitutional Court and the corresponding international organizations
p.000095: within forty-eight hours following the signing of the corresponding decree. If the circumstances
p.000095: they justify it, the National Assembly may revoke the decree at any time, without prejudice to the pronouncement that
p.000095: on its constitutionality the Constitutional Court can perform.
p.000095: The decree of state of exception will be valid for a maximum period of sixty days. If the causes that motivated him
p.000095: persist may be renewed for up to thirty more days, which must be notified. Yes the president
p.000095: does not renew the decree of state of exception or notifies it, it will be deemed expired.
p.000095: When the causes that motivated the state of exception disappear, the President of the
p.000095: Republic will decree its termination and notify it immediately with the corresponding report.
p.000095: Servants and public servants will be responsible for any abuse they may have committed in
p.000095: the exercise of their powers during the validity of the state of exception.
p.000096: 96
p.000096: FOURTH CHAPTER
p.000096: Judicial Function and Indigenous Justice
p.000096: SECTION ONE
p.000096: Principles of the administration of justice
p.000096: Art. 167.- The power to administer justice emanates from the people and is exercised by the organs of the Judicial Function and
p.000096: by the other organs and functions established in the Constitution.
p.000096: Art. 168.- The administration of justice, in the fulfillment of its duties and in the exercise of its powers,
p.000096: apply the following principles:
p.000096: 1. The organs of the Judicial Function shall enjoy internal and external independence. Any violation of this
p.000096: The principle will entail administrative, civil and criminal liability in accordance with the law.
p.000096: 2. The Judicial Function shall enjoy administrative, economic and financial autonomy.
p.000096: 3. Under the jurisdictional unit, no authority of the other functions of the State may
p.000096: perform functions of administration of ordinary justice, without prejudice to jurisdictional powers
p.000096: recognized by the Constitution.
p.000096: 4. Access to the administration of justice will be free. The law will establish the regime of procedural costs.
p.000096: 5. In all its stages, the judgments and their decisions will be public, except as expressly indicated
p.000096: In the law.
p.000096: 6. The substantiation of the processes in all matters, instances, stages and proceedings will be carried out
p.000096: through the oral system, in accordance with the principles of concentration, contradiction and device.
p.000096: Art. 169.-The procedural system is a means for the realization of justice. The procedural rules will enshrine the
p.000096: principles of simplification, uniformity, effectiveness, immediacy, speed and procedural economy, and will
p.000096: Effective guarantees of due process. Justice will not be sacrificed for the mere omission of formalities.
p.000096: Art. 170.- In order to enter the Judicial Function, the criteria of equality, equity,
p.000096: probity, opposition, merits, publicity, challenge and citizen participation.
p.000097: 97
p.000097: The judicial career in ordinary justice is recognized and guaranteed. Professionalization will be guaranteed through
p.000097: continuous training and periodic evaluation of judicial servants and servants, as indispensable conditions
p.000097: for the promotion and permanence in the judicial career.
p.000097: SECTION SECTION
p.000097: Indigenous justice
p.000097: Art. 171.- The authorities of the indigenous communities, peoples and nationalities shall exercise functions.
p.000097: jurisdictional, based on their ancestral traditions and their own right, within their territorial scope, with
p.000097: guarantee of participation and decision of women. The authorities will apply rules and procedures
p.000097: own for the solution of their internal conflicts, and that are not contrary to the Constitution and rights
p.000097: Human recognized in international instruments.
p.000097: The State shall ensure that the decisions of the indigenous jurisdiction are respected by the institutions and
p.000097: Public authorities. Such decisions are subject to judicial review. The law will establish the
p.000097: coordination and cooperation mechanisms between the indigenous jurisdiction and the ordinary jurisdiction.
p.000097: SECTION THREE
p.000097: Principles of the Judicial Function
p.000097: Art. 172.- The judges will administer justice subject to the Constitution, to the instruments
p.000097: international human rights and the law.
p.000097: Servants and judicial servants, which include judges and judges, and the other justice operators, will apply
p.000097: the principle of due diligence in the administration of justice processes.
p.000097: The judges will be responsible for the damage caused to the parties by delay, negligence, denial
p.000097: of justice or breaking the law.
p.000097: Art. 173.- The administrative acts of any authority of the State may be challenged, both in the
p.000097: administrative route as before the corresponding organs of the Judicial Function.
p.000098: 98
p.000098: Art. 174.- Servants and judicial servants may not practice law or perform other public employment or
p.000098: private, except for university teaching outside working hours.
p.000098: Bad procedural faith, malicious or reckless litigation, the generation of obstacles or procedural procrastination, will be
p.000098: sanctioned according to the law.
p.000098: Judges and judges may not exercise leadership functions in political parties and movements, nor participate
p.000098: as candidates in processes of popular election, nor perform political or religious proselytizing activities.
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p.000102: o Judge specializing in offending adolescents, according to population needs.
p.000102: In localities where there is a social rehabilitation center there will be at least one guarantee court
p.000102: penitentiaries
p.000102: Art. 187.- Servants and judicial servants have the right to remain in the performance of their duties.
p.000102: as long as there is no legal cause to separate them; will be subject to an individual and periodic evaluation
p.000102: of its performance, according to technical parameters developed by the Judicial Council and with the presence of control
p.000102: Social. Those who do not reach the required minimums will be removed.
p.000102: Art. 188.- In application of the principle of jurisdictional unity, the members of the Armed Forces and the
p.000102: National Police will be judged by ordinary justice, Lack of disciplinary or administrative nature
p.000102: They will be subject to their own procedural rules.
p.000102: Due to the hierarchy and administrative responsibility, the law will regulate the cases of jurisdiction.
p.000103: 103
p.000103: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000103: Justice of the Peace
p.000103: Art. 189.- The justices of the peace will resolve in equity and will have exclusive and mandatory competence
p.000103: to know those individual, community, neighborhood and contravention conflicts that are submitted to their
p.000103: jurisdiction, in accordance with the law. In no case may the deprivation of liberty or
p.000103: prevail over indigenous justice.
p.000103: The justices of the peace will use mechanisms of conciliation, dialogue, friendly agreement and other practices
p.000103: by the community to adopt its resolutions, which will guarantee and respect the rights recognized by
p.000103: the Constitution. The sponsorship of a lawyer or lawyer will not be necessary.
p.000103: The justices of the peace must have their permanent domicile in the place where they exercise their competence
p.000103: and have the respect, consideration and support of the community. They will be chosen by their community,
p.000103: through a process whose responsibility corresponds to the Judicial Council and will remain in
p.000103: functions until the community itself decides its removal, in accordance with the law. To be a judge or justice of the peace, I don't know
p.000103: You will need to be a professional in law.
p.000103: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000103: Alternative means of conflict resolution
p.000103: Art. 190.- Arbitration, mediation and other alternative procedures for the
p.000103: conflict resolution. These procedures will be applied subject to the law, in matters where
p.000103: Nature can be compromised.
p.000103: In public procurement, arbitration in law will proceed, after a favorable pronouncement from the Attorney General's Office
p.000103: General of the State, in accordance with the conditions established by law.
p.000103: NINTH SECTION
p.000103: Public Defender
p.000103: Art. 191.- The Public Defender's Office is an autonomous body of the Judicial Function whose purpose is to guarantee
p.000103: full and equal access to justice for people who, due to their state of helplessness or
p.000104: 104
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p.000121: and will be governed by the principles of solidarity, subsidiarity, inter-territorial equity, integration and
p.000121: citizen participation. In no case will the exercise of autonomy allow the secession of the national territory.
p.000121: Decentralized autonomous governments constitute rural parish councils, councils
p.000121: municipal, metropolitan councils, provincial councils and regional councils.
p.000121: Art. 239.- The decentralized autonomous government regime shall be governed by the corresponding law, which
p.000121: establish a national system of mandatory and progressive competencies and define the
p.000121: policies and mechanisms to compensate for territorial imbalances in the development process.
p.000121: Art. 240.- The decentralized autonomous governments of the regions, metropolitan districts,
p.000121: provinces and cantons will have legislative powers within the scope of their powers and
p.000121: territorial jurisdictions Rural parish boards have regulatory powers.
p.000121: All decentralized autonomous governments will exercise executive powers in the field of
p.000121: their competences and territorial jurisdictions.
p.000121: Art. 241.- Planning will guarantee territorial planning and will be mandatory in all autonomous governments.
p.000121: decentralized
p.000123: 123
p.000123: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000123: Organization of the territory
p.000123: Art. 242.- The State is organized territorially in regions, provinces, cantons and parishes.
p.000123: rural. For reasons of environmental conservation, ethnic-cultural or population may be constituted
p.000123: special regimes
p.000123: The autonomous metropolitan districts, the province of Galapagos and the indigenous territorial districts and
p.000123: Pluriculturals will be special regimes.
p.000123: Art. 243.- Two or more regions, provinces, cantons or adjoining parishes may be grouped together and formed
p.000123: associations, with the purpose of improving the management of their skills and favoring their integration processes.
p.000123: Its creation, structure and administration will be regulated by law.
p.000123: Art. 244.- Two or more provinces with territorial continuity, regional area greater than twenty thousand
p.000123: square kilometers and a number of inhabitants that together exceed five percent of the population
p.000123: national, they will form autonomous regions according to the law. Interregional balance will be sought, the
p.000123: historical and cultural affinity, ecological complementarity and integrated watershed management. The law will create
p.000123: economic and other incentives for the provinces to integrate into regions.
p.000123: Art. 245.-The initiative for the formation of an autonomous region will correspond to the governments
p.000123: Provincials, which will prepare a regionalization bill that will propose the territorial conformation of
p.000123: the new region, as well as a draft regional autonomy statute.
p.000123: The National Assembly will approve the bill within a maximum period of one hundred and twenty days, and in case of no
p.000123: pronouncement within this period shall be deemed approved To deny or file the bill, the
p.000123: National Assembly will require the votes of two thirds of its members.
p.000123: The draft statute will be submitted to the Constitutional Court to verify its compliance with the
...

p.000125: Temporary or definitive absence will be replaced by the person exercising the vice-presidency, elected by vote
p.000125: popular in binomial with the prefect or prefect.
p.000125: Art. 253.- Each canton will have a cantonal council, which will be composed of the mayor or mayor and
p.000125: the councilors and councilors elected by popular vote, among whom a
p.000126: 126
p.000126: Vice Mayor or Vice Mayor. The mayor or mayor will be your highest administrative authority and will preside with
p.000126: dirime vote. In the council it will be represented proportionally to the urban and rural cantonal population, in
p.000126: the terms established by law.
p.000126: Art. 254.- Each autonomous metropolitan district will have a council elected by popular vote. The mayor or mayor
p.000126: Metropolitan will be its highest administrative authority and will preside over the council with a casting vote.
p.000126: The autonomous metropolitan districts will establish regimes that allow their decentralized operation or
p.000126: deconcentrated
p.000126: Art. 255.- Each rural parish will have a parish board consisting of members of popular election, whose
p.000126: most voted vowel will preside. The conformation, the attributions and responsibilities of the parish boards will be
p.000126: determined in the law.
p.000126: Art. 256.- Those who exercise territorial governance and metropolitan mayorships will be members of a
p.000126: territorial consultation cabinet that will be convened by the Presidency of the Republic periodically.
p.000126: Art. 257.- Within the framework of the administrative political organization, constituencies may be formed.
p.000126: indigenous or Afro-Ecuadorian territories, which will exercise the powers of autonomous territorial government
p.000126: corresponding, and will be governed by principles of interculturality, multinationality and in accordance with the rights
p.000126: collective
p.000126: The parishes, cantons or provinces formed mostly by communities,
p.000126: Indigenous peoples, Afro-Ecuadorians, montubios or ancestors may adopt this regime
p.000126: of special administration, after a consultation approved by at least two thirds of the votes
p.000126: valid. Two or more constituencies administered by indigenous or multicultural territorial governments
p.000126: may be integrated and form a new constituency. The law will establish the rules of
p.000126: conformation, operation and competences of these constituencies.
p.000126: Art. 258.- The province of Galapagos will have a special regime government. Your planning and
p.000126: development will be organized according to a strict adherence to the principles of conservation of the natural heritage of the
p.000126: State and good living, in accordance with what the law determines.
p.000127: 127
p.000127: Its administration will be in charge of a Governing Council chaired by the representative of the
p.000127: Presidency of the Republic and integrated by the mayors and mayors of the municipalities of the province
p.000127: Galapagos, representative of the parish boards and representatives of the bodies determined by law.
p.000127: Said Governing Council will be in charge of planning, resource management and organization of
p.000127: the activities carried out in the province. The law will define the agency that will act as a secretariat
p.000127: technique.
p.000127: For the protection of the special district of Galapagos, the rights of internal migration, labor or
p.000127: any other public or private activity that may affect the environment. Regarding ordering
p.000127: territorial, the Governing Council will dictate the policies in coordination with the municipalities and boards
p.000127: parishioners, who will execute them.
p.000127: Permanent residents affected by the limitation of rights will have preferential access to
p.000127: natural resources and environmentally sustainable activities.
p.000127: Art. 259.- With the purpose of protecting the biodiversity of the Amazon ecosystem, the central State and the
...

p.000198: operation, and in one hundred and twenty days will prepare the corresponding bill for the consideration of the body
p.000198: legislative.
p.000198: THIRD.- The public servants and servants of the Commission for Civic Control of Corruption and
p.000198: the National Anti-Corruption Secretariat, which are not freely appointed and removed, will become part
p.000198: of the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control.
p.000198: Existing superintendencies will continue in operation until the legislative body issues the laws
p.000198: corresponding.
p.000198: FOUR.- The servants and public servants of the National Congress, except those of free appointment and
p.000198: removal, will go on to serve in the National Assembly.
p.000198: The assets of the National Congress will become part of the patrimony of the National Assembly.
p.000198: FIFTH.- The staff of civil servants and officials, and employees and employees of the Constitutional Court, with the exception
p.000198: of those of free appointment and removal, may be part of the Constitutional Court prior process of
p.000198: Evaluation and selection.
p.000198: The assets of the Constitutional Court will be transferred to the Constitutional Court.
p.000198: The National Publisher and the Official Registry will become an autonomous, state-owned public company of
p.000198: in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the law. Your staff, assets and budget are
p.000198: will transfer to the new entity.
p.000199: 199
p.000199: SIXTH.- National councils for children and adolescents, disabilities, women, peoples and indigenous nationalities,
p.000199: Afro-Ecuadorians and montubios will become national councils for equality, for which they will adapt
p.000199: its structure and functions to the Constitution.
p.000199: SEVENTH.- The stability of the civil servants and officials, and the employees and
p.000199: employees of the current Supreme Court of Justice, National Judicial Council, superior courts,
p.000199: district courts of administrative and tax litigation, tax courts and courts
p.000199: criminal, which will be relocated to positions of similar hierarchy and remuneration in the Council of the
p.000199: Judiciary, National Court of Justice, provincial courts and courts, respectively.
p.000199: EIGHTH.- The processes that are being sustained by members of the Supreme Court of Justice, as well as
p.000199: those who are aware of the police and military courts, will become aware and resolution of the Court
p.000199: National Justice
p.000199: NINTH.- The Judiciary Council, within a term not exceeding three hundred and sixty days from its
p.000199: conformation, will implement the new notarial service, in accordance with this Constitution and the law.
p.000199: As of the entry into force of this Constitution the periods of appointment, assignments, interinazgo or
p.000199: notaries and notaries substitutions are declared concluded.
p.000199: Within the period indicated in the first subsection, public competitions of opposition and
...

Searching for indicator native:

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p.000180: Natural resources
p.000180: Art. 408.- The resources are inalienable, imprescriptible and unattachable property of the State resources
p.000180: natural non-renewable and, in general, the products of the subsoil, mineral deposits and
p.000180: hydrocarbons, substances whose nature is different from that of the soil, including those found in
p.000180: the areas covered by territorial sea waters and maritime areas; as well as biodiversity and its
p.000180: genetic heritage and the radio spectrum. These assets may only be exploited in strict compliance with
p.000180: the environmental principles established in the Constitution.
p.000180: The State will participate in the benefits of taking advantage of these resources, in an amount that will not be less
p.000180: to those of the company that exploits them.
p.000180: The State shall guarantee that the mechanisms of production, consumption and use of natural resources and the
p.000180: energy preserve and recover natural cycles and allow living conditions with dignity.
p.000180: SECTION @UINTA
p.000180: I usually
p.000180: Art. 409.- The conservation of the soil, especially its fertile layer, is of public interest and national priority. I know
p.000180: establish a regulatory framework for its protection and sustainable use that prevents its
p.000181: 181
p.000181: degradation, particularly that caused by pollution, desertification and erosion.
p.000181: In areas affected by degradation and desertification processes, the State will develop and stimulate
p.000181: afforestation, reforestation and revegetation projects that avoid monoculture and use, preferably,
p.000181: native species adapted to the area.
p.000181: Art. 410.- The State will provide farmers and rural communities with support for conservation and restoration.
p.000181: of soils, as well as for the development of agricultural practices that protect and promote sovereignty
p.000181: food
p.000181: SECTION SIX
p.000181: Water
p.000181: Art. 411.- The State shall guarantee the conservation, recovery and integral management of water resources,
p.000181: watersheds and ecological flows associated with the hydrological cycle. Any activity that can be regulated will be regulated
p.000181: affect the quality and quantity of water, and the balance of ecosystems, especially in sources and areas
p.000181: water recharge
p.000181: The sustainability of ecosystems and human consumption will be a priority in the use and use of water.
p.000181: Art. 412.- The authority in charge of water management will be responsible for its planning,
p.000181: Regulation and control. This authority will cooperate and coordinate with the one in charge of environmental management
p.000181: to ensure water management with an ecosystem approach.
p.000181: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000181: Biosphere, urban ecology and alternative energies
p.000181: Art. 413.- The State will promote energy efficiency, development and use of practices and technologies
p.000181: environmentally clean and healthy, as well as renewable, diversified, low impact and non-renewable energy
p.000181: jeopardize food sovereignty, ecological balance of ecosystems or the right to water.
p.000181: Art. 414.- The State shall adopt appropriate and transversal measures for the mitigation of climate change,
p.000181: by limiting greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation and
p.000182: 182
...

Political / Prosecuted

Searching for indicator prosecuted:

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p.000057: 57
p.000057: the relevance of its application to the factual background is explained. Administrative acts, resolutions or
p.000057: failures that are not duly motivated will be considered void. The servers or servers responsible will be
p.000057: sanctioned
p.000057: m) Appeal the decision or resolution in all procedures in which you decide on your rights.
p.000057: Art. 77.- In all criminal proceedings in which a person has been deprived of liberty, the following shall be observed
p.000057: basic guarantees:
p.000057: 1. Deprivation of liberty shall not be the general rule and shall be applied to guarantee the appearance of the
p.000057: charged or accused to the process, the right of the victim of the crime to a prompt, timely and without delay justice,
p.000057: and to ensure compliance with the penalty; shall proceed by written order of a competent judge or judge, in the cases, by
p.000057: the time and with the formalities established in the law. Flagrant crimes are excepted, in which case you cannot
p.000057: keep the person detained without trial for more than twenty-four hours. Non-proprietary measures of
p.000057: Freedom shall apply in accordance with the cases, terms, conditions and requirements established by law.1
p.000057: 2. No person may be admitted to a detention center without a written order issued by
p.000057: competent judge or judge, except in case of flagrant crime. Persons prosecuted or indicted in court
p.000057: criminals who are deprived of liberty will remain in centers of provisional deprivation of liberty legally
p.000057: established.
p.000057: 3. Every person, at the time of detention, shall have the right to know clearly and in simple language
p.000057: the reasons for her detention, the identity of the judge or judge, or authority that ordered her, that of those who execute her and the
p.000057: of the persons responsible for the respective interrogation.
p.000057: 4. At the time of detention, the agent or agent shall inform the detained person of his right to remain
p.000057: in silence, to request the assistance of a lawyer or lawyer, or of a public defender or defender in case
p.000057: He could not designate himself, and to communicate with a family member or with any person he indicated.
p.000057: 1 Numeral replaced by the approval of question number 2 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000057: of May 7, 2011, results published in the Supplement to Official Registry No. 490 of July 13,
p.002011: 2011
p.000058: 58
p.000058: 5. If the person arrested is a foreigner, the person carrying out the detention shall immediately inform the
p.000058: consular representative of your country.
p.000058: 6. No one can be held incommunicado.
p.000058: 7. The right of every person to defense includes:
p.000058: a) Be informed, in advance and in detail, in their own language and in simple language of the actions and
...

Political / Refugee Status

Searching for indicator asylum:

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p.000036: guarantee education, health, housing, recreation, sports, leisure time, freedom of expression and
p.000036: association. The State will promote its incorporation to work in fair and dignified conditions, with
p.000036: emphasis on training, the guarantee of access to first employment and the promotion of their skills
p.000036: entrepreneurship
p.000036: SECTION THREE
p.000036: Human mobility
p.000036: Art. 40.- The right to migrate is recognized to people. No being will be identified or considered
p.000036: human as illegal because of his immigration status.
p.000036: The State, through the corresponding entities, will develop among others the following actions for the
p.000036: Exercise of the rights of Ecuadorian people abroad, whatever their immigration status:
p.000036: 1. Offer assistance to them and their families, whether they reside abroad or in the country.
p.000036: 2. It will offer attention, advisory services and integral protection so that they can freely exercise their
p.000036: rights.
p.000036: 3. Precautionary your rights when, for any reason, they have been deprived of their freedom abroad.
p.000036: 4. It will promote its links with Ecuador, facilitate family reunification and stimulate voluntary return.
p.000037: 37
p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
...

Searching for indicator refugee:

(return to top)
p.000036: rights.
p.000036: 3. Precautionary your rights when, for any reason, they have been deprived of their freedom abroad.
p.000036: 4. It will promote its links with Ecuador, facilitate family reunification and stimulate voluntary return.
p.000037: 37
p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
p.000037: Art. 43.- The State shall guarantee pregnant and breastfeeding women the rights to:
p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
...

p.000187: financial and monetary; the adoption of a common international economic policy; policy development
p.000187: of compensation to overcome regional asymmetries; and regional trade, with emphasis on goods from
p.000187: high added value.
p.000187: 2. Promote joint strategies for the sustainable management of natural heritage, especially the
p.000187: regulation of extractive activity; sustainable energy cooperation and complementation; the
p.000187: conservation of biodiversity, ecosystems and water; research, scientific development
p.000187: and the exchange of knowledge and technology; and the implementation of coordinated sovereignty strategies
p.000187: food
p.000187: 3. Strengthen the harmonization of national laws with emphasis on rights and
p.000187: labor, migration, border, environmental, social, educational, cultural and public health regimes, of
p.000187: in accordance with the principles of progressivity and non-regressivity.
p.000187: 4. Protect and promote cultural diversity, the exercise of interculturality, the conservation of
p.000187: cultural heritage and common memory of Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as the
p.000188: 188
p.000188: creation of communication networks and a common market for cultural industries.
p.000188: 5. Promote the creation of Latin American and Caribbean citizenship; the free movement of
p.000188: people in the region; the implementation of policies that guarantee the human rights of populations
p.000188: border and refugee; and the common protection of Latin Americans and Caribbean in transit countries and
p.000188: migratory destination
p.000188: 6. Promote a common defense policy that consolidates a strategic alliance to strengthen sovereignty
p.000188: of the countries and the region.
p.000188: 7. Promote the consolidation of supranational organizations formed by States of
p.000188: Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as the signing of treaties and other international integration instruments
p.000188: regional.
p.000189: 189
p.000189: Title IX
p.000189: Constitution Supremacy
p.000189: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000189: Beginning
p.000189: Art. 424.- The Constitution is the supreme norm and prevails over any other of the legal system. The rules and
p.000189: acts of the public power must maintain conformity with the constitutional provisions; otherwise
p.000189: They will lack legal efficacy.
p.000189: The Constitution and international human rights treaties ratified by the State that recognize rights
p.000189: more favorable to the contents of the Constitution, will prevail over any other legal norm or act of power
p.000189: public.
p.000189: Art. 425.- The hierarchical order of application of the norms will be the following: The Constitution; treaties and conventions
p.000189: international; organic laws; ordinary laws; regional norms and district ordinances; the
p.000189: decrees and regulations; the ordinances; agreements and resolutions; and the other acts and decisions of the powers
p.000189: public
p.000189: In case of conflict between norms of different hierarchy, the Constitutional Court, the judges and judges,
p.000189: administrative authorities and servants and public servants, will solve it by means of the application
p.000189: of the superior hierarchical norm.
p.000189: The regulatory hierarchy will consider, as appropriate, the principle of competence, in
...

Political / criminal

Searching for indicator criminal:

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p.000027: administrative or judicial, they must apply the rule and interpretation that most favor its effective validity.
p.000027: 6. All principles and rights are inalienable, inalienable, indivisible,
p.000027: interdependent and of equal hierarchy.
p.000027: 7. The recognition of the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in the
p.000027: international human rights instruments, will not exclude other rights derived from the
p.000027: dignity of the people, communities, peoples and nationalities, that are necessary for their full
p.000027: development.
p.000027: 8. The content of rights will be developed progressively through standards, jurisprudence and
p.000027: public politics. The State will generate and guarantee the necessary conditions for its full recognition and
p.000027: exercise.
p.000027: Any action or omission of a regressive nature that diminishes, diminishes or annuls will be unconstitutional
p.000027: unjustifiably the exercise of rights.
p.000027: 9. The highest duty of the State is to respect and enforce the rights guaranteed in the Constitution.
p.000027: The State, its delegates, concessionaires and any person acting in the exercise of a public power,
p.000027: they will be obliged to repair the violations to the rights of the individuals by the lack or deficiency in
p.000027: the provision of public services, or for the actions or omissions of its officials and officials, and
p.000027: employees and public employees in the performance of their positions.
p.000027: The State will immediately exercise the right of repetition
p.000028: 28
p.000028: against the persons responsible for the damage caused, without prejudice to the responsibilities
p.000028: civil, criminal and administrative.
p.000028: The State will be responsible for arbitrary detention, judicial error, unjustified delay or
p.000028: inadequate administration of justice, violation of the right to effective judicial protection, and for violations of
p.000028: the principles and rules of due process.
p.000028: When a conviction is reformed or revoked, the State will repair the person who has suffered
p.000028: penalty as a result of such sentence and, declared responsibility for such acts of servants or
p.000028: Public servants, administrative or judicial, will be repeated against them.
p.000028: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000028: Rights of good living
p.000028: SECTION ONE
p.000028: Water and food
p.000028: Art. 12.- The human right to water is fundamental and inalienable. Water constitutes strategic national heritage
p.000028: for public use, inalienable, imprescriptible, unattachable and essential for life.
p.000028: Art. 13.- Individuals and communities have the right to secure and permanent access to healthy food,
p.000028: sufficient and nutritious; preferably produced locally and in correspondence with their various identities
p.000028: and cultural traditions.
p.000028: The Ecuadorian State will promote food sovereignty.
p.000028: SECTION SECTION
p.000028: Healthy environment
p.000028: Art. 14.- The right of the population to live in a healthy and ecologically friendly environment is recognized.
p.000028: balanced, that guarantees sustainability and good living, sumak kawsay.
p.000028: It is declared of public interest the preservation of the environment, the conservation of ecosystems, the
...

p.000036: human as illegal because of his immigration status.
p.000036: The State, through the corresponding entities, will develop among others the following actions for the
p.000036: Exercise of the rights of Ecuadorian people abroad, whatever their immigration status:
p.000036: 1. Offer assistance to them and their families, whether they reside abroad or in the country.
p.000036: 2. It will offer attention, advisory services and integral protection so that they can freely exercise their
p.000036: rights.
p.000036: 3. Precautionary your rights when, for any reason, they have been deprived of their freedom abroad.
p.000036: 4. It will promote its links with Ecuador, facilitate family reunification and stimulate voluntary return.
p.000037: 37
p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
...

p.000054: definitive the national genetic heritage.
p.000054: Art. 74.- People, communities, peoples and nationalities will have the right to benefit from the environment.
p.000054: and of the natural wealth that allows them to live well.
p.000054: Environmental services will not be subject to appropriation; its production, provision, use and use will be
p.000054: regulated by the State.
p.000055: 55
p.000055: CHAPTER EIGHTH
p.000055: Protection rights
p.000055: Art. 75.- Everyone has the right to free access to justice and to effective, impartial and effective guardianship.
p.000055: expedited of their rights and interests, subject to the principles of immediacy and speed; in no case will it remain
p.000055: In defenselessness. Failure to comply with judicial decisions will be sanctioned by law.
p.000055: Art. 76.- In any process in which rights and obligations of any order are determined, it will be ensured
p.000055: the right to due process that will include the following basic guarantees:
p.000055: 1. It is the responsibility of any administrative or judicial authority to ensure compliance with the regulations
p.000055: and the rights of the parties.
p.000055: 2. The innocence of every person shall be presumed, and shall be treated as such, as long as their
p.000055: responsibility by final resolution or enforceable judgment.
p.000055: 3. No one may be tried or punished for an act or omission that, at the time of committing, is not established in the
p.000055: law as a criminal, administrative or other offense; nor will an unscheduled penalty be applied
p.000055: by the Constitution or the law. Only one person may be judged before a competent judge or authority and
p.000055: with observance of the procedure of each procedure.
p.000055: 4. The evidence obtained or acted in violation of the Constitution or the law will not be valid
p.000055: some and will lack probative efficacy.
p.000055: 5. In case of conflict between two laws of the same subject that contemplate different sanctions for a
p.000055: same fact, the least rigorous will be applied, even if its promulgation is subsequent to the infraction. In
p.000055: in case of doubt about a rule that contains sanctions, it will be applied in the most favorable sense to the person
p.000055: offending
p.000055: 6. The law shall establish due proportionality between infractions and criminal, administrative or administrative sanctions.
p.000055: other nature
p.000055: 7. The right of persons to defense shall include the following guarantees:
p.000056: 56
p.000056: a) No one may be deprived of the right to defense at any stage or degree of the procedure.
p.000056: b) Have the time and the appropriate means to prepare your defense.
p.000056: c) Be heard in a timely manner and on equal terms.
p.000056: d) The procedures will be public except as otherwise provided by law. The parties can access all
p.000056: the documents and proceedings of the procedure.
p.000056: e) No one may be interrogated, even for research purposes, by the State Attorney General's Office, for
p.000056: a police authority or by any other, without the presence of a private lawyer or a public defender, or outside
p.000056: of the enclosures authorized for this purpose.
p.000056: f) Be assisted free of charge by a translator or translator or interpreter, if you do not understand or speak the language in the
p.000056: that the procedure is substantiated.
p.000056: g) In judicial proceedings, be assisted by a lawyer or lawyer of your choice or by a defender or defender
p.000056: public; Access and free and private communication with your defender or defender cannot be restricted.
p.000056: h) Present verbally or in writing the reasons or arguments of which it is believed assisted and replicate the
p.000056: arguments of the other parties; present evidence and contradict those presented against it.
p.000056: i) No one may be tried more than once for the same cause and matter. The cases resolved by the jurisdiction
p.000056: Indigenous should be considered for this purpose.
p.000056: j) Those who act as witnesses or experts will be required to appear before the judge, judge or authority, and
p.000056: answer the respective interrogation.
p.000056: k) Be judged by an independent, impartial and competent judge or judge. No one will be judged by courts of
p.000056: exception or by special commissions created for this purpose.
p.000056: l) The resolutions of the public authorities must be motivated. There will be no motivation if in the resolution
p.000056: the legal norms or principles on which it is based are not stated and not
p.000057: 57
p.000057: the relevance of its application to the factual background is explained. Administrative acts, resolutions or
p.000057: failures that are not duly motivated will be considered void. The servers or servers responsible will be
p.000057: sanctioned
p.000057: m) Appeal the decision or resolution in all procedures in which you decide on your rights.
p.000057: Art. 77.- In all criminal proceedings in which a person has been deprived of liberty, the following shall be observed
p.000057: basic guarantees:
p.000057: 1. Deprivation of liberty shall not be the general rule and shall be applied to guarantee the appearance of the
p.000057: charged or accused to the process, the right of the victim of the crime to a prompt, timely and without delay justice,
p.000057: and to ensure compliance with the penalty; shall proceed by written order of a competent judge or judge, in the cases, by
p.000057: the time and with the formalities established in the law. Flagrant crimes are excepted, in which case you cannot
p.000057: keep the person detained without trial for more than twenty-four hours. Non-proprietary measures of
p.000057: Freedom shall apply in accordance with the cases, terms, conditions and requirements established by law.1
p.000057: 2. No person may be admitted to a detention center without a written order issued by
p.000057: competent judge or judge, except in case of flagrant crime. Persons prosecuted or indicted in court
p.000057: criminals who are deprived of liberty will remain in centers of provisional deprivation of liberty legally
p.000057: established.
p.000057: 3. Every person, at the time of detention, shall have the right to know clearly and in simple language
p.000057: the reasons for her detention, the identity of the judge or judge, or authority that ordered her, that of those who execute her and the
p.000057: of the persons responsible for the respective interrogation.
p.000057: 4. At the time of detention, the agent or agent shall inform the detained person of his right to remain
p.000057: in silence, to request the assistance of a lawyer or lawyer, or of a public defender or defender in case
p.000057: He could not designate himself, and to communicate with a family member or with any person he indicated.
p.000057: 1 Numeral replaced by the approval of question number 2 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000057: of May 7, 2011, results published in the Supplement to Official Registry No. 490 of July 13,
p.002011: 2011
p.000058: 58
p.000058: 5. If the person arrested is a foreigner, the person carrying out the detention shall immediately inform the
p.000058: consular representative of your country.
p.000058: 6. No one can be held incommunicado.
p.000058: 7. The right of every person to defense includes:
p.000058: a) Be informed, in advance and in detail, in their own language and in simple language of the actions and
p.000058: procedures formulated against him, and of the identity of the authority responsible for the action or procedure.
p.000058: b) Take refuge in silence.
p.000058: c) No one may be forced to testify against himself, on matters that may cause his responsibility
p.000058: penal.
p.000058: 8. No one may be called to testify in criminal proceedings against their spouse, partner or relatives until
p.000058: the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree of affinity, except in the case of violence
p.000058: intrafamiliar, sexual and gender. The voluntary declarations of the victims of a crime or of the
p.000058: relatives of these, regardless of the degree of kinship. These people may raise and continue the
p.000058: corresponding criminal action.
p.000058: 9. Under the responsibility of the judge or judge who knows the process, pretrial detention may not
p.000058: exceed six months in cases for crimes punishable by imprisonment, nor one year in cases of crimes
p.000058: sanctioned with seclusion. If these deadlines are exceeded, the preventive detention order will be void.
p.000058: The preventive detention order will remain in force and ipso jure will be suspended during the course of the
p.000058: term of pretrial detention if by any means the accused person has evaded, delayed,
p.000058: its judgment avoided or impeded by acts oriented to cause its expiration. If procrastination
p.000058: occurred during the process or caused expiration, whether due to actions or omissions of judges, judges,
p.000058: prosecutors, public defender, experts or servants of auxiliary bodies, they will be considered to have incurred a fault
p.000058: very serious and must be sanctioned in accordance with the law.2
p.000058: 2 Item incorporated by the approval of question number 1 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000058: of May 7, 2011, results published in the Supplement of the Official Registry No. 490 of July 13,
p.002011: 2011
p.000059: 59
p.000059: 10. Without exception, issued the order of dismissal or the acquittal, the person
p.000059: detained will immediately regain his freedom, even if any inquiry or appeal is pending.
p.000059: 11. The judge or judge will apply the alternative precautionary measures to the deprivation of liberty contemplated in the law.
p.000059: The alternative sanctions will be applied in accordance with the cases, terms, conditions and requirements established in the
p.000059: law.3
p.000059: 12. Persons found guilty and punished with sentences of deprivation of liberty by conviction
p.000059: executed, they will remain in social rehabilitation centers. No person convicted of common crimes
p.000059: will serve the sentence outside the state social rehabilitation centers, except in cases of alternative penalties and
p.000059: of conditioned freedom, in accordance with the law.
p.000059: 13. A system of socio-educational measures will govern for adolescent girls and adolescents
p.000059: proportional to the attributed infraction. The State shall determine by law private and non-exclusive sanctions of
p.000059: freedom. Deprivation of liberty shall be established as a last resort, for the minimum period necessary, and
p.000059: It will be carried out in establishments other than those of adults.
p.000059: 14. In resolving the challenge of a sanction, the situation of the person appealing cannot be made worse.
p.000059: Anyone who has arrested a person in violation of these rules will be punished. The law
p.000059: establish criminal and administrative penalties for arbitrary detention that occurs in use
p.000059: excessive police force, in abusive application or interpretation of contraventions or other regulations, or by
p.000059: discriminatory motives
p.000059: For disciplinary arrests of members of the Armed Forces and the National Police, the following shall apply.
p.000059: provided by law
p.000059: Art. 78.- Victims of criminal offenses will enjoy special protection, they will be
p.000059: guarantee its non-revictimization, particularly in obtaining and assessing the evidence, and
p.000059: 3 Numeral replaced by the approval of question number 2 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000059: of May 7, 2011, results published in the Supplement to Official Registry No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000060: 60
p.000060: It will protect them from any threat or other forms of intimidation. Mechanisms will be adopted for a
p.000060: comprehensive reparation that will include, without delay, knowledge of the truth of the facts and restitution,
p.000060: compensation, rehabilitation, guarantee of non-repetition and satisfaction of the violated right.
p.000060: A system of protection and assistance to victims, witnesses and procedural participants will be established.
p.000060: Art. 79.- In no case shall the extradition of an Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian be granted. His judgment is
p.000060: subject to the laws of Ecuador.
p.000060: Art. 80.- The actions and penalties for crimes of genocide, against humanity, war crimes, disappearance
p.000060: Forced persons or crimes of aggression against a State will be imprescriptible. None of these cases will be susceptible
p.000060: of amnesty The fact that one of these offenses has been committed by a subordinate shall not exempt from
p.000060: criminal responsibility to the superior who ordered it or to the subordinate who executed it.
p.000060: Art. 81.- The law shall establish special and expedited procedures for the judgment and punishment of
p.000060: crimes of domestic violence, sexual, hate crimes and those committed against girls, boys,
p.000060: adolescents, young people, people with disabilities, older adults and people who, due to their particularities,
p.000060: They require more protection. Prosecutors or specialized defenders will be appointed for the
p.000060: Treatment of these causes, in accordance with the law.
p.000060: Art. 82.- The right to legal security is based on respect for the Constitution and on the
p.000060: existence of prior legal rules, clear, public and applied by the competent authorities.
p.000060: CHAPTER NINE
p.000060: Responsibilities
p.000060: Art. 83.- They are duties and responsibilities of Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians, without prejudice to others provided in
p.000060: the Constitution and the law:
p.000060: 1. Follow and comply with the Constitution, the law and the legitimate decisions of the competent authority.
p.000061: 61
p.000061: 2. Love killa, love llulla, love shwa. Don't be idle, don't lie, don't steal.
p.000061: 3. Defend the territorial integrity of Ecuador and its natural resources.
p.000061: 4. Collaborate in the maintenance of peace and security.
p.000061: 5. Respect human rights and fight for compliance.
p.000061: 6. Respect the rights of nature, preserve a healthy environment and use natural resources
p.000061: in a rational, sustainable and sustainable way.
p.000061: 7. Promote the common good and put the general interest before the private interest, according to the good life.
...

p.000063: a) The procedure will be simple, fast and efficient. It will be oral in all its phases and instances.
p.000063: b) They will be skilled every day and hour.
p.000063: c) They may be proposed orally or in writing, without formalities, and without the need to cite the norm
p.000063: infringed The sponsorship of a lawyer will not be essential to propose the action.
p.000063: d) Notifications shall be made by the most effective means available to the judge, from
p.000063: legitimized active and of the body responsible for the act or omission.
p.000063: e) The procedural norms that tend to delay its agile dispatch will not be applicable.
p.000063: 3. Once the action has been filed, the judge will immediately call a public hearing, and in any
p.000063: At the time of the process you can order the practice of tests and appoint commissions to collect them. They will be presumed
p.000063: certain the grounds alleged by the acting person when the requested public entity does not demonstrate
p.000063: otherwise or do not provide information. The judge or judge will resolve the case by sentence, and in case of
p.000063: verify the violation of rights, must declare it, order the repair
p.000064: 64
p.000064: integral, material and immaterial, and specify and individualize obligations, positive and negative, in charge of
p.000064: addressee of the judicial decision, and the circumstances in which they must be fulfilled.
p.000064: The sentences of first instance may be appealed to the provincial court. The judicial proceedings only
p.000064: they will end with the integral execution of the sentence or resolution.
p.000064: 4. If the sentence or resolution is not fulfilled by public servants or servants, the judge or judge will order
p.000064: his removal from office or employment, without prejudice to the civil or criminal liability that may arise. Whenever
p.000064: an individual who fails to comply with the judgment or resolution, the responsibility determined in
p.000064: the law.
p.000064: 5. All the executed judgments will be referred to the Constitutional Court for the development of their
p.000064: jurisprudence.
p.000064: Art. 87.- Precautionary measures may be ordered jointly or independently of the shares.
p.000064: constitutional rights protection, in order to avoid or stop the violation or threat of
p.000064: violation of a right.
p.000064: SECTION SECTION
p.000064: Protection action
p.000064: Art. 88.- The protection action shall have as its object the direct and effective protection of rights
p.000064: recognized in the Constitution, and may be brought when there is a violation of rights
p.000064: constitutional, for acts or omissions of any non-judicial public authority; against policies
p.000064: public when they involve the deprivation of the enjoyment or exercise of constitutional rights; and when the rape
p.000064: proceed from a particular person, if the violation of the right causes serious damage, if it provides
p.000064: improper public services, if acting by delegation or concession, or if the affected person is
p.000064: in a state of subordination, defenselessness or discrimination.
p.000064: SECTION THREE
p.000064: Habeas corpus action
p.000064: Art. 89.- The action of habeas corpus is intended to recover the freedom of those who are deprived of
p.000064: she illegally,
p.000065: 65
p.000065: arbitrary or illegitimate, by order of public authority or of any person, as well as protecting the
p.000065: life and physical integrity of persons deprived of liberty.
p.000065: Immediately after the action is filed, the judge will call a hearing to be held at the
p.000065: twenty-four hours later, in which the arrest warrant must be presented with the formalities
p.000065: of law and the justifications of fact and of law that support the measure. The judge or judge will order
p.000065: the appearance of the person deprived of liberty, of the authority to whose order the detained person is located, of
p.000065: the public defender and of who has arranged or provoked it, as the case may be. If necessary, the audience
p.000065: it will be carried out in the place where the deprivation of liberty occurs.
p.000065: The judge will decide within twenty-four hours after the end of the hearing. In case of
p.000065: illegitimate or arbitrary deprivation, freedom will be provided. The resolution ordering freedom will be fulfilled
p.000065: Immediately.
p.000065: In case of verifying any form of torture, inhuman, cruel or degrading treatment, freedom will be provided
p.000065: of the victim, their comprehensive and specialized care, and the imposition of alternative measures to deprivation
p.000065: of freedom when applicable.
p.000065: When the order of deprivation of liberty has been arranged in a criminal proceeding, the appeal shall be brought before the
p.000065: Provincial Court of Justice.
p.000065: Art. 90.- When the place of deprivation of liberty is unknown and there are indications of the intervention of any
p.000065: publicXofficial or any other agent of the State, or of persons acting with their authorization, support or
p.000065: acquiescence, the judge or judge must summon to audience the maximum representative of the National Police and the
p.000065: competent minister After listening to them, the necessary measures will be taken to locate the person and
p.000065: those responsible for deprivation of liberty.
p.000065: FOURTH SECTION
p.000065: Action to access public information
p.000065: Art. 91.- The action to access public information will have the purpose of guaranteeing access to it.
p.000065: when it has been expressly or tacitly denied, or when the one provided has not been
p.000066: 66
p.000066: Complete or reliable. It may be filed even if the refusal is based on the secret, reserved nature,
p.000066: confidential or any other classification of information. The reserved nature of the information
p.000066: must be declared prior to the request, by competent authority and in accordance with the law.
p.000066: SECTION @UINTA
p.000066: Habeas data action
p.000066: Art. 92.- Every person, by his own rights or as a legitimate representative for that purpose,
...

p.000076: Art. 120.- The National Assembly shall have the following powers and duties, in addition to those determined by law:
p.000076: 1. Possess the President or President and the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic
p.000076: proclaimed elected by the National Electoral Council. Possession will take place on May 24
p.000076: year of your choice
p.000076: 2. Declare the physical or mental incapacity to exercise the position of President or President of
p.000076: the Republic and resolve the cessation of its functions in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
p.000076: 3. To elect the Vice President or Vice President, in case of their definitive lack, of a third proposal
p.000076: by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000077: 77
p.000077: 4. Know the annual reports that the President or President of the Republic must present and pronounce
p.000077: respect.
p.000077: 5. Participate in the constitutional reform process.
p.000077: 6. Issue, codify, reform and repeal laws, and interpret them generally mandatory.
p.000077: 7. Create, modify or suppress taxes by law, without prejudice to the powers conferred
p.000077: to decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000077: 8. Approve or improper international treaties where appropriate.
p.000077: 9. Supervise the acts of the Executive, Electoral and Transparency and Social Control functions, and
p.000077: the other organs of public power, and require the public servants and servants the information
p.000077: that you consider necessary.
p.000077: 10. Authorize the prosecution of two thirds of its members, the prosecution
p.000077: Criminal of the President or President or of the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic,
p.000077: when the competent authority so requests.
p.000077: 11. Possess the highest authority of the Office of the Attorney General of the State, Comptroller General of the State,
p.000077: State Attorney General, Office of the Ombudsman, Public Defender, Superintendencies, and
p.000077: the members of the National Electoral Council, the Judicial Council and the Council of
p.000077: Citizen Participation and Social Control.
p.000077: 12. Approve the General State Budget, which will include the limit of public indebtedness, and monitor its
p.000077: execution.
p.000077: 13. Grant amnesties for political crimes and pardons for humanitarian reasons, with the favorable vote of the two
p.000077: thirds of its members. They will not be granted for crimes committed against the public administration
p.000077: nor for genocide, torture, forced disappearance of people, kidnapping and manslaughter for political reasons or
p.000077: of conscience
p.000077: Art. 121.- The National Assembly will elect a President or President and two Vice Presidents or
p.000077: Vice-presidents from among its members, for a period of two years, and may be re-elected.
p.000078: 78
p.000078: The Vice Presidents or Vice Presidents will occupy, in their order, the Presidency in case of temporary absence or
p.000078: definitive, or resignation. The National Assembly will fill the vacancies when appropriate, and for the time that
p.000078: missing, to complete the periods.
p.000078: The National Assembly will elect a secretary or secretary and a prosecutor or prosecretary from outside its womb.
...

p.000078: they will act with national sense, they will be politically responsible to society for their actions or omissions in the
p.000078: fulfillment of their duties and powers, and will be obliged to render accounts to their constituents.
p.000079: 79
p.000079: Assembly members and assembly members may not:
p.000079: 1. Perform any other public or private function, or engage in professional activities if
p.000079: were incompatible with their position, except for university teaching whenever their schedule permits.
p.000079: 2. Offer, process, receive or administer resources from the General State Budget, except those destined to
p.000079: administrative operation of the National Assembly.
p.000079: 3. Manage public office appointments.
p.000079: 4. Receive per diems or other income from public funds other than those corresponding to their function as assembly members.
p.000079: 5. Accept appointments, delegations, commissions or paid representations of other functions of the State.
p.000079: 6. Integrate directories of other collegiate bodies of institutions or companies in which the
p.000079: State.
p.000079: 7. Enter into contracts with public sector entities.
p.000079: Whoever violates any of these prohibitions will lose the quality of assembly, in addition to the responsibilities that
p.000079: Determine the law.
p.000079: Art. 128.- Assembly members and assembly members shall enjoy the jurisdiction of the National Court of Justice during the
p.000079: exercise of their functions; they will not be civil or criminally responsible for the opinions they issue, nor for the
p.000079: decisions or acts that they carry out in the exercise of their functions, inside and outside the National Assembly.
p.000079: To initiate criminal proceedings against an assemblyman or an assemblyman, authorization will be required
p.000079: prior to the National Assembly, except in cases that are not related to the exercise of their
p.000079: functions. If the request of the competent judge or judge requesting authorization for prosecution is not
p.000079: Answer within thirty days, will be deemed granted. During the recess periods the course will be suspended
p.000079: of the mentioned term. They may only be deprived of liberty in case of flagrant crime or enforceable sentence.
p.000079: Criminal cases that have been initiated prior to the possession of the charge will continue pending
p.000079: the judge or judge who avoided the knowledge of the cause.
p.000080: 80
p.000080: SECTION SECTION
p.000080: Control of government action
p.000080: Art. 129.- The National Assembly may proceed to the political prosecution of the President or President, or of
p.000080: the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, at the request of at least one third of its members, in the
p.000080: following cases:
p.000080: 1. For crimes against state security.
p.000080: 2. For crimes of concussion, bribery, peculation or illicit enrichment.
p.000080: 3. For crimes of genocide, torture, forced disappearance of persons, kidnapping or homicide for
p.000080: political or conscientious reasons.
p.000080: To initiate the political trial, the admissibility opinion of the Constitutional Court will be required,
p.000080: but prior criminal prosecution will not be necessary.
p.000080: Within a period of seventy-two hours, after the procedure established by law, the National Assembly
p.000080: will resolve motivated based on the evidence of discharge presented by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000080: To proceed with censorship and dismissal, the favorable vote of two thirds of the
p.000080: members of the National Assembly. If evidence of criminal responsibility is derived from censorship, provision will be made
p.000080: that the matter be made known to the competent judge or judge.
p.000080: Art. 130.- The National Assembly may dismiss the President or President of the Republic in the following cases:
p.000080: 1. For procrastinating functions that are not constitutionally competent, following a favorable opinion of the Court
p.000080: Constitutional.
p.000080: 2. Due to serious political crisis and internal commotion.
p.000080: Within a period of seventy-two hours, after the procedure established by law, the National Assembly
p.000080: will resolve motivated based on the evidence of discharge presented by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000080: In order to proceed with the dismissal, the favorable vote of two thirds of the members of the
p.000080: The National Assembly If the dismissal is successful, the Vice President or Vice President shall assume the Presidency of
p.000080: the Republic.
p.000081: 81
p.000081: This power may be exercised only once during the legislative period, in the first three years thereof.
p.000081: Within a maximum period of seven days after the publication of the dismissal resolution, the National Council
p.000081: Electoral will summon for the same date to legislative and presidential elections anticipated for the rest
p.000081: of the respective periods. The installation of the National Assembly and the possession of the President or President-elect
p.000081: will take place in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, on the date determined by the National Electoral Council.
p.000081: Art. 131.- The National Assembly may proceed to political prosecution, at the request of at least a quarter of
p.000081: its members and for breach of the functions assigned to them by the Constitution and the law, of the ministers or
p.000081: Ministers of State, or of the highest authority of the State Attorney General, Comptroller
p.000081: General of the State, Office of the Attorney General of the State, Office of the Ombudsman, General Public Defender,
p.000081: Superintendencies, and members of the National Electoral Council, Contentious Electoral Tribunal, Council
p.000081: of the Judiciary and Council of Citizen Participation and Social Control, and of the other authorities that
p.000081: The Constitution determines, during the exercise of his office and up to one year after termination.
p.000081: To proceed with its censorship and dismissal, the favorable vote of the absolute majority of the
p.000081: members of the National Assembly, with the exception of state ministers and members of the Function
p.000081: Electoral and Judicial Council, in which case two thirds will be required.
p.000081: Censorship will result in the immediate removal of authority. If signs of censorship derive evidence of
p.000081: criminal responsibility, it will be provided that the matter becomes known to the competent authority.
p.000081: SECTION THREE
p.000081: Legislative procedure
p.000081: Art. 132.- The National Assembly shall approve as laws the general norms of common interest. The attributions of
p.000081: The National Assembly that does not require the issuance of a law shall be exercised through agreements or
p.000081: resolutions. Law will be required in the following cases:
p.000082: 82
p.000082: 1. Regulate the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees.
p.000082: 2. Type infringements and establish the corresponding sanctions.
p.000082: 3. Create, modify or suppress taxes, without prejudice to the attributions of the Constitution
p.000082: confers on decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000082: 4. Attribute duties, responsibilities and competences to decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000082: 5. Modify the political-administrative division of the country, except with regard to parishes.
p.000082: 6. Grant the public authorities of control and regulation the power to issue standards of character
p.000082: general in the matters of its competence, without being able to alter or innovate the legal provisions.
p.000082: Art. 133.- The laws will be organic and ordinary. They will be organic laws:
p.000082: 1. Those that regulate the organization and operation of the institutions created by the Constitution.
p.000082: 2. Those that regulate the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees.
p.000082: 3. Those that regulate the organization, powers, faculties and functioning of autonomous governments
p.000082: decentralized
...

p.000095: on its constitutionality the Constitutional Court can perform.
p.000095: The decree of state of exception will be valid for a maximum period of sixty days. If the causes that motivated him
p.000095: persist may be renewed for up to thirty more days, which must be notified. Yes the president
p.000095: does not renew the decree of state of exception or notifies it, it will be deemed expired.
p.000095: When the causes that motivated the state of exception disappear, the President of the
p.000095: Republic will decree its termination and notify it immediately with the corresponding report.
p.000095: Servants and public servants will be responsible for any abuse they may have committed in
p.000095: the exercise of their powers during the validity of the state of exception.
p.000096: 96
p.000096: FOURTH CHAPTER
p.000096: Judicial Function and Indigenous Justice
p.000096: SECTION ONE
p.000096: Principles of the administration of justice
p.000096: Art. 167.- The power to administer justice emanates from the people and is exercised by the organs of the Judicial Function and
p.000096: by the other organs and functions established in the Constitution.
p.000096: Art. 168.- The administration of justice, in the fulfillment of its duties and in the exercise of its powers,
p.000096: apply the following principles:
p.000096: 1. The organs of the Judicial Function shall enjoy internal and external independence. Any violation of this
p.000096: The principle will entail administrative, civil and criminal liability in accordance with the law.
p.000096: 2. The Judicial Function shall enjoy administrative, economic and financial autonomy.
p.000096: 3. Under the jurisdictional unit, no authority of the other functions of the State may
p.000096: perform functions of administration of ordinary justice, without prejudice to jurisdictional powers
p.000096: recognized by the Constitution.
p.000096: 4. Access to the administration of justice will be free. The law will establish the regime of procedural costs.
p.000096: 5. In all its stages, the judgments and their decisions will be public, except as expressly indicated
p.000096: In the law.
p.000096: 6. The substantiation of the processes in all matters, instances, stages and proceedings will be carried out
p.000096: through the oral system, in accordance with the principles of concentration, contradiction and device.
p.000096: Art. 169.-The procedural system is a means for the realization of justice. The procedural rules will enshrine the
p.000096: principles of simplification, uniformity, effectiveness, immediacy, speed and procedural economy, and will
p.000096: Effective guarantees of due process. Justice will not be sacrificed for the mere omission of formalities.
p.000096: Art. 170.- In order to enter the Judicial Function, the criteria of equality, equity,
p.000096: probity, opposition, merits, publicity, challenge and citizen participation.
p.000097: 97
...

p.000104: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000104: 2. Have a third level degree in Law, legally recognized in the country, and management knowledge
p.000104: administrative
p.000104: 3. Having exercised the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary, or teaching well-known and well-known.
p.000104: university for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000104: The Public Defender or Public Defender will perform their duties for six years and may not be
p.000104: re-elected, and will report annually to the National Assembly.
p.000104: Art. 193.- The faculties of Jurisprudence, Law or Legal Sciences of the universities, will organize and
p.000104: they will maintain defense services and legal advice to people of limited economic resources and groups that
p.000104: Require priority attention.
p.000104: In order for other organizations to provide this service, they must be accredited and evaluated by the
p.000104: Public Defender.
p.000104: TENTH SECTION
p.000104: State Attorney General
p.000104: Art. 194.- The State Attorney General's Office is an autonomous body of the Judicial Function, unique and indivisible,
p.000104: It will work in a decentralized manner and will have administrative, economic and financial autonomy. The Prosecutor or the
p.000104: Attorney General is your highest authority and legal representative and will act subject to the principles
p.000105: 105
p.000105: constitutional rights and guarantees of due process.
p.000105: Art. 195.- The Prosecutor's Office will direct, ex officio or at the request of the party, the preprocess investigation and
p.000105: criminal proceedings; during the process it will exercise public action subject to the principles of opportunity and
p.000105: minimal criminal intervention, with special attention to the public interest and the rights of
p.000105: victims Finding merit will accuse the alleged offenders before the competent judge, and will boost the accusation in
p.000105: the substantiation of the criminal trial.
p.000105: To fulfill its functions, the Office of the Prosecutor will organize and direct a comprehensive specialized system of
p.000105: research, legal medicine and forensic science, which will include a civil investigation staff and
p.000105: police will direct the system of protection and assistance to victims, witnesses and participants in the
p.000105: criminal process; and, will comply with the other attributions established in the law.
p.000105: Art. 196.- The Prosecutor or the State Attorney General shall meet the following requirements:
p.000105: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000105: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country and knowledge in administrative management.
p.000105: 3. Having exercised the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary, or teaching well-known and well-known.
p.000105: University in criminal matters for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000105: The Prosecutor or the State Attorney General shall perform his duties for six years and may not be re-elected; will render
p.000105: An annual report to the National Assembly. The designation will be made in accordance with the procedure established in the
p.000105: Constitution and in the law.
p.000105: Art. 197.- The fiscal career is recognized and guaranteed, whose regulations will be determined by law.
p.000105: Professionalization based on continuous training, as well as the periodic evaluation of their servants and
p.000105: servers, will be indispensable conditions for the promotion and permanence in the fiscal career.
p.000105: ELEVENTH SECTION
p.000105: Victim and witness protection system
p.000105: Art. 198.-The State Attorney General's Office will direct the national system of protection and assistance to victims,
p.000105: witnesses and other participants
p.000106: 106
p.000106: in the criminal process, for which it will coordinate the mandatory participation of public entities related to
p.000106: interests and objectives of the system and will articulate the participation of civil society organizations.
p.000106: The system will be governed by the principles of accessibility, responsibility, complementarity,
p.000106: opportunity, effectiveness and efficiency.
p.000106: TWELFTH SECTION
p.000106: Notarial Service
p.000106: Art. 199.- Notary services are public. In each canton or metropolitan district there will be the number
p.000106: of notaries and notaries determined by the Judicial Council. The remuneration of notaries and
p.000106: notaries, the auxiliary personnel regime of these services, and the rates that users must meet,
p.000106: They will be set by the Judicial Council. The values ​​recovered by concept of fees will enter the
p.000106: General State Budget as determined by law.
p.000106: Art. 200.- Notaries and notaries are depositories of the public faith; will be appointed by the Judicial Council
p.000106: previous public contest of opposition and merits, submitted to challenge and social control. To be a notary or notary,
p.000106: it will require having a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country, and having exercised with integrity
p.000106: Notorious profession of lawyer or lawyer for a period not less than three years. Notaries and notaries will remain in
p.000106: their functions six years and may be re-elected only once. The law will establish performance standards and
p.000106: the grounds for his removal.
p.000106: SECTION THIRTEEN
p.000106: Social rehabilitation
p.000106: Art. 201.- The social rehabilitation system will have as its purpose the integral rehabilitation of people
...

p.000111: Citizen Participation and Social Control will choose who gets the best score in the respective contest and
p.000111: will inform the National Assembly for the respective possession.
p.000111: In the case of the selection of collegiate bodies that direct State entities, the Council shall designate
p.000111: to the main and alternate members, in order of priority, among those who obtain the best
p.000111: Contest scores. Substitute members will replace the principal members when applicable, with attachment
p.000111: in order of qualification and designation.
p.000111: Those who are in the exercise of their functions may not attend public tenders.
p.000111: of opposition and merits summoned to designate their replacements. Conditions of
p.000111: equity and parity between women and men, as well as equal conditions for the participation of
p.000111: Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians abroad.
p.000112: 112
p.000112: SECTION THREE
p.000112: General Contralory of the State
p.000112: Art. 211.- The Comptroller General of the State is a technical body responsible for controlling the use of
p.000112: state resources, and the achievement of the objectives of state institutions and legal entities of
p.000112: private law that have public resources.
p.000112: Art. 212.- The functions of the Comptroller General of the State, in addition to those determined by law:
p.000112: 1. Direct the administrative control system that consists of internal audit, external audit and control
p.000112: internal of public sector entities and private entities that have public resources.
p.000112: 2. Determine guilty administrative and civil responsibilities and indications of criminal responsibility, related
p.000112: with the aspects and procedures subject to its control, notwithstanding the functions that in this matter are specific to
p.000112: the State Attorney General's Office.
p.000112: 3. Issue the regulations for the fulfillment of its functions.
p.000112: 4. Advise the organs and entities of the State when requested.
p.000112: FOURTH SECTION
p.000112: Superintendencies
p.000112: Art. 213.- The superintendencies are technical agencies of surveillance, audit, intervention and
p.000112: control of economic, social and environmental activities, and of the services provided by entities
p.000112: public and private, so that these activities and services are subject to
p.000112: legal system and attend to the general interest. The superintendencies will act ex officio or by
p.000112: citizen requirement The specific powers of the superintendencies and the areas that require
p.000112: Control, audit and surveillance of each of them will be determined in accordance with the law.
p.000112: The superintendents will be directed and represented by the superintendents or superintendents.
p.000112: The law will determine the requirements to be met by those who aspire to direct these entities.
p.000113: 113
p.000113: The superintendents or superintendents will be appointed by the Citizen Participation and Social Control Council
p.000113: of a list sent by the President or President of the Republic, conformed with criteria of specialty and merits
p.000113: and subject to public scrutiny and the right to challenge citizens.
p.000113: SECTION @UINTA
p.000113: Office of the Ombudsman
p.000113: Art. 214.- The Ombudsman's Office will be a public law body with national jurisdiction, personality
p.000113: legal and administrative and financial autonomy. Its structure will be decentralized and will have delegates in each
...

p.000191: contrary to the Constitution or international human rights instruments that establish
p.000191: rights more favorable than those recognized in the Constitution, will suspend the processing of the case and remit
p.000191: in consultation the file to the Constitutional Court, which in a period not exceeding forty-five days, will decide on
p.000191: the constitutionality of the norm.
p.000191: If the Court has not decided after the deadline, the injured party may file the action
p.000191: correspondent.
p.000191: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000191: Constitutional court
p.000191: Art. 429.- The Constitutional Court is the highest body of control, constitutional interpretation and administration of
p.000191: Justice in this matter. It exercises national jurisdiction and its headquarters is the city of Quito.
p.000191: The decisions related to the attributions provided for in the Constitution will be adopted by the full
p.000191: court.
p.000191: Art. 430.- The Constitutional Court shall enjoy administrative and financial autonomy. The law
p.000191: determine its organization, operation and procedures for the fulfillment of its powers.
p.000191: Art. 431.- The members of the Constitutional Court shall not be subject to political trial nor may they be
p.000191: removed by those who designate them. However, they will be subject to the same controls
p.000192: 192
p.000192: that the rest of public authorities and will respond for the other acts or omissions that they commit in the exercise of their
p.000192: functions.
p.000192: Without prejudice to civil liability, in the case of criminal liability they will only be charged by the Prosecutor or
p.000192: the Prosecutor General of the Nation and tried by the plenary of the National Court of Justice, for which purpose it will be required
p.000192: the assent vote of two thirds of its members.
p.000192: His dismissal will be decided by two thirds of the members of the Court
p.000192: Constitutional. The procedure, requirements and causes will be determined in the law.
p.000192: Art. 432.- The Constitutional Court will be composed of nine members who will exercise their functions in
p.000192: plenary and in rooms according to the law. They will serve for a period of nine years, without
p.000192: Immediate re-election and will be renewed by thirds every three years.
p.000192: The law will determine the replacement mechanism in case of absence of the holder.
p.000192: Art. 433.- To be designated a member of the Constitutional Court, the following will be required:
p.000192: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and be in exercise of their political rights.
p.000192: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country.
p.000192: 3. Having exercised with evident probity the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary or teaching
p.000192: University in legal sciences for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000192: 4. Demonstrate probity and ethics.
p.000192: 5. Not belong or have belonged in the last ten years to the leadership of any political party or movement.
p.000192: The law will determine the procedure to accredit these requirements.
...

p.000197: electoral, the law regulating the Judicial Function, the Judicial Council and the one that regulates the
p.000197: Citizen Participation and Social Control Council.
p.000197: Within the maximum period of three hundred and sixty days, the following laws shall be approved:
p.000197: 1. The law regulating the operation of the Constitutional Court and the control procedures of
p.000197: constitutionality
p.000197: 2. The law regulating water resources, uses and use of water, which will include permits for use and
p.000197: use, current and future, their deadlines, conditions, review and audit mechanisms, to
p.000197: ensure the formalization and equitable distribution of this heritage.
p.000197: 3. The law that regulates citizen participation.
p.000197: 4. The law of communication.
p.000197: 5. Laws that regulate education, higher education, culture and sport.
p.000197: 6. The law that regulates public service.
p.000197: 7. The law that regulates the Public Defender's Office.
p.000197: 8. Laws that organize data records, in particular civil, commercial and property records.
p.000197: In all cases, cross-control systems and national databases will be established.
p.000197: 9. The law regulating territorial decentralization of the different levels of government and the system
p.000197: of competencies, which will incorporate the procedures for the calculation and annual distribution of the funds
p.000197: that decentralized autonomous governments will receive from the General State Budget. This law will set the
p.000197: term for the formation of autonomous regions, which in no case will exceed eight years.
p.000197: 10. The criminal law and the criminal procedure law in military and police matters.
p.000197: 11. The law that regulates public and state security.
p.000198: 198
p.000198: The legal system necessary for the development of the Constitution will be approved during the first term of
p.000198: The National Assembly
p.000198: SECOND.- The legislative body, within thirty days of the entry into force of this Constitution,
p.000198: will designate based on a public contest of opposition and merits, with nomination, oversight and challenge
p.000198: citizens to the directors of the first Citizen Participation and Social Control Council,
p.000198: who will remain provisionally in their functions until the approval of the corresponding law. In this process
p.000198: the rules and principles indicated in the Constitution will apply.
p.000198: The Transitional Council will remain in its functions until the law regulating its organization and
p.000198: operation, and in one hundred and twenty days will prepare the corresponding bill for the consideration of the body
p.000198: legislative.
p.000198: THIRD.- The public servants and servants of the Commission for Civic Control of Corruption and
p.000198: the National Anti-Corruption Secretariat, which are not freely appointed and removed, will become part
p.000198: of the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control.
p.000198: Existing superintendencies will continue in operation until the legislative body issues the laws
p.000198: corresponding.
p.000198: FOUR.- The servants and public servants of the National Congress, except those of free appointment and
p.000198: removal, will go on to serve in the National Assembly.
p.000198: The assets of the National Congress will become part of the patrimony of the National Assembly.
p.000198: FIFTH.- The staff of civil servants and officials, and employees and employees of the Constitutional Court, with the exception
p.000198: of those of free appointment and removal, may be part of the Constitutional Court prior process of
p.000198: Evaluation and selection.
p.000198: The assets of the Constitutional Court will be transferred to the Constitutional Court.
p.000198: The National Publisher and the Official Registry will become an autonomous, state-owned public company of
p.000198: in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the law. Your staff, assets and budget are
p.000198: will transfer to the new entity.
p.000199: 199
p.000199: SIXTH.- National councils for children and adolescents, disabilities, women, peoples and indigenous nationalities,
p.000199: Afro-Ecuadorians and montubios will become national councils for equality, for which they will adapt
p.000199: its structure and functions to the Constitution.
p.000199: SEVENTH.- The stability of the civil servants and officials, and the employees and
p.000199: employees of the current Supreme Court of Justice, National Judicial Council, superior courts,
p.000199: district courts of administrative and tax litigation, tax courts and courts
p.000199: criminal, which will be relocated to positions of similar hierarchy and remuneration in the Council of the
p.000199: Judiciary, National Court of Justice, provincial courts and courts, respectively.
p.000199: EIGHTH.- The processes that are being sustained by members of the Supreme Court of Justice, as well as
p.000199: those who are aware of the police and military courts, will become aware and resolution of the Court
p.000199: National Justice
p.000199: NINTH.- The Judiciary Council, within a term not exceeding three hundred and sixty days from its
p.000199: conformation, will implement the new notarial service, in accordance with this Constitution and the law.
p.000199: As of the entry into force of this Constitution the periods of appointment, assignments, interinazgo or
p.000199: notaries and notaries substitutions are declared concluded.
p.000199: Within the period indicated in the first subsection, public competitions of opposition and
p.000199: merits for these functions, in accordance with the new constitutional framework. While the
p.000199: Contests, notaries and notaries will remain in extended functions until they are legally substituted.
p.000199: Notary facilities and documents belonging to the current notarial regime will enter the new service
p.000199: notarial.
p.000199: TENTH.- In the transition period, the criminal defense service will remain in charge of the Ministry of Justice,
p.000199: through the Transitional Management Unit of Public Criminal Advocacy, on whose technical basis the
p.000199: Public Defender, which must be created within two years, with priority in criminal public defense, defense
p.000199: of childhood and adolescence, and labor issues.
p.000199: ELEVENTH.- During the third year of functions a raffle will be held between those who integrate the first Council
p.000199: National Electoral
p.000200: 200
p.000200: and the first Electoral Contentious Tribunal, to determine which of its members should be replaced
p.000200: according to the rule of partial renewal established in this Constitution. The draw will be held in the
p.000200: session in which the call for the corresponding public qualifying exams is approved
p.000200: of knowledge and public competitions of opposition and merits.
p.000200: Officials and officials, and employees and employees of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal and of
p.000200: provincial electoral courts, which are not freely appointed and removed, will continue in their
p.000200: functions within the Electoral Function, and will be subject to a selection and qualification process accordingly
p.000200: to the needs of the new organisms.
p.000200: The electoral boards of the Council will be temporarily formed in each province
p.000200: National Electoral, who will exercise the functions assigned by them and those determined by law. Will not exist
p.000200: lower bodies of the Electoral Contentious Court.
p.000200: TWELFTH.- Within forty-five days from the entry into force of this Constitution, the parties and
p.000200: political movements must re-register in the National Electoral Council and may retain their names, symbols
p.000200: and number
p.000200: THIRTEEN.- The eradication of illiteracy will constitute State policy, and as long as the vote persists
p.000200: of illiterate people will be optional.
...

p.000212: Transition Judiciary Council.
p.000212: The contest of merits and opposition carried out by the Citizen Participation and Control Council is without effect
p.000212: Social for the appointment of the new members of the Judicial Council.
p.000212: Delete the First Transitory Provision of the Organic Code of the Judicial Function.
p.000212: Art. 21.- (National Court of Justice) Ten (10) days after the results of the
p.000212: Approval Referendum ends the thirty-one (31) magistrates and magistrates of the
p.000212: Supreme Court of Justice.
p.000212: 9 Article replaced by the approval of question number 4 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of 7 of
p.000212: May 2011, results published in the Official Registry Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000213: 213
p.000213: The National Electoral Council will organize a public raffle between thirty-one (31) magistrates and magistrates of the
p.000213: Supreme Court of Justice, to choose the twenty-one (21) judges who are entrusted with the functions and
p.000213: responsibilities of the National Court of Justice, until the holders are appointed, with application of the
p.000213: procedures established in the Constitution.
p.000213: Art. 22.- Once the law that regulates the formation and operation of the Judicial Council is promulgated, this
p.000213: The body will form the National Court of Justice, will also proceed to organize the Provincial Courts of
p.000213: Justice and the District and Criminal Courts, designating its members.
p.000213: Art. 23.- In the partial renewal of the National Court of Justice, which will take place after three years,
p.000213: will select the magistrates who must complete their management, considering the performance evaluation. They will cease in their
p.000213: functions the seven that achieved the lowest score. At six years, when the following occurs
p.000213: partial renewal, the seven magistrates who must leave will be the seven least scored in the evaluation of the
p.000213: fourteen remaining from the first group. The best seven will last nine years in office.
p.000213: Art. 24.- (Stability of judicial officers) The stability of judicial officers is guaranteed,
p.000213: that they are not of free removal, of the Supreme Court of Justice, superior courts and district courts; will be
p.000213: relocated to positions of similar remuneration in the National Court of Justice, provincial and tax courts,
p.000213: respectively, prior evaluation and selection process.
p.000213: Art. 25.- (Constitutional Court) Once the new legislative, executive and executive functions are constituted
p.000213: Transparency and Social Control, the rating committee will be organized to appoint the magistrates and magistrates
p.000213: that will integrate the first Constitutional Court.
p.000213: Each function will propose at least nine (9) candidates.
p.000213: The rules and procedures of the contest will be dictated by the Citizen Participation and Control Council
p.000213: Social.
p.000213: When the renewal of the first third of the magistrates and magistrates that make up the
p.000213: Court, will be chosen by lot who should cease their duties. When the second third is renewed the
...

Political / displaced

Searching for indicator displaced:

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p.000036: rights.
p.000036: 3. Precautionary your rights when, for any reason, they have been deprived of their freedom abroad.
p.000036: 4. It will promote its links with Ecuador, facilitate family reunification and stimulate voluntary return.
p.000037: 37
p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
p.000037: Art. 43.- The State shall guarantee pregnant and breastfeeding women the rights to:
p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
p.000038: 3. The priority protection and care of your integral health and life during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000038: 4. Have the necessary facilities for recovery after pregnancy and during the period of
p.000038: lactation.
p.000038: SECTION @UINTA
p.000038: Girls, boys and teenagers
p.000038: Art. 44.- The State, society and the family shall promote as a priority the integral development of girls,
p.000038: children and adolescents, and will ensure the full exercise of their rights; It will meet the principle of interest
p.000038: superior and their rights shall prevail over those of other persons.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents will have the right to their integral development, understood as a process of
p.000038: growth, maturation and deployment of your intellect and its capabilities, potentials and aspirations, in a
...

p.000044: 6. Participate in the use, usufruct, administration and conservation of renewable natural resources found
p.000044: in their lands
p.000044: 7. Free and informed prior consultation, within a reasonable time, about plans and programs
p.000044: prospecting, exploitation and commercialization of non-renewable resources that are in their lands and
p.000044: that may affect them environmentally or culturally; participate in the benefits that these projects report and receive
p.000044: compensation for the social, cultural and environmental damages caused to them. The consultation
p.000044: that must be carried out by the competent authorities will be mandatory and timely. If consent was not obtained
p.000044: of the consulted community, will proceed according to the Constitution and the law.
p.000044: Four. Five
p.000044: 8. Conserve and promote their biodiversity management practices and their natural environment.
p.000044: The State will establish and execute programs, with the participation of the community, to ensure conservation
p.000044: and sustainable use of biodiversity.
p.000044: 9. Conserve and develop their own forms of coexistence and social organization, and of generation and
p.000044: exercise of authority, in their legally recognized territories and community lands of ancestral possession.
p.000044: 10. Create, develop, apply and practice your own or customary law, which does not
p.000044: may violate constitutional rights, particularly of women, girls, boys and adolescents.
p.000044: 11. Not be displaced from their ancestral lands.
p.000044: 12. Maintain, protect and develop collective knowledge; their sciences, technologies and knowledge
p.000044: ancestral; genetic resources that contain biological diversity and
p.000044: agrobiodiversity; its medicines and practices of traditional medicine, including the right to
p.000044: recover, promote and protect ritual and sacred places, as well as plants, animals, minerals and
p.000044: ecosystems within their territories; and knowledge of the resources and properties of fauna and flora.
p.000044: All forms of appropriation over their knowledge, innovations and practices are prohibited.
p.000044: 13. Maintain, recover, protect, develop and preserve its cultural and historical heritage as an indivisible part
p.000044: of the patrimony of Ecuador. The State will provide the resources for this purpose.
p.000044: 14. Develop, strengthen and strengthen the bilingual intercultural education system, with criteria
p.000044: of quality, from early stimulation to the higher level, according to diversity
p.000044: cultural, for the care and preservation of identities in line with their methodologies of
p.000044: teaching and learning
p.000044: A dignified teaching career will be guaranteed. The administration of this system will be collective and participatory, with
p.000044: temporal and spatial alternation, based on community oversight and accountability.
p.000046: 46
p.000046: 15. Build and maintain organizations that represent them, within the framework of respect for pluralism and
...

Political / political affiliation

Searching for indicator party:

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p.000025: competent authorities; These authorities will ensure compliance.
p.000025: 2. All people are equal and will enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities.
p.000025: No one may be discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity, place of birth, age, sex, gender identity,
p.000025: cultural identity, marital status, language, religion, ideology, political affiliation, judicial past, condition
p.000025: socio-economic, immigration status, sexual orientation, health status, carrying HIV, disability,
p.000025: physical difference; nor for any other distinction, personal or collective, temporary or permanent,
p.000025: whose purpose is
p.000025: or result undermine or cancel recognition, enjoy
p.000025: or exercise of rights. The law shall punish all forms of discrimination.
p.000025: The State shall adopt affirmative action measures that promote real equality in favor of the holders of
p.000025: rights that are in a situation of inequality.
p.000025: 3. The rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in international rights instruments
p.000025: humans will be of direct and immediate application by and before any public servant or server, administrative or
p.000025: judicial, ex officio or at the request of a party.
p.000027: 27
p.000027: For the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees, conditions or requirements that are not required will not be required.
p.000027: established in the Constitution or the law.
p.000027: The rights will be fully justiciable. Lack of legal norm for
p.000027: justify their violation or ignorance, to dismiss the action for these facts or to deny their
p.000027: recognition.
p.000027: 4. No legal norm may restrict the content of rights or constitutional guarantees.
p.000027: 5. Regarding constitutional rights and guarantees, public servants and servants,
p.000027: administrative or judicial, they must apply the rule and interpretation that most favor its effective validity.
p.000027: 6. All principles and rights are inalienable, inalienable, indivisible,
p.000027: interdependent and of equal hierarchy.
p.000027: 7. The recognition of the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in the
p.000027: international human rights instruments, will not exclude other rights derived from the
p.000027: dignity of the people, communities, peoples and nationalities, that are necessary for their full
p.000027: development.
p.000027: 8. The content of rights will be developed progressively through standards, jurisprudence and
p.000027: public politics. The State will generate and guarantee the necessary conditions for its full recognition and
p.000027: exercise.
p.000027: Any action or omission of a regressive nature that diminishes, diminishes or annuls will be unconstitutional
p.000027: unjustifiably the exercise of rights.
p.000027: 9. The highest duty of the State is to respect and enforce the rights guaranteed in the Constitution.
p.000027: The State, its delegates, concessionaires and any person acting in the exercise of a public power,
p.000027: they will be obliged to repair the violations to the rights of the individuals by the lack or deficiency in
...

p.000049: 6. The right to express your opinion and express your thoughts freely and in all its forms and manifestations.
p.000049: 7. The right of any person aggrieved by information without proof or inaccuracy, issued by means of
p.000049: social communication, to the corresponding rectification, replication or response, immediately, mandatory and
p.000049: Free, in the same space or schedule.
p.000049: 8. The right to practice, conserve, change, profess in public or private, their religion or beliefs, and to
p.000049: disseminate them individually or collectively, with the restrictions imposed by respect for rights.
p.000049: fifty
p.000049: The State will protect voluntary religious practice, as well as the expression of those who do not profess religion
p.000049: some, and will favor an environment of plurality and tolerance.
p.000049: 9. The right to make free, informed, voluntary and responsible decisions about your sexuality, and your life and
p.000049: sexual orientation The State shall promote access to the necessary means for these decisions to occur in
p.000049: safe conditions.
p.000049: 10. The right to make free, responsible and informed decisions about your health and reproductive life and to decide
p.000049: when and how many daughters and sons to have
p.000049: 11. The right to keep reservations about your convictions. No one may be forced to testify about them.
p.000049: Under no circumstances may the owner or its legitimate representatives be required or used without authorization.
p.000049: personal or third party information about your religious beliefs, affiliation or political thinking; nor about data
p.000049: concerning your health and sexual life, except for health care needs.
p.000049: 12. The right to conscientious objection, which may not impair other rights, or cause harm to persons or
p.000049: nature.
p.000049: Everyone has the right to refuse to use violence and to participate in military service.
p.000049: 13. The right to associate, meet and manifest freely and voluntarily.
p.000049: 14. The right to move freely through the national territory and to choose your residence, as well as to enter and
p.000049: leave the country freely, whose exercise will be regulated in accordance with the law. The ban on leaving the country alone
p.000049: may be ordered by competent judge.
p.000049: Foreign persons may not be returned or expelled to a country where their life, freedom, security or integrity
p.000049: or that of their relatives are endangered because of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, ideology, belonging to a certain
p.000049: social group, or for their political opinions.
p.000049: The expulsion of groups of foreigners is prohibited. Migration processes must be singled out.
p.000049: 15. The right to develop economic activities, individually or collectively, in accordance with the
p.000049: principles of solidarity, social and environmental responsibility.
...

p.000081: SECTION THREE
p.000081: Legislative procedure
p.000081: Art. 132.- The National Assembly shall approve as laws the general norms of common interest. The attributions of
p.000081: The National Assembly that does not require the issuance of a law shall be exercised through agreements or
p.000081: resolutions. Law will be required in the following cases:
p.000082: 82
p.000082: 1. Regulate the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees.
p.000082: 2. Type infringements and establish the corresponding sanctions.
p.000082: 3. Create, modify or suppress taxes, without prejudice to the attributions of the Constitution
p.000082: confers on decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000082: 4. Attribute duties, responsibilities and competences to decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000082: 5. Modify the political-administrative division of the country, except with regard to parishes.
p.000082: 6. Grant the public authorities of control and regulation the power to issue standards of character
p.000082: general in the matters of its competence, without being able to alter or innovate the legal provisions.
p.000082: Art. 133.- The laws will be organic and ordinary. They will be organic laws:
p.000082: 1. Those that regulate the organization and operation of the institutions created by the Constitution.
p.000082: 2. Those that regulate the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees.
p.000082: 3. Those that regulate the organization, powers, faculties and functioning of autonomous governments
p.000082: decentralized
p.000082: 4. Those relating to the political party regime and the electoral system.
p.000082: The issuance, reform, repeal and interpretation generally mandatory of the organic laws
p.000082: they will require an absolute majority of the members of the National Assembly.
p.000082: The rest will be ordinary laws, which cannot modify or prevail over an organic law.
p.000082: Art. 134.- The initiative to present bills corresponds to:
p.000082: 1. To the assembly members and the assembly members, with the support of a legislative bench or at least the
p.000082: five percent of the members of the National Assembly.
p.000082: 2. To the President or President of the Republic.
p.000082: 3. To the other functions of the State in the areas of its competence.
p.000082: 4. To the Constitutional Court, Attorney General of the State,
p.000083: 83
p.000083: State Attorney General, Office of the Ombudsman and Public Defender in matters that correspond to them by agreement
p.000083: With its powers.
p.000083: 5. To citizens and citizens who enjoy political rights and
p.000083: social organizations that have the support of at least zero point twenty-five percent of the
p.000083: citizens registered in the national electoral roll.
p.000083: 6. Those who submit bills in accordance with these provisions may participate in their
p.000083: debate, personally or through their delegates.
p.000083: Art. 135.- Only the President or President of the Republic may present bills that they believe,
p.000083: modify or suppress taxes, increase public spending or modify the administrative political division
p.000083: from the country.
p.000083: Art. 136.- The bills must refer to only one subject and will be presented to the President or
...

p.000104: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000104: 2. Have a third level degree in Law, legally recognized in the country, and management knowledge
p.000104: administrative
p.000104: 3. Having exercised the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary, or teaching well-known and well-known.
p.000104: university for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000104: The Public Defender or Public Defender will perform their duties for six years and may not be
p.000104: re-elected, and will report annually to the National Assembly.
p.000104: Art. 193.- The faculties of Jurisprudence, Law or Legal Sciences of the universities, will organize and
p.000104: they will maintain defense services and legal advice to people of limited economic resources and groups that
p.000104: Require priority attention.
p.000104: In order for other organizations to provide this service, they must be accredited and evaluated by the
p.000104: Public Defender.
p.000104: TENTH SECTION
p.000104: State Attorney General
p.000104: Art. 194.- The State Attorney General's Office is an autonomous body of the Judicial Function, unique and indivisible,
p.000104: It will work in a decentralized manner and will have administrative, economic and financial autonomy. The Prosecutor or the
p.000104: Attorney General is your highest authority and legal representative and will act subject to the principles
p.000105: 105
p.000105: constitutional rights and guarantees of due process.
p.000105: Art. 195.- The Prosecutor's Office will direct, ex officio or at the request of the party, the preprocess investigation and
p.000105: criminal proceedings; during the process it will exercise public action subject to the principles of opportunity and
p.000105: minimal criminal intervention, with special attention to the public interest and the rights of
p.000105: victims Finding merit will accuse the alleged offenders before the competent judge, and will boost the accusation in
p.000105: the substantiation of the criminal trial.
p.000105: To fulfill its functions, the Office of the Prosecutor will organize and direct a comprehensive specialized system of
p.000105: research, legal medicine and forensic science, which will include a civil investigation staff and
p.000105: police will direct the system of protection and assistance to victims, witnesses and participants in the
p.000105: criminal process; and, will comply with the other attributions established in the law.
p.000105: Art. 196.- The Prosecutor or the State Attorney General shall meet the following requirements:
p.000105: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000105: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country and knowledge in administrative management.
p.000105: 3. Having exercised the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary, or teaching well-known and well-known.
p.000105: University in criminal matters for a minimum period of ten years.
...

p.000112: public and private, so that these activities and services are subject to
p.000112: legal system and attend to the general interest. The superintendencies will act ex officio or by
p.000112: citizen requirement The specific powers of the superintendencies and the areas that require
p.000112: Control, audit and surveillance of each of them will be determined in accordance with the law.
p.000112: The superintendents will be directed and represented by the superintendents or superintendents.
p.000112: The law will determine the requirements to be met by those who aspire to direct these entities.
p.000113: 113
p.000113: The superintendents or superintendents will be appointed by the Citizen Participation and Social Control Council
p.000113: of a list sent by the President or President of the Republic, conformed with criteria of specialty and merits
p.000113: and subject to public scrutiny and the right to challenge citizens.
p.000113: SECTION @UINTA
p.000113: Office of the Ombudsman
p.000113: Art. 214.- The Ombudsman's Office will be a public law body with national jurisdiction, personality
p.000113: legal and administrative and financial autonomy. Its structure will be decentralized and will have delegates in each
p.000113: province and abroad.
p.000113: Art. 215.- The Office of the Ombudsman will have as functions the protection and protection of the rights of
p.000113: inhabitants of Ecuador and the defense of the rights of Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians outside the
p.000113: country. The following will be its powers, in addition to those established by law:
p.000113: 1. The sponsorship, ex officio or at the request of a party, of the protection actions, habeas corpus, access to
p.000113: public information, habeas data, non-compliance, citizen action and claims for poor or improper quality
p.000113: provision of public or private services.
p.000113: 2. Issue mandatory and immediate compliance measures regarding rights protection, and request
p.000113: judgment and sanction before the competent authority, for its breaches.
p.000113: 3. Investigate and resolve, within the framework of its powers, actions or omissions of persons
p.000113: natural or legal that provide public services.
p.000113: 4. Exercise and promote due process surveillance, and prevent, and immediately prevent torture, treatment
p.000113: cruel, inhuman and degrading in all its forms.
p.000113: Art. 216.- In order to be appointed Ombudsman or Ombudsman it will be necessary to meet the same requirements
p.000113: required for the judges and judges of the National Court of Justice and accredit extensive experience in the defense of
p.000113: human rights. The Ombudsman will have jurisdiction of the National Court of Justice and will enjoy immunity
p.000113: in the terms established by law.
p.000114: 114
p.000114: CHAPTER SIX
p.000114: Electoral Function
p.000114: Art. 217.- The Electoral Function will guarantee the exercise of the political rights expressed in
...

p.000189: public
p.000189: In case of conflict between norms of different hierarchy, the Constitutional Court, the judges and judges,
p.000189: administrative authorities and servants and public servants, will solve it by means of the application
p.000189: of the superior hierarchical norm.
p.000189: The regulatory hierarchy will consider, as appropriate, the principle of competence, in
p.000189: special ownership of the exclusive powers of autonomous governments
p.000189: decentralized
p.000189: Alt. 426.- All persons, authorities and institutions are subject to the Constitution.
p.000189: The judges and judges, administrative authorities and public servants and servants, will apply
p.000189: directly the constitutional norms and those foreseen in the international rights instruments
p.000189: human provided they are more favorable to those established in the Constitution, even if the parties do not invoke them
p.000189: expressly.
p.000191: 191
p.000191: The rights enshrined in the Constitution and international human rights instruments
p.000191: They will be immediately compliance and application. No lack of law or ignorance of the
p.000191: rules to justify the violation of the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution, to discard the
p.000191: action brought in their defense, nor to deny the recognition of such rights.
p.000191: Art. 427.- The constitutional norms will be interpreted by the literal tenor that best suits the Constitution
p.000191: in its entirety. In case of doubt, they will be interpreted in the sense that most favors the full validity of the
p.000191: rights and that best respect the will of the constituent, and in accordance with the general principles of the
p.000191: constitutional interpretation.
p.000191: Art. 428.- When a judge or judge, ex officio or at the request of a party, considers that a legal norm is
p.000191: contrary to the Constitution or international human rights instruments that establish
p.000191: rights more favorable than those recognized in the Constitution, will suspend the processing of the case and remit
p.000191: in consultation the file to the Constitutional Court, which in a period not exceeding forty-five days, will decide on
p.000191: the constitutionality of the norm.
p.000191: If the Court has not decided after the deadline, the injured party may file the action
p.000191: correspondent.
p.000191: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000191: Constitutional court
p.000191: Art. 429.- The Constitutional Court is the highest body of control, constitutional interpretation and administration of
p.000191: Justice in this matter. It exercises national jurisdiction and its headquarters is the city of Quito.
p.000191: The decisions related to the attributions provided for in the Constitution will be adopted by the full
p.000191: court.
p.000191: Art. 430.- The Constitutional Court shall enjoy administrative and financial autonomy. The law
p.000191: determine its organization, operation and procedures for the fulfillment of its powers.
p.000191: Art. 431.- The members of the Constitutional Court shall not be subject to political trial nor may they be
p.000191: removed by those who designate them. However, they will be subject to the same controls
p.000192: 192
p.000192: that the rest of public authorities and will respond for the other acts or omissions that they commit in the exercise of their
p.000192: functions.
p.000192: Without prejudice to civil liability, in the case of criminal liability they will only be charged by the Prosecutor or
p.000192: the Prosecutor General of the Nation and tried by the plenary of the National Court of Justice, for which purpose it will be required
p.000192: the assent vote of two thirds of its members.
p.000192: His dismissal will be decided by two thirds of the members of the Court
p.000192: Constitutional. The procedure, requirements and causes will be determined in the law.
p.000192: Art. 432.- The Constitutional Court will be composed of nine members who will exercise their functions in
p.000192: plenary and in rooms according to the law. They will serve for a period of nine years, without
p.000192: Immediate re-election and will be renewed by thirds every three years.
p.000192: The law will determine the replacement mechanism in case of absence of the holder.
p.000192: Art. 433.- To be designated a member of the Constitutional Court, the following will be required:
p.000192: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and be in exercise of their political rights.
p.000192: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country.
p.000192: 3. Having exercised with evident probity the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary or teaching
p.000192: University in legal sciences for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000192: 4. Demonstrate probity and ethics.
p.000192: 5. Not belong or have belonged in the last ten years to the leadership of any political party or movement.
p.000192: The law will determine the procedure to accredit these requirements.
p.000192: Art. 434.- The members of the Constitutional Court will be appointed by a rating committee that will be
p.000192: composed of two persons appointed by each of the functions, Legislative, Executive and of
p.000192: Transparency and Social Control. Members will be selected from among the nominations
p.000192: presented by the previous functions, through a public tender process, with oversight and
p.000192: possibility of citizen challenge. In
p.000193: 193
p.000193: The integration of the Court will ensure parity between men and women.
p.000193: The procedure, deadlines and other elements of selection and qualification will be determined by law.
p.000193: Art. 435.- The Constitutional Court will choose from among its members, a President or President and a
p.000193: Vice President or Vice President, who will perform their duties for three years, and may not
p.000193: Be re-elected immediately. The President or President shall exercise the legal representation of the Court
p.000193: Constitutional.
p.000193: Art. 436.- The Constitutional Court shall exercise, in addition to those conferred by law, the following powers:
p.000193: 1. To be the highest instance of interpretation of the Constitution, of international human rights treaties
p.000193: ratified by the Ecuadorian State, through its opinions and sentences. Your decisions will have
p.000193: binding character.
p.000193: 2. Know and resolve public actions of unconstitutionality, by fund or by form, against
p.000193: normative acts of a general nature issued by state authorities. The declaration of
p.000193: unconstitutionality will have the effect of invalidity of the contested normative act.
p.000193: 3. Declare ex officio the unconstitutionality of related norms, when in the cases submitted to its knowledge
p.000193: conclude that one or more of them are contrary to the Constitution.
p.000193: 4. Know and resolve, at the request of the party, the unconstitutionality against administrative acts with effects
p.000193: generals issued by any public authority. The declaration of unconstitutionality will have the effect of
p.000193: Invalidity of the administrative act.
p.000193: 5. Know and resolve, at the request of the party, the actions for non-compliance that are presented with the
p.000193: purpose of guaranteeing the application of general administrative norms or acts, whatever
p.000193: its nature or hierarchy, as well as for compliance with judgments or reports of international organizations of
p.000193: protection of human rights that are not enforceable through ordinary judicial channels.
p.000193: 6. Issue sentences that constitute binding jurisprudence regarding protection actions,
p.000193: compliance, habeas corpus, habeas data, access to public information and others
p.000194: 194
p.000194: constitutional processes, as well as the cases selected by the Court for review.
p.000194: 7. To resolve conflicts of competences or attributions between functions of the State or bodies established in the
p.000194: Constitution.
p.000194: 8. Perform ex officio and immediately check the constitutionality of the declarations of the
p.000194: states of exception, when they imply the suspension of constitutional rights.
p.000194: 9. Know and punish the breach of sentences and constitutional opinions.
p.000194: 10. Declare the unconstitutionality incurred by State institutions or public authorities that
p.000194: by omission, they observe, totally or partially, the mandates contained in constitutional norms, within
p.000194: of the term established in the Constitution or in the period considered reasonable by the Constitutional Court. Yes
p.000194: After the deadline the omission persists, the Court will provisionally issue the rule or execute the act
p.000194: omitted, in accordance with the law.
p.000194: Art. 437.- Citizens individually or collectively may file an extraordinary protection action
...

Searching for indicator political:

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p.000022: Ninth section
p.000022: Users and consumers 43
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Rights of communities, peoples and nationalities 45
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Participation rights 48
p.000022: Sixth chapter
p.000022: Freedom rights 50
p.000022: Seventh chapter
p.000022: Rights of nature 55
p.000022: Eighth chapter
p.000022: Protection rights 56
p.000022: Ninth chapter
p.000022: Responsibilities 61
p.000022: TITLE III
p.000022: CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES 63
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Regulatory guarantees 63
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Public policies, public services and citizen participation 63
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Jurisdictional guarantees 64
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Common provisions 64
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Protection Action 65
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Habeas corpus 65 action
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Action to access public information 66
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Habeas action data 67
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Non-compliance action 67
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Extraordinary protection action 68
p.000022: TITLE IV
p.000022: PARTICIPATION AND ORGANIZATION OF POWER 69
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Participation in democracy 69
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Principles of participation 69
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Collective Organization 69
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Participation in different levels of government 70
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Direct Democracy 71
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Political organizations 73
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Political representation 74
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Legislative Function 77
p.000022: First section
p.000022: National Assembly 77
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Control of government action 81
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Legislative procedure 82
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Executive Function 87
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Organization and functions 87
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: National Equality Councils 92
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Armed Forces and National Police 93
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: States of exception 95
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Judicial Function and Indigenous Justice 97
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Principles of the administration of justice 97
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Indigenous Justice 98
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Principles of the Judicial Function 98
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Organization and operation 99
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Judicial Council 100
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Ordinary Justice 101
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Justices of the Peace 104
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Alternative means of conflict resolution 104
p.000022: Ninth section
p.000022: Public Defender 104
p.000022: Tenth Section
p.000022: State Attorney General 105
p.000022: Eleventh section
p.000022: Victim and witness protection system 106
p.000022: Twelfth Section
p.000022: Notarial service 107
p.000022: Thirteenth Section
p.000022: Social rehabilitation 107
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Transparency and Social Control Function 109
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Nature and functions 109
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Citizen Participation and Social Control Council 110
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Comptroller General of the State 113
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Superintendencies 113
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Office of the Ombudsman 114
p.000022: Sixth chapter
p.000022: Electoral Function 115
p.000022: First section
p.000022: National Electoral Council 115
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Contentious Electoral Tribunal 116
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Common norms of political and social control 117
p.000022: Seventh chapter
p.000022: Public Administration 118
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Public Sector 118
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Public Administration 118
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Servers and public servants 119
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Office of the Attorney General 121
p.000022: TITLE V
p.000022: TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION OF THE STATE 123
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: General Principles 123
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Organization of the territory 124
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Decentralized autonomous governments
p.000022: and special regimes 126
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Competency regime 128
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Economic resources 133
p.000022: TITLE VI
p.000022: DEVELOPMENT SCHEME 135
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: General Principles 135
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Participatory development planning 137
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Food sovereignty 137
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Economic Sovereignty 139
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Economic system and economic policy 139
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Fiscal Policy 140
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Public indebtedness 141
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: General State Budget 142
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Tax regime 144
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Monetary, exchange, credit and financial policy 145
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Commercial Policy 145
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Financial System 146
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Strategic sectors, services and public companies 148
p.000022: Sixth chapter
p.000022: Work and production 150
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Forms of organization of production and its management 150
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Property types 151
...

p.000022: 8. Guarantee its inhabitants the right to a culture of peace, to integral security and to live in a society
p.000022: Democratic and corruption free.
p.000022: Art. 4.- The territory of Ecuador constitutes a geographical and historical unit of natural, social dimensions.
p.000022: and cultural, legacy of our ancestors and ancestral peoples. This territory includes the space
p.000022: continental and maritime, the adjacent islands, the territorial sea, the Galapagos Archipelago, the
p.000022: soil, the underwater platform, the subsoil and the overlying continental, insular and
p.000022: maritime. Its limits are those determined by the current treaties.
p.000022: The territory of Ecuador is inalienable, irreducible and inviolable. No one will attempt against territorial unity or
p.000022: It will promote secession.
p.000022: The capital of Ecuador is Quito.
p.000022: The Ecuadorian State will exercise rights over the corresponding segments of the synchronous orbit
p.000022: geostationary, maritime spaces and Antarctica.
p.000022: Art. 5.- Ecuador is a territory of peace. The establishment of military bases will not be allowed
p.000022: foreign or foreign facilities for military purposes. It is forbidden to assign national military bases to
p.000022: foreign armed or security forces.
p.000022: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000022: Citizens and citizens
p.000022: Art. 6.- All Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians are citizens and will enjoy the rights established in the
p.000022: Constitution.
p.000022: Ecuadorian nationality is the political legal link of people with the State, without prejudice
p.000022: of their belonging to one of the indigenous nationalities that coexist in Ecuador
p.000022: Plurinational
p.000022: Ecuadorian nationality will be obtained by birth or naturalization and will not be lost by marriage or
p.000022: its dissolution, nor by the acquisition of another nationality.
p.000024: 24
p.000024: Art. 7.- They are Ecuadorian and Ecuadorian by birth:
p.000024: 1. People born in Ecuador.
p.000024: 2. Persons born abroad of a mother or father born in Ecuador; and his descendants until the
p.000024: third degree of consanguinity.
p.000024: 3. Persons belonging to communities, peoples or nationalities recognized by Ecuador
p.000024: with presence in border areas.
p.000024: Art. 8.- The following persons are Ecuadorian and Ecuadorian by naturalization:
p.000024: 1. Those who obtain the naturalization letter.
p.000024: 2. Foreign minors adopted by an Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian, who will retain their nationality
p.000024: Ecuadorian while not expressing contrary will.
p.000024: 3. Those born abroad of an Ecuadorian mother or father by naturalization, while those are
p.000024: minors; they will retain Ecuadorian nationality if they do not express contrary will.
p.000024: 4. Those who marry or maintain de facto union with an Ecuadorian or an Ecuadorian, according to
p.000024: with the law
p.000024: 5. Those who obtain Ecuadorian nationality for having provided relevant services to the country with
p.000024: Your talent or individual effort.
p.000024: Those who acquire Ecuadorian nationality will not be obliged to renounce their nationality of origin.
p.000024: Ecuadorian nationality acquired by naturalization will be lost by express resignation.
p.000024: Art. 9.- Foreign persons who are in Ecuadorian territory will have the same rights
p.000024: and duties that Ecuadorians, in accordance with the Constitution.
p.000025: 25
p.000025: Title II
p.000025: Rights
p.000025: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000025: Principles of application of rights
p.000025: Art. 10.- Individuals, communities, peoples, nationalities and groups are holders and will enjoy the
p.000025: rights guaranteed in the Constitution and in international instruments.
p.000025: Nature will be subject to those rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000025: Art. 11.- The exercise of rights will be governed by the following principles:
p.000025: 1. The rights may be exercised, promoted and demanded individually or collectively before the
p.000025: competent authorities; These authorities will ensure compliance.
p.000025: 2. All people are equal and will enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities.
p.000025: No one may be discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity, place of birth, age, sex, gender identity,
p.000025: cultural identity, marital status, language, religion, ideology, political affiliation, judicial past, condition
p.000025: socio-economic, immigration status, sexual orientation, health status, carrying HIV, disability,
p.000025: physical difference; nor for any other distinction, personal or collective, temporary or permanent,
p.000025: whose purpose is
p.000025: or result undermine or cancel recognition, enjoy
p.000025: or exercise of rights. The law shall punish all forms of discrimination.
p.000025: The State shall adopt affirmative action measures that promote real equality in favor of the holders of
p.000025: rights that are in a situation of inequality.
p.000025: 3. The rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in international rights instruments
p.000025: humans will be of direct and immediate application by and before any public servant or server, administrative or
p.000025: judicial, ex officio or at the request of a party.
p.000027: 27
p.000027: For the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees, conditions or requirements that are not required will not be required.
p.000027: established in the Constitution or the law.
p.000027: The rights will be fully justiciable. Lack of legal norm for
p.000027: justify their violation or ignorance, to dismiss the action for these facts or to deny their
p.000027: recognition.
p.000027: 4. No legal norm may restrict the content of rights or constitutional guarantees.
p.000027: 5. Regarding constitutional rights and guarantees, public servants and servants,
p.000027: administrative or judicial, they must apply the rule and interpretation that most favor its effective validity.
p.000027: 6. All principles and rights are inalienable, inalienable, indivisible,
...

p.000030: people and communities that lack such access or have it in a limited way.
p.000030: 3. It will not allow oligopoly or monopoly, direct or indirect, of ownership of the media
p.000030: and the use of frequencies.
p.000030: Art. 18.- All persons, individually or collectively, have the right to:
p.000030: 1. Search, receive, exchange, produce and disseminate truthful, verified, timely, contextualized information,
p.000030: plural, without prior censorship about the facts, events and processes of general interest, and with
p.000030: further responsibility.
p.000030: 2. Access freely to the information generated in public entities, or in the private ones that handle
p.000030: State funds or perform public functions. There will be no reservation of information except in cases
p.000030: expressly established in the law. In case of violation of human rights, no public entity will deny the
p.000030: information.
p.000030: Art. 19.- The law shall regulate the prevalence of content for informational, educational and cultural purposes in
p.000030: the programming of the media, and will encourage the creation of spaces for the dissemination of
p.000030: independent national production.
p.000030: The emission of advertising that induces violence, discrimination, racism,
p.000030: drug addiction, sexism, religious or political intolerance and anyone who attempts against
p.000030: rights.
p.000030: Art. 20.- The State shall guarantee the clause of conscience to all persons, and the professional secrecy and reserve of the
p.000030: source to those who inform, express their opinions through the media or other forms of communication, or work in
p.000030: Any communication activity.
p.000031: 31
p.000031: FOURTH SECTION
p.000031: Culture and science
p.000031: Art. 21.- People have the right to build and maintain their own cultural identity, to decide on their
p.000031: belonging to one or more cultural communities and expressing said choices; to aesthetic freedom; to know the
p.000031: historical memory of their cultures and to access their cultural heritage; to spread their own cultural expressions and
p.000031: have access to diverse cultural expressions.
p.000031: Culture may not be invoked when the rights recognized in the Constitution are violated.
p.000031: Art. 22.- People have the right to develop their creative capacity, to the dignified and sustained exercise of
p.000031: cultural and artistic activities, and to benefit from the protection of moral rights and
p.000031: assets that correspond to them for the scientific, literary or artistic productions of their authorship.
...

p.000040: terms. Your education will be guaranteed within regular education. Regular campuses
p.000040: they will incorporate differentiated treatment and those of special attention the specialized education. The
p.000040: educational establishments will comply with accessibility standards for people with disabilities and will implement a system
p.000040: of scholarships that respond to the economic conditions of this group.
p.000040: 8. Specialized education for people with intellectual disabilities and capacity building through
p.000040: the creation of specific educational centers and teaching programs.
p.000041: 41
p.000041: 9. Free psychological care for people with disabilities and their families, in
p.000041: particular in case of intellectual disability.
p.000041: 10. Adequate access to all goods and services. Architectural barriers will be removed.
p.000041: 11. Access to mechanisms, means and alternative forms of communication, including sign language
p.000041: for deaf people, oralism and the braille system.
p.000041: Art. 48.- The State shall adopt measures that ensure:
p.000041: 1. Social inclusion, through coordinated state and private plans and programs, that foster their
p.000041: political, social, cultural, educational and economic participation.
p.000041: 2. Obtaining credits and tax rebates or exemptions that allow them to initiate and maintain
p.000041: productive activities, and obtaining scholarships at all levels of education.
p.000041: 3. The development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their leisure and rest.
p.000041: 4. Political participation, which will ensure their representation, in accordance with the law.
p.000041: 5. The establishment of specialized programs for the comprehensive care of people with severe disabilities and
p.000041: deep, in order to achieve the maximum development of his personality, the promotion of his autonomy and the
p.000041: decreased dependence
p.000041: 6. The incentive and support for productive projects in favor of family members of people with
p.000041: severe disability
p.000041: 7. The guarantee of the full exercise of the rights of persons with disabilities. The law will sanction the abandonment of
p.000041: these people, and acts that incur any form of abuse, inhuman or degrading treatment and
p.000041: discrimination based on disability.
p.000041: Art. 49.- The people and families who care for people with disabilities who require permanent attention will be
p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
...

p.000044: ancestral; genetic resources that contain biological diversity and
p.000044: agrobiodiversity; its medicines and practices of traditional medicine, including the right to
p.000044: recover, promote and protect ritual and sacred places, as well as plants, animals, minerals and
p.000044: ecosystems within their territories; and knowledge of the resources and properties of fauna and flora.
p.000044: All forms of appropriation over their knowledge, innovations and practices are prohibited.
p.000044: 13. Maintain, recover, protect, develop and preserve its cultural and historical heritage as an indivisible part
p.000044: of the patrimony of Ecuador. The State will provide the resources for this purpose.
p.000044: 14. Develop, strengthen and strengthen the bilingual intercultural education system, with criteria
p.000044: of quality, from early stimulation to the higher level, according to diversity
p.000044: cultural, for the care and preservation of identities in line with their methodologies of
p.000044: teaching and learning
p.000044: A dignified teaching career will be guaranteed. The administration of this system will be collective and participatory, with
p.000044: temporal and spatial alternation, based on community oversight and accountability.
p.000046: 46
p.000046: 15. Build and maintain organizations that represent them, within the framework of respect for pluralism and
p.000046: cultural, political and organizational diversity. The State will recognize and promote all its forms of expression and
p.000046: organization.
p.000046: 16. Participate through their representatives in the official bodies determined by law, in the
p.000046: definition of public policies that concern them, as well as in the design and decision of their priorities in the
p.000046: State plans and projects.
p.000046: 17. Be consulted before adopting a legislative measure that may affect any of your rights
p.000046: collective
p.000046: 18. Maintain and develop contacts, relationships and cooperation with other peoples, in
p.000046: particularly those divided by international borders.
p.000046: 19. Promote the use of clothing, symbols and emblems that identify them.
p.000046: 20. The limitation of military activities in their territories, in accordance with the law.
p.000046: 21. That the dignity and diversity of their cultures, traditions, stories and aspirations be reflected in education
p.000046: public and in the media; the creation of their own social media in their languages ​​and the
p.000046: access to others without discrimination.
p.000046: The territories of the peoples in voluntary isolation are of irreducible and intangible ancestral power, and in
p.000046: they will be banned all kinds of extractive activity. The State will adopt measures to guarantee their lives, to do
p.000046: Respect their self-determination and willingness to remain in isolation, and take care to observe their rights.
p.000046: Violation of these rights will constitute the crime of ethnocide, which will be typified by law.
...

p.000046: declarations and other international human rights instruments.
p.000047: 47
p.000047: Art. 59.- The collective rights of the montubios peoples are recognized to guarantee their process
p.000047: of integral, sustainable and sustainable human development, policies and strategies for their progress and their
p.000047: forms of associative administration, based on knowledge of their reality and respect for their culture, identity and
p.000047: own vision, in accordance with the law.
p.000047: Art. 60.- Ancestral, indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian and montubio peoples may constitute constituencies.
p.000047: territorial for the preservation of their culture. The law will regulate its conformation.
p.000047: Communes that have collective ownership of land are recognized as an ancestral form of
p.000047: Territorial organization.
p.000047: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000047: Participation Rights
p.000047: Art. 61.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians enjoy the following rights:
p.000047: 1. Choose and be chosen.
p.000047: 2. Participate in matters of public interest.
p.000047: 3. Present projects of normative popular initiative.
p.000047: 4. Be consulted.
p.000047: 5. Supervise the acts of public power.
p.000047: 6. Revoke the mandate conferred on the authorities of popular election.
p.000047: 7. Perform public jobs and functions based on merits and capabilities, and a system of selection and
p.000047: transparent, inclusive, equitable, pluralistic and democratic designation that guarantees their participation,
p.000047: with criteria of equity and gender parity, equal opportunities for people with disabilities and
p.000047: intergenerational participation
p.000047: 8. Forming political parties and movements, affiliating or disenrolling freely from them
p.000047: and participate in all the decisions they adopt.
p.000047: Foreign persons will enjoy these rights as applicable.
p.000048: 48
p.000048: Art. 62.- People in enjoyment of political rights have the right to universal, equal, direct, secret and secret voting.
p.000048: publicly scrutinized, in accordance with the following provisions:
p.000048: 1. Voting will be mandatory for people over eighteen. They will exercise their right to vote
p.000048: persons deprived of liberty without conviction executed.
p.000048: 2. The vote shall be optional for persons between sixteen and eighteen years of age, those over
p.000048: Sixty-five years, Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians living abroad, members of the
p.000048: Armed Forces and National Police, and people with disabilities.
p.000048: Art. 63.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians abroad have the right to elect the President or President
p.000048: and to the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, national representatives and the constituency of the
p.000048: Exterior; and may be elected for any position.
p.000048: Foreign persons resident in Ecuador have the right to vote provided they have legally resided in the
p.000048: Country at least five years.
p.000048: Art. 64.- The enjoyment of political rights will be suspended, in addition to the cases determined by law, for the reasons
p.000048: following:
p.000048: 1. Judicial interdiction, while it subsists, except in case of insolvency or bankruptcy that has not been
p.000048: declared fraudulent.
p.000048: 2. Execution sentence that condemns a prison sentence, while it remains.
p.000048: Art. 65.- The State shall promote the equal representation of women and men in the positions of
p.000048: nomination or designation of the public function, in its instances of direction and decision, and in the parties and
p.000048: political movements In candidates for multi-person elections their alternate participation will be respected and
p.000048: sequential.
p.000048: The State will adopt affirmative action measures to guarantee the participation of the discriminated sectors.
p.000049: 49
p.000049: CHAPTER SIX
p.000049: Freedom rights
p.000049: Art. 66.- People are recognized and guaranteed:
p.000049: 1. The right to the inviolability of life. There will be no death penalty.
p.000049: 2. The right to a dignified life that ensures health, food and nutrition, drinking water, housing,
p.000049: environmental sanitation, education, work, employment, rest and leisure, physical culture, clothing, social security and others
p.000049: necessary social services.
p.000049: 3. The right to personal integrity, which includes:
p.000049: a) Physical, psychic, moral and sexual integrity.
p.000049: b) A life free of violence in the public and private spheres. The State shall adopt the necessary measures to
p.000049: prevent, eliminate and punish all forms of violence, especially against women, girls, boys and
p.000049: adolescents, elderly people, people with disabilities and against any person at a disadvantage or
p.000049: vulnerability; identical measures will be taken against violence, slavery and sexual exploitation.
p.000049: c) The prohibition of torture, forced disappearance and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment.
p.000049: d) The prohibition of the use of genetic material and scientific experimentation that undermine rights
p.000049: humans.
...

p.000049: social communication, to the corresponding rectification, replication or response, immediately, mandatory and
p.000049: Free, in the same space or schedule.
p.000049: 8. The right to practice, conserve, change, profess in public or private, their religion or beliefs, and to
p.000049: disseminate them individually or collectively, with the restrictions imposed by respect for rights.
p.000049: fifty
p.000049: The State will protect voluntary religious practice, as well as the expression of those who do not profess religion
p.000049: some, and will favor an environment of plurality and tolerance.
p.000049: 9. The right to make free, informed, voluntary and responsible decisions about your sexuality, and your life and
p.000049: sexual orientation The State shall promote access to the necessary means for these decisions to occur in
p.000049: safe conditions.
p.000049: 10. The right to make free, responsible and informed decisions about your health and reproductive life and to decide
p.000049: when and how many daughters and sons to have
p.000049: 11. The right to keep reservations about your convictions. No one may be forced to testify about them.
p.000049: Under no circumstances may the owner or its legitimate representatives be required or used without authorization.
p.000049: personal or third party information about your religious beliefs, affiliation or political thinking; nor about data
p.000049: concerning your health and sexual life, except for health care needs.
p.000049: 12. The right to conscientious objection, which may not impair other rights, or cause harm to persons or
p.000049: nature.
p.000049: Everyone has the right to refuse to use violence and to participate in military service.
p.000049: 13. The right to associate, meet and manifest freely and voluntarily.
p.000049: 14. The right to move freely through the national territory and to choose your residence, as well as to enter and
p.000049: leave the country freely, whose exercise will be regulated in accordance with the law. The ban on leaving the country alone
p.000049: may be ordered by competent judge.
p.000049: Foreign persons may not be returned or expelled to a country where their life, freedom, security or integrity
p.000049: or that of their relatives are endangered because of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, ideology, belonging to a certain
p.000049: social group, or for their political opinions.
p.000049: The expulsion of groups of foreigners is prohibited. Migration processes must be singled out.
p.000049: 15. The right to develop economic activities, individually or collectively, in accordance with the
p.000049: principles of solidarity, social and environmental responsibility.
p.000051: 51
p.000051: 16. The right to freedom of contract.
p.000051: 17. The right to freedom of work. No one will be forced to perform a free or forced job,
p.000051: except in cases determined by law.
p.000051: 18. The right to honor and good name. The law will protect the image and voice of the person.
p.000051: 19. The right to the protection of personal data, which includes access and decision on information and
p.000051: data of this character, as well as its corresponding protection. The collection, archiving, processing,
p.000051: distribution or dissemination of this data or information will require the authorization of the holder or the mandate of the law.
p.000051: 20. The right to personal and family privacy.
p.000051: 21. The right to inviolability and the secrecy of physical and virtual correspondence; it cannot be retained,
p.000051: open or examined, except in cases provided by law, prior judicial intervention and with the obligation to
p.000051: keep the secret of matters outside the fact that motivates your examination. This right protects any other type or
p.000051: communication way.
p.000051: 22. The right to inviolability of domicile. You cannot enter a person's address or
p.000051: carry out inspections or searches without your authorization or without a warrant, except for flagrant offenses, in cases and
p.000051: form established by law.
p.000051: 23. The right to address individual and collective complaints and requests to the authorities and to receive attention or
p.000051: motivated answers Requests cannot be addressed on behalf of the people.
p.000051: 24. The right to participate in the cultural life of the community.
p.000051: 25. The right to access quality public and private goods and services, with efficiency, effectiveness
p.000051: and good treatment, as well as to receive adequate and truthful information about its content and characteristics.
p.000051: 26. The right to property in all its forms, with social and environmental function and responsibility. The
p.000051: The right to access property will be effective with the adoption of public policies, among others
p.000051: measurements.
p.000051: 27. The right to live in a healthy, ecologically balanced environment, free from contamination and in harmony with the
p.000051: nature.
p.000052: 52
p.000052: 28. The right to personal and collective identity, which includes having a first and last name,
p.000052: duly registered and freely chosen; and conserve, develop and strengthen
p.000052: material and immaterial characteristics of identity, such as nationality, origin
p.000052: family, spiritual, cultural, religious, linguistic, political and social manifestations.
p.000052: 29. Freedom rights also include:
p.000052: a) The recognition that all people are born free.
p.000052: b) The prohibition of slavery, exploitation, servitude and trafficking and trafficking in human beings in all
p.000052: their forms The State shall adopt measures to prevent and eradicate trafficking in persons, and to protect and
p.000052: social reintegration of victims of trafficking and other forms of violation of freedom.
p.000052: c) That no person can be deprived of their freedom for debts, costs, fines, taxes, or other
p.000052: obligations, except in the case of alimony.
p.000052: d) That no person can be forced to do something prohibited or to stop doing something not prohibited by law.
p.000052: Art. 67.- The family is recognized in its various types. The State will protect it as the fundamental nucleus of society and
p.000052: guarantee conditions that fully favor the achievement of its purposes. These will be constituted by
p.000052: legal or de facto links and will be based on equal rights and opportunities of their interests
p.000052: grantes
p.000052: Marriage is the union between man and woman, it will be based on the free consent of the contracting persons and in
p.000052: the equality of their rights, obligations and legal capacity.
p.000052: Art. 68.- The stable and monogamous union between two persons free of matrimonial ties that form a de facto home,
...

p.000061: 8. Administer honestly and with unrestricted adherence to the law public assets, and denounce and
p.000061: Fight acts of corruption.
p.000061: 9. Practice justice and solidarity in the exercise of their rights and in the enjoyment of property and
p.000061: services.
p.000061: 10. Promote unity and equality in diversity and intercultural relationships.
p.000061: 11. Assume public functions as a service to the community and be accountable to society and authority,
p.000061: According to the law.
p.000061: 12. Exercise the profession or trade subject to ethics.
p.000061: 13. Preserve the country's cultural and natural heritage, and take care and maintain public assets.
p.000061: 14. Respect and recognize ethnic, national, social, generational, gender differences, and
p.000061: sexual orientation and identity.
p.000061: 15. Cooperate with the State and the community in social security, and pay the taxes established by law.
p.000061: 16. Assist, feed, educate and care for daughters and sons. This duty is the responsibility of mothers and fathers in
p.000061: equal proportion, and will also correspond to daughters and sons when mothers and fathers need it.
p.000061: 17. Participate in the political, civic and community life of the country, in an honest and transparent way.
p.000062: 62
p.000062: Title III
p.000062: Constitutional Guarantees
p.000062: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000062: Regulatory Guarantees
p.000062: Art. 84.- The National Assembly and any organ with normative power will have the obligation to adapt, formal
p.000062: and materially, the laws and other legal norms to the rights provided for in the Constitution and
p.000062: international treaties, and those that are necessary to guarantee the dignity of the human being or of the
p.000062: communities, towns and nationalities. In no case, the reform of the Constitution, laws, other norms
p.000062: Legal or acts of public power will undermine the rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000062: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000062: Public policies, public services and citizen participation
p.000062: Art. 85.- The formulation, execution, evaluation and control of public policies and public services that
p.000062: guarantee the rights recognized by the Constitution, will be regulated in accordance with the following
p.000062: provisions:
p.000062: 1. Public policies and the provision of public goods and services shall be aimed at making effective the
p.000062: Good living and all rights, and will be formulated from the principle of solidarity.
p.000062: 2. Without prejudice to the prevalence of the general interest over the particular interest, when the effects
p.000062: of the execution of public policies or provision of public goods or services violate or threaten
p.000062: in violation of constitutional rights, the policy or benefit must be rephrased or measures will be taken
p.000062: alternatives that reconcile the rights in conflict.
p.000062: 3. The State shall guarantee the equitable and solidary distribution of the budget for the execution of the
p.000062: public policies and the provision of public goods and services.
p.000063: 63
...

p.000068: institutions of the State and society, and their representatives, in a permanent process of building power
p.000068: citizen. Participation will be guided by the principles of equality, autonomy, public deliberation, respect for the
p.000068: difference, popular control, solidarity and interculturality.
p.000068: The participation of citizens in all matters of public interest is a right, which will be exercised through
p.000068: the mechanisms of representative, direct and community democracy.
p.000068: SECTION SECTION
p.000068: Collective organization
p.000068: Art. 96.- All forms of organization of society are recognized as an expression of sovereignty.
p.000068: popular to develop self-determination processes and influence public decisions and policies and the
p.000068: social control of all levels of government, as well as public and private entities
p.000068: that provide public services.
p.000068: Organizations may articulate at different levels to strengthen citizen power and their forms of
p.000068: expression; they must guarantee internal democracy, the alternation of their leaders and accountability.
p.000068: Art. 97.- All organizations may develop alternative forms of mediation and solution of
p.000068: conflicts, in cases allowed by law; act by delegation of the competent authority, with the assumption of
p.000068: due responsibility shared with this
p.000069: 69
p.000069: authority; demand the repair of damages caused by public or private entities; make proposals and
p.000069: economic, political, environmental, social and cultural demands; and the other initiatives that
p.000069: Contribute to good living.
p.000069: Volunteering for social action and development is recognized as a form of social participation.
p.000069: Art. 98.- Individuals and groups may exercise the right to resistance against actions or
p.000069: omissions of public power or of non-state natural or legal persons that violate
p.000069: or they may violate their constitutional rights, and demand the recognition of new rights.
p.000069: Art. 99.- Citizen action will be exercised individually or on behalf of the community, when
p.000069: produce the violation of a right or the threat of its affectation; will be presented to the authority
p.000069: competent in accordance with the law. The exercise of this action will not prevent other actions
p.000069: guaranteed in the Constitution and the law.
p.000069: SECTION THREE
p.000069: Participation in the different levels of government
p.000069: Art. 100.- Integrated participation instances will be formed at all levels of government
p.000069: by elected authorities, representatives of the dependent regime and representatives of the field society
p.000069: territorial of each level of government, which will operate governed by democratic principles. Participation in
p.000069: These instances are exercised to:
p.000069: 1. Develop national, local and sectoral plans and policies between governments and citizens.
p.000069: 2. Improve the quality of public investment and define development agendas.
p.000069: 3. Prepare participatory budgets of governments.
p.000069: 4. Strengthen democracy with permanent mechanisms of transparency, accountability and control
p.000069: Social.
...

p.000070: popular consultation, without the need to present eight percent support from those registered in the electoral register.
p.000070: While a citizen proposal for constitutional reform is being processed, another one cannot be submitted.
p.000070: Art. 104.- The corresponding electoral body will convene a popular consultation by order of the President
p.000070: o President of
p.000071: 71
p.000071: the Republic, of the highest authority of the decentralized autonomous governments or of the citizen initiative.
p.000071: The President or President of the Republic shall arrange for the National Electoral Council to convene
p.000071: Popular consultation on matters deemed convenient.
p.000071: Decentralized autonomous governments, with the decision of three quarters of their members, may
p.000071: request the call for a popular consultation on topics of interest to your jurisdiction.
p.000071: Citizens may request a call for popular consultation on any matter. When the query is
p.000071: national, the petition will be supported by a number not less than five percent
p.000071: of persons registered in the electoral register; when it is of local character the support will be of a
p.000071: number not less than ten percent of the corresponding electoral register.
p.000071: When the query is requested by Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians abroad, for matters of interest and
p.000071: related to the Ecuadorian State, will require the support of a number not less than five percent of the
p.000071: persons registered in the electoral register of the special constituency.
p.000071: Popular consultations requested by decentralized autonomous governments or citizens may not
p.000071: refer to matters related to taxes or the political administrative organization of the country, except as provided in
p.000071: the Constitution.
p.000071: In all cases, prior ruling by the Constitutional Court on constitutionality will be required.
p.000071: of the proposed questions.
p.000071: Art. 105.- Persons in enjoyment of political rights may revoke the mandate to the election authorities.
p.000071: popular.
p.000071: The request for revocation of the mandate may be submitted once the first and before the last year of the
p.000071: period for which the authority questioned was elected. During the period of management of an authority may
p.000071: only one process of revocation of the mandate be carried out.
p.000071: The revocation request must be supported by a number not less than ten percent of people
p.000071: registered in the corresponding electoral register. In the case of the President of the Republic,
p.000071: it will require the support of a number not less than fifteen percent of those registered in the electoral register.
p.000072: 72
p.000072: Art. 106.- The National Electoral Council, once it knows the decision of the President or President
p.000072: of the Republic or of the decentralized autonomous governments, or accept the request presented by the
p.000072: citizenship, will convene a referendum, popular consultation or revocation of the mandate within fifteen days, which
p.000072: It must be done within the next sixty days.
p.000072: For the approval of a matter proposed for referendum, popular consultation or revocation of the mandate,
p.000072: it will require the absolute majority of valid votes, except for the revocation of the President of the
p.000072: Republic in which case the absolute majority of the suffragants will be required.
p.000072: The popular pronouncement will be mandatory and immediate compliance. In the case of revocation of the
p.000072: mandate the authority in question will be dismissed from his position and will be replaced by whoever corresponds according to the
p.000072: Constitution.
p.000072: Art. 107.- The expenses demanded by the realization of the electoral processes that are called by disposition
p.000072: of the decentralized autonomous governments will be allocated to the budget of the corresponding level of
p.000072: government; those that are convened by disposition of the President or President of the Republic or by
p.000072: citizenship application will be charged to the General State Budget.
p.000072: SECTION @UINTA
p.000072: Political organizations
p.000072: Art. 108.- Political parties and movements are non-state public organizations, which constitute expressions
p.000072: of the political plurality of the people and will support philosophical, political, ideological, inclusive and not
p.000072: discriminatory
p.000072: Its organization, structure and operation will be democratic and will guarantee alternation, accountability and
p.000072: joint conformation between women and men in their directives. They will select their directives and candidacies
p.000072: through internal electoral processes or primary elections.
p.000072: Art. 109.- The political parties shall be national in nature, shall be governed by their principles and statutes,
p.000072: They will propose a government program and maintain the registration of their affiliates. The political movements may
p.000072: correspond to any level of government or to
p.000073: 73
p.000073: the circumscription of the outside. The law will establish the requirements and conditions of organization, permanence
p.000073: and democratic actions of political movements, as well as incentives to form alliances.
p.000073: Political parties must submit their declaration of ideological principles, program of
p.000073: government that establishes the basic actions that are proposed to be carried out, statute, symbols, acronyms, emblems,
p.000073: badges, payroll of the directive. The parties must have a national organization, which will include the
p.000073: at least fifty percent of the country's provinces, two of which must correspond to the three largest
p.000073: population. The affiliate registry may not be less than one point five percent of the electoral register
p.000073: used in the last electoral process.
p.000073: Political movements must submit a declaration of principles, government program, symbols,
p.000073: acronyms, emblems, badges and registration of adherents or supporters, in number not less than one point five per
p.000073: percent of the electoral register used in the last electoral process.
p.000073: Art. 110.- Political parties and movements will be financed with the contributions of their affiliates, affiliates and
p.000073: supporters, and to the extent that they comply with the requirements established by law, political parties will receive
p.000073: State allocations subject to control.
p.000073: The political movement that obtains at least five percent of votes in two successive multi-person elections
p.000073: valid at the national level, will acquire equal rights and must fulfill the same obligations as the parties
p.000073: politicians.
p.000073: Art. 111.-The right of political parties and movements registered in the National Council is recognized.
p.000073: Electoral to political opposition at all levels of government.
p.000073: SECTION SIX
p.000073: Political representation
p.000073: Art. 112.- Political parties and movements or their alliances may present militants, supporters or
p.000073: unaffiliated persons as candidates of popular election. Political movements will require the support of
p.000073: persons registered in the electoral register of the corresponding jurisdiction in a number not less than one point
p.000073: five percent.
p.000074: 74
p.000074: When applying, those who apply will submit their government program or proposals.
p.000074: Art. 113.- They may not be candidates or candidates of popular election:
p.000074: 1. Those who register their candidature have a contract with the State, as natural persons or as representatives or
p.000074: legal entities, provided that the contract has been concluded for the execution of public works,
p.000074: provision of public service or exploitation of natural resources.
p.000074: 2. Those who have received conviction executed for crimes punishable by imprisonment,
p.000074: or by bribery, illicit or peculated enrichment.
p.000074: 3. Those who owe alimony.
p.000074: 4. Judges and judges of the Judicial Function, of the Electoral Contentious Tribunal, and members of the Court
p.000074: Constitutional and the National Electoral Council, unless they have resigned their duties six months before
p.000074: the date indicated for the election.
p.000074: 5. Members of the foreign service who perform functions outside the country may not be
p.000074: Candidates or candidates representing Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians abroad, unless they have
p.000074: resigned from his duties six months before the date indicated for the election.
p.000074: 6. Servants and public servants of free appointment and removal, and those of fixed period, unless
p.000074: have resigned before the date of registration of their candidacy. Other servers or servers
p.000074: publics and teachers, may apply and will be paid without pay from the date of
p.000074: registration of their candidacies until the day after the elections, and if elected, while exercising their
p.000074: functions. The exercise of the position of those who are elected to integrate the parish meetings will not be
p.000074: incompatible with the performance of their functions as servants or public servants, or teachers.
p.000074: 7. Those who have exercised executive authority in de facto governments.
p.000074: 8. Members of the Armed Forces and the National Police on active duty.
p.000074: Art. 114.- The authorities of popular election may be re-elected only once, consecutively or not,
p.000074: for the same position. The
p.000075: 75
p.000075: Popular election authorities who run for a different position must resign from their position.
p.000075: Art. 115.- The State, through the media, will guarantee in an equitable and equal manner the
p.000075: electoral promotion that encourages debate and dissemination of the programmatic proposals of all candidates.
p.000075: Political subjects may not contract advertising in the media and billboards.
p.000075: The use of state resources and infrastructure, as well as government advertising, is prohibited in all
p.000075: levels of government, for the electoral campaign.
p.000075: The law will establish sanctions for those who fail to comply with these provisions and will determine the limit and mechanisms of
p.000075: propaganda control and electoral spending.
p.000075: Art. 116.- For multi-person elections, the law shall establish an electoral system in accordance with the principles.
p.000075: of proportionality, equality of vote, equity, parity and alternation between women and men; and determine the
p.000075: constituencies inside and outside the country.
p.000075: Art. 117.- It is prohibited to carry out legal reforms in electoral matters during the year prior to the celebration of
p.000075: elections.
p.000075: In the event that the declaration of unconstitutionality of a provision affects the normal development of the
p.000075: electoral process, the National Electoral Council will propose to the Legislative Function a bill to
p.000075: that it considers it within a period not exceeding thirty days; if it is not treated, it will become effective through the ministry of
p.000075: law.
p.000076: 76
p.000076: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000076: Legislative Function
p.000076: SECTION ONE
p.000076: National Assembly
p.000076: Art. 118.- The Legislative Function is exercised by the National Assembly, which will be integrated by
p.000076: Assembly members elected for a period of four years.
p.000076: The National Assembly is unicameral and will be based in Quito. Exceptionally you can meet at any
p.000076: part of the national territory.
p.000076: The National Assembly will be integrated by:
p.000076: 1. Fifteen assembly members elected in national constituency.
p.000076: 2. Two assembly members elected by each province, and one more for every two hundred thousand inhabitants or fraction that
p.000076: exceed one hundred fifty thousand, according to the last national census of the population.
p.000076: 3. The law shall determine the election of assembly members from regions, metropolitan districts, and from the constituency
p.000076: of the outside.
p.000076: Art. 119.- To be an assemblyman, it will be necessary to have Ecuadorian nationality, to have completed eighteen years of
p.000076: age at the time of registration of the candidacy and be in enjoyment of political rights.
p.000076: Art. 120.- The National Assembly shall have the following powers and duties, in addition to those determined by law:
p.000076: 1. Possess the President or President and the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic
p.000076: proclaimed elected by the National Electoral Council. Possession will take place on May 24
p.000076: year of your choice
p.000076: 2. Declare the physical or mental incapacity to exercise the position of President or President of
p.000076: the Republic and resolve the cessation of its functions in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
p.000076: 3. To elect the Vice President or Vice President, in case of their definitive lack, of a third proposal
p.000076: by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000077: 77
p.000077: 4. Know the annual reports that the President or President of the Republic must present and pronounce
p.000077: respect.
p.000077: 5. Participate in the constitutional reform process.
p.000077: 6. Issue, codify, reform and repeal laws, and interpret them generally mandatory.
p.000077: 7. Create, modify or suppress taxes by law, without prejudice to the powers conferred
p.000077: to decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000077: 8. Approve or improper international treaties where appropriate.
p.000077: 9. Supervise the acts of the Executive, Electoral and Transparency and Social Control functions, and
p.000077: the other organs of public power, and require the public servants and servants the information
p.000077: that you consider necessary.
p.000077: 10. Authorize the prosecution of two thirds of its members, the prosecution
p.000077: Criminal of the President or President or of the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic,
p.000077: when the competent authority so requests.
p.000077: 11. Possess the highest authority of the Office of the Attorney General of the State, Comptroller General of the State,
p.000077: State Attorney General, Office of the Ombudsman, Public Defender, Superintendencies, and
p.000077: the members of the National Electoral Council, the Judicial Council and the Council of
p.000077: Citizen Participation and Social Control.
p.000077: 12. Approve the General State Budget, which will include the limit of public indebtedness, and monitor its
p.000077: execution.
p.000077: 13. Grant amnesties for political crimes and pardons for humanitarian reasons, with the favorable vote of the two
p.000077: thirds of its members. They will not be granted for crimes committed against the public administration
p.000077: nor for genocide, torture, forced disappearance of people, kidnapping and manslaughter for political reasons or
p.000077: of conscience
p.000077: Art. 121.- The National Assembly will elect a President or President and two Vice Presidents or
p.000077: Vice-presidents from among its members, for a period of two years, and may be re-elected.
p.000078: 78
p.000078: The Vice Presidents or Vice Presidents will occupy, in their order, the Presidency in case of temporary absence or
p.000078: definitive, or resignation. The National Assembly will fill the vacancies when appropriate, and for the time that
p.000078: missing, to complete the periods.
p.000078: The National Assembly will elect a secretary or secretary and a prosecutor or prosecretary from outside its womb.
p.000078: Art. 122.- The highest body of the legislative administration shall be composed of those who occupy the Presidency and
p.000078: the two Vice Presidents, and by four members elected by the National Assembly of Assembly Members
p.000078: belonging to different legislative banks.
p.000078: Art. 123.- The National Assembly will be installed in Quito, without the need for a call, on the fourteenth of May of the year of
p.000078: your choice. The plenary session will be held in an ordinary and permanent manner, with two breaks per year of fifteen days each. The
p.000078: National Assembly sessions will be public, except as otherwise provided by law.
p.000078: During the recess time, the President or President of the National Assembly, by itself, at the request of the
p.000078: majority of the members of the Assembly or of the President or President of the Republic, will summon
p.000078: extraordinary sessions to meet exclusively the specific issues identified in the
p.000078: announcement.
p.000078: Art. 124.- The political parties or movements that have a number of assembly members representing at least the
p.000078: Ten percent of the members of the National Assembly may form a legislative bank. The parties or
p.000078: movements that do not reach such a percentage may join with others to form it.
p.000078: Art. 125.- For the fulfillment of its attributions, the National Assembly will integrate specialized commissions
p.000078: permanent, in which all its members will participate. The law will determine the number, conformation and competencies of
p.000078: each of them.
p.000078: Art. 126.- For the fulfillment of its work, the National Assembly shall be governed by law.
p.000078: corresponding and its internal regulations. For the reform or codification of this law the absolute majority will be required
p.000078: of the members of the Assembly.
p.000078: Art. 127.- The assembly members and the assembly members shall exercise a public function at the service of the country,
p.000078: they will act with national sense, they will be politically responsible to society for their actions or omissions in the
p.000078: fulfillment of their duties and powers, and will be obliged to render accounts to their constituents.
p.000079: 79
p.000079: Assembly members and assembly members may not:
p.000079: 1. Perform any other public or private function, or engage in professional activities if
p.000079: were incompatible with their position, except for university teaching whenever their schedule permits.
p.000079: 2. Offer, process, receive or administer resources from the General State Budget, except those destined to
p.000079: administrative operation of the National Assembly.
p.000079: 3. Manage public office appointments.
p.000079: 4. Receive per diems or other income from public funds other than those corresponding to their function as assembly members.
...

p.000079: State.
p.000079: 7. Enter into contracts with public sector entities.
p.000079: Whoever violates any of these prohibitions will lose the quality of assembly, in addition to the responsibilities that
p.000079: Determine the law.
p.000079: Art. 128.- Assembly members and assembly members shall enjoy the jurisdiction of the National Court of Justice during the
p.000079: exercise of their functions; they will not be civil or criminally responsible for the opinions they issue, nor for the
p.000079: decisions or acts that they carry out in the exercise of their functions, inside and outside the National Assembly.
p.000079: To initiate criminal proceedings against an assemblyman or an assemblyman, authorization will be required
p.000079: prior to the National Assembly, except in cases that are not related to the exercise of their
p.000079: functions. If the request of the competent judge or judge requesting authorization for prosecution is not
p.000079: Answer within thirty days, will be deemed granted. During the recess periods the course will be suspended
p.000079: of the mentioned term. They may only be deprived of liberty in case of flagrant crime or enforceable sentence.
p.000079: Criminal cases that have been initiated prior to the possession of the charge will continue pending
p.000079: the judge or judge who avoided the knowledge of the cause.
p.000080: 80
p.000080: SECTION SECTION
p.000080: Control of government action
p.000080: Art. 129.- The National Assembly may proceed to the political prosecution of the President or President, or of
p.000080: the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, at the request of at least one third of its members, in the
p.000080: following cases:
p.000080: 1. For crimes against state security.
p.000080: 2. For crimes of concussion, bribery, peculation or illicit enrichment.
p.000080: 3. For crimes of genocide, torture, forced disappearance of persons, kidnapping or homicide for
p.000080: political or conscientious reasons.
p.000080: To initiate the political trial, the admissibility opinion of the Constitutional Court will be required,
p.000080: but prior criminal prosecution will not be necessary.
p.000080: Within a period of seventy-two hours, after the procedure established by law, the National Assembly
p.000080: will resolve motivated based on the evidence of discharge presented by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000080: To proceed with censorship and dismissal, the favorable vote of two thirds of the
p.000080: members of the National Assembly. If evidence of criminal responsibility is derived from censorship, provision will be made
p.000080: that the matter be made known to the competent judge or judge.
p.000080: Art. 130.- The National Assembly may dismiss the President or President of the Republic in the following cases:
p.000080: 1. For procrastinating functions that are not constitutionally competent, following a favorable opinion of the Court
p.000080: Constitutional.
p.000080: 2. Due to serious political crisis and internal commotion.
p.000080: Within a period of seventy-two hours, after the procedure established by law, the National Assembly
p.000080: will resolve motivated based on the evidence of discharge presented by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000080: In order to proceed with the dismissal, the favorable vote of two thirds of the members of the
p.000080: The National Assembly If the dismissal is successful, the Vice President or Vice President shall assume the Presidency of
p.000080: the Republic.
p.000081: 81
p.000081: This power may be exercised only once during the legislative period, in the first three years thereof.
p.000081: Within a maximum period of seven days after the publication of the dismissal resolution, the National Council
p.000081: Electoral will summon for the same date to legislative and presidential elections anticipated for the rest
p.000081: of the respective periods. The installation of the National Assembly and the possession of the President or President-elect
p.000081: will take place in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, on the date determined by the National Electoral Council.
p.000081: Art. 131.- The National Assembly may proceed to political prosecution, at the request of at least a quarter of
p.000081: its members and for breach of the functions assigned to them by the Constitution and the law, of the ministers or
p.000081: Ministers of State, or of the highest authority of the State Attorney General, Comptroller
p.000081: General of the State, Office of the Attorney General of the State, Office of the Ombudsman, General Public Defender,
p.000081: Superintendencies, and members of the National Electoral Council, Contentious Electoral Tribunal, Council
p.000081: of the Judiciary and Council of Citizen Participation and Social Control, and of the other authorities that
p.000081: The Constitution determines, during the exercise of his office and up to one year after termination.
p.000081: To proceed with its censorship and dismissal, the favorable vote of the absolute majority of the
p.000081: members of the National Assembly, with the exception of state ministers and members of the Function
p.000081: Electoral and Judicial Council, in which case two thirds will be required.
p.000081: Censorship will result in the immediate removal of authority. If signs of censorship derive evidence of
p.000081: criminal responsibility, it will be provided that the matter becomes known to the competent authority.
p.000081: SECTION THREE
p.000081: Legislative procedure
p.000081: Art. 132.- The National Assembly shall approve as laws the general norms of common interest. The attributions of
p.000081: The National Assembly that does not require the issuance of a law shall be exercised through agreements or
p.000081: resolutions. Law will be required in the following cases:
p.000082: 82
p.000082: 1. Regulate the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees.
p.000082: 2. Type infringements and establish the corresponding sanctions.
p.000082: 3. Create, modify or suppress taxes, without prejudice to the attributions of the Constitution
p.000082: confers on decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000082: 4. Attribute duties, responsibilities and competences to decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000082: 5. Modify the political-administrative division of the country, except with regard to parishes.
p.000082: 6. Grant the public authorities of control and regulation the power to issue standards of character
p.000082: general in the matters of its competence, without being able to alter or innovate the legal provisions.
p.000082: Art. 133.- The laws will be organic and ordinary. They will be organic laws:
p.000082: 1. Those that regulate the organization and operation of the institutions created by the Constitution.
p.000082: 2. Those that regulate the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees.
p.000082: 3. Those that regulate the organization, powers, faculties and functioning of autonomous governments
p.000082: decentralized
p.000082: 4. Those relating to the political party regime and the electoral system.
p.000082: The issuance, reform, repeal and interpretation generally mandatory of the organic laws
p.000082: they will require an absolute majority of the members of the National Assembly.
p.000082: The rest will be ordinary laws, which cannot modify or prevail over an organic law.
p.000082: Art. 134.- The initiative to present bills corresponds to:
p.000082: 1. To the assembly members and the assembly members, with the support of a legislative bench or at least the
p.000082: five percent of the members of the National Assembly.
p.000082: 2. To the President or President of the Republic.
p.000082: 3. To the other functions of the State in the areas of its competence.
p.000082: 4. To the Constitutional Court, Attorney General of the State,
p.000083: 83
p.000083: State Attorney General, Office of the Ombudsman and Public Defender in matters that correspond to them by agreement
p.000083: With its powers.
p.000083: 5. To citizens and citizens who enjoy political rights and
p.000083: social organizations that have the support of at least zero point twenty-five percent of the
p.000083: citizens registered in the national electoral roll.
p.000083: 6. Those who submit bills in accordance with these provisions may participate in their
p.000083: debate, personally or through their delegates.
p.000083: Art. 135.- Only the President or President of the Republic may present bills that they believe,
p.000083: modify or suppress taxes, increase public spending or modify the administrative political division
p.000083: from the country.
p.000083: Art. 136.- The bills must refer to only one subject and will be presented to the President or
p.000083: President of the National Assembly with sufficient explanatory statement, the proposed article and the
p.000083: clear expression of the articles that with the new law would be repealed or reformed. If the project does not meet
p.000083: These requirements will not be processed.
p.000083: Art. 137.- The bill will be submitted to two debates. The President or President of the Assembly
p.000083: National, within the deadlines established by law, will order that the project be distributed to the members of
p.000083: the Assembly and publicly disseminate its extract, and send the project to the corresponding commission, which
p.000083: will initiate their respective knowledge and procedure.
p.000083: Citizens and citizens who have an interest in the approval of the bill, or who
p.000083: they consider that their rights may be affected by their expedition, they may go before the commission and present
p.000083: Your arguments
p.000083: Once the bill has been approved, the Assembly will send it to the President or President of the Republic so that
p.000083: sanction or object in an informed manner. Sanctioned bill or no objections
p.000083: Within a period of thirty days after receipt by the President or President of the Republic,
p.000083: promulgate the law, and be published in the Official Register.
p.000083: Art. 138.- If the President or President of the Republic objects
p.000084: 84
p.000084: totally the bill, the Assembly can consider it again only after one year
p.000084: counted from the date of the objection. After this period, the Assembly may ratify it in a
p.000084: only debate, with the favorable vote of two thirds of its members, and will send it
p.000084: immediately to the Official Registry for publication.
...

p.000084: thirty days from receipt.
p.000085: 85
p.000085: The procedure for the presentation, discussion and approval of these projects will be the ordinary,
p.000085: except for the deadlines set forth above. While discussing a qualified project
p.000085: urgently, the President or President of the Republic may not send another, unless there is
p.000085: decreed the state of exception.
p.000085: When the Assembly does not approve, modify or deny the urgently qualified project in this matter within the indicated period.
p.000085: economic, the President or President of the Republic will promulgate it as decree-law and order its
p.000085: Publication in the Official Registry. The National Assembly may at any time modify it or
p.000085: repeal it, subject to the ordinary procedure provided for in the Constitution.
p.000086: 86
p.000086: CHAPTER THREE
p.000086: Executive Function
p.000086: SECTION ONE
p.000086: Organization and functions
p.000086: Art. 141.- The President or President of the Republic exercises the Executive Function, is the Head of State and of
p.000086: Government and responsible for public administration.
p.000086: The Executive Function is composed of the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the Republic,
p.000086: the Ministries of State and the other agencies and institutions necessary to comply, in the
p.000086: scope of its competence, the powers of rectory, planning, execution and evaluation of
p.000086: National public policies and plans that are created to implement them.
p.000086: Art. 142.- The President or President of the Republic must be Ecuadorian by birth, having complied
p.000086: thirty-five years of age at the date of registration of his candidacy, be in enjoyment of political rights and not
p.000086: find yourself in any of the disabilities or prohibitions established in the Constitution.
p.000086: Art. 143.-The candidacies for the Presidency and the Vice Presidency of the Republic will appear in the same
p.000086: ballot. The President or President and the Vice President or Vice President shall be elected by majority
p.000086: absolute of valid votes cast. If in the first vote no binomial had achieved a majority
p.000086: absolute, a second electoral round will be held within the next forty-five days, and in it
p.000086: The two most voted binomials will participate in the first round. The second vote will not be necessary if the binomial
p.000086: who got first place gets at least forty percent of the valid votes and a difference
p.000086: greater than ten percentage points on the vote achieved by the binomial located in second place.
p.000086: Art. 144.-The period of government of the President of the Republic will begin within
p.000086: the ten days after the installation of the National Assembly, before which he will take an oath. In
p.000086: If the National Assembly is installed, the period of government will begin within
p.000086: forty-five days after the proclamation of the election results.
p.000087: 87
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic will remain in office for four years and may be reelected for
p.000087: just one time.
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic, during her term and up to one year after having ceased
p.000087: functions, you must inform the National Assembly, before your departure, the period and the reasons for your absence
p.000087: from the country.
p.000087: Art. 145.- The President or President of the Republic will cease her duties and leave the office vacant in cases.
p.000087: following:
p.000087: 1. By the end of the presidential term.
p.000087: 2. By voluntary resignation accepted by the National Assembly.
...

p.000088: 7. Submit annually to the National Assembly, the report on compliance with the National Development Plan and
p.000088: the objectives that the government intends to achieve during the following year.
p.000088: 8. Send the proforma of the General State Budget to the National Assembly for approval.
p.000088: 9. Appoint and remove state ministers and ministers and other public servants
p.000088: whose nomination corresponds.
p.000088: 10. Define foreign policy, sign and ratify international treaties, name and
p.000088: remove ambassadors and heads of mission.
p.000088: 11. Participate with legislative initiative in the process of law formation.
p.000088: 12. Punish the bills approved by the National Assembly and order their promulgation in the Registry
p.000088: Official.
p.000088: 13. Issue the necessary regulations for the application of laws, without contravening or altering them, as well as
p.000088: that agree to the good progress of the administration.
p.000088: 14. Convene a popular consultation in the cases and with the requirements set forth in the Constitution.
p.000089: 89
p.000089: 15. Convene the National Assembly for extraordinary sessions, with determination of the issues
p.000089: specific to be known.
p.000089: 16. Exercise the highest authority of the Armed Forces and the National Police and designate
p.000089: members of the military and police high command.
p.000089: 17. Ensure the maintenance of sovereignty, of the independence of the State, of order
p.000089: internal and public security, and exercise the political leadership of national defense.
p.000089: 18. Indulge, reduce or commute sentences, in accordance with the law.
p.000089: Art. 148.- The President or President of the Republic may dissolve the National Assembly when, at her
p.000089: trial, it would have claimed functions that are not constitutionally competent, prior ruling
p.000089: favorable of the Constitutional Court; or if repeatedly and unjustly obstructs the execution of the National Plan
p.000089: of Development, or due to serious political crisis and internal commotion.
p.000089: This power may be exercised only once in the first three years of his term.
p.000089: Within a maximum period of seven days after the publication of the decree of dissolution, the National Council
p.000089: Electoral will summon for the same date legislative and presidential elections for the rest of the respective
p.000089: periods.
p.000089: Until the installation of the National Assembly, the President or President of the Republic may, prior
p.000089: favorable opinion of the Constitutional Court, issue decrees-laws of economic urgency, which may be approved or
p.000089: repealed by the legislative body.
p.000089: Art. 149.- Whoever exercises the Vice Presidency of the Republic will meet the same requirements, will be subject to the
p.000089: same disabilities and prohibitions established for the President or President of the Republic, and
p.000089: He will perform his duties for the same period.
p.000089: The Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, when not replacing the President or President of the
p.000089: Republic, will exercise the functions that this or this one assigns.
p.000089: Art. 150.- In case of temporary absence of the person who exercises the Vice Presidency of the Republic, it will correspond
p.000089: the replacement to the minister or state minister appointed by the Presidency of the Republic.
p.000090: 90
p.000090: They will be causes of temporary absence of those who exercise the Vice Presidency of the Republic the same
p.000090: determined for the Presidency of the Republic.
p.000090: In case of definitive lack of the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, the National Assembly,
p.000090: with the assent of the majority of its members, it will choose its replacement of a list submitted by the
p.000090: Presidency of the Republic. The chosen person will perform their duties for the time remaining to complete
p.000090: the term.
p.000090: If the National Assembly fails to pronounce within thirty days of notification of the petition, it will be understood
p.000090: chosen the first person that conforms the list.
p.000090: Art. 151.- The ministers and ministers of state shall be freely appointed and removed by the
p.000090: President or President of the Republic, and they will represent you in the affairs of the
p.000090: Ministry in charge. They will be politically, civilly and criminally responsible for the acts and contracts they perform
p.000090: in the exercise of its functions, regardless of the subsidiary civil responsibility of the State.
p.000090: To be the head of a state ministry, Ecuadorian nationality will be required, to be in
p.000090: enjoy political rights and not be in any of the cases of disability or
p.000090: incompatibility provided in the Constitution. The number of ministers of state, their
p.000090: denomination and the powers assigned to them will be established by decree issued by the Presidency of the
p.000090: Republic.
p.000090: Art. 152.- They may not be ministers of state:
p.000090: 1. Relatives up to the fourth degree of consanguinity and second degree of affinity of those who exercise
p.000090: the Presidency or the Vice Presidency of the Republic.
p.000090: 2. Natural persons, owners, board members, representatives or persons empowered
p.000090: private, national or foreign legal entities that maintain a contract with the State for the
p.000090: execution of public works, provision of public services or exploitation of natural resources, through
p.000090: concession, association or any other contractual modality.
p.000090: 3. Members of the Armed Forces and the National Police on active duty.
p.000091: 91
p.000091: Art. 153.- Those who have exercised ownership of the ministries of state and public servants and servants of
p.000091: higher hierarchical level defined by law, once they have ceased their position and for the next two years,
p.000091: They may not be part of the board of directors or the management team, or be legal representatives or practice
p.000091: of private legal entities, national or foreign, that enter into a contract with the State, either for the
p.000091: execution of public works, provision of public services or exploitation of natural resources, through
p.000091: concession, association or any other contractual modality, nor be officials or officials of institutions
p.000091: international financial creditors of the country.
p.000091: Art. 154.- The ministers and ministers of State, in addition to the attributions established by law, are responsible for:
p.000091: 1. Exercise the rectory of the public policies of the area in charge and issue the agreements and resolutions
p.000091: administrative requirements that its management requires.
p.000091: 2. Present to the National Assembly the reports that are required and that are
p.000091: related to the areas under your responsibility, and appear when summoned or submitted to
p.000091: political prosecution.
p.000091: Art. 155.- In each territory, the President or President of the Republic may have a representative who will control
p.000091: compliance with the policies of the Executive, and will direct and coordinate the activities of its servers and servers
p.000091: public
p.000091: SECTION SECTION
p.000091: National Equality Councils
p.000091: Art. 156.- National councils for equality are bodies responsible for ensuring full
p.000091: validity and exercise of the rights enshrined in the Constitution and in the instruments
p.000091: international human rights. The councils will exercise powers in the formulation,
p.000091: mainstreaming, enforcement, monitoring and evaluation of public policies related to the topics
p.000091: gender, ethnic, generational, intercultural, and disability and human mobility, according to
p.000091: the law. For the fulfillment of their purposes, they will coordinate with the governing and executing entities and with the
p.000091: organizations specialized in the protection of rights at all levels of government.
p.000092: 92
p.000092: Art. 157.- The national equality councils shall be integrated in a joint manner, by representatives of the
p.000092: civil society and the State, and will be chaired by whoever represents the Executive Function. The
p.000092: structure, operation and form of integration of its members will be regulated in accordance with the
p.000092: principles of alternation, democratic participation, inclusion and pluralism.
p.000092: SECTION THREE
p.000092: Armed Forces and National Police
...

p.000097: Public authorities. Such decisions are subject to judicial review. The law will establish the
p.000097: coordination and cooperation mechanisms between the indigenous jurisdiction and the ordinary jurisdiction.
p.000097: SECTION THREE
p.000097: Principles of the Judicial Function
p.000097: Art. 172.- The judges will administer justice subject to the Constitution, to the instruments
p.000097: international human rights and the law.
p.000097: Servants and judicial servants, which include judges and judges, and the other justice operators, will apply
p.000097: the principle of due diligence in the administration of justice processes.
p.000097: The judges will be responsible for the damage caused to the parties by delay, negligence, denial
p.000097: of justice or breaking the law.
p.000097: Art. 173.- The administrative acts of any authority of the State may be challenged, both in the
p.000097: administrative route as before the corresponding organs of the Judicial Function.
p.000098: 98
p.000098: Art. 174.- Servants and judicial servants may not practice law or perform other public employment or
p.000098: private, except for university teaching outside working hours.
p.000098: Bad procedural faith, malicious or reckless litigation, the generation of obstacles or procedural procrastination, will be
p.000098: sanctioned according to the law.
p.000098: Judges and judges may not exercise leadership functions in political parties and movements, nor participate
p.000098: as candidates in processes of popular election, nor perform political or religious proselytizing activities.
p.000098: Art. 175.- Girls, boys and adolescents will be subject to legislation and administration of
p.000098: specialized justice, as well as duly trained justice operators, who will apply the
p.000098: principles of the integral protection doctrine. The administration of specialized justice will divide the
p.000098: competence in the protection of rights and responsibility of teenage offenders.
p.000098: Art. 176.- The requirements and procedures to designate judicial servants and servants must contemplate
p.000098: a contest of opposition and merits, challenge and social control; it will tend to parity between women and
p.000098: mens.
p.000098: With the exception of the judges and judges of the National Court of Justice, the servants and judicial servants must
p.000098: pass a general and special training course, and pass theoretical, practical and psychological tests for admission to
p.000098: judicial service
p.000098: FOURTH SECTION
p.000098: Organization and operation
p.000098: Art. 177.- The Judicial Function is composed of jurisdictional organs, organs
p.000098: administrative, auxiliary organs and autonomous bodies. The law will determine its structure, functions,
p.000098: powers, powers and everything necessary for the proper administration of justice.
p.000098: Art. 178.- The jurisdictional organs, without prejudice to other bodies with equal powers recognized in the
...

p.000099: The law will determine the organization, the field of competence, the functioning of the judicial bodies and everything
p.000099: necessary for the proper administration of justice.
p.000099: SECTION @UINTA
p.000099: judiciary Council
p.000099: 4Art. 179.- The Judicial Council will be composed of 5 delegates and their respective alternates, who will be
p.000099: elected by means of lists sent by the President of the National Court of Justice, whose representative
p.000099: will preside; by the State Attorney General, by the Public Defender, by the Executive Function and by the
p.000099: National Assembly.
p.000099: The delegates mentioned in the previous paragraph will be elected by the Citizen Participation and Control Council
p.000099: Social, through a public scrutiny process with oversight and the possibility of a citizen challenge.
p.000099: The procedure, deadlines and other elements of the process will be determined by the Participation Council
p.000099: Citizen and Social Control.
p.000099: The members of the Judicial Council, both incumbents and alternates, will last in the exercise of their
p.000099: functions 6 years.
p.000099: The Judicial Council will render its annual report before the National Assembly, which may oversee and judge
p.000099: to its members.
p.000099: 4 Article replaced by the approval of question number 5 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000099: of May 7, 2011, results published in Official Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000100: 100
p.000100: 5Art. 180.- The vowels and the vowels will meet the following requirements:
p.000100: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000100: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country or in academic branches related to
p.000100: functions of the Board, legally accredited.
p.000100: 3. Having exercised with evident probity and suitability the university profession or teaching in Law or in the
p.000100: matters related to the functions of the Board, for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000100: 6Art. 181.- The functions of the Judicial Council shall be, in addition to those determined by law:
p.000100: 1. Define and execute policies for the improvement and modernization of the judicial system.
p.000100: 2. Know and approve the budgetary proforma of the Judicial Function, with the exception of the organs
p.000100: autonomous.
p.000100: 3. Direct the selection processes of judges and other servers of the Judicial Function, as well as their evaluation,
p.000100: promotions and penalty. All processes will be public and motivated decisions.
p.000100: 4. Manage the career and judicial professionalization, and organize and manage training schools and
p.000100: judicial training
p.000100: 5. Ensure transparency and efficiency of the Judicial Function.
p.000100: The decisions of the Judicial Council shall be taken by simple majority.
p.000100: SECTION SIX
p.000100: Ordinary justice
p.000100: Art. 182 .- The National Court of Justice will be composed of judges and judges in the number of twenty-one, who
p.000100: they will organize in specialized rooms, and will be designated for a period of nine years; they cannot be reelected and they
p.000100: They will renew for thirds every three years. They will cease their positions according to the law.
p.000100: 5 Last paragraph deleted by the approval of question number 5 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of 7 of
p.000100: May 2011, results published in Official Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000100: 6 Article replaced by the approval of question number 5 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000100: of May 7, 2011, results published in Official Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
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p.000101: The judges of the National Court of Justice will choose from among their members the President or President, who
p.000101: he will represent the Judicial Function and will last three years in his functions In each room a president will be elected for the
p.000101: one year period.
p.000101: There will be conjunctions and conjunces that will be part of the Judicial Function, who will be selected with the
p.000101: same processes and will have the same responsibilities and the same incompatibility regime as their
p.000101: Headlines.
p.000101: The National Court of Justice will have jurisdiction throughout the national territory and its headquarters will be in Quito.
p.000101: Art. 183.- To be a judge or judge of the National Court of Justice, in addition to the requirements of
p.000101: Suitability determined by law, will require:
p.000101: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000101: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country.
p.000101: 3. Having exercised with evident probity the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary or teaching
p.000101: University in legal sciences, for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000101: The judges of the National Court of Justice will be elected by the Judicial Council according to a
p.000101: procedure with contest of opposition and merits, challenge and social control. It will tend to parity between women
p.000101: and man.
p.000101: Art. 184.- The following shall be functions of the National Court of Justice, in addition to those determined by law:
p.000101: 1. Know the appeals, review and other resources established by law.
p.000101: 2. Develop the system of jurisprudential precedents based on triple judgments
p.000101: reiteration.
p.000101: 3. Know the causes that are initiated against public servants and servants who enjoy jurisdiction.
p.000101: 4. Submit bills related to the justice administration system.
p.000101: Art. 185.- The sentences issued by the specialized halls of the National Court of Justice that
p.000101: reiterate three times the same opinion on the same point, they will force to send the
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p.000102: ruling to the plenary of the Court so that it can deliberate and decide within 60 days of its conformity.
p.000102: If within that period it is not pronounced, or if it ratifies the criterion, this opinion will constitute jurisprudence
p.000102: mandatory.
...

p.000103: Art. 190.- Arbitration, mediation and other alternative procedures for the
p.000103: conflict resolution. These procedures will be applied subject to the law, in matters where
p.000103: Nature can be compromised.
p.000103: In public procurement, arbitration in law will proceed, after a favorable pronouncement from the Attorney General's Office
p.000103: General of the State, in accordance with the conditions established by law.
p.000103: NINTH SECTION
p.000103: Public Defender
p.000103: Art. 191.- The Public Defender's Office is an autonomous body of the Judicial Function whose purpose is to guarantee
p.000103: full and equal access to justice for people who, due to their state of helplessness or
p.000104: 104
p.000104: economic, social or cultural condition, they cannot hire legal defense services for protection
p.000104: of your rights
p.000104: The Public Defender will provide a legal, technical, timely, efficient, effective and free service, in sponsorship and
p.000104: legal advice on the rights of people, in all matters and instances.
p.000104: The Public Defender's Office is indivisible and will function in a decentralized manner with autonomy
p.000104: administrative, economic and financial; will be represented by the Public Defender or the Ombudsman
p.000104: General Public and will have human resources, materials and working conditions equivalent to those of the
p.000104: State Attorney General.
p.000104: Art. 192.- The Public Defender or General Public Defender will meet the following requirements:
p.000104: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000104: 2. Have a third level degree in Law, legally recognized in the country, and management knowledge
p.000104: administrative
p.000104: 3. Having exercised the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary, or teaching well-known and well-known.
p.000104: university for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000104: The Public Defender or Public Defender will perform their duties for six years and may not be
p.000104: re-elected, and will report annually to the National Assembly.
p.000104: Art. 193.- The faculties of Jurisprudence, Law or Legal Sciences of the universities, will organize and
p.000104: they will maintain defense services and legal advice to people of limited economic resources and groups that
p.000104: Require priority attention.
p.000104: In order for other organizations to provide this service, they must be accredited and evaluated by the
p.000104: Public Defender.
p.000104: TENTH SECTION
p.000104: State Attorney General
p.000104: Art. 194.- The State Attorney General's Office is an autonomous body of the Judicial Function, unique and indivisible,
p.000104: It will work in a decentralized manner and will have administrative, economic and financial autonomy. The Prosecutor or the
p.000104: Attorney General is your highest authority and legal representative and will act subject to the principles
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p.000105: constitutional rights and guarantees of due process.
p.000105: Art. 195.- The Prosecutor's Office will direct, ex officio or at the request of the party, the preprocess investigation and
p.000105: criminal proceedings; during the process it will exercise public action subject to the principles of opportunity and
p.000105: minimal criminal intervention, with special attention to the public interest and the rights of
p.000105: victims Finding merit will accuse the alleged offenders before the competent judge, and will boost the accusation in
p.000105: the substantiation of the criminal trial.
p.000105: To fulfill its functions, the Office of the Prosecutor will organize and direct a comprehensive specialized system of
p.000105: research, legal medicine and forensic science, which will include a civil investigation staff and
p.000105: police will direct the system of protection and assistance to victims, witnesses and participants in the
p.000105: criminal process; and, will comply with the other attributions established in the law.
p.000105: Art. 196.- The Prosecutor or the State Attorney General shall meet the following requirements:
p.000105: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000105: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country and knowledge in administrative management.
p.000105: 3. Having exercised the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary, or teaching well-known and well-known.
p.000105: University in criminal matters for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000105: The Prosecutor or the State Attorney General shall perform his duties for six years and may not be re-elected; will render
p.000105: An annual report to the National Assembly. The designation will be made in accordance with the procedure established in the
p.000105: Constitution and in the law.
p.000105: Art. 197.- The fiscal career is recognized and guaranteed, whose regulations will be determined by law.
p.000105: Professionalization based on continuous training, as well as the periodic evaluation of their servants and
p.000105: servers, will be indispensable conditions for the promotion and permanence in the fiscal career.
p.000105: ELEVENTH SECTION
p.000105: Victim and witness protection system
p.000105: Art. 198.-The State Attorney General's Office will direct the national system of protection and assistance to victims,
p.000105: witnesses and other participants
p.000106: 106
p.000106: in the criminal process, for which it will coordinate the mandatory participation of public entities related to
p.000106: interests and objectives of the system and will articulate the participation of civil society organizations.
p.000106: The system will be governed by the principles of accessibility, responsibility, complementarity,
p.000106: opportunity, effectiveness and efficiency.
p.000106: TWELFTH SECTION
...

p.000107: rights of persons belonging to priority attention groups.
p.000107: 5. The State shall establish conditions of real social and economic insertion of persons after having
p.000107: state deprived of liberty.
p.000108: 108
p.000108: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000108: Transparency and Social Control Function
p.000108: SECTION ONE
p.000108: Nature and functions
p.000108: Art. 204.- The people are the principal and first inspector of public power, in exercise of their right to
p.000108: participation.
p.000108: The Transparency and Social Control Function will promote and promote the control of entities and
p.000108: public sector organizations, and natural or legal persons of the private sector that provide services or
p.000108: develop activities of public interest, so that they carry them out with responsibility, transparency and equity;
p.000108: encourage and encourage citizen participation; protect the exercise and fulfillment of rights; Y
p.000108: prevent and fight corruption.
p.000108: The Transparency and Social Control Function will be formed by the Citizen Participation and Social Control Council,
p.000108: the Ombudsman's Office, the Comptroller General of the State and the superintendencies. These entities will have
p.000108: legal personality and administrative, financial, budgetary and organizational autonomy.
p.000108: Art. 205.- The representatives of the entities that are part of the Transparency and Control Function
p.000108: Social will exercise their functions during a period of five years, will have jurisdiction of National Court and will be subject
p.000108: to the political prosecution of the National Assembly. In case of this prosecution, and proceed to the
p.000108: dismissal, a new designation process must be carried out. In no case may the Legislative Function designate
p.000108: to replacement.
p.000108: Its highest authorities must be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian for political rights and will be selected
p.000108: by public contest of opposition and merits in the cases that proceed, with postulation, oversight and challenge
p.000108: Citizen
p.000108: Art. 206.- The holders of the entities of the Transparency and Social Control Function
p.000108: they will form an instance of coordination, and will choose from among them, every year, the President or
p.000108: President of the Function. They will be attributions and duties of the coordination instance, in addition to those
p.000108: set the law:
p.000109: 109
p.000109: 1. Formulate public policies of transparency, control, accountability, promotion of
p.000109: citizen participation and prevention and fight against corruption.
p.000109: 2. Coordinate the action plan of the entities of the Function, without affecting their autonomy.
p.000109: 3. Articulate the formulation of the national plan to fight corruption.
p.000109: 4. Submit to the National Assembly proposals for legal reforms within the scope of its powers.
p.000109: 5. Report annually to the National Assembly of activities related to the fulfillment of its functions, or
p.000109: when it requires it.
p.000109: SECTION SECTION
p.000109: Citizen Participation and Social Control Council
p.000109: Art. 207.- The Citizen Participation and Social Control Council shall promote and encourage the exercise of
p.000109: rights related to citizen participation, will promote and establish mechanisms of social control in the
p.000109: matters of public interest, and will designate the appropriate authorities in accordance with the Constitution and the law.
p.000109: The structure of the Council will be deconcentrated and will respond to the fulfillment of its functions.
p.000109: The Board will consist of seven female directors or senior directors and seven alternates. The main members
...

p.000113: 1. The sponsorship, ex officio or at the request of a party, of the protection actions, habeas corpus, access to
p.000113: public information, habeas data, non-compliance, citizen action and claims for poor or improper quality
p.000113: provision of public or private services.
p.000113: 2. Issue mandatory and immediate compliance measures regarding rights protection, and request
p.000113: judgment and sanction before the competent authority, for its breaches.
p.000113: 3. Investigate and resolve, within the framework of its powers, actions or omissions of persons
p.000113: natural or legal that provide public services.
p.000113: 4. Exercise and promote due process surveillance, and prevent, and immediately prevent torture, treatment
p.000113: cruel, inhuman and degrading in all its forms.
p.000113: Art. 216.- In order to be appointed Ombudsman or Ombudsman it will be necessary to meet the same requirements
p.000113: required for the judges and judges of the National Court of Justice and accredit extensive experience in the defense of
p.000113: human rights. The Ombudsman will have jurisdiction of the National Court of Justice and will enjoy immunity
p.000113: in the terms established by law.
p.000114: 114
p.000114: CHAPTER SIX
p.000114: Electoral Function
p.000114: Art. 217.- The Electoral Function will guarantee the exercise of the political rights expressed in
p.000114: through suffrage, as well as those referring to the political organization of citizenship.
p.000114: The Electoral Function will be made up of the National Electoral Council and the Contentious Electoral Tribunal.
p.000114: Both bodies will be based in Quito, national jurisdiction, administrative, financial and financial autonomy.
p.000114: organizational, and legal personality. They will be governed by the principles of autonomy, independence, publicity,
p.000114: transparency, fairness, interculturality, gender parity, speed and probity.
p.000114: SECTION ONE
p.000114: National Electoral Council
p.000114: Art. 218.- The National Electoral Council will be composed of five main counselors, who
p.000114: they will exercise their functions for six years, and will be partially renewed every three years, two members in the first
p.000114: occasion, three in the second, and so on. There will be five alternate directors or directors who
p.000114: They will be renewed in the same way as the main ones.
p.000114: The President or President and the Vice President or Vice President shall be elected from among its members
p.000114: principal, and will hold their positions for three years.
p.000114: The President or President of the National Electoral Council will be representative of the Electoral Function.
p.000114: The law will determine the organization, operation and jurisdiction of the electoral bodies
p.000114: Decentralized, which will be temporary.
p.000114: To be a member of the National Electoral Council it will be necessary to have Ecuadorian citizenship and be in enjoyment of the
p.000114: political rights.
p.000114: Art. 219.- The National Electoral Council will have, in addition to the functions determined by law, the following:
p.000114: 1. Organize, direct, monitor and guarantee, in a transparent manner, the electoral processes, convene
p.000114: elections, carry out the electoral elections, proclaim the results, and possess the winners of the
p.000114: elections.
p.000114: 2. Designate the members of the decentralized electoral bodies.
p.000115: 115
p.000115: 3. Control propaganda and electoral spending, know and resolve on the accounts presented by the
p.000115: political organizations and candidates.
p.000115: 4. Ensure transparency and legality of the internal electoral processes of organizations
p.000115: policies and the others indicated by law.
p.000115: 5. Submit proposals for legislative initiative on the scope of the Electoral Function, with
p.000115: attention to what is suggested by the Contentious Electoral Tribunal.
p.000115: 6. Regulate legal regulations on matters within its competence.
p.000115: 7. Determine your organization and formulate and execute your budget.
p.000115: 8. Maintain the permanent record of political organizations and their directives, and verify the processes of
p.000115: inscription.
p.000115: 9. Ensure that political organizations comply with the law, its regulations and its statutes.
p.000115: 10. Execute, administer and control state financing of election campaigns and the fund
p.000115: For political organizations.
p.000115: 11. Know and resolve the challenges and administrative claims on the resolutions of the agencies
p.000115: deconcentrated during the electoral processes, and impose the corresponding sanctions.
p.000115: 12. Organize and prepare the electoral registry of the country and abroad in coordination with the Civil Registry.
p.000115: 13. Organize the operation of an electoral political research, training and promotion institute.
p.000115: SECTION SECTION
p.000115: Contentious Electoral Court
p.000115: Art. 220.- The Contentious Electoral Tribunal will be formed by five main members, who will exercise their functions
p.000115: for six years. The Contentious Electoral Tribunal will be partially renewed every three years, two members in the
p.000115: First time, three in the second, and so on. There will be five alternate members that will be renewed equally
p.000115: way that the main ones.
p.000116: 116
p.000116: The President or President and the Vice President or Vice President shall be elected from among their principal members, and
p.000116: they will hold their positions for three years.
p.000116: In order to be a member of the Contentious Electoral Tribunal, Ecuadorian citizenship will be required, to enjoy
p.000116: of political rights, have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the
p.000116: country and have exercised with evident probity the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary or the
p.000116: University teaching in legal sciences for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000116: Art. 221.- The Contentious Electoral Tribunal will have, in addition to the functions determined by law, the following:
p.000116: 1. Know and resolve the electoral resources against the acts of the National Electoral Council and the
p.000116: decentralized agencies, and litigious affairs of political organizations.
p.000116: 2. Punish for breach of the rules on financing, propaganda, spending
p.000116: electoral and in general for violations of electoral norms.
p.000116: 3. Determine your organization, and formulate and execute your budget.
p.000116: Its decisions and resolutions will constitute electoral jurisprudence, and will be of last resort and immediate
p.000116: compliance.
p.000116: SECTION THREE
p.000116: Common norms of political and social control
p.000116: Art. 222.- The members of the National Electoral Council and the Contentious Electoral Tribunal shall be
p.000116: subjects of political prosecution for the breach of their functions and responsibilities established in the
p.000116: Constitution and the law. The Legislative Function may not designate the replacements of the dismissed persons.
p.000116: Art. 223.- The electoral organs will be subject to social control; will be guaranteed at
p.000116: political organizations and candidacies the faculty of control and oversight of the work of the organizations
p.000116: Electorals
p.000116: The acts and sessions of the electoral bodies will be public.
p.000116: Art. 224.- The members of the National Electoral Council and the Contentious Electoral Tribunal shall be
p.000116: appointed by the Council
p.000117: 117
p.000117: of Citizen Participation and Social Control, prior selection by public contest of opposition and
p.000117: merits, with nomination and challenge of citizenship, and guarantee of equity and parity between men and women, of
p.000117: according to the law
p.000117: CHAPTER SEVENTH
p.000117: Public administration
p.000117: SECTION ONE
p.000117: Public sector
p.000117: Art. 225.- The public sector includes:
p.000117: 1. The organisms and dependencies of the Executive, Legislative, Judicial, Electoral and
p.000117: Transparency and Social Control.
p.000117: 2. The entities that make up the decentralized autonomous regime.
p.000117: 3. The agencies and entities created by the Constitution or the law for the exercise of state power,
p.000117: for the provision of public services or to develop economic activities assumed by the State.
p.000117: 4. Legal persons created by normative act of decentralized autonomous governments
p.000117: for the provision of public services.
p.000117: Art. 226.- The institutions of the State, its agencies, dependencies, the servants or
p.000117: public servants and persons acting under a state power shall exercise only the
p.000117: competencies and powers attributed to them in the Constitution and the law. They will have the duty of
p.000117: coordinate actions for the fulfillment of its purposes and make effective the enjoyment and exercise of the recognized rights
p.000117: in the Constitution.
p.000117: SECTION SECTION
p.000117: Public administration
...

p.000119: agreements with the State.
p.000120: 120
p.000120: FOURTH SECTION
p.000120: State Attorney General
p.000120: Art. 235.- The State Attorney General's Office is a public body, legal technical, with
p.000120: administrative, budgetary and financial autonomy, directed and represented by the Attorney General or
p.000120: State Attorney General, appointed for a period of four years.
p.000120: Art. 236.- The Citizen Participation and Social Control Council shall appoint the Procurator or Procurator
p.000120: General of the State, of a list that will be sent by the Presidency of the Republic. The list will conform to criteria of
p.000120: specialty and merits and will be subject to public scrutiny and the right to challenge citizens; who make it up
p.000120: they must meet the same requirements required to be members of the Constitutional Court.
p.000120: Art. 237.- It shall correspond to the Attorney General or Attorney General, in addition to the other functions that
p.000120: determine the law:
p.000120: 1. The judicial representation of the State.
p.000120: 2. The sponsorship of the State and its institutions.
p.000120: 3. Legal advice and the absolution of legal consultations with the organizations and entities of the sector
p.000120: public with binding character, on the intelligence or application of the law, in those subjects in which
p.000120: the Constitution or the law does not grant powers to other authorities or agencies.
p.000120: 4. Control subject to the law the acts and contracts signed by public sector organizations and entities.
p.000121: 121
p.000121: Title V
p.000121: State Territorial Organization
p.000121: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000121: General principles
p.000121: Art. 238.- Decentralized autonomous governments shall enjoy political, administrative and financial autonomy,
p.000121: and will be governed by the principles of solidarity, subsidiarity, inter-territorial equity, integration and
p.000121: citizen participation. In no case will the exercise of autonomy allow the secession of the national territory.
p.000121: Decentralized autonomous governments constitute rural parish councils, councils
p.000121: municipal, metropolitan councils, provincial councils and regional councils.
p.000121: Art. 239.- The decentralized autonomous government regime shall be governed by the corresponding law, which
p.000121: establish a national system of mandatory and progressive competencies and define the
p.000121: policies and mechanisms to compensate for territorial imbalances in the development process.
p.000121: Art. 240.- The decentralized autonomous governments of the regions, metropolitan districts,
p.000121: provinces and cantons will have legislative powers within the scope of their powers and
p.000121: territorial jurisdictions Rural parish boards have regulatory powers.
p.000121: All decentralized autonomous governments will exercise executive powers in the field of
p.000121: their competences and territorial jurisdictions.
p.000121: Art. 241.- Planning will guarantee territorial planning and will be mandatory in all autonomous governments.
p.000121: decentralized
p.000123: 123
p.000123: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000123: Organization of the territory
p.000123: Art. 242.- The State is organized territorially in regions, provinces, cantons and parishes.
p.000123: rural. For reasons of environmental conservation, ethnic-cultural or population may be constituted
p.000123: special regimes
...

p.000125: Temporary or definitive absence will be replaced by the person exercising the vice-presidency, elected by vote
p.000125: popular in binomial with the prefect or prefect.
p.000125: Art. 253.- Each canton will have a cantonal council, which will be composed of the mayor or mayor and
p.000125: the councilors and councilors elected by popular vote, among whom a
p.000126: 126
p.000126: Vice Mayor or Vice Mayor. The mayor or mayor will be your highest administrative authority and will preside with
p.000126: dirime vote. In the council it will be represented proportionally to the urban and rural cantonal population, in
p.000126: the terms established by law.
p.000126: Art. 254.- Each autonomous metropolitan district will have a council elected by popular vote. The mayor or mayor
p.000126: Metropolitan will be its highest administrative authority and will preside over the council with a casting vote.
p.000126: The autonomous metropolitan districts will establish regimes that allow their decentralized operation or
p.000126: deconcentrated
p.000126: Art. 255.- Each rural parish will have a parish board consisting of members of popular election, whose
p.000126: most voted vowel will preside. The conformation, the attributions and responsibilities of the parish boards will be
p.000126: determined in the law.
p.000126: Art. 256.- Those who exercise territorial governance and metropolitan mayorships will be members of a
p.000126: territorial consultation cabinet that will be convened by the Presidency of the Republic periodically.
p.000126: Art. 257.- Within the framework of the administrative political organization, constituencies may be formed.
p.000126: indigenous or Afro-Ecuadorian territories, which will exercise the powers of autonomous territorial government
p.000126: corresponding, and will be governed by principles of interculturality, multinationality and in accordance with the rights
p.000126: collective
p.000126: The parishes, cantons or provinces formed mostly by communities,
p.000126: Indigenous peoples, Afro-Ecuadorians, montubios or ancestors may adopt this regime
p.000126: of special administration, after a consultation approved by at least two thirds of the votes
p.000126: valid. Two or more constituencies administered by indigenous or multicultural territorial governments
p.000126: may be integrated and form a new constituency. The law will establish the rules of
p.000126: conformation, operation and competences of these constituencies.
p.000126: Art. 258.- The province of Galapagos will have a special regime government. Your planning and
p.000126: development will be organized according to a strict adherence to the principles of conservation of the natural heritage of the
p.000126: State and good living, in accordance with what the law determines.
p.000127: 127
p.000127: Its administration will be in charge of a Governing Council chaired by the representative of the
p.000127: Presidency of the Republic and integrated by the mayors and mayors of the municipalities of the province
p.000127: Galapagos, representative of the parish boards and representatives of the bodies determined by law.
p.000127: Said Governing Council will be in charge of planning, resource management and organization of
p.000127: the activities carried out in the province. The law will define the agency that will act as a secretariat
p.000127: technique.
...

p.000132: 1. Population size and density.
p.000132: 2. Unsatisfied, hierarchical and considered basic needs in relation to the population residing in the
p.000132: territory of each of the decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000132: 3. Achievements in the improvement of living standards, fiscal and administrative effort, and achievement of goals
p.000132: of the National Development Plan and the decentralized autonomous government development plan.
p.000133: 133
p.000133: Art. 273.- The powers assumed by the decentralized autonomous governments will be transferred with the
p.000133: corresponding resources. There will be no transfer of competencies without the transfer of resources
p.000133: sufficient, unless expressly accepted by the entity that assumes the powers.
p.000133: The direct and indirect costs of exercising decentralizable competencies in the field
p.000133: territorial of each of the decentralized autonomous governments will be quantified by a
p.000133: technical body, which will be integrated equally by delegates of the Executive and of each of the
p.000133: decentralized autonomous governments, in accordance with the corresponding organic law.
p.000133: Only in case of catastrophe there will be non-permanent discretionary assignments for
p.000133: Decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000133: Art. 274.- Decentralized autonomous governments in whose territory they are exploited or industrialized
p.000133: non-renewable natural resources will be entitled to participate in the income received by the State for this
p.000133: activity, in accordance with the law.
p.000134: 134
p.000134: Title VI
p.000134: Development Regime
p.000134: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000134: General principles
p.000134: Art. 275.- The development regime is the organized, sustainable and dynamic set of systems
p.000134: economic, political, socio-cultural and environmental, which guarantee the realization of good living, of sumak
p.000134: Kawsay
p.000134: The State will plan the development of the country to guarantee the exercise of rights, the achievement of
p.000134: objectives of the development regime and the principles enshrined in the Constitution. Planning
p.000134: It will promote social and territorial equity, promote consultation, and be participatory, decentralized,
p.000134: Decentralized and transparent.
p.000134: Good living will require that people, communities, peoples and nationalities effectively enjoy their
p.000134: rights, and exercise responsibilities within the framework of interculturality, respect for their diversity, and
p.000134: harmonious coexistence with nature.
p.000134: Art. 276.- The development regime will have the following objectives:
p.000134: 1. Improve the quality and life expectancy, and increase the capacities and potential of the
p.000134: population within the framework of the principles and rights established by the Constitution.
p.000134: 2. Build an economic, fair, democratic, productive, supportive and sustainable system based on distribution
p.000134: egalitarian of the benefits of development, of the means of production and in the generation of decent work
p.000134: and stable.
p.000134: 3. Encourage participation and social control, with recognition of the various identities and promotion of
p.000134: its equitable representation, in all phases of public power management.
p.000134: 4. Recover and conserve nature and maintain a healthy and sustainable environment that guarantees people
p.000134: and communities equal, permanent and quality access to water, air and soil, and to the benefits
p.000134: of subsoil resources and natural heritage.
p.000135: 135
p.000135: 5. Guarantee national sovereignty, promote Latin American integration and promote insertion
p.000135: strategic in the international context, contributing to peace and a democratic and equitable world system.
p.000135: 6. Promote a balanced and equitable territorial planning that integrates and articulates activities
p.000135: sociocultural, administrative, economic and management, and I contribute to the unity of the State.
p.000135: 7. Protect and promote cultural diversity and respect their spaces for reproduction and exchange;
p.000135: recover, preserve and increase social memory and cultural heritage.
p.000135: Art. 277.-For the attainment of good living, the general duties of the State are:
p.000135: 1. Guarantee the rights of people, communities and nature.
p.000135: 2. Direct, plan and regulate the development process.
p.000135: 3. Generate and execute public policies, and control and punish their breach.
p.000135: 4. Produce goods, create and maintain infrastructure and provide public services.
p.000135: 5. Promote the development of economic activities through a legal order and political institutions that
p.000135: promote, promote and defend them through compliance with the Constitution and the law.
p.000135: 6. Promote and promote science, technology, arts, ancestral knowledge and, in general,
p.000135: Community, associative, cooperative and private creative initiative activities.
p.000135: Art. 278.- For the attainment of good living, people and communities, and their various forms
p.000135: organizational, corresponds to them:
p.000135: 1. Participate in all phases and spaces of public management and national development planning and
p.000135: local, and in the execution and control of compliance with development plans at all levels.
p.000135: 2. Produce, exchange and consume goods and services with social and environmental responsibility.
p.000136: 136
p.000136: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000136: Participatory Development Planning
p.000136: Art. 279.- The national decentralized participatory planning system will organize the planning
p.000136: for development The system will be formed by a National Planning Council, which will integrate
p.000136: the different levels of government, with citizen participation, and will have a technical secretariat, which will coordinate it.
p.000136: This council will aim to dictate the guidelines and policies that guide the system and approve the Plan
p.000136: National Development, and will be chaired by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000136: The planning councils in the decentralized autonomous governments will be chaired by their
p.000136: maximum representatives and integrated according to the law.
p.000136: The citizen councils will be instances of deliberation and generation of guidelines and consensus
p.000136: strategic long-term, which will guide national development.
p.000136: Art. 280.- The National Development Plan is the instrument to which policies, programs will be subject
...

p.000146: productive, will receive a differentiated and preferential treatment of the State, to the extent that they promote
p.000146: development of the popular and solidarity economy.
p.000146: Art. 312.- The institutions of the private financial system, as well as the private communication companies of
p.000146: National character, its directors and main shareholders, may not directly or indirectly hold
p.000146: actions and participations, in companies outside the financial or communicational activity, as the case may be. The
p.000146: The respective control bodies will be responsible for regulating this provision, in accordance with the framework
p.000146: constitutional and current regulations. 7
p.000146: 7 Item replaced by the approval of question number 3 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of May 7
p.000146: of 2011, results published in the Official Registry Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000147: 147
p.000147: Participation in the control of capital, investment or equity of the media is prohibited
p.000147: social, to financial entities or groups, their legal representatives, members of their board and shareholders.
p.000147: Each member of the national financial system will have a client defender, which will be
p.000147: independent of the institution and designated in accordance with the law.
p.000147: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000147: Strategic sectors, services and public companies
p.000147: Art. 313.- The State reserves the right to administer, regulate, control and manage the sectors.
p.000147: strategic, in accordance with the principles of environmental sustainability, precaution, prevention and
p.000147: efficiency.
p.000147: The strategic sectors, of decision and exclusive control of the State, are those that by their transcendence and
p.000147: magnitude have decisive economic, social, political or environmental influence, and should be fully
p.000147: development of rights and social interest.
p.000147: Strategic sectors are considered energy in all its forms, telecommunications, natural resources
p.000147: Non-renewable, transportation and refining of hydrocarbons, biodiversity and genetic heritage,
p.000147: the radio spectrum, water, and others determined by law.
p.000147: Art. 314.- The State shall be responsible for the provision of public drinking water services and
p.000147: of irrigation, sanitation, electrical energy, telecommunications, roads, port infrastructure and
p.000147: airports, and others determined by law.
p.000147: The State will ensure that public services and their provision comply with the principles of
p.000147: mandatory, generality, uniformity, efficiency, responsibility, universality,
p.000147: accessibility, regularity, continuity and quality. The State shall provide that the prices and rates of the
p.000147: Public services are equitable, and will establish their control and regulation.
p.000147: Art. 315.- The State shall constitute public companies for the management of strategic sectors, the provision of
p.000147: public services, the
p.000148: 148
p.000148: sustainable use of natural resources or public goods and the development of other activities
p.000148: economic.
p.000148: Public companies will be under the specific regulation and control of the relevant agencies,
p.000148: in accordance with the law; they will function as public law societies, with legal personality, autonomy
p.000148: financial, economic, administrative and management, with high quality parameters and business criteria,
p.000148: Economic, social and environmental.
...

p.000162: responsible for quality assurance and the national planning agency.
p.000162: Higher technological, technical and pedagogical institutes, and conservatories, will be created by resolution of the
p.000162: body responsible for planning, regulation and coordination of the system, after a favorable report from the
p.000162: institution of quality assurance of the system and the national planning agency.
p.000162: The creation and financing of new houses of study and public university careers will be subject to
p.000162: the requirements of national development.
p.000162: The agency responsible for planning, regulation and coordination of the system and the
p.000162: body responsible for accreditation and quality assurance may suspend, in accordance with
p.000162: the law, to universities, polytechnic schools, higher institutes, technological and pedagogical, and
p.000162: conservatories, as well as request the repeal of those that are created by law.
p.000162: Art. 355.- The State shall recognize universities and polytechnic schools academic autonomy,
p.000162: administrative, financial and
p.000163: 163
p.000163: organic, in accordance with the objectives of the development regime and the principles established in the Constitution.
p.000163: Universities and polytechnic schools are recognized as having the right to autonomy, exercised and understood as
p.000163: solidarity and responsible way. This autonomy guarantees the exercise of academic freedom and
p.000163: the right to the search for truth, without restrictions; the government and management of themselves, in line
p.000163: with the principles of alternation, transparency and political rights; and the production of science,
p.000163: Technology, culture and art.
p.000163: Their enclosures are inviolable, they cannot be paved except in the cases and terms in which the
p.000163: address of a person The guarantee of internal order will be the responsibility and responsibility of its authorities.
p.000163: When the protection of the public force is needed, the highest authority of the entity will request assistance
p.000163: relevant.
p.000163: Autonomy does not exempt institutions from the system of being inspected, from social responsibility,
p.000163: accountability and participation in national planning.
p.000163: The Executive Function may not deprive its income or budget allocations, or delay transfers to
p.000163: no institution of the system, or close or reorganize them totally or partially.
p.000163: Art. 356.- Public higher education will be free until the third level.
p.000163: Admission to public institutions of higher education will be regulated through a leveling system
p.000163: and admission, defined in the law. Gratuity will be linked to the academic responsibility of students and students.
p.000163: students.
p.000163: Regardless of their public or private nature, equal opportunities in access are guaranteed, in the
p.000163: permanence, and in mobility and in discharge, with the exception of the collection of fees in private education.
...

p.000183: 4. Promotes peace, universal disarmament; condemns the development and use of weapons of mass destruction and imposition
p.000183: of bases or facilities for military purposes of some States in the territory of others.
p.000183: 5. Recognizes the rights of the different peoples that coexist within the States, especially that of promoting
p.000183: mechanisms that express, preserve and protect the diverse character of their societies, and reject racism, xenophobia
p.000183: and all forms of discrimination.
p.000183: 6. Advocates the principle of universal citizenship, the free mobility of all the inhabitants of the planet and the
p.000183: progressive end of the status of foreigner as a transforming element of unequal relations between countries,
p.000183: especially North-South.
p.000183: 7. Demands respect for human rights, in particular the rights of migrants, and encourages their
p.000183: full exercise by fulfilling the obligations assumed with the subscription of instruments
p.000183: international human rights.
p.000185: 185
p.000185: 8. Condemns all forms of imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, and recognizes the right
p.000185: from the peoples to resistance and liberation from all forms of oppression.
p.000185: 9. Recognizes international law as a rule of conduct, and demands the democratization of organizations
p.000185: international and the equitable participation of States within them.
p.000185: 10. Promotes the formation of a multipolar global order with the active participation of economic blocks and
p.000185: regional politicians, and the strengthening of horizontal relations for the construction of a just world,
p.000185: democratic, supportive, diverse and intercultural.
p.000185: 11. Promotes priority the political, cultural and economic integration of the Andean region, of
p.000185: South America and Latin America.
p.000185: 12. Encourages a new system of trade and investment between States that is based on justice,
p.000185: solidarity, complementarity, the creation of international control mechanisms for
p.000185: multinational corporations and the establishment of an international, fair, transparent financial system
p.000185: and fair. Rejects that controversies with foreign private companies become conflicts between
p.000185: State.
p.000185: 13. Promotes the creation, ratification and validity of international instruments for conservation and
p.000185: regeneration of the vital cycles of the planet and the biosphere.
p.000185: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000185: International treaties and instruments
p.000185: Art. 417.- International treaties ratified by Ecuador will be subject to the provisions of the
p.000185: Constitution. In the case of treaties and other international human rights instruments, the
p.000185: human pro principles of non-restriction of rights, direct applicability and open clause
p.000185: established in the Constitution.
p.000185: Art. 418.- The President or President of the Republic is responsible for subscribing or ratifying
p.000185: Treaties and other international instruments.
p.000186: 186
p.000186: The President or President of the Republic shall immediately inform the National Assembly of all treaties
p.000186: to subscribe, with precise indication of its character and content. A treaty can only be ratified, for
p.000186: subsequent exchange or deposit, ten days after the Assembly has been notified about it.
p.000186: Art. 419.- The ratification or denunciation of international treaties will require the prior approval of the Assembly
p.000186: National in cases that:
p.000186: 1. Refer to territorial or boundary matters.
p.000186: 2. Establish political or military alliances.
p.000186: 3. Contain the commitment to issue, modify or repeal a law.
p.000186: 4. Refer to the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution.
p.000186: 5. Commit the economic policy of the State established in its National Development Plan to
p.000186: conditions of international financial institutions or transnational corporations.
p.000186: 6. They engage the country in integration and trade agreements.
p.000186: 7. Attribute powers of the internal legal order to an international or supranational body.
p.000186: 8. Commit natural heritage and especially water, biodiversity and its genetic heritage.
p.000186: Art. 420.- The ratification of treaties may be requested by referendum, by initiative.
p.000186: citizen or by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000186: The denunciation of an approved treaty shall correspond to the President or President of the Republic. In case of complaint
p.000186: of a treaty approved by the citizens in referendum the same procedure that approved it will be required.
p.000186: Art. 421.- The application of international commercial instruments shall not impair,
p.000186: directly or indirectly, the right to health, access to medicines, supplies, services, or progress
p.000186: Scientific and technological
p.000186: Art. 422.- International treaties or instruments in which the State may not be concluded
p.000186: Ecuadorian cedes sovereign jurisdiction at the request of international arbitration, in contractual disputes
p.000186: or of a commercial nature, between the State and private individuals or legal entities.
p.000187: 187
p.000187: International treaties and instruments that establish the resolution of disputes between
...

p.000191: constitutional interpretation.
p.000191: Art. 428.- When a judge or judge, ex officio or at the request of a party, considers that a legal norm is
p.000191: contrary to the Constitution or international human rights instruments that establish
p.000191: rights more favorable than those recognized in the Constitution, will suspend the processing of the case and remit
p.000191: in consultation the file to the Constitutional Court, which in a period not exceeding forty-five days, will decide on
p.000191: the constitutionality of the norm.
p.000191: If the Court has not decided after the deadline, the injured party may file the action
p.000191: correspondent.
p.000191: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000191: Constitutional court
p.000191: Art. 429.- The Constitutional Court is the highest body of control, constitutional interpretation and administration of
p.000191: Justice in this matter. It exercises national jurisdiction and its headquarters is the city of Quito.
p.000191: The decisions related to the attributions provided for in the Constitution will be adopted by the full
p.000191: court.
p.000191: Art. 430.- The Constitutional Court shall enjoy administrative and financial autonomy. The law
p.000191: determine its organization, operation and procedures for the fulfillment of its powers.
p.000191: Art. 431.- The members of the Constitutional Court shall not be subject to political trial nor may they be
p.000191: removed by those who designate them. However, they will be subject to the same controls
p.000192: 192
p.000192: that the rest of public authorities and will respond for the other acts or omissions that they commit in the exercise of their
p.000192: functions.
p.000192: Without prejudice to civil liability, in the case of criminal liability they will only be charged by the Prosecutor or
p.000192: the Prosecutor General of the Nation and tried by the plenary of the National Court of Justice, for which purpose it will be required
p.000192: the assent vote of two thirds of its members.
p.000192: His dismissal will be decided by two thirds of the members of the Court
p.000192: Constitutional. The procedure, requirements and causes will be determined in the law.
p.000192: Art. 432.- The Constitutional Court will be composed of nine members who will exercise their functions in
p.000192: plenary and in rooms according to the law. They will serve for a period of nine years, without
p.000192: Immediate re-election and will be renewed by thirds every three years.
p.000192: The law will determine the replacement mechanism in case of absence of the holder.
p.000192: Art. 433.- To be designated a member of the Constitutional Court, the following will be required:
p.000192: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and be in exercise of their political rights.
p.000192: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country.
p.000192: 3. Having exercised with evident probity the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary or teaching
p.000192: University in legal sciences for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000192: 4. Demonstrate probity and ethics.
p.000192: 5. Not belong or have belonged in the last ten years to the leadership of any political party or movement.
p.000192: The law will determine the procedure to accredit these requirements.
p.000192: Art. 434.- The members of the Constitutional Court will be appointed by a rating committee that will be
p.000192: composed of two persons appointed by each of the functions, Legislative, Executive and of
p.000192: Transparency and Social Control. Members will be selected from among the nominations
p.000192: presented by the previous functions, through a public tender process, with oversight and
p.000192: possibility of citizen challenge. In
p.000193: 193
p.000193: The integration of the Court will ensure parity between men and women.
p.000193: The procedure, deadlines and other elements of selection and qualification will be determined by law.
p.000193: Art. 435.- The Constitutional Court will choose from among its members, a President or President and a
p.000193: Vice President or Vice President, who will perform their duties for three years, and may not
p.000193: Be re-elected immediately. The President or President shall exercise the legal representation of the Court
p.000193: Constitutional.
p.000193: Art. 436.- The Constitutional Court shall exercise, in addition to those conferred by law, the following powers:
p.000193: 1. To be the highest instance of interpretation of the Constitution, of international human rights treaties
p.000193: ratified by the Ecuadorian State, through its opinions and sentences. Your decisions will have
p.000193: binding character.
p.000193: 2. Know and resolve public actions of unconstitutionality, by fund or by form, against
p.000193: normative acts of a general nature issued by state authorities. The declaration of
p.000193: unconstitutionality will have the effect of invalidity of the contested normative act.
...

p.000199: through the Transitional Management Unit of Public Criminal Advocacy, on whose technical basis the
p.000199: Public Defender, which must be created within two years, with priority in criminal public defense, defense
p.000199: of childhood and adolescence, and labor issues.
p.000199: ELEVENTH.- During the third year of functions a raffle will be held between those who integrate the first Council
p.000199: National Electoral
p.000200: 200
p.000200: and the first Electoral Contentious Tribunal, to determine which of its members should be replaced
p.000200: according to the rule of partial renewal established in this Constitution. The draw will be held in the
p.000200: session in which the call for the corresponding public qualifying exams is approved
p.000200: of knowledge and public competitions of opposition and merits.
p.000200: Officials and officials, and employees and employees of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal and of
p.000200: provincial electoral courts, which are not freely appointed and removed, will continue in their
p.000200: functions within the Electoral Function, and will be subject to a selection and qualification process accordingly
p.000200: to the needs of the new organisms.
p.000200: The electoral boards of the Council will be temporarily formed in each province
p.000200: National Electoral, who will exercise the functions assigned by them and those determined by law. Will not exist
p.000200: lower bodies of the Electoral Contentious Court.
p.000200: TWELFTH.- Within forty-five days from the entry into force of this Constitution, the parties and
p.000200: political movements must re-register in the National Electoral Council and may retain their names, symbols
p.000200: and number
p.000200: THIRTEEN.- The eradication of illiteracy will constitute State policy, and as long as the vote persists
p.000200: of illiterate people will be optional.
p.000200: FOURTEEN.- As of the 2009 General State Budget, the amount of transfers from the central State
p.000200: the decentralized autonomous governments will not be, in any case, less than the amount allocated in the Budget of the
p.000200: fiscal year 2008
p.000200: FIFTEENTH.- Assets and liabilities, civil servants and employees and employees of the Board
p.000200: Provincial of Galapagos and the Galápagos National Institute, will become part of the Governing Council of the
p.000200: Special Galapagos Regime.
p.000200: SIXTEENTH.- In order to resolve conflicts of territorial limits and membership, the reports will be sent
p.000200: corresponding to the Presidency of the Republic that, within two years from the entry into force of
p.000200: This Constitution shall send the draft law on the establishment of territorial limits to the legislative body and, of
p.000200: If this is the case, it will call for a popular consultation to resolve membership disputes.
p.000201: 201
p.000201: SEVENTH.- The central State, within two years of the entry into force of this
p.000201: Constitution, will finance and, in coordination with the decentralized autonomous governments, will prepare the
p.000201: geodesic cartography of the national territory for the design of urban and rural property cadastres
...

p.000203: of 2011, results published in the Official Registry Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000204: 204
p.000204: THIRTY.- The Solidarity Fund, within three hundred and sixty days, prior to its
p.000204: liquidation, will transform to the regime of public companies those of private regime in which it is shareholder. For
p.000204: this will provide that these companies previously carry out a detailed inventory of their assets and liabilities, and
p.000204: immediately contract the performance of audits, the results of which will serve as the basis for your
p.000204: transformation.
p.000204: The State will guarantee the financing of social benefits attended by the Fund of
p.000204: Solidarity, in particular that of free maternity and childcare, as well as resources
p.000204: committed by that institution for human development programs in execution, until its completion.
p.000204: The financial investments and monetary availability of the Solidarity Fund will be reinvested at
p.000204: moment of its extinction in public companies that are created or will be transferred to the central State. The rest of
p.000204: equity of the Solidarity Fund will pass to the institution determined by executive decree.
p.000204: Investment projects in the electrical and telecommunications sectors that are
p.000204: they are approved and in execution according to the Constitutional Mandate number nine, they will pass to the companies
p.000204: electrical and telecommunications that are created under this transitory provision, with the balances of
p.000204: the respective budgetary assignments committed for completion and liquidation.
p.000204: Once the preceding provisions have been fulfilled, and within a maximum period of three hundred and sixty days, the
p.000204: Solidarity Fund will be extinguished.
p.000205: 205
p.000205: DEROGATORY PROVISION
p.000205: The Political Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador published in the Official Registry number one of the
p.000205: August 11, 1998, and any rule contrary to this Constitution. The rest of the legal system
p.000205: will remain in force as long as it is not contrary to the Constitution.
p.000206: 206
p.000206: TRANSITION SCHEME
p.000206: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000206: Nature of the transition
p.000206: Art. 1.- If the Political Constitution of the Republic is approved by the people in the Approval Referendum,
p.000206: the rules contained in this Transition Regime will apply.
p.000206: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000206: Of the elections
p.000206: Art. 2.- (Responsibility of the elections) The election process of the dignitaries indicated in these norms
p.000206: Transition will be organized and directed by the National Electoral Council.
p.000206: Art. 3.- (General Elections) The National Electoral Council, within a maximum period of thirty (30) days counted
p.000206: from its possession, based on the provisions of the law, will call general elections to designate the
p.000206: following dignities:
p.000206: 1. President and Vice President of the Republic.
p.000206: 2. Five (5) representatives to the Andean Parliament.
p.000206: 3. Members of the National Assembly elected by the provincial constituencies, the
p.000206: National and foreign special. In each province two assembly members will be chosen, plus one for each
p.000206: two hundred thousand inhabitants or fraction greater than one hundred fifty thousand; fifteen (15) national assembly members;
p.000206: and, six (6) by Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad, distributed as follows: two by Europe,
p.000206: Oceania and Asia, two for Canada and the United States and two for Latin America, the Caribbean and Africa.
p.000206: 4. Provincial prefects and vice prefects.
p.000206: 5. Municipal mayors.
p.000206: 6. Five (5) and a maximum of fifteen (15) councilors and councilors in each canton, as provided in article
p.000206: 27 of the Organic Law of Municipal Regime.
p.000206: 7. Five (5) members in each of the rural parish boards, the most voted will be elected President.
p.000207: 207
p.000207: The application of these standards will be based on the last population census.
p.000207: Art. 4.- (Presentation of candidatures) In these elections, the political organizations and alliances that
p.000207: Participated in the election of assembly members may submit applications.
p.000207: Other political organizations may also do so, for which they must submit one percent (1%) of signatures
p.000207: of adhesion of the citizens of the corresponding electoral registry. To that effect, the National Council
p.000207: Electoral will deliver the necessary forms.
p.000207: Multi-person applications will be presented in complete lists with main candidates and their respective candidates.
p.000207: alternates The lists will be conformed with a sequence of women, men or men, women even
p.000207: Complete the total number of applications.
p.000207: Art. 5.- (Voting form) Voters will choose the candidates of their choice as follows:
p.000207: 1. On the ballots of President and Vice President, Andean Parliamentarians, Prefects and Vice Prefects and
p.000207: Mayors dialing in the list box; Y,
p.000207: 2. In those of National Assembly Members, Provincial Assembly Members, Foreign Assembly Members, Councilors and
p.000207: Members of Rural Parish Councils, marking in the boxes of the candidates of one or several
p.000207: ready
p.000207: Art. 6.- (Assignment of seats) For the allocation of seats the following will apply
p.000207: provisions:
p.000207: 1. In the elections of President and Vice President of the Republic as indicated in the
p.000207: Political Constitution of the Republic.
p.000207: 2. In the elections of the binomials of Prefects and Vice-prefects and in those of mayors, it will be the winners who
p.000207: They have obtained the highest votes.
p.000207: 3. The elections of Andean parliamentarians will proceed as follows:
p.000207: a) The votes reached by each of the lists will be added.
p.000207: b) These results are divided for the series of numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, ... until obtaining as many quotients as
p.000207: positions to be assigned.
p.000207: c) The ratios obtained are ordered from highest to lowest; I know
p.000208: 208
p.000208: they will assign to each list the corresponding positions, according to the highest quotients.
p.000208: d) If it were the case that fulfilled the previous procedure, all the quotients correspond to a single list, the
p.000208: The last position will be assigned to the list that follows the vote.
p.000208: e) In case of a tie, the draw will be carried out to define the winning list of the position.
p.000208: f) The seats reached by the lists will be assigned to the candidates according to the order in the list.
p.000208: 4. In the elections of national assembly members, provincial assembly members, foreign assembly members,
p.000208: municipal councilors and members of rural parish boards, proceed as follows:
p.000208: 4.1. In the districts where two (2) dignitaries are elected, the first place corresponds to the list that
p.000208: get the highest number of votes; the second, which is followed by votes, provided it has at least 35% of
p.000208: her votes; otherwise, both posts will correspond to the most voted list.
p.000208: 4.2. Where three (3) or more dignitaries are chosen, the following steps will be followed:
p.000208: a) The votes reached by the candidates of each one of the lists will be added.
...

p.000210: Control of Electoral Expenditure and Electoral Propaganda, using the following values ​​for the calculation
p.000210: correspondent:
p.000210: a) Election of the binomial of President and Vice President of the Republic: zero point fifteen dollars (0.15 USD);
p.000210: b) Election of members to the Andean Parliament: zero point zero five dollars ($ 0.05);
p.000210: c) Election of national, provincial and prefect assembly members: zero point fifteen dollars (0.15 USD);
p.000210: d) Election of foreign assembly members: zero point thirty dollars ($ 0.30);
p.000210: e) Election of municipal mayors: zero point fifteen dollars (0.15 USD);
p.000210: f) Election of councilors: the maximum amount will be sixty percent (60%) of the value set for the respective
p.000210: municipal mayor;
p.000210: g) Election of members of parish boards: zero point thirty dollars ($ 0.30);
p.000210: Where in the law says deputies understand assembly members.
p.000210: Art. 13.- (Campaign financing) The State, through the budget of the National Electoral Council,
p.000210: exclusively fund the propaganda campaign in the written press, radio, television and billboards
p.000210: advertising of all unipersonal and pluripersonal applications, except those of parish boards
p.000210: rural.
p.000210: Art. 14.- (Prohibition of propaganda) During the election campaign period, according to the norm
p.000210: constitutional and legal, it is prohibited that the functions and institutions of the State carry out propaganda,
p.000210: publicize and use your assets and resources for these purposes.
p.000211: 211
p.000211: The private contracting of propaganda and publicity about the electoral process in the written press is also prohibited,
p.000211: radio, television and billboards.
p.000211: Candidates and candidates and political organizations may not deliver donations, gifts or gifts to
p.000211: citizens and citizens.
p.000211: Art. 15.- (Application of norms) The Electoral Function organs shall apply everything provided in the
p.000211: Constitution, the Organic Law of Elections and other related laws, as long as it does not oppose this
p.000211: regulations and contribute to the fulfillment of the electoral process. This application extends to penalties for
p.000211: offenses, violations or crimes against the provisions. If necessary, they may also, within the scope of their powers,
p.000211: to dictate the necessary norms to make possible the application of the new constitutional order.
p.000211: CHAPTER THREE
p.000211: Of the institutional transition
p.000211: Art.- 16.- (Transition process) Once the Constitution is approved and in order to enable changes
p.000211: Institutions provided for therein, the transition process established in the regulations that will
p.000211: They are indicated below.
p.000211: Art. 17.- (Legislative Function) The period of deputies and deputies, principal and
p.000211: alternates, elected on October 15, 2006.
p.000211: The Constituent Assembly will meet five days after the results of the approval referendum are proclaimed for
p.000211: form the Legislative and Oversight Commission seeking to maintain the political proportionality that the
p.000211: Plenary of the Constituent Assembly.
p.000211: This Legislative and Supervisory Commission will fulfill the functions of the National Assembly foreseen in the
p.000211: Constitution, until the Assembly members are elected and possessed, as established in this Transition Regime.
p.000211: Art. 18.- (Electoral Function) In order to enable the immediate realization of the electoral process
p.000211: provided in this Transition Regime, the Constituent Assembly shall designate those
p.000211: they will temporarily form the National Electoral Council and the Contentious Electoral Tribunal.
p.000212: 212
p.000212: The members of these bodies so designated, will be replaced by those who are winners of the competitions
p.000212: established in the Constitution. The selection process will begin once the electoral process is over.
p.000212: Art. 19.- The officials and employees of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal and of the provincial electoral tribunals
p.000212: that are not freely appointed and removed, will continue to perform functions in the Electoral Function,
p.000212: They will be subject to a selection and qualification process according to the needs of the new organizations.
p.000212: The assets of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal will become part of the assets of the Electoral Function.
p.000212: 9 Art. 20.- The current Plenary Session of the Judicial Council is dissolved; in its replacement a Council of the
p.000212: Transition Judiciary, consisting of three appointed delegates and their respective alternates: one by the President of
p.000212: the Republic, one for the National Assembly and one for the Transparency and Social Control Function; all the
p.000212: Delegates and their alternates will be subject to political trial. This Transitory Judiciary Council
p.000212: shall have all the powers established in the Constitution, as well as those set forth in the Organic Code of the
p.000212: Judicial Function, and will exercise their functions for a non-extendable period of 18 months.
p.000212: The final Judiciary Council will be formed by the procedure established in the article
p.000212: 179 of the amended Constitution. The Citizen Participation and Social Control Council will ensure that
p.000212: members of the new Judicial Council are appointed before the end of the 18 months of the
p.000212: Transition Judiciary Council.
p.000212: The contest of merits and opposition carried out by the Citizen Participation and Control Council is without effect
p.000212: Social for the appointment of the new members of the Judicial Council.
p.000212: Delete the First Transitory Provision of the Organic Code of the Judicial Function.
p.000212: Art. 21.- (National Court of Justice) Ten (10) days after the results of the
p.000212: Approval Referendum ends the thirty-one (31) magistrates and magistrates of the
p.000212: Supreme Court of Justice.
p.000212: 9 Article replaced by the approval of question number 4 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of 7 of
p.000212: May 2011, results published in the Official Registry Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000213: 213
p.000213: The National Electoral Council will organize a public raffle between thirty-one (31) magistrates and magistrates of the
p.000213: Supreme Court of Justice, to choose the twenty-one (21) judges who are entrusted with the functions and
p.000213: responsibilities of the National Court of Justice, until the holders are appointed, with application of the
...

Political / stateless persons

Searching for indicator nation:

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p.000191: in consultation the file to the Constitutional Court, which in a period not exceeding forty-five days, will decide on
p.000191: the constitutionality of the norm.
p.000191: If the Court has not decided after the deadline, the injured party may file the action
p.000191: correspondent.
p.000191: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000191: Constitutional court
p.000191: Art. 429.- The Constitutional Court is the highest body of control, constitutional interpretation and administration of
p.000191: Justice in this matter. It exercises national jurisdiction and its headquarters is the city of Quito.
p.000191: The decisions related to the attributions provided for in the Constitution will be adopted by the full
p.000191: court.
p.000191: Art. 430.- The Constitutional Court shall enjoy administrative and financial autonomy. The law
p.000191: determine its organization, operation and procedures for the fulfillment of its powers.
p.000191: Art. 431.- The members of the Constitutional Court shall not be subject to political trial nor may they be
p.000191: removed by those who designate them. However, they will be subject to the same controls
p.000192: 192
p.000192: that the rest of public authorities and will respond for the other acts or omissions that they commit in the exercise of their
p.000192: functions.
p.000192: Without prejudice to civil liability, in the case of criminal liability they will only be charged by the Prosecutor or
p.000192: the Prosecutor General of the Nation and tried by the plenary of the National Court of Justice, for which purpose it will be required
p.000192: the assent vote of two thirds of its members.
p.000192: His dismissal will be decided by two thirds of the members of the Court
p.000192: Constitutional. The procedure, requirements and causes will be determined in the law.
p.000192: Art. 432.- The Constitutional Court will be composed of nine members who will exercise their functions in
p.000192: plenary and in rooms according to the law. They will serve for a period of nine years, without
p.000192: Immediate re-election and will be renewed by thirds every three years.
p.000192: The law will determine the replacement mechanism in case of absence of the holder.
p.000192: Art. 433.- To be designated a member of the Constitutional Court, the following will be required:
p.000192: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and be in exercise of their political rights.
p.000192: 2. Have a third level degree in Law legally recognized in the country.
p.000192: 3. Having exercised with evident probity the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary or teaching
p.000192: University in legal sciences for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000192: 4. Demonstrate probity and ethics.
p.000192: 5. Not belong or have belonged in the last ten years to the leadership of any political party or movement.
p.000192: The law will determine the procedure to accredit these requirements.
p.000192: Art. 434.- The members of the Constitutional Court will be appointed by a rating committee that will be
p.000192: composed of two persons appointed by each of the functions, Legislative, Executive and of
...

Political / vulnerable

Searching for indicator vulnerability:

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p.000033: primary responsibility of the State. Social security will be governed by the principles of solidarity,
p.000033: mandatory, universality, equity, efficiency, subsidiarity, sufficiency, transparency and
p.000033: participation, for the attention of individual and collective needs.
p.000033: The State will guarantee and enforce the full exercise of the right to social security, which includes people
p.000033: who perform unpaid work in homes, activities for self-support in the field, all forms of work
p.000033: self-employed and those who are unemployed.
p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000033: 5. Exemptions in the tax system.
p.000033: 6. Exemption from payment for notarial and registration costs, in accordance with the law.
p.000033: 7. Access to a home that ensures a decent life, with respect to your opinion and consent.
p.000033: Art. 38.- The State shall establish public policies and programs for adult care.
p.000033: older, which will take into account
p.000035: 35
p.000035: specific differences between urban and rural areas, gender inequities, ethnicity,
...

p.000048: Art. 65.- The State shall promote the equal representation of women and men in the positions of
p.000048: nomination or designation of the public function, in its instances of direction and decision, and in the parties and
p.000048: political movements In candidates for multi-person elections their alternate participation will be respected and
p.000048: sequential.
p.000048: The State will adopt affirmative action measures to guarantee the participation of the discriminated sectors.
p.000049: 49
p.000049: CHAPTER SIX
p.000049: Freedom rights
p.000049: Art. 66.- People are recognized and guaranteed:
p.000049: 1. The right to the inviolability of life. There will be no death penalty.
p.000049: 2. The right to a dignified life that ensures health, food and nutrition, drinking water, housing,
p.000049: environmental sanitation, education, work, employment, rest and leisure, physical culture, clothing, social security and others
p.000049: necessary social services.
p.000049: 3. The right to personal integrity, which includes:
p.000049: a) Physical, psychic, moral and sexual integrity.
p.000049: b) A life free of violence in the public and private spheres. The State shall adopt the necessary measures to
p.000049: prevent, eliminate and punish all forms of violence, especially against women, girls, boys and
p.000049: adolescents, elderly people, people with disabilities and against any person at a disadvantage or
p.000049: vulnerability; identical measures will be taken against violence, slavery and sexual exploitation.
p.000049: c) The prohibition of torture, forced disappearance and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment.
p.000049: d) The prohibition of the use of genetic material and scientific experimentation that undermine rights
p.000049: humans.
p.000049: 4. Right to formal equality, material equality and non-discrimination.
p.000049: 5. The right to free personality development, with no limitations other than the rights of
p.000049: the rest.
p.000049: 6. The right to express your opinion and express your thoughts freely and in all its forms and manifestations.
p.000049: 7. The right of any person aggrieved by information without proof or inaccuracy, issued by means of
p.000049: social communication, to the corresponding rectification, replication or response, immediately, mandatory and
p.000049: Free, in the same space or schedule.
p.000049: 8. The right to practice, conserve, change, profess in public or private, their religion or beliefs, and to
p.000049: disseminate them individually or collectively, with the restrictions imposed by respect for rights.
p.000049: fifty
p.000049: The State will protect voluntary religious practice, as well as the expression of those who do not profess religion
p.000049: some, and will favor an environment of plurality and tolerance.
p.000049: 9. The right to make free, informed, voluntary and responsible decisions about your sexuality, and your life and
...

p.000173: 2. Promote the generation and production of knowledge, encourage scientific and technological research, and
p.000173: enhance ancestral knowledge, in order to contribute to the realization of good living, to sumak kawsay.
p.000173: 3. Ensure the dissemination and access to scientific and technological knowledge, the usufruct of its
p.000173: discoveries and findings within the framework of what is established in the Constitution and the Law.
p.000173: 4. Guarantee the freedom of creation and research within the framework of respect for ethics, nature, the environment,
p.000173: and the rescue of ancestral knowledge.
p.000173: 5. Recognize the status of researcher in accordance with the Law.
p.000173: Art. 388.- The State will allocate the necessary resources for scientific research, development
p.000173: technological, innovation, scientific training, recovery and development of ancestral knowledge and
p.000173: The dissemination of knowledge. A percentage of these resources will be used to finance projects through
p.000173: competitive funds. Organizations that receive public funds will be subject to the surrender of
p.000173: accounts and the respective state control.
p.000174: 174
p.000174: NINTH SECTION
p.000174: Risk management
p.000174: Art. 389.- The State will protect people, communities and nature against the effects
p.000174: negatives of disasters of natural or anthropic origin through risk prevention, mitigation of
p.000174: disasters, recovery and improvement of social, economic and environmental conditions, with the objective of
p.000174: Minimize the vulnerability condition.
p.000174: The national decentralized risk management system is composed of the management units of
p.000174: risk of all public and private institutions at local, regional and national levels. The
p.000174: The State shall exercise the rectory through the technical body established by law. It will have as functions
p.000174: Main, among others:
p.000174: 1. Identify existing and potential risks, internal and external that affect the territory
p.000174: Ecuadorian.
p.000174: 2. Generate, democratize access and disseminate sufficient and timely information to manage
p.000174: properly risk.
p.000174: 3. Ensure that all public and private institutions incorporate compulsorily, and in a manner
p.000174: transversal, risk management in its planning and management.
p.000174: 4. Strengthen in citizenship and in public and private entities capacities to identify
p.000174: risks inherent to their respective fields of action, report on them, and incorporate actions
p.000174: tending to reduce them.
p.000174: 5. Articulate institutions to coordinate actions to prevent and mitigate risks,
p.000174: as well as to face them, recover and improve the conditions prior to the occurrence of an emergency or
p.000174: disaster.
p.000174: 6. Perform and coordinate the necessary actions to reduce vulnerabilities and prevent,
p.000174: mitigate, address and recover any negative effects resulting from disasters or emergencies
p.000174: in the national territory.
...

Health / Cognitive Impairment

Searching for indicator cognitive:

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p.000106: Notorious profession of lawyer or lawyer for a period not less than three years. Notaries and notaries will remain in
p.000106: their functions six years and may be re-elected only once. The law will establish performance standards and
p.000106: the grounds for his removal.
p.000106: SECTION THIRTEEN
p.000106: Social rehabilitation
p.000106: Art. 201.- The social rehabilitation system will have as its purpose the integral rehabilitation of people
p.000106: sentenced criminally to reinsert them into society, as well as the protection of persons deprived of
p.000106: Freedom and guarantee of your rights.
p.000106: The system will have as a priority the development of the capacities of persons sentenced criminally to exercise
p.000106: your rights and fulfill your responsibilities by regaining freedom.
p.000107: 107
p.000107: Art. 202.- The system will guarantee its purposes through a technical body responsible for evaluating the
p.000107: effectiveness of its policies, administer the detention centers and set the standards of compliance with
p.000107: The purposes of the system.
p.000107: Deprivation centers may be administered by decentralized autonomous governments, according to
p.000107: with the law
p.000107: The board of the social rehabilitation agency shall be composed of representatives of the Executive Function and
p.000107: professionals who will be appointed in accordance with the law. The President or President of the Republic will designate the
p.000107: Minister or State Minister who will preside over the agency.
p.000107: The security, technical and administrative personnel of the social rehabilitation system will be
p.000107: appointed by the social rehabilitation agency, after evaluating its technical conditions,
p.000107: Cognitive and psychological.
p.000107: Art. 203.- The system will be governed by the following guidelines:
p.000107: 1. Only persons sanctioned with sentences of deprivation of liberty, by sentence
p.000107: Condemnatory execution, they will remain internal in the social rehabilitation centers.
p.000107: Only social rehabilitation centers and temporary detention centers will be part of the system of
p.000107: social rehabilitation and will be authorized to keep people deprived of liberty. Barracks
p.000107: military, police, or any other type, are not authorized sites for deprivation of liberty of
p.000107: civil population.
p.000107: 2. Social rehabilitation centers and temporary detention centers shall promote and execute
p.000107: educational, job training, agricultural production, artisan, industrial or any other plans
p.000107: occupational, mental and physical health, and culture and recreation.
p.000107: 3. The judges and judges of penitentiary guarantees shall ensure the rights of the internal persons in the
p.000107: compliance with the sentence and will decide on its modifications.
p.000107: 4. In the detention centers, affirmative action measures will be taken to protect the
p.000107: rights of persons belonging to priority attention groups.
p.000107: 5. The State shall establish conditions of real social and economic insertion of persons after having
p.000107: state deprived of liberty.
p.000108: 108
...

Health / Drug Dependence

Searching for indicator dependence:

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p.000033: Art. 38.- The State shall establish public policies and programs for adult care.
p.000033: older, which will take into account
p.000035: 35
p.000035: specific differences between urban and rural areas, gender inequities, ethnicity,
p.000035: culture and the differences of people, communities, peoples and nationalities; It will also promote
p.000035: highest possible degree of personal autonomy and participation in the definition and execution of these policies.
p.000035: In particular, the State will take measures to:
p.000035: 1. Attention in specialized centers that guarantee your nutrition, health, education and daily care, in a
p.000035: Integral rights protection framework. Reception centers will be created to house those who cannot be
p.000035: attended by their relatives or those who lack a place to reside permanently.
p.000035: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The State will execute policies
p.000035: aimed at promoting the participation and work of the elderly in public and private entities
p.000035: to contribute to their experience, and will develop job training programs, depending on their vocation
p.000035: and his aspirations.
p.000035: 3. Development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their personal autonomy, reducing their
p.000035: dependence and achieve full social integration.
p.000035: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000035: nature, or negligence that causes such situations.
p.000035: 5. Development of programs aimed at promoting the realization of recreational and spiritual activities.
p.000035: 6. Preferential attention in cases of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000035: 7. Creation of special regimes for compliance with custodial measures. In case of
p.000035: sentence of imprisonment, provided that no other alternative measures are applied, will serve their sentence
p.000035: in centers suitable for this purpose, and in case of pretrial detention they will be subjected to house arrest.
p.000035: 8. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000035: 9. Adequate economic and psychological assistance that guarantees your physical and mental stability.
p.000036: 36
p.000036: The law will sanction the abandonment of older adults by their relatives or institutions
p.000036: established for your protection.
p.000036: SECTION SECTION
p.000036: Young boys
p.000036: Art. 39.- The State will guarantee the rights of young people and young people, and promote their cash
p.000036: exercise through policies and programs, institutions and resources that ensure and maintain so
p.000036: Permanent participation and inclusion in all areas, particularly in public power spaces.
...

p.000041: 41
p.000041: 9. Free psychological care for people with disabilities and their families, in
p.000041: particular in case of intellectual disability.
p.000041: 10. Adequate access to all goods and services. Architectural barriers will be removed.
p.000041: 11. Access to mechanisms, means and alternative forms of communication, including sign language
p.000041: for deaf people, oralism and the braille system.
p.000041: Art. 48.- The State shall adopt measures that ensure:
p.000041: 1. Social inclusion, through coordinated state and private plans and programs, that foster their
p.000041: political, social, cultural, educational and economic participation.
p.000041: 2. Obtaining credits and tax rebates or exemptions that allow them to initiate and maintain
p.000041: productive activities, and obtaining scholarships at all levels of education.
p.000041: 3. The development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their leisure and rest.
p.000041: 4. Political participation, which will ensure their representation, in accordance with the law.
p.000041: 5. The establishment of specialized programs for the comprehensive care of people with severe disabilities and
p.000041: deep, in order to achieve the maximum development of his personality, the promotion of his autonomy and the
p.000041: decreased dependence
p.000041: 6. The incentive and support for productive projects in favor of family members of people with
p.000041: severe disability
p.000041: 7. The guarantee of the full exercise of the rights of persons with disabilities. The law will sanction the abandonment of
p.000041: these people, and acts that incur any form of abuse, inhuman or degrading treatment and
p.000041: discrimination based on disability.
p.000041: Art. 49.- The people and families who care for people with disabilities who require permanent attention will be
p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
p.000043: consumers and consumers; and the penalties for violation of these rights, reparation and compensation for
p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
p.000043: Satisfaction measurement systems for users and consumers, and implement systems
p.000043: of attention and repair.
p.000043: The State will respond civilly for damages caused to people through negligence and carelessness in the
p.000043: attention to public services that are in charge, and for the lack of services that have been paid.
p.000043: Art. 54.- Persons or entities that provide public services or that produce or market consumer goods,
p.000043: they will be responsible civil and criminally for the deficient provision of the service, for the defective quality of the
p.000043: product, or when its conditions do not agree with the advertising made or with the description that
p.000043: incorporate
p.000043: People will be responsible for the bad practice in the exercise of their profession, art or trade, especially
p.000043: one that puts the integrity or life of people at risk.
p.000043: Art. 55.- Users and consumers may establish associations that promote information and
...

p.000136: This council will aim to dictate the guidelines and policies that guide the system and approve the Plan
p.000136: National Development, and will be chaired by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000136: The planning councils in the decentralized autonomous governments will be chaired by their
p.000136: maximum representatives and integrated according to the law.
p.000136: The citizen councils will be instances of deliberation and generation of guidelines and consensus
p.000136: strategic long-term, which will guide national development.
p.000136: Art. 280.- The National Development Plan is the instrument to which policies, programs will be subject
p.000136: and public projects; the programming and execution of the state budget; and the investment and the
p.000136: allocation of public resources; and coordinate the exclusive powers between the central State and the
p.000136: decentralized autonomous governments. Its observance will be mandatory for the sector
p.000136: public and indicative for the other sectors.
p.000136: CHAPTER THREE
p.000136: Food sovereignty
p.000136: Art. 281.- Food sovereignty constitutes a strategic objective and an obligation of the State
p.000136: to ensure that people, communities, peoples and nationalities reach the self-sufficiency of
p.000136: Healthy and culturally appropriate foods permanently.
p.000136: For this, it will be the responsibility of the State:
p.000136: 1. Promote the production, agri-food and fishing transformation of small and medium-sized units of
p.000136: production, community and social and solidarity economy.
p.000137: 137
p.000137: 2. Adopt fiscal, tax and tariff policies that protect the agri-food sector and
p.000137: national fishery, to avoid dependence on food imports.
p.000137: 3. Strengthen the diversification and introduction of ecological and organic technologies in production
p.000137: Farming
p.000137: 4. Promote redistributive policies that allow the access of the peasantry to land, water and other resources
p.000137: productive.
p.000137: 5. Establish preferential financing mechanisms for small and medium producers
p.000137: and producers, facilitating the acquisition of means of production.
p.000137: 6. Promote the preservation and recovery of agrobiodiversity and
p.000137: ancestral knowledge linked to it; as well as the use, conservation and free exchange of seeds.
p.000137: 7. Precaution that animals intended for human consumption are healthy and raised in an environment
p.000137: healthy.
p.000137: 8. Ensure the development of scientific research and technological innovation appropriate for
p.000137: guarantee food sovereignty.
p.000137: 9. Regulate under biosafety standards the use and development of biotechnology, as well as its
p.000137: experimentation, use and commercialization.
p.000137: 10. Strengthen the development of organizations and networks of producers and consumers, as well as those of
p.000137: marketing and distribution of food that promotes equity between rural and urban spaces.
p.000137: 11. Generate fair and supportive food distribution and marketing systems. Prevent
p.000137: monopolistic practices and any type of speculation with food products.
p.000137: 12. Provide food to victims of natural or anthropic disasters that put
p.000137: risk access to food. Foods received from international aid should not affect health
p.000137: nor the future of locally produced food production.
...

Searching for indicator dependency:

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p.000150: SECTION SECTION
p.000150: Property types
p.000150: Art. 321.- The State recognizes and guarantees the right to property in its public, private, community forms,
p.000150: state, associative, cooperative, mixed, and that must fulfill its social and environmental function.
p.000150: Art. 322.- Intellectual property is recognized in accordance with the conditions established by law.
p.000150: All forms of appropriation of collective knowledge are prohibited in the field of science,
p.000150: technologies and ancestral knowledge. Appropriation of genetic resources that are prohibited is also prohibited.
p.000150: They contain biological diversity and agro-biodiversity.
p.000150: Art. 323.- In order to execute plans for social development, sustainable management of the environment and
p.000150: collective welfare, state institutions, for reasons of public utility or social and national interest,
p.000150: They may declare the expropriation of assets, after fair valuation, compensation and payment in accordance with the law. I know
p.000150: prohibits all forms of confiscation.
p.000150: Art. 324.- The State shall guarantee the equal rights and opportunities of women and men in the
p.000150: access to property and decision-making for the administration of the conjugal society.
p.000150: SECTION THREE
p.000150: Forms of work and their remuneration
p.000150: Art. 325.- The State shall guarantee the right to work. All work modalities are recognized, in
p.000150: dependency or autonomous relationship, including self-support and human care work; and how
p.000150: productive social actors, to all workers.
p.000150: Art. 326.- The right to work is based on the following principles:
p.000150: 1. The State will promote full employment and the elimination of underemployment and unemployment.
p.000150: 2. Labor rights are inalienable and intangible. Any stipulation to the contrary will be void.
p.000150: 3. In case of doubt about the scope of the legal provisions,
p.000151: 151
p.000151: regulatory or contractual in labor matters, these will be applied in the most
p.000151: favorable to working people.
p.000151: 4. For work of equal value, equal remuneration will correspond.
p.000151: 5. Everyone shall have the right to carry out their work in an adequate and conducive environment, which
p.000151: guarantee your health, integrity, safety, hygiene and well-being.
p.000151: 6. Every person rehabilitated after an accident at work or illness will have the right to be reinstated
p.000151: work and to maintain the employment relationship, in accordance with the law.
p.000151: 7. The right and freedom of organization of workers will be guaranteed, without authorization
p.000151: previous. This right includes the right to form unions, unions, associations and other forms of
p.000151: organization, join those of your choice and disenroll freely. Likewise, the
p.000151: employers' organization
p.000151: 8. The State will stimulate the creation of workers 'and workers' organizations, and employers
p.000151: and employers, in accordance with the law; and promote its democratic, participatory and
p.000151: transparent with alternating direction.
p.000151: 9. For all purposes of the employment relationship in state institutions, the labor sector will be
...

p.000167: risks of work, unemployment, unemployment, old age, disability, disability, death and those that
p.000167: Define the law. The health benefits of contingencies of illness and maternity will be provided through
p.000167: of the comprehensive public health network.
p.000167: Mandatory universal insurance will be extended to the entire urban and rural population, regardless of their
p.000167: employment situation. Benefits for people who do unpaid domestic work and
p.000167: care tasks will be financed with contributions and contributions from the State. The law will define the mechanism
p.000167: correspondent.
p.000167: The creation of new benefits will be duly funded.
p.000167: Art. 370.- The Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, an autonomous entity regulated by law, will be
p.000167: responsible for the provision of contingencies of compulsory universal insurance to its members.
p.000167: The national police and the armed forces may have a special social security regime, of
p.000167: according to the law; its social security entities will be part of the comprehensive public health network and
p.000167: of the social security system.
p.000167: Art. 371.- The social security benefits will be financed with the contribution of the insured persons in relation
p.000167: of dependency and its employers or employers; with the contributions of the insured independent persons; with
p.000167: the voluntary contributions of Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad; and with the contributions and
p.000167: State contributions.
p.000167: The resources of the State destined for the obligatory universal insurance will appear every year in the
p.000167: General State Budget and will be transferred in a timely manner.
p.000167: Social security money benefits will not be subject to assignment, seizure or withholding, except in cases of
p.000167: food due by law or obligations incurred in favor of the insurance institution, and will be
p.000167: exempt from tax payment.
p.000168: 168
p.000168: Art. 372.- The funds and reserves of the mandatory universal insurance shall be their own and distinct from those of the treasury,
p.000168: and will serve to adequately fulfill the purposes of its creation and its functions. No state institution
p.000168: may intervene or dispose of its funds and reserves, nor impair its assets.
p.000168: Public provisional funds and their investments will be channeled through a financial institution of
p.000168: property of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute; its management will be subject to the principles of
p.000168: security, solvency, efficiency, profitability and control of the competent body.
p.000168: Art. 373.- Peasant social insurance, which is part of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, will be a
p.000168: special compulsory universal insurance scheme to protect the rural population and people
p.000168: dedicated to artisanal fishing; It will be financed with the solidarity contribution of insured persons and employers
p.000168: of the national social security system, with the differentiated contribution of female heads of household
...

Health / Drug Usage

Searching for indicator drug:

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p.000030: use prevails the collective interest.
p.000030: 2. Facilitate the creation and strengthening of public, private and public media.
p.000030: community, as well as universal access to information and communication technologies especially for
p.000030: people and communities that lack such access or have it in a limited way.
p.000030: 3. It will not allow oligopoly or monopoly, direct or indirect, of ownership of the media
p.000030: and the use of frequencies.
p.000030: Art. 18.- All persons, individually or collectively, have the right to:
p.000030: 1. Search, receive, exchange, produce and disseminate truthful, verified, timely, contextualized information,
p.000030: plural, without prior censorship about the facts, events and processes of general interest, and with
p.000030: further responsibility.
p.000030: 2. Access freely to the information generated in public entities, or in the private ones that handle
p.000030: State funds or perform public functions. There will be no reservation of information except in cases
p.000030: expressly established in the law. In case of violation of human rights, no public entity will deny the
p.000030: information.
p.000030: Art. 19.- The law shall regulate the prevalence of content for informational, educational and cultural purposes in
p.000030: the programming of the media, and will encourage the creation of spaces for the dissemination of
p.000030: independent national production.
p.000030: The emission of advertising that induces violence, discrimination, racism,
p.000030: drug addiction, sexism, religious or political intolerance and anyone who attempts against
p.000030: rights.
p.000030: Art. 20.- The State shall guarantee the clause of conscience to all persons, and the professional secrecy and reserve of the
p.000030: source to those who inform, express their opinions through the media or other forms of communication, or work in
p.000030: Any communication activity.
p.000031: 31
p.000031: FOURTH SECTION
p.000031: Culture and science
p.000031: Art. 21.- People have the right to build and maintain their own cultural identity, to decide on their
p.000031: belonging to one or more cultural communities and expressing said choices; to aesthetic freedom; to know the
p.000031: historical memory of their cultures and to access their cultural heritage; to spread their own cultural expressions and
p.000031: have access to diverse cultural expressions.
p.000031: Culture may not be invoked when the rights recognized in the Constitution are violated.
p.000031: Art. 22.- People have the right to develop their creative capacity, to the dignified and sustained exercise of
p.000031: cultural and artistic activities, and to benefit from the protection of moral rights and
...

Searching for indicator influence:

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p.000039: fifteen years, and policies for the progressive eradication of child labor will be implemented. The work of the
p.000039: adolescents and adolescents will be exceptional, and may not violate their right to education or perform in
p.000039: harmful or dangerous situations for your health or personal development. Your respect will be respected, recognized and supported.
p.000039: work and other activities provided they do not pay attention to their training and their integral development.
p.000039: 3. Preferential care for the full social integration of those with disabilities. The State will guarantee its
p.000039: incorporation into the regular education system and in society.
p.000039: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000039: nature, or against the negligence caused by such situations.
p.000039: 5. Prevention against the use of narcotic or psychotropic drugs and the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other substances
p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
p.000039: that promote violence, or racial or gender discrimination. Public communication policies
p.000039: they will prioritize their education and respect for their rights of image, integrity and the other specific ones of their age. I know
p.000039: establish limitations and penalties to enforce these rights.
p.000039: 8. Special protection and assistance when the parent or parent, or both, are deprived
p.000039: of your freedom
p.000039: 9. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000040: 40
p.000040: SECTION SIX
p.000040: People with disabilities
p.000040: Art. 47.- The State will guarantee disability prevention policies and, jointly with the
p.000040: society and the family, will try to match opportunities for people with disabilities and their integration
p.000040: Social.
p.000040: Persons with disabilities are recognized, the rights to:
p.000040: 1. Specialized care in public and private entities that provide health services for their
p.000040: specific needs, which will include the provision of medicines for free, in particular for those
p.000040: people who require lifelong treatment.
...

p.000067: Art. 94.- The extraordinary action of protection will proceed against final sentences or orders in which
p.000067: has violated by action or omission rights recognized in the Constitution, and will be brought before the Court
p.000067: Constitutional. The appeal will proceed when the ordinary and extraordinary resources within the
p.000067: legal term, unless the lack of interposition of these resources was not attributable to the negligence of
p.000067: the person holding the violated constitutional right.
p.000068: 68
p.000068: Title IV
p.000068: Participation and Organization of Power
p.000068: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000068: Participation in democracy
p.000068: SECTION ONE
p.000068: Principles of participation
p.000068: Art. 95.- Citizens and citizens, individually and collectively, will participate in a leading manner
p.000068: in decision making, planning and management of public affairs, and in the popular control of
p.000068: institutions of the State and society, and their representatives, in a permanent process of building power
p.000068: citizen. Participation will be guided by the principles of equality, autonomy, public deliberation, respect for the
p.000068: difference, popular control, solidarity and interculturality.
p.000068: The participation of citizens in all matters of public interest is a right, which will be exercised through
p.000068: the mechanisms of representative, direct and community democracy.
p.000068: SECTION SECTION
p.000068: Collective organization
p.000068: Art. 96.- All forms of organization of society are recognized as an expression of sovereignty.
p.000068: popular to develop self-determination processes and influence public decisions and policies and the
p.000068: social control of all levels of government, as well as public and private entities
p.000068: that provide public services.
p.000068: Organizations may articulate at different levels to strengthen citizen power and their forms of
p.000068: expression; they must guarantee internal democracy, the alternation of their leaders and accountability.
p.000068: Art. 97.- All organizations may develop alternative forms of mediation and solution of
p.000068: conflicts, in cases allowed by law; act by delegation of the competent authority, with the assumption of
p.000068: due responsibility shared with this
p.000069: 69
p.000069: authority; demand the repair of damages caused by public or private entities; make proposals and
p.000069: economic, political, environmental, social and cultural demands; and the other initiatives that
p.000069: Contribute to good living.
p.000069: Volunteering for social action and development is recognized as a form of social participation.
p.000069: Art. 98.- Individuals and groups may exercise the right to resistance against actions or
p.000069: omissions of public power or of non-state natural or legal persons that violate
p.000069: or they may violate their constitutional rights, and demand the recognition of new rights.
p.000069: Art. 99.- Citizen action will be exercised individually or on behalf of the community, when
p.000069: produce the violation of a right or the threat of its affectation; will be presented to the authority
...

p.000146: development of the popular and solidarity economy.
p.000146: Art. 312.- The institutions of the private financial system, as well as the private communication companies of
p.000146: National character, its directors and main shareholders, may not directly or indirectly hold
p.000146: actions and participations, in companies outside the financial or communicational activity, as the case may be. The
p.000146: The respective control bodies will be responsible for regulating this provision, in accordance with the framework
p.000146: constitutional and current regulations. 7
p.000146: 7 Item replaced by the approval of question number 3 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of May 7
p.000146: of 2011, results published in the Official Registry Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000147: 147
p.000147: Participation in the control of capital, investment or equity of the media is prohibited
p.000147: social, to financial entities or groups, their legal representatives, members of their board and shareholders.
p.000147: Each member of the national financial system will have a client defender, which will be
p.000147: independent of the institution and designated in accordance with the law.
p.000147: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000147: Strategic sectors, services and public companies
p.000147: Art. 313.- The State reserves the right to administer, regulate, control and manage the sectors.
p.000147: strategic, in accordance with the principles of environmental sustainability, precaution, prevention and
p.000147: efficiency.
p.000147: The strategic sectors, of decision and exclusive control of the State, are those that by their transcendence and
p.000147: magnitude have decisive economic, social, political or environmental influence, and should be fully
p.000147: development of rights and social interest.
p.000147: Strategic sectors are considered energy in all its forms, telecommunications, natural resources
p.000147: Non-renewable, transportation and refining of hydrocarbons, biodiversity and genetic heritage,
p.000147: the radio spectrum, water, and others determined by law.
p.000147: Art. 314.- The State shall be responsible for the provision of public drinking water services and
p.000147: of irrigation, sanitation, electrical energy, telecommunications, roads, port infrastructure and
p.000147: airports, and others determined by law.
p.000147: The State will ensure that public services and their provision comply with the principles of
p.000147: mandatory, generality, uniformity, efficiency, responsibility, universality,
p.000147: accessibility, regularity, continuity and quality. The State shall provide that the prices and rates of the
p.000147: Public services are equitable, and will establish their control and regulation.
p.000147: Art. 315.- The State shall constitute public companies for the management of strategic sectors, the provision of
p.000147: public services, the
p.000148: 148
p.000148: sustainable use of natural resources or public goods and the development of other activities
p.000148: economic.
p.000148: Public companies will be under the specific regulation and control of the relevant agencies,
p.000148: in accordance with the law; they will function as public law societies, with legal personality, autonomy
p.000148: financial, economic, administrative and management, with high quality parameters and business criteria,
p.000148: Economic, social and environmental.
p.000148: Surpluses may be used for investment and reinvestment in the same companies or their subsidiaries,
...

Searching for indicator usage:

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p.000202: TWENTY-FOURTH.- Within the maximum period of thirty days from the approval of this Constitution, the Executive
p.000202: will form a commission to carry out an audit of the concessions of radio and television frequencies, whose
p.000202: report will be delivered within a maximum period of one hundred and eighty days.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The annual revision of the basic salary will be carried out on a progressive basis until the salary is reached
p.000202: worthy in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. The basic salary will tend to be equivalent to the cost of
p.000202: family basket Universal retirement for older adults will be applied progressively.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIVE.- Within three hundred and sixty days after the entry into force of this Constitution, the
p.000202: delegations of public services in water and sanitation made to private companies will be audited
p.000202: financially, legally, environmentally and socially.
p.000203: 203
p.000203: The State shall define the validity, renegotiation and, where appropriate, the termination of the contracts of
p.000203: delegation, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the results of the audits.
p.000203: The users and users in extreme poverty are forgiven the debts of water for human consumption that they have contracted up to
p.000203: the entry into force of this Constitution.
p.000203: TWENTY-SEVENTH.- The Executive, within two years of the entry into force of this Constitution, will review the
p.000203: situation of access to irrigation water in order to reorganize the granting of concessions, avoid abuse and
p.000203: inequities in usage rates, and guarantee a more equitable distribution and access, in particular
p.000203: to small and medium agricultural producers.
p.000203: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The law that regulates the participation of autonomous decentralized governments in income from the
p.000203: exploitation or industrialization of non-renewable resources, may not reduce the income established by law
p.000203: 010 of the Amazon Regional Ecodevelopment Fund and the Strengthening of its Sectional Organizations, as well as
p.000203: those established in the law of allocations of five percent of the income generated by the sale of energy that
p.000203: make the Paute, Pisayambo and Agoyán Hydroelectric Power Plants (Law 047) for the benefit of the provinces of
p.000203: Azuay, Cañar, Morona Santiago and Tungurahua.
p.000203: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The shares and shares held by the institutions of the private financial system, as well as
p.000203: private national communication companies, their directors and main shareholders, in
p.000203: companies other than the sector in which they participate, will be disposed of within one year from the
p.000203: approval of this reform in referendum. 8
p.000203: The shareholdings of legal persons in the financial sector, their legal representatives and
p.000203: board members and shareholders who have a share in the paid capital of the media
p.000203: social, must be alienated within two years from the entry into force of this Constitution.
p.000203: 8 Item replaced by the approval of question number 3 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of May 7
p.000203: of 2011, results published in the Official Registry Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000204: 204
p.000204: THIRTY.- The Solidarity Fund, within three hundred and sixty days, prior to its
...

Health / HIV/AIDS

Searching for indicator HIV:

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p.000024: Ecuadorian nationality acquired by naturalization will be lost by express resignation.
p.000024: Art. 9.- Foreign persons who are in Ecuadorian territory will have the same rights
p.000024: and duties that Ecuadorians, in accordance with the Constitution.
p.000025: 25
p.000025: Title II
p.000025: Rights
p.000025: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000025: Principles of application of rights
p.000025: Art. 10.- Individuals, communities, peoples, nationalities and groups are holders and will enjoy the
p.000025: rights guaranteed in the Constitution and in international instruments.
p.000025: Nature will be subject to those rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000025: Art. 11.- The exercise of rights will be governed by the following principles:
p.000025: 1. The rights may be exercised, promoted and demanded individually or collectively before the
p.000025: competent authorities; These authorities will ensure compliance.
p.000025: 2. All people are equal and will enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities.
p.000025: No one may be discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity, place of birth, age, sex, gender identity,
p.000025: cultural identity, marital status, language, religion, ideology, political affiliation, judicial past, condition
p.000025: socio-economic, immigration status, sexual orientation, health status, carrying HIV, disability,
p.000025: physical difference; nor for any other distinction, personal or collective, temporary or permanent,
p.000025: whose purpose is
p.000025: or result undermine or cancel recognition, enjoy
p.000025: or exercise of rights. The law shall punish all forms of discrimination.
p.000025: The State shall adopt affirmative action measures that promote real equality in favor of the holders of
p.000025: rights that are in a situation of inequality.
p.000025: 3. The rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in international rights instruments
p.000025: humans will be of direct and immediate application by and before any public servant or server, administrative or
p.000025: judicial, ex officio or at the request of a party.
p.000027: 27
p.000027: For the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees, conditions or requirements that are not required will not be required.
p.000027: established in the Constitution or the law.
p.000027: The rights will be fully justiciable. Lack of legal norm for
p.000027: justify their violation or ignorance, to dismiss the action for these facts or to deny their
p.000027: recognition.
p.000027: 4. No legal norm may restrict the content of rights or constitutional guarantees.
p.000027: 5. Regarding constitutional rights and guarantees, public servants and servants,
p.000027: administrative or judicial, they must apply the rule and interpretation that most favor its effective validity.
p.000027: 6. All principles and rights are inalienable, inalienable, indivisible,
p.000027: interdependent and of equal hierarchy.
p.000027: 7. The recognition of the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in the
p.000027: international human rights instruments, will not exclude other rights derived from the
...

Health / Healthy People

Searching for indicator volunteers:

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p.000168: Public provisional funds and their investments will be channeled through a financial institution of
p.000168: property of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute; its management will be subject to the principles of
p.000168: security, solvency, efficiency, profitability and control of the competent body.
p.000168: Art. 373.- Peasant social insurance, which is part of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, will be a
p.000168: special compulsory universal insurance scheme to protect the rural population and people
p.000168: dedicated to artisanal fishing; It will be financed with the solidarity contribution of insured persons and employers
p.000168: of the national social security system, with the differentiated contribution of female heads of household
p.000168: protected and with fiscal allocations that guarantee its strengthening and development. The insurance will offer
p.000168: health benefits and protection against the contingencies of disability, disability, old age and death.
p.000168: Public and private insurance, without exception, will contribute to the financing of rural social insurance
p.000168: through the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security.
p.000168: Art. 374.- The State shall encourage voluntary affiliation with the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute to the
p.000168: Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad, and will ensure the provision of
p.000168: contingencies The financing of these benefits will be provided by the affiliated persons.
p.000168: volunteers domiciled abroad.
p.000168: FOURTH SECTION
p.000168: Habitat and housing
p.000168: Art. 375.- The State, at all levels of government, will guarantee the right to habitat and decent housing, for
p.000168: which:
p.000168: 1. Generate the necessary information for the design of strategies and programs that understand the relationships between
p.000168: housing, services, public space and transport, equipment and urban land management.
p.000169: 169
p.000169: 2. Maintain a national geo-referenced integrated land and habitat register.
p.000169: 3. Develop, implement and evaluate habitat, universal access policies, plans and programs
p.000169: to housing, based on the principles of universality, equity and interculturality, with a focus on the management of
p.000169: risks
p.000169: 4. It will improve precarious housing, provide shelters, public spaces and green areas, and promote
p.000169: Special regime rent.
p.000169: 5. Develop plans and financing programs for social interest housing, through
p.000169: public banking and popular finance institutions, with emphasis for people of limited
p.000169: economic resources and women heads of household.
p.000169: 6. Ensure the continuous provision of public drinking water and electricity services to the
p.000169: Public schools and hospitals.
p.000169: 7. Ensure that everyone has the right to sign lease contracts at a fair price and without abuse.
p.000169: 8. Ensure and protect public access to sea beaches and riverbanks, lakes and lagoons, and existence
p.000169: of perpendicular access roads.
...

Health / Mentally Disabled

Searching for indicator disabled:

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p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
p.000043: consumers and consumers; and the penalties for violation of these rights, reparation and compensation for
p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
p.000043: Satisfaction measurement systems for users and consumers, and implement systems
p.000043: of attention and repair.
p.000043: The State will respond civilly for damages caused to people through negligence and carelessness in the
p.000043: attention to public services that are in charge, and for the lack of services that have been paid.
p.000043: Art. 54.- Persons or entities that provide public services or that produce or market consumer goods,
p.000043: they will be responsible civil and criminally for the deficient provision of the service, for the defective quality of the
p.000043: product, or when its conditions do not agree with the advertising made or with the description that
p.000043: incorporate
...

Searching for indicator disability:

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p.000024: Ecuadorian nationality acquired by naturalization will be lost by express resignation.
p.000024: Art. 9.- Foreign persons who are in Ecuadorian territory will have the same rights
p.000024: and duties that Ecuadorians, in accordance with the Constitution.
p.000025: 25
p.000025: Title II
p.000025: Rights
p.000025: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000025: Principles of application of rights
p.000025: Art. 10.- Individuals, communities, peoples, nationalities and groups are holders and will enjoy the
p.000025: rights guaranteed in the Constitution and in international instruments.
p.000025: Nature will be subject to those rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000025: Art. 11.- The exercise of rights will be governed by the following principles:
p.000025: 1. The rights may be exercised, promoted and demanded individually or collectively before the
p.000025: competent authorities; These authorities will ensure compliance.
p.000025: 2. All people are equal and will enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities.
p.000025: No one may be discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity, place of birth, age, sex, gender identity,
p.000025: cultural identity, marital status, language, religion, ideology, political affiliation, judicial past, condition
p.000025: socio-economic, immigration status, sexual orientation, health status, carrying HIV, disability,
p.000025: physical difference; nor for any other distinction, personal or collective, temporary or permanent,
p.000025: whose purpose is
p.000025: or result undermine or cancel recognition, enjoy
p.000025: or exercise of rights. The law shall punish all forms of discrimination.
p.000025: The State shall adopt affirmative action measures that promote real equality in favor of the holders of
p.000025: rights that are in a situation of inequality.
p.000025: 3. The rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in international rights instruments
p.000025: humans will be of direct and immediate application by and before any public servant or server, administrative or
p.000025: judicial, ex officio or at the request of a party.
p.000027: 27
p.000027: For the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees, conditions or requirements that are not required will not be required.
p.000027: established in the Constitution or the law.
p.000027: The rights will be fully justiciable. Lack of legal norm for
p.000027: justify their violation or ignorance, to dismiss the action for these facts or to deny their
p.000027: recognition.
p.000027: 4. No legal norm may restrict the content of rights or constitutional guarantees.
p.000027: 5. Regarding constitutional rights and guarantees, public servants and servants,
p.000027: administrative or judicial, they must apply the rule and interpretation that most favor its effective validity.
p.000027: 6. All principles and rights are inalienable, inalienable, indivisible,
p.000027: interdependent and of equal hierarchy.
p.000027: 7. The recognition of the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in the
p.000027: international human rights instruments, will not exclude other rights derived from the
...

p.000033: health will be governed by the principles of equity, universality, solidarity, interculturality, quality,
p.000033: efficiency, effectiveness, caution and bioethics, with a gender and generational approach.
p.000033: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000033: Work and social security
p.000033: Art. 33.- Work is a right and a social duty, and an economic right, source of realization.
p.000033: staff and base of the economy. The State will guarantee working people full respect for their
p.000033: dignity, a decent life, fair remuneration and compensation and the performance of a healthy and free work
p.000033: chosen or accepted.
p.000033: Art. 34.- The right to social security is an inalienable right of all persons, and shall be the duty and
p.000033: primary responsibility of the State. Social security will be governed by the principles of solidarity,
p.000033: mandatory, universality, equity, efficiency, subsidiarity, sufficiency, transparency and
p.000033: participation, for the attention of individual and collective needs.
p.000033: The State will guarantee and enforce the full exercise of the right to social security, which includes people
p.000033: who perform unpaid work in homes, activities for self-support in the field, all forms of work
p.000033: self-employed and those who are unemployed.
p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
...

p.000039: nature, or against the negligence caused by such situations.
p.000039: 5. Prevention against the use of narcotic or psychotropic drugs and the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other substances
p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
p.000039: that promote violence, or racial or gender discrimination. Public communication policies
p.000039: they will prioritize their education and respect for their rights of image, integrity and the other specific ones of their age. I know
p.000039: establish limitations and penalties to enforce these rights.
p.000039: 8. Special protection and assistance when the parent or parent, or both, are deprived
p.000039: of your freedom
p.000039: 9. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000040: 40
p.000040: SECTION SIX
p.000040: People with disabilities
p.000040: Art. 47.- The State will guarantee disability prevention policies and, jointly with the
p.000040: society and the family, will try to match opportunities for people with disabilities and their integration
p.000040: Social.
p.000040: Persons with disabilities are recognized, the rights to:
p.000040: 1. Specialized care in public and private entities that provide health services for their
p.000040: specific needs, which will include the provision of medicines for free, in particular for those
p.000040: people who require lifelong treatment.
p.000040: 2. Integral rehabilitation and permanent assistance, which will include the corresponding aid
p.000040: techniques
p.000040: 3. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000040: 4. Exemptions in the tax regime.
p.000040: 5. Work in conditions of equal opportunities, which fosters their capacities and potentials, to
p.000040: through policies that allow its incorporation into public and private entities.
p.000040: 6. Adequate housing, with access facilities and conditions necessary to address your disability and to
p.000040: ensure the greatest degree of autonomy in their daily lives. Persons with disabilities who cannot be
p.000040: taken care of by their relatives during the day, or who do not have permanent residence, will have
p.000040: Shelters for your hostel.
p.000040: 7. An education that develops its potential and skills for its integration and participation in equal
p.000040: terms. Your education will be guaranteed within regular education. Regular campuses
p.000040: they will incorporate differentiated treatment and those of special attention the specialized education. The
p.000040: educational establishments will comply with accessibility standards for people with disabilities and will implement a system
p.000040: of scholarships that respond to the economic conditions of this group.
p.000040: 8. Specialized education for people with intellectual disabilities and capacity building through
p.000040: the creation of specific educational centers and teaching programs.
p.000041: 41
p.000041: 9. Free psychological care for people with disabilities and their families, in
p.000041: particular in case of intellectual disability.
p.000041: 10. Adequate access to all goods and services. Architectural barriers will be removed.
p.000041: 11. Access to mechanisms, means and alternative forms of communication, including sign language
p.000041: for deaf people, oralism and the braille system.
p.000041: Art. 48.- The State shall adopt measures that ensure:
p.000041: 1. Social inclusion, through coordinated state and private plans and programs, that foster their
p.000041: political, social, cultural, educational and economic participation.
p.000041: 2. Obtaining credits and tax rebates or exemptions that allow them to initiate and maintain
p.000041: productive activities, and obtaining scholarships at all levels of education.
p.000041: 3. The development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their leisure and rest.
p.000041: 4. Political participation, which will ensure their representation, in accordance with the law.
p.000041: 5. The establishment of specialized programs for the comprehensive care of people with severe disabilities and
p.000041: deep, in order to achieve the maximum development of his personality, the promotion of his autonomy and the
p.000041: decreased dependence
p.000041: 6. The incentive and support for productive projects in favor of family members of people with
p.000041: severe disability
p.000041: 7. The guarantee of the full exercise of the rights of persons with disabilities. The law will sanction the abandonment of
p.000041: these people, and acts that incur any form of abuse, inhuman or degrading treatment and
p.000041: discrimination based on disability.
p.000041: Art. 49.- The people and families who care for people with disabilities who require permanent attention will be
p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
...

p.000086: ballot. The President or President and the Vice President or Vice President shall be elected by majority
p.000086: absolute of valid votes cast. If in the first vote no binomial had achieved a majority
p.000086: absolute, a second electoral round will be held within the next forty-five days, and in it
p.000086: The two most voted binomials will participate in the first round. The second vote will not be necessary if the binomial
p.000086: who got first place gets at least forty percent of the valid votes and a difference
p.000086: greater than ten percentage points on the vote achieved by the binomial located in second place.
p.000086: Art. 144.-The period of government of the President of the Republic will begin within
p.000086: the ten days after the installation of the National Assembly, before which he will take an oath. In
p.000086: If the National Assembly is installed, the period of government will begin within
p.000086: forty-five days after the proclamation of the election results.
p.000087: 87
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic will remain in office for four years and may be reelected for
p.000087: just one time.
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic, during her term and up to one year after having ceased
p.000087: functions, you must inform the National Assembly, before your departure, the period and the reasons for your absence
p.000087: from the country.
p.000087: Art. 145.- The President or President of the Republic will cease her duties and leave the office vacant in cases.
p.000087: following:
p.000087: 1. By the end of the presidential term.
p.000087: 2. By voluntary resignation accepted by the National Assembly.
p.000087: 3. By dismissal, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
p.000087: 4. For permanent physical or mental disability that prevents him from exercising the position, certified in accordance with the
p.000087: law by a committee of specialized doctors, and declared by the National Assembly with the votes of two thirds
p.000087: parts of its members.
p.000087: 5. By abandonment of office, verified by the Constitutional Court and declared by the National Assembly with the votes
p.000087: of two thirds of its members.
p.000087: 6. By revocation of the mandate, in accordance with the procedure established in the Constitution.
p.000087: Art. 146.- In case of temporary absence in the Presidency of the Republic, who will replace it
p.000087: Exercise the Vice Presidency. The illness or other circumstance of force majeure will be considered temporary absence
p.000087: that prevents you from exercising your function for a maximum period of three months, or the license granted by
p.000087: The National Assembly
p.000087: In the event of a definite lack of the President or President of the Republic, the person exercising the
p.000087: Vice Presidency for the time remaining to complete the corresponding presidential term.
p.000087: In the absence of simultaneous and definitive absence in the Presidency and in the Vice Presidency of the Republic, the President or
p.000087: President of the National Assembly will temporarily assume the Presidency, and within forty-eight
p.000087: hours, the National Electoral Council will convene an election for said positions. Those who are elected will exercise their
p.000087: functions until the period is completed. In the event that a year or less is missing, the President of the
p.000087: The National Assembly will assume the Presidency of the Republic for the rest of the period.
p.000088: 88
p.000088: Art. 147.- The duties and duties of the President or President of the Republic, in addition to those determined by the
p.000088: law:
...

p.000089: The Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, when not replacing the President or President of the
p.000089: Republic, will exercise the functions that this or this one assigns.
p.000089: Art. 150.- In case of temporary absence of the person who exercises the Vice Presidency of the Republic, it will correspond
p.000089: the replacement to the minister or state minister appointed by the Presidency of the Republic.
p.000090: 90
p.000090: They will be causes of temporary absence of those who exercise the Vice Presidency of the Republic the same
p.000090: determined for the Presidency of the Republic.
p.000090: In case of definitive lack of the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, the National Assembly,
p.000090: with the assent of the majority of its members, it will choose its replacement of a list submitted by the
p.000090: Presidency of the Republic. The chosen person will perform their duties for the time remaining to complete
p.000090: the term.
p.000090: If the National Assembly fails to pronounce within thirty days of notification of the petition, it will be understood
p.000090: chosen the first person that conforms the list.
p.000090: Art. 151.- The ministers and ministers of state shall be freely appointed and removed by the
p.000090: President or President of the Republic, and they will represent you in the affairs of the
p.000090: Ministry in charge. They will be politically, civilly and criminally responsible for the acts and contracts they perform
p.000090: in the exercise of its functions, regardless of the subsidiary civil responsibility of the State.
p.000090: To be the head of a state ministry, Ecuadorian nationality will be required, to be in
p.000090: enjoy political rights and not be in any of the cases of disability or
p.000090: incompatibility provided in the Constitution. The number of ministers of state, their
p.000090: denomination and the powers assigned to them will be established by decree issued by the Presidency of the
p.000090: Republic.
p.000090: Art. 152.- They may not be ministers of state:
p.000090: 1. Relatives up to the fourth degree of consanguinity and second degree of affinity of those who exercise
p.000090: the Presidency or the Vice Presidency of the Republic.
p.000090: 2. Natural persons, owners, board members, representatives or persons empowered
p.000090: private, national or foreign legal entities that maintain a contract with the State for the
p.000090: execution of public works, provision of public services or exploitation of natural resources, through
p.000090: concession, association or any other contractual modality.
p.000090: 3. Members of the Armed Forces and the National Police on active duty.
p.000091: 91
p.000091: Art. 153.- Those who have exercised ownership of the ministries of state and public servants and servants of
p.000091: higher hierarchical level defined by law, once they have ceased their position and for the next two years,
p.000091: They may not be part of the board of directors or the management team, or be legal representatives or practice
p.000091: of private legal entities, national or foreign, that enter into a contract with the State, either for the
p.000091: execution of public works, provision of public services or exploitation of natural resources, through
p.000091: concession, association or any other contractual modality, nor be officials or officials of institutions
p.000091: international financial creditors of the country.
p.000091: Art. 154.- The ministers and ministers of State, in addition to the attributions established by law, are responsible for:
p.000091: 1. Exercise the rectory of the public policies of the area in charge and issue the agreements and resolutions
p.000091: administrative requirements that its management requires.
p.000091: 2. Present to the National Assembly the reports that are required and that are
p.000091: related to the areas under your responsibility, and appear when summoned or submitted to
p.000091: political prosecution.
p.000091: Art. 155.- In each territory, the President or President of the Republic may have a representative who will control
p.000091: compliance with the policies of the Executive, and will direct and coordinate the activities of its servers and servers
p.000091: public
p.000091: SECTION SECTION
p.000091: National Equality Councils
p.000091: Art. 156.- National councils for equality are bodies responsible for ensuring full
p.000091: validity and exercise of the rights enshrined in the Constitution and in the instruments
p.000091: international human rights. The councils will exercise powers in the formulation,
p.000091: mainstreaming, enforcement, monitoring and evaluation of public policies related to the topics
p.000091: gender, ethnic, generational, intercultural, and disability and human mobility, according to
p.000091: the law. For the fulfillment of their purposes, they will coordinate with the governing and executing entities and with the
p.000091: organizations specialized in the protection of rights at all levels of government.
p.000092: 92
p.000092: Art. 157.- The national equality councils shall be integrated in a joint manner, by representatives of the
p.000092: civil society and the State, and will be chaired by whoever represents the Executive Function. The
p.000092: structure, operation and form of integration of its members will be regulated in accordance with the
p.000092: principles of alternation, democratic participation, inclusion and pluralism.
p.000092: SECTION THREE
p.000092: Armed Forces and National Police
p.000092: Art. 158.- The Armed Forces and the National Police are institutions for the protection of rights,
p.000092: freedoms and guarantees of citizens.
p.000092: The Armed Forces have as a fundamental mission the defense of sovereignty and territorial integrity.
p.000092: Internal protection and maintenance of public order are private functions of the State and
p.000092: National Police responsibility.
p.000092: The servants and servants of the Armed Forces and the National Police will be trained under the fundamentals of
...

p.000157: Art. 340.- The national system of inclusion and social equity is the articulated and coordinated set of
p.000157: systems, institutions, policies, standards, programs and services that ensure the exercise,
p.000157: guarantee and enforceability of the rights recognized in the Constitution and the fulfillment of the objectives of the
p.000157: development regime
p.000157: The system will be articulated to the National Development Plan and the decentralized national system of
p.000157: participatory planning; It will be guided by the principles of universality, equality, equity, progressivity,
p.000157: interculturality, solidarity and non-discrimination; and will work under the criteria of quality, efficiency,
p.000157: efficiency, transparency, responsibility and participation.
p.000157: The system consists of the fields of education, health, social security, risk management, culture
p.000157: physical and sport, habitat and housing, culture, communication and information, enjoy free time,
p.000157: science and technology, population, human security and transport.
p.000157: Art. 341.- The State will generate the conditions for the integral protection of its inhabitants throughout its
p.000157: lives, which ensure the rights and principles recognized in the Constitution, in particular equality in the
p.000157: diversity and non-discrimination, and will prioritize its action towards those groups that require special consideration
p.000157: for the persistence of inequalities, exclusion, discrimination or violence, or by virtue of their condition
p.000157: age, health or disability.
p.000157: Integral protection will work through specialized systems, in accordance with the law. The
p.000157: specialized systems will be guided by their specific principles and those of the national system of inclusion and equity
p.000157: Social.
p.000157: The decentralized national system for comprehensive protection of children and adolescents will be responsible for
p.000157: ensure the exercise of
p.000159: 159
p.000159: the rights of girls, boys and adolescents. Public, private and public institutions will be part of the system.
p.000159: community
p.000159: Art. 342.- The State shall allocate, in a priority and equitable manner, sufficient, timely resources.
p.000159: and permanent for the operation and management of the system.
p.000159: SECTION ONE
p.000159: Education
p.000159: Art. 343.- The national education system shall have as its purpose the development of capacities and
p.000159: individual and collective potentialities of the population, which enable learning, and generation
p.000159: and use of knowledge, techniques, knowledge, arts and culture. The system will focus on the subject
p.000159: that learns, and will work in a flexible and dynamic way, inclusive, effective and efficient.
p.000159: The national education system will integrate an intercultural vision in line with geographical diversity,
p.000159: cultural and linguistic of the country, and respect for the rights of communities, peoples and
p.000159: nationalities
...

p.000166: permanent sources of the General State Budget. Public resources will be distributed based on
p.000166: population criteria and health needs.
p.000166: The State will finance the state health institutions and can financially support the autonomous and private
p.000166: provided they have no profit, that guarantee free benefits, comply with public policies
p.000166: and ensure quality, safety and respect for rights. These institutions will be subject to control and regulation
p.000166: of the State.
p.000166: SECTION THREE
p.000166: Social Security
p.000166: Art. 367.- The social security system is public and universal, it may not be privatized and will address the
p.000166: contingent needs of the population. The protection of contingencies will be effective through
p.000166: of compulsory universal insurance and its special regimes.
p.000166: The system will be guided by the principles of the national system of social inclusion and equity and by those of
p.000166: mandatory, sufficiency, integration, solidarity and subsidiarity.
p.000167: 167
p.000167: Art. 368.- The social security system will include public entities, norms,
p.000167: social security policies, resources, services and benefits, and will work based on criteria of
p.000167: sustainability, efficiency, speed and transparency. The State will regulate, regulate and control the activities
p.000167: related to social security.
p.000167: Art. 369.- The compulsory universal insurance will cover the contingencies of illness, maternity, paternity,
p.000167: risks of work, unemployment, unemployment, old age, disability, disability, death and those that
p.000167: Define the law. The health benefits of contingencies of illness and maternity will be provided through
p.000167: of the comprehensive public health network.
p.000167: Mandatory universal insurance will be extended to the entire urban and rural population, regardless of their
p.000167: employment situation. Benefits for people who do unpaid domestic work and
p.000167: care tasks will be financed with contributions and contributions from the State. The law will define the mechanism
p.000167: correspondent.
p.000167: The creation of new benefits will be duly funded.
p.000167: Art. 370.- The Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, an autonomous entity regulated by law, will be
p.000167: responsible for the provision of contingencies of compulsory universal insurance to its members.
p.000167: The national police and the armed forces may have a special social security regime, of
p.000167: according to the law; its social security entities will be part of the comprehensive public health network and
p.000167: of the social security system.
p.000167: Art. 371.- The social security benefits will be financed with the contribution of the insured persons in relation
p.000167: of dependency and its employers or employers; with the contributions of the insured independent persons; with
p.000167: the voluntary contributions of Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad; and with the contributions and
p.000167: State contributions.
p.000167: The resources of the State destined for the obligatory universal insurance will appear every year in the
p.000167: General State Budget and will be transferred in a timely manner.
p.000167: Social security money benefits will not be subject to assignment, seizure or withholding, except in cases of
p.000167: food due by law or obligations incurred in favor of the insurance institution, and will be
p.000167: exempt from tax payment.
p.000168: 168
p.000168: Art. 372.- The funds and reserves of the mandatory universal insurance shall be their own and distinct from those of the treasury,
p.000168: and will serve to adequately fulfill the purposes of its creation and its functions. No state institution
p.000168: may intervene or dispose of its funds and reserves, nor impair its assets.
p.000168: Public provisional funds and their investments will be channeled through a financial institution of
p.000168: property of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute; its management will be subject to the principles of
p.000168: security, solvency, efficiency, profitability and control of the competent body.
p.000168: Art. 373.- Peasant social insurance, which is part of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, will be a
p.000168: special compulsory universal insurance scheme to protect the rural population and people
p.000168: dedicated to artisanal fishing; It will be financed with the solidarity contribution of insured persons and employers
p.000168: of the national social security system, with the differentiated contribution of female heads of household
p.000168: protected and with fiscal allocations that guarantee its strengthening and development. The insurance will offer
p.000168: health benefits and protection against the contingencies of disability, disability, old age and death.
p.000168: Public and private insurance, without exception, will contribute to the financing of rural social insurance
p.000168: through the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security.
p.000168: Art. 374.- The State shall encourage voluntary affiliation with the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute to the
p.000168: Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad, and will ensure the provision of
p.000168: contingencies The financing of these benefits will be provided by the affiliated persons.
p.000168: volunteers domiciled abroad.
p.000168: FOURTH SECTION
p.000168: Habitat and housing
p.000168: Art. 375.- The State, at all levels of government, will guarantee the right to habitat and decent housing, for
p.000168: which:
p.000168: 1. Generate the necessary information for the design of strategies and programs that understand the relationships between
p.000168: housing, services, public space and transport, equipment and urban land management.
p.000169: 169
p.000169: 2. Maintain a national geo-referenced integrated land and habitat register.
p.000169: 3. Develop, implement and evaluate habitat, universal access policies, plans and programs
p.000169: to housing, based on the principles of universality, equity and interculturality, with a focus on the management of
p.000169: risks
p.000169: 4. It will improve precarious housing, provide shelters, public spaces and green areas, and promote
p.000169: Special regime rent.
p.000169: 5. Develop plans and financing programs for social interest housing, through
p.000169: public banking and popular finance institutions, with emphasis for people of limited
p.000169: economic resources and women heads of household.
...

Health / Motherhood/Family

Searching for indicator family:

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p.000036: Young boys
p.000036: Art. 39.- The State will guarantee the rights of young people and young people, and promote their cash
p.000036: exercise through policies and programs, institutions and resources that ensure and maintain so
p.000036: Permanent participation and inclusion in all areas, particularly in public power spaces.
p.000036: The State will recognize young people and young people as strategic actors in the country's development, and
p.000036: guarantee education, health, housing, recreation, sports, leisure time, freedom of expression and
p.000036: association. The State will promote its incorporation to work in fair and dignified conditions, with
p.000036: emphasis on training, the guarantee of access to first employment and the promotion of their skills
p.000036: entrepreneurship
p.000036: SECTION THREE
p.000036: Human mobility
p.000036: Art. 40.- The right to migrate is recognized to people. No being will be identified or considered
p.000036: human as illegal because of his immigration status.
p.000036: The State, through the corresponding entities, will develop among others the following actions for the
p.000036: Exercise of the rights of Ecuadorian people abroad, whatever their immigration status:
p.000036: 1. Offer assistance to them and their families, whether they reside abroad or in the country.
p.000036: 2. It will offer attention, advisory services and integral protection so that they can freely exercise their
p.000036: rights.
p.000036: 3. Precautionary your rights when, for any reason, they have been deprived of their freedom abroad.
p.000036: 4. It will promote its links with Ecuador, facilitate family reunification and stimulate voluntary return.
p.000037: 37
p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
p.000037: Art. 43.- The State shall guarantee pregnant and breastfeeding women the rights to:
p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
p.000038: 3. The priority protection and care of your integral health and life during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000038: 4. Have the necessary facilities for recovery after pregnancy and during the period of
p.000038: lactation.
p.000038: SECTION @UINTA
p.000038: Girls, boys and teenagers
p.000038: Art. 44.- The State, society and the family shall promote as a priority the integral development of girls,
p.000038: children and adolescents, and will ensure the full exercise of their rights; It will meet the principle of interest
p.000038: superior and their rights shall prevail over those of other persons.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents will have the right to their integral development, understood as a process of
p.000038: growth, maturation and deployment of your intellect and its capabilities, potentials and aspirations, in a
p.000038: family, school, social and community environment of affectivity and security. This environment will allow the satisfaction of
p.000038: their social, emotional-emotional and cultural needs, with the support of national intersectoral policies and
p.000038: local.
p.000038: Art. 45.- Girls and boys and adolescents shall enjoy the common rights of the human being, in addition to the
p.000038: Age specific. The State will recognize and guarantee life, including care and protection from
p.000038: the conception.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents have the right to physical and psychic integrity; to your identity, name and citizenship;
p.000038: to integral health and nutrition; to education and culture, to sports and recreation; to social security; to have a
p.000038: family and enjoy family and community life; to social participation; to respect your
p.000038: freedom and dignity; to be consulted in matters that affect them; to educate as a priority in your language and
p.000038: in the cultural contexts of their peoples and nationalities; and to receive information about their
p.000038: parents or absent relatives, unless it was detrimental to their well-being.
p.000038: The State will guarantee its freedom of expression and association, the free functioning of the councils
p.000038: students and other associative forms.
p.000039: 39
p.000039: Art. 46.- The State shall adopt, among others, the following measures that assure girls, boys and adolescents:
p.000039: 1. Attention to children under six years of age, which guarantees their nutrition, health, education and daily care in a
p.000039: Integral protection framework for your rights.
p.000039: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The work of children under
p.000039: fifteen years, and policies for the progressive eradication of child labor will be implemented. The work of the
p.000039: adolescents and adolescents will be exceptional, and may not violate their right to education or perform in
p.000039: harmful or dangerous situations for your health or personal development. Your respect will be respected, recognized and supported.
...

p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
p.000039: that promote violence, or racial or gender discrimination. Public communication policies
p.000039: they will prioritize their education and respect for their rights of image, integrity and the other specific ones of their age. I know
p.000039: establish limitations and penalties to enforce these rights.
p.000039: 8. Special protection and assistance when the parent or parent, or both, are deprived
p.000039: of your freedom
p.000039: 9. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000040: 40
p.000040: SECTION SIX
p.000040: People with disabilities
p.000040: Art. 47.- The State will guarantee disability prevention policies and, jointly with the
p.000040: society and the family, will try to match opportunities for people with disabilities and their integration
p.000040: Social.
p.000040: Persons with disabilities are recognized, the rights to:
p.000040: 1. Specialized care in public and private entities that provide health services for their
p.000040: specific needs, which will include the provision of medicines for free, in particular for those
p.000040: people who require lifelong treatment.
p.000040: 2. Integral rehabilitation and permanent assistance, which will include the corresponding aid
p.000040: techniques
p.000040: 3. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000040: 4. Exemptions in the tax regime.
p.000040: 5. Work in conditions of equal opportunities, which fosters their capacities and potentials, to
p.000040: through policies that allow its incorporation into public and private entities.
p.000040: 6. Adequate housing, with access facilities and conditions necessary to address your disability and to
p.000040: ensure the greatest degree of autonomy in their daily lives. Persons with disabilities who cannot be
p.000040: taken care of by their relatives during the day, or who do not have permanent residence, will have
p.000040: Shelters for your hostel.
p.000040: 7. An education that develops its potential and skills for its integration and participation in equal
p.000040: terms. Your education will be guaranteed within regular education. Regular campuses
...

p.000041: 10. Adequate access to all goods and services. Architectural barriers will be removed.
p.000041: 11. Access to mechanisms, means and alternative forms of communication, including sign language
p.000041: for deaf people, oralism and the braille system.
p.000041: Art. 48.- The State shall adopt measures that ensure:
p.000041: 1. Social inclusion, through coordinated state and private plans and programs, that foster their
p.000041: political, social, cultural, educational and economic participation.
p.000041: 2. Obtaining credits and tax rebates or exemptions that allow them to initiate and maintain
p.000041: productive activities, and obtaining scholarships at all levels of education.
p.000041: 3. The development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their leisure and rest.
p.000041: 4. Political participation, which will ensure their representation, in accordance with the law.
p.000041: 5. The establishment of specialized programs for the comprehensive care of people with severe disabilities and
p.000041: deep, in order to achieve the maximum development of his personality, the promotion of his autonomy and the
p.000041: decreased dependence
p.000041: 6. The incentive and support for productive projects in favor of family members of people with
p.000041: severe disability
p.000041: 7. The guarantee of the full exercise of the rights of persons with disabilities. The law will sanction the abandonment of
p.000041: these people, and acts that incur any form of abuse, inhuman or degrading treatment and
p.000041: discrimination based on disability.
p.000041: Art. 49.- The people and families who care for people with disabilities who require permanent attention will be
p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
...

p.000049: may be ordered by competent judge.
p.000049: Foreign persons may not be returned or expelled to a country where their life, freedom, security or integrity
p.000049: or that of their relatives are endangered because of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, ideology, belonging to a certain
p.000049: social group, or for their political opinions.
p.000049: The expulsion of groups of foreigners is prohibited. Migration processes must be singled out.
p.000049: 15. The right to develop economic activities, individually or collectively, in accordance with the
p.000049: principles of solidarity, social and environmental responsibility.
p.000051: 51
p.000051: 16. The right to freedom of contract.
p.000051: 17. The right to freedom of work. No one will be forced to perform a free or forced job,
p.000051: except in cases determined by law.
p.000051: 18. The right to honor and good name. The law will protect the image and voice of the person.
p.000051: 19. The right to the protection of personal data, which includes access and decision on information and
p.000051: data of this character, as well as its corresponding protection. The collection, archiving, processing,
p.000051: distribution or dissemination of this data or information will require the authorization of the holder or the mandate of the law.
p.000051: 20. The right to personal and family privacy.
p.000051: 21. The right to inviolability and the secrecy of physical and virtual correspondence; it cannot be retained,
p.000051: open or examined, except in cases provided by law, prior judicial intervention and with the obligation to
p.000051: keep the secret of matters outside the fact that motivates your examination. This right protects any other type or
p.000051: communication way.
p.000051: 22. The right to inviolability of domicile. You cannot enter a person's address or
p.000051: carry out inspections or searches without your authorization or without a warrant, except for flagrant offenses, in cases and
p.000051: form established by law.
p.000051: 23. The right to address individual and collective complaints and requests to the authorities and to receive attention or
p.000051: motivated answers Requests cannot be addressed on behalf of the people.
p.000051: 24. The right to participate in the cultural life of the community.
p.000051: 25. The right to access quality public and private goods and services, with efficiency, effectiveness
p.000051: and good treatment, as well as to receive adequate and truthful information about its content and characteristics.
p.000051: 26. The right to property in all its forms, with social and environmental function and responsibility. The
p.000051: The right to access property will be effective with the adoption of public policies, among others
p.000051: measurements.
p.000051: 27. The right to live in a healthy, ecologically balanced environment, free from contamination and in harmony with the
p.000051: nature.
p.000052: 52
p.000052: 28. The right to personal and collective identity, which includes having a first and last name,
p.000052: duly registered and freely chosen; and conserve, develop and strengthen
p.000052: material and immaterial characteristics of identity, such as nationality, origin
p.000052: family, spiritual, cultural, religious, linguistic, political and social manifestations.
p.000052: 29. Freedom rights also include:
p.000052: a) The recognition that all people are born free.
p.000052: b) The prohibition of slavery, exploitation, servitude and trafficking and trafficking in human beings in all
p.000052: their forms The State shall adopt measures to prevent and eradicate trafficking in persons, and to protect and
p.000052: social reintegration of victims of trafficking and other forms of violation of freedom.
p.000052: c) That no person can be deprived of their freedom for debts, costs, fines, taxes, or other
p.000052: obligations, except in the case of alimony.
p.000052: d) That no person can be forced to do something prohibited or to stop doing something not prohibited by law.
p.000052: Art. 67.- The family is recognized in its various types. The State will protect it as the fundamental nucleus of society and
p.000052: guarantee conditions that fully favor the achievement of its purposes. These will be constituted by
p.000052: legal or de facto links and will be based on equal rights and opportunities of their interests
p.000052: grantes
p.000052: Marriage is the union between man and woman, it will be based on the free consent of the contracting persons and in
p.000052: the equality of their rights, obligations and legal capacity.
p.000052: Art. 68.- The stable and monogamous union between two persons free of matrimonial ties that form a de facto home,
p.000052: for the period and under the conditions and circumstances established by law, it will generate the same rights and
p.000052: obligations of families constituted by marriage.
p.000052: The adoption will correspond only to couples of different sex.
p.000052: Art. 69.- To protect the rights of the members of the family:
p.000053: 53
p.000053: 1. Responsible motherhood and fatherhood will be promoted; the mother and father will be obliged to
p.000053: care, upbringing, education, food, integral development and protection of the rights of their daughters and
p.000053: children, particularly when they are separated from them for any reason.
p.000053: 2. The unattachable family assets are recognized in the amount and with the conditions and limitations that
p.000053: set the law The right to test and inherit will be guaranteed.
p.000053: 3. The State shall guarantee equal rights in making decisions for the administration of the company
p.000053: spousal and property company.
p.000053: 4. The State shall protect mothers, fathers and those who are heads of household, in the exercise
p.000053: of their obligations, and will pay special attention to families broken down for any reason.
p.000053: 5. The State shall promote maternal and paternal co-responsibility and monitor compliance with the duties and
p.000053: reciprocal rights between mothers, fathers, daughters and sons.
p.000053: 6. Daughters and sons will have the same rights without considering a history of parentage or adoption.
p.000053: 7. No declaration on the quality of the affiliation will be required at the time of registration of the
p.000053: birth, and no identity document will refer to it.
p.000053: Art. 70.- The State shall formulate and execute policies to achieve equality between women and men, to
p.000053: through the specialized mechanism in accordance with the law, and will incorporate the gender approach into plans and
p.000053: programs, and will provide technical assistance for mandatory application in the public sector.
p.000054: 54
p.000054: CHAPTER SEVENTH
p.000054: Rights of nature
...

p.000057: and to ensure compliance with the penalty; shall proceed by written order of a competent judge or judge, in the cases, by
p.000057: the time and with the formalities established in the law. Flagrant crimes are excepted, in which case you cannot
p.000057: keep the person detained without trial for more than twenty-four hours. Non-proprietary measures of
p.000057: Freedom shall apply in accordance with the cases, terms, conditions and requirements established by law.1
p.000057: 2. No person may be admitted to a detention center without a written order issued by
p.000057: competent judge or judge, except in case of flagrant crime. Persons prosecuted or indicted in court
p.000057: criminals who are deprived of liberty will remain in centers of provisional deprivation of liberty legally
p.000057: established.
p.000057: 3. Every person, at the time of detention, shall have the right to know clearly and in simple language
p.000057: the reasons for her detention, the identity of the judge or judge, or authority that ordered her, that of those who execute her and the
p.000057: of the persons responsible for the respective interrogation.
p.000057: 4. At the time of detention, the agent or agent shall inform the detained person of his right to remain
p.000057: in silence, to request the assistance of a lawyer or lawyer, or of a public defender or defender in case
p.000057: He could not designate himself, and to communicate with a family member or with any person he indicated.
p.000057: 1 Numeral replaced by the approval of question number 2 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation
p.000057: of May 7, 2011, results published in the Supplement to Official Registry No. 490 of July 13,
p.002011: 2011
p.000058: 58
p.000058: 5. If the person arrested is a foreigner, the person carrying out the detention shall immediately inform the
p.000058: consular representative of your country.
p.000058: 6. No one can be held incommunicado.
p.000058: 7. The right of every person to defense includes:
p.000058: a) Be informed, in advance and in detail, in their own language and in simple language of the actions and
p.000058: procedures formulated against him, and of the identity of the authority responsible for the action or procedure.
p.000058: b) Take refuge in silence.
p.000058: c) No one may be forced to testify against himself, on matters that may cause his responsibility
p.000058: penal.
p.000058: 8. No one may be called to testify in criminal proceedings against their spouse, partner or relatives until
p.000058: the fourth degree of consanguinity or second degree of affinity, except in the case of violence
p.000058: intrafamiliar, sexual and gender. The voluntary declarations of the victims of a crime or of the
p.000058: relatives of these, regardless of the degree of kinship. These people may raise and continue the
p.000058: corresponding criminal action.
...

p.000101: Art. 185.- The sentences issued by the specialized halls of the National Court of Justice that
p.000101: reiterate three times the same opinion on the same point, they will force to send the
p.000102: 102
p.000102: ruling to the plenary of the Court so that it can deliberate and decide within 60 days of its conformity.
p.000102: If within that period it is not pronounced, or if it ratifies the criterion, this opinion will constitute jurisprudence
p.000102: mandatory.
p.000102: The judge or rapporteur for each sentence will be appointed by lottery and must observe the
p.000102: mandatory jurisprudence set forth above. To change the jurisprudential criteria
p.000102: mandatory the judge or rapporteur will be based on motivated legal reasons that justify the change, and its
p.000102: Judgment must be approved unanimously by the room.
p.000102: Art. 186.- In each province, a provincial court of justice shall be composed of the number of
p.000102: judges and judges necessary to address the causes, which will come from the judicial career, the free exercise
p.000102: Professional and university teaching. The judges and judges will be organized in specialized rooms in the subjects that
p.000102: correspond to those of the National Court of Justice.
p.000102: The Judicial Council shall determine the number of courts and courts necessary, according to the needs of the
p.000102: population.
p.000102: In each canton there will be at least one judge or judge specialized in family, childhood and adolescence and one judge
p.000102: o Judge specializing in offending adolescents, according to population needs.
p.000102: In localities where there is a social rehabilitation center there will be at least one guarantee court
p.000102: penitentiaries
p.000102: Art. 187.- Servants and judicial servants have the right to remain in the performance of their duties.
p.000102: as long as there is no legal cause to separate them; will be subject to an individual and periodic evaluation
p.000102: of its performance, according to technical parameters developed by the Judicial Council and with the presence of control
p.000102: Social. Those who do not reach the required minimums will be removed.
p.000102: Art. 188.- In application of the principle of jurisdictional unity, the members of the Armed Forces and the
p.000102: National Police will be judged by ordinary justice, Lack of disciplinary or administrative nature
p.000102: They will be subject to their own procedural rules.
p.000102: Due to the hierarchy and administrative responsibility, the law will regulate the cases of jurisdiction.
p.000103: 103
p.000103: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000103: Justice of the Peace
p.000103: Art. 189.- The justices of the peace will resolve in equity and will have exclusive and mandatory competence
p.000103: to know those individual, community, neighborhood and contravention conflicts that are submitted to their
p.000103: jurisdiction, in accordance with the law. In no case may the deprivation of liberty or
...

p.000148: business; and minimize the negative environmental, cultural, social and economic impacts.
p.000148: Art. 318.- Water is a national strategic heritage for public use, inalienable domain and
p.000148: imprescriptible of the State, and constitutes a vital element for nature and for the existence of
p.000148: humans. The privatization of water is copletely prohibited.
p.000149: 149
p.000149: Water management will be exclusively public or community. The public sanitation service, the supply of
p.000149: Drinking water and irrigation will be provided only by state or community legal entities.
p.000149: The State will strengthen the management and operation of community initiatives around water management
p.000149: and the provision of public services, through the incentive of alliances between the public and
p.000149: Community for the provision of services.
p.000149: The State, through the sole water authority, will be directly responsible for the planning and management of the
p.000149: water resources that will be used for human consumption, irrigation that guarantees food sovereignty, flow
p.000149: Ecological and productive activities, in this order of priority. State authorization will be required to
p.000149: the use of water for productive purposes by the public, private and popular economy sectors
p.000149: and solidarity, according to the law.
p.000149: CHAPTER SIX
p.000149: Work and production
p.000149: SECTION ONE
p.000149: Forms of organization of production and its management
p.000149: Art. 319.- Various forms of organization of production in the economy are recognized,
p.000149: among others the community, cooperatives, public or private business, associative, family,
p.000149: Domestic, autonomous and mixed.
p.000149: The State will promote the forms of production that ensure the good living of the population and discourage those that
p.000149: threaten their rights or those of nature; will encourage production that meets domestic demand and
p.000149: guarantee an active participation of Ecuador in the international context.
p.000149: Art. 320.- In the various forms of organization of production processes, management will be encouraged
p.000149: participatory, transparent and efficient.
p.000149: Production, in any of its forms, will be subject to principles and standards of quality, sustainability,
p.000149: systemic productivity, work valuation and economic and social efficiency.
p.000150: 150
p.000150: SECTION SECTION
p.000150: Property types
p.000150: Art. 321.- The State recognizes and guarantees the right to property in its public, private, community forms,
p.000150: state, associative, cooperative, mixed, and that must fulfill its social and environmental function.
p.000150: Art. 322.- Intellectual property is recognized in accordance with the conditions established by law.
p.000150: All forms of appropriation of collective knowledge are prohibited in the field of science,
p.000150: technologies and ancestral knowledge. Appropriation of genetic resources that are prohibited is also prohibited.
p.000150: They contain biological diversity and agro-biodiversity.
p.000150: Art. 323.- In order to execute plans for social development, sustainable management of the environment and
p.000150: collective welfare, state institutions, for reasons of public utility or social and national interest,
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p.000152: 152
p.000152: Employers shall be entitled to unemployment in accordance with the law.
p.000152: 15. The stoppage of public health and environmental sanitation services is prohibited,
p.000152: education, justice, firefighters, social security, electricity, drinking water and sewerage, production
p.000152: hydrocarbon, processing, transportation and distribution of fuels, public transportation,
p.000152: Post and telecommunications. The law will establish limits that ensure the operation of said services.
p.000152: 16. In State institutions and in private law entities in which there is a majority participation of
p.000152: public resources, who fulfill representation, directive, administrative or
p.000152: professionals, will be subject to the laws that regulate public administration. Those that are not included in
p.000152: This categorization will be covered by the Labor Code.
p.000152: Art. 327.- The labor relationship between workers and employers will be bilateral and direct.
p.000152: All forms of precarization are prohibited, such as labor intermediation and outsourcing in
p.000152: own and usual activities of the company or employer, hiring for hours, or
p.000152: Any other that affects the rights of working people individually or collectively. The
p.000152: breach of obligations, fraud, simulation, and unfair enrichment in labor matters
p.000152: penalize and sanction according to the law.
p.000152: Art. 328.- The remuneration shall be fair, with a living wage that covers at least the basic needs of the
p.000152: hardworking person, as well as those of his family; it will be unattachable, except for the payment of food pensions.
p.000152: The State shall fix and annually review the basic salary established by law, of general and mandatory application.
p.000152: The payment of remuneration will be given in the agreed terms and cannot be reduced or discounted, except with
p.000152: express authorization of the worker and in accordance with the law.
p.000152: What the employer owes to women workers, for whatever reason, constitutes credit
p.000152: privileged first class, with preference even to mortgages.
p.000153: 153
p.000153: For the payment of compensation, the remuneration includes everything that the worker receives in money,
p.000153: in services or in kind, including what you receive for extraordinary and supplementary work, to
p.000153: piecework, commissions, profit sharing or any other compensation that is normal. I know
p.000153: excepting the legal percentage of profits, per diem or occasional subsidies and remuneration
p.000153: additional.
p.000153: Private sector workers have the right to participate in the liquid profits of the
p.000153: companies, according to the law. The law will set the limits of that participation in the operating companies of
p.000153: nonrenewable resources. In the companies in which the State has majority participation, there will be no payment of
p.000153: utilities Any fraud or falsehood in the declaration of profits that damages this right will be sanctioned by the
p.000153: law.
p.000153: Art. 329.- Young people and young people will have the right to be active subjects in production, as well
p.000153: as in the work of self-support, family care and community initiatives. Will be boosted
p.000153: conditions and opportunities for this purpose.
p.000153: For the fulfillment of the right to work of communities, peoples and nationalities, the State will adopt measures
p.000153: specific in order to eliminate discrimination that affects them, will recognize and support their ways of
p.000153: organization of work, and will guarantee access to employment on equal terms.
p.000153: Autonomous and self-employed work carried out in public spaces will be recognized and protected,
p.000153: allowed by law and other regulations. Any form of confiscation of their products is prohibited,
p.000153: Materials or work tools.
p.000153: The selection, hiring and job promotion processes will be based on requirements of skills, abilities,
p.000153: training, merits and abilities. The use of discriminatory criteria and instruments that are prohibited is prohibited.
p.000153: affect the privacy, dignity and integrity of people.
p.000153: The State will promote education and training to improve access and quality of employment and initiatives
p.000153: of autonomous work. The State will ensure respect for the labor rights of women workers and
p.000153: Ecuadorian workers abroad, and will promote agreements and agreements with other countries for the
p.000153: regularization of such workers.
p.000154: 154
p.000154: Art. 330.- The insertion and accessibility in equal conditions to work shall be guaranteed.
p.000154: remunerated persons with disabilities. The State and employers will implement social and social services
...

p.000154: necessary measures to eliminate inequalities.
p.000154: Any form of discrimination, harassment or act of violence of any kind, whether direct or indirect, is prohibited.
p.000154: Affect women at work.
p.000154: Art. 332.- The State shall guarantee respect for the reproductive rights of individuals.
p.000154: workers, including the elimination of occupational hazards that affect reproductive health, access and
p.000154: job stability without limitations due to pregnancy or number of daughters and sons, maternity rights, breastfeeding, and
p.000154: the right to paternity leave.
p.000154: The dismissal of working women associated with their condition of pregnancy and maternity is prohibited, as well
p.000154: such as discrimination linked to reproductive roles.
p.000154: Art. 333.- Unpaid work of self-support and care is recognized as productive work.
p.000154: human that is enhanced in homes.
p.000154: The State will promote a labor regime that works in harmony with the needs of human care, which
p.000154: provide adequate services, infrastructure and work schedules; in a special way, it will provide
p.000154: child care services, care for people with disabilities and others necessary for people
p.000154: workers can carry out their work activities; and drive co-responsibility and
p.000154: reciprocity of men and women in domestic work and family obligations.
p.000154: The protection of social security will be extended progressively to the people in charge of
p.000154: unpaid family work at home, in accordance with the general conditions of the system and the law.
p.000155: 155
p.000155: FOURTH SECTION
p.000155: Democratization of production factors
p.000155: Art. 334.- The State shall promote equitable access to production factors, for which it shall correspond:
p.000155: 1. Avoid the concentration or hoarding of productive factors and resources, promote their redistribution and eliminate
p.000155: privileges or inequalities in access to them.
p.000155: 2. Develop specific policies to eradicate inequality and discrimination against women producers, in
p.000155: Access to production factors.
p.000155: 3. Promote and support the development and dissemination of knowledge and technologies oriented to the processes of
p.000155: production.
p.000155: 4. Develop policies to promote national production in all sectors, especially for
p.000155: guarantee food sovereignty and energy sovereignty, generate employment and added value.
p.000155: 5. Promote public financial services and credit democratization.
p.000155: SECTION @UINTA
p.000155: Economic exchanges and fair trade
p.000155: Art. 335.- The State shall regulate, control and intervene, when necessary, in exchanges and
p.000155: economic transactions; and will sanction exploitation, usury, hoarding, simulation, intermediation
p.000155: speculative of goods and services, as well as any form of damage to economic rights and
p.000155: public and collective goods.
p.000155: The State will define a pricing policy aimed at protecting national production, will establish the
...

p.000164: improve their academic capacity, invest in research and granting scholarships and credits,
p.000164: which will not imply any cost or lien for those studying in the third level. The distribution of
p.000164: These resources must be based primarily on quality and other criteria defined in the law.
p.000164: The law will regulate the services of technical advice, consulting and those that involve sources
p.000164: income alternatives for universities and polytechnic, public and private schools.
p.000164: SECTION SECTION
p.000164: Health
p.000164: Art. 358.- The national health system shall have as its purpose the development, protection and recovery
p.000164: of the capacities and potentials for a healthy and integral life, both individual and collective, and
p.000164: recognize social and cultural diversity. The system will be guided by the general principles of the system
p.000164: National inclusion and social equity, and those of bioethics, sufficiency and interculturality, with a focus
p.000164: Gender and generational.
p.000164: Art. 359.- The national health system will include the institutions, programs, policies,
p.000164: resources, actions and actors in health; it will cover all dimensions of the right to health; will guarantee
p.000164: the promotion, prevention, recovery and rehabilitation at all levels; and will encourage participation
p.000164: Citizen and social control.
p.000164: Art. 360.- The system will guarantee, through the institutions that comprise it, the promotion of health,
p.000164: prevention and comprehensive, family and community care, based on primary health care; articulate the
p.000164: different levels of attention; and promote complementarity with ancestral and alternative medicines.
p.000164: The comprehensive public health network will be part of the national health system and will consist of
p.000164: the articulated set of state establishments, social security and other
p.000164: suppliers that belong to the State, with legal, operational and complementary links.
p.000165: 165
p.000165: Art. 361.- The State shall exercise the rectory of the system through the national health authority, shall be
p.000165: responsible for formulating the national health policy, and will regulate, regulate and control all activities
p.000165: related to health, as well as the functioning of the entities of the sector.
p.000165: Art. 362.- Health care as a public service will be provided through state, private entities,
p.000165: autonomous, community and those who exercise alternative and complementary ancestral medicines. The
p.000165: health services will be safe, of quality and warmth, and will guarantee informed consent, access to
p.000165: the information and confidentiality of patient information.
p.000165: State public health services will be universal and free at all levels of
p.000165: attention and will understand the diagnostic, treatment, medication and rehabilitation procedures
p.000165: necessary.
p.000165: Art. 363.- The State will be responsible for:
p.000165: 1. Formulate public policies that guarantee the promotion, prevention, cure, rehabilitation and
p.000165: comprehensive health care and promote healthy practices in the family, work and community spheres.
p.000165: 2. Universalize health care, permanently improve quality and expand coverage.
p.000165: 3. Strengthen state health services, incorporate human talent and provide the
p.000165: physical infrastructure and equipment to public health institutions.
p.000165: 4. Guarantee ancestral and alternative health practices through recognition, respect and
p.000165: promotion of the use of their knowledge, medicines and instruments.
p.000165: 5. Provide specialized care to the priority care groups established in the Constitution.
p.000165: 6. Ensure sexual and reproductive health actions and services, and ensure
p.000165: integral health and the life of women, especially during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000165: 7. Ensure the availability and access to quality medicines, safe and effective, regulate their
p.000165: commercialization and promote national production and use of generic medicines that
p.000165: respond to the needs
p.000166: 166
p.000166: Epidemiological population. In access to medicines, public health interests
p.000166: prevail over economic and commercial.
p.000166: 8. Promote the integral development of health personnel.
p.000166: Art. 364.- Addictions are a public health problem. The State will have to develop
p.000166: Coordinated programs of information, prevention and control of the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and substances
p.000166: narcotic and psychotropic; as well as offering treatment and rehabilitation to consumers
p.000166: Occasional, habitual and problematic. In no case will their criminalization be allowed or their rights violated.
p.000166: constitutional rights
p.000166: The State will control and regulate the advertising of alcohol and tobacco.
...

p.000202: TWENTY-FIRST.- The State will stimulate the retirement of teachers and teachers in the public sector, through
p.000202: payment of a variable compensation that relates age and years of service. The maximum amount will be one hundred
p.000202: fifty unified basic salaries of the private worker, and five unified basic salaries of the
p.000202: private worker in general by year of services. The law will regulate the procedures and calculation methods.
p.000202: TWENTY-TWO.- The General State Budget for the financing of the national health system, is
p.000202: increase each year by a percentage not less than zero point five percent of the Gross Domestic Product,
p.000202: until reaching at least four percent.
p.000202: TWENTY-THREE.- Within a period of one hundred and eighty days from the approval of this Constitution, it will be created
p.000202: the financial entity owned by the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, responsible for the administration
p.000202: of its funds, under investment banking criteria, and with the objective of generating employment and added value.
p.000202: TWENTY-FOURTH.- Within the maximum period of thirty days from the approval of this Constitution, the Executive
p.000202: will form a commission to carry out an audit of the concessions of radio and television frequencies, whose
p.000202: report will be delivered within a maximum period of one hundred and eighty days.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The annual revision of the basic salary will be carried out on a progressive basis until the salary is reached
p.000202: worthy in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. The basic salary will tend to be equivalent to the cost of
p.000202: family basket Universal retirement for older adults will be applied progressively.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIVE.- Within three hundred and sixty days after the entry into force of this Constitution, the
p.000202: delegations of public services in water and sanitation made to private companies will be audited
p.000202: financially, legally, environmentally and socially.
p.000203: 203
p.000203: The State shall define the validity, renegotiation and, where appropriate, the termination of the contracts of
p.000203: delegation, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the results of the audits.
p.000203: The users and users in extreme poverty are forgiven the debts of water for human consumption that they have contracted up to
p.000203: the entry into force of this Constitution.
p.000203: TWENTY-SEVENTH.- The Executive, within two years of the entry into force of this Constitution, will review the
p.000203: situation of access to irrigation water in order to reorganize the granting of concessions, avoid abuse and
p.000203: inequities in usage rates, and guarantee a more equitable distribution and access, in particular
p.000203: to small and medium agricultural producers.
p.000203: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The law that regulates the participation of autonomous decentralized governments in income from the
p.000203: exploitation or industrialization of non-renewable resources, may not reduce the income established by law
p.000203: 010 of the Amazon Regional Ecodevelopment Fund and the Strengthening of its Sectional Organizations, as well as
...

Searching for indicator motherhood:

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p.000052: obligations, except in the case of alimony.
p.000052: d) That no person can be forced to do something prohibited or to stop doing something not prohibited by law.
p.000052: Art. 67.- The family is recognized in its various types. The State will protect it as the fundamental nucleus of society and
p.000052: guarantee conditions that fully favor the achievement of its purposes. These will be constituted by
p.000052: legal or de facto links and will be based on equal rights and opportunities of their interests
p.000052: grantes
p.000052: Marriage is the union between man and woman, it will be based on the free consent of the contracting persons and in
p.000052: the equality of their rights, obligations and legal capacity.
p.000052: Art. 68.- The stable and monogamous union between two persons free of matrimonial ties that form a de facto home,
p.000052: for the period and under the conditions and circumstances established by law, it will generate the same rights and
p.000052: obligations of families constituted by marriage.
p.000052: The adoption will correspond only to couples of different sex.
p.000052: Art. 69.- To protect the rights of the members of the family:
p.000053: 53
p.000053: 1. Responsible motherhood and fatherhood will be promoted; the mother and father will be obliged to
p.000053: care, upbringing, education, food, integral development and protection of the rights of their daughters and
p.000053: children, particularly when they are separated from them for any reason.
p.000053: 2. The unattachable family assets are recognized in the amount and with the conditions and limitations that
p.000053: set the law The right to test and inherit will be guaranteed.
p.000053: 3. The State shall guarantee equal rights in making decisions for the administration of the company
p.000053: spousal and property company.
p.000053: 4. The State shall protect mothers, fathers and those who are heads of household, in the exercise
p.000053: of their obligations, and will pay special attention to families broken down for any reason.
p.000053: 5. The State shall promote maternal and paternal co-responsibility and monitor compliance with the duties and
p.000053: reciprocal rights between mothers, fathers, daughters and sons.
p.000053: 6. Daughters and sons will have the same rights without considering a history of parentage or adoption.
p.000053: 7. No declaration on the quality of the affiliation will be required at the time of registration of the
p.000053: birth, and no identity document will refer to it.
...

Health / Physically Disabled

Searching for indicator illness:

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p.000086: the ten days after the installation of the National Assembly, before which he will take an oath. In
p.000086: If the National Assembly is installed, the period of government will begin within
p.000086: forty-five days after the proclamation of the election results.
p.000087: 87
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic will remain in office for four years and may be reelected for
p.000087: just one time.
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic, during her term and up to one year after having ceased
p.000087: functions, you must inform the National Assembly, before your departure, the period and the reasons for your absence
p.000087: from the country.
p.000087: Art. 145.- The President or President of the Republic will cease her duties and leave the office vacant in cases.
p.000087: following:
p.000087: 1. By the end of the presidential term.
p.000087: 2. By voluntary resignation accepted by the National Assembly.
p.000087: 3. By dismissal, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
p.000087: 4. For permanent physical or mental disability that prevents him from exercising the position, certified in accordance with the
p.000087: law by a committee of specialized doctors, and declared by the National Assembly with the votes of two thirds
p.000087: parts of its members.
p.000087: 5. By abandonment of office, verified by the Constitutional Court and declared by the National Assembly with the votes
p.000087: of two thirds of its members.
p.000087: 6. By revocation of the mandate, in accordance with the procedure established in the Constitution.
p.000087: Art. 146.- In case of temporary absence in the Presidency of the Republic, who will replace it
p.000087: Exercise the Vice Presidency. The illness or other circumstance of force majeure will be considered temporary absence
p.000087: that prevents you from exercising your function for a maximum period of three months, or the license granted by
p.000087: The National Assembly
p.000087: In the event of a definite lack of the President or President of the Republic, the person exercising the
p.000087: Vice Presidency for the time remaining to complete the corresponding presidential term.
p.000087: In the absence of simultaneous and definitive absence in the Presidency and in the Vice Presidency of the Republic, the President or
p.000087: President of the National Assembly will temporarily assume the Presidency, and within forty-eight
p.000087: hours, the National Electoral Council will convene an election for said positions. Those who are elected will exercise their
p.000087: functions until the period is completed. In the event that a year or less is missing, the President of the
p.000087: The National Assembly will assume the Presidency of the Republic for the rest of the period.
p.000088: 88
p.000088: Art. 147.- The duties and duties of the President or President of the Republic, in addition to those determined by the
p.000088: law:
p.000088: 1. Comply with and enforce the Constitution, laws, international treaties and other legal norms
p.000088: within the scope of its competence.
p.000088: 2. Present at the time of its possession before the National Assembly the fundamental guidelines of the policies and
p.000088: actions that you will develop during your exercise.
p.000088: 3. Define and direct the public policies of the Executive Function.
p.000088: 4. Submit to the National Planning Council the proposal of the National Development Plan for approval.
p.000088: 5. Direct the public administration in a decentralized manner and issue the necessary decrees for its
p.000088: integration, organization, regulation and control.
...

p.000150: They may declare the expropriation of assets, after fair valuation, compensation and payment in accordance with the law. I know
p.000150: prohibits all forms of confiscation.
p.000150: Art. 324.- The State shall guarantee the equal rights and opportunities of women and men in the
p.000150: access to property and decision-making for the administration of the conjugal society.
p.000150: SECTION THREE
p.000150: Forms of work and their remuneration
p.000150: Art. 325.- The State shall guarantee the right to work. All work modalities are recognized, in
p.000150: dependency or autonomous relationship, including self-support and human care work; and how
p.000150: productive social actors, to all workers.
p.000150: Art. 326.- The right to work is based on the following principles:
p.000150: 1. The State will promote full employment and the elimination of underemployment and unemployment.
p.000150: 2. Labor rights are inalienable and intangible. Any stipulation to the contrary will be void.
p.000150: 3. In case of doubt about the scope of the legal provisions,
p.000151: 151
p.000151: regulatory or contractual in labor matters, these will be applied in the most
p.000151: favorable to working people.
p.000151: 4. For work of equal value, equal remuneration will correspond.
p.000151: 5. Everyone shall have the right to carry out their work in an adequate and conducive environment, which
p.000151: guarantee your health, integrity, safety, hygiene and well-being.
p.000151: 6. Every person rehabilitated after an accident at work or illness will have the right to be reinstated
p.000151: work and to maintain the employment relationship, in accordance with the law.
p.000151: 7. The right and freedom of organization of workers will be guaranteed, without authorization
p.000151: previous. This right includes the right to form unions, unions, associations and other forms of
p.000151: organization, join those of your choice and disenroll freely. Likewise, the
p.000151: employers' organization
p.000151: 8. The State will stimulate the creation of workers 'and workers' organizations, and employers
p.000151: and employers, in accordance with the law; and promote its democratic, participatory and
p.000151: transparent with alternating direction.
p.000151: 9. For all purposes of the employment relationship in state institutions, the labor sector will be
p.000151: Represented by a single organization.
p.000151: 10. Social dialogue will be adopted for the resolution of labor disputes and the formulation of agreements.
p.000151: 11. The transaction in labor matters will be valid provided that it does not imply waiver of rights and is held
p.000151: before administrative authority or competent judge.
p.000151: 12. Collective labor disputes, in all instances, will be submitted to the courts of
p.000151: Conciliation and Arbitration.
p.000151: 13. Collective hiring between working people and employers will be guaranteed, with the
p.000151: exceptions established by law.
p.000151: 14. The right of working persons and their trade union organizations to the right of
p.000151: strike. The trade union representatives will enjoy the necessary guarantees in these cases.
p.000152: 152
...

p.000166: They will deny emergency care. Said refusal will be sanctioned in accordance with the law.
p.000166: Art. 366.- Public health financing will be timely, regular and sufficient, and must come from
p.000166: permanent sources of the General State Budget. Public resources will be distributed based on
p.000166: population criteria and health needs.
p.000166: The State will finance the state health institutions and can financially support the autonomous and private
p.000166: provided they have no profit, that guarantee free benefits, comply with public policies
p.000166: and ensure quality, safety and respect for rights. These institutions will be subject to control and regulation
p.000166: of the State.
p.000166: SECTION THREE
p.000166: Social Security
p.000166: Art. 367.- The social security system is public and universal, it may not be privatized and will address the
p.000166: contingent needs of the population. The protection of contingencies will be effective through
p.000166: of compulsory universal insurance and its special regimes.
p.000166: The system will be guided by the principles of the national system of social inclusion and equity and by those of
p.000166: mandatory, sufficiency, integration, solidarity and subsidiarity.
p.000167: 167
p.000167: Art. 368.- The social security system will include public entities, norms,
p.000167: social security policies, resources, services and benefits, and will work based on criteria of
p.000167: sustainability, efficiency, speed and transparency. The State will regulate, regulate and control the activities
p.000167: related to social security.
p.000167: Art. 369.- The compulsory universal insurance will cover the contingencies of illness, maternity, paternity,
p.000167: risks of work, unemployment, unemployment, old age, disability, disability, death and those that
p.000167: Define the law. The health benefits of contingencies of illness and maternity will be provided through
p.000167: of the comprehensive public health network.
p.000167: Mandatory universal insurance will be extended to the entire urban and rural population, regardless of their
p.000167: employment situation. Benefits for people who do unpaid domestic work and
p.000167: care tasks will be financed with contributions and contributions from the State. The law will define the mechanism
p.000167: correspondent.
p.000167: The creation of new benefits will be duly funded.
p.000167: Art. 370.- The Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, an autonomous entity regulated by law, will be
p.000167: responsible for the provision of contingencies of compulsory universal insurance to its members.
p.000167: The national police and the armed forces may have a special social security regime, of
p.000167: according to the law; its social security entities will be part of the comprehensive public health network and
p.000167: of the social security system.
p.000167: Art. 371.- The social security benefits will be financed with the contribution of the insured persons in relation
p.000167: of dependency and its employers or employers; with the contributions of the insured independent persons; with
p.000167: the voluntary contributions of Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad; and with the contributions and
p.000167: State contributions.
p.000167: The resources of the State destined for the obligatory universal insurance will appear every year in the
p.000167: General State Budget and will be transferred in a timely manner.
p.000167: Social security money benefits will not be subject to assignment, seizure or withholding, except in cases of
...

Health / Physically Ill

Searching for indicator sick:

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p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
p.000043: consumers and consumers; and the penalties for violation of these rights, reparation and compensation for
p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
p.000043: Satisfaction measurement systems for users and consumers, and implement systems
p.000043: of attention and repair.
p.000043: The State will respond civilly for damages caused to people through negligence and carelessness in the
p.000043: attention to public services that are in charge, and for the lack of services that have been paid.
p.000043: Art. 54.- Persons or entities that provide public services or that produce or market consumer goods,
p.000043: they will be responsible civil and criminally for the deficient provision of the service, for the defective quality of the
p.000043: product, or when its conditions do not agree with the advertising made or with the description that
p.000043: incorporate
...

Health / Pregnant

Searching for indicator pregnant:

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p.000022: •• 2008 CONSTITUTION
p.000022: Let's leave the past behind.
p.000022: Official publication of the Constituent Assembly.
p.000022: Constitution
p.000022: of the Republic of Ecuador
p.000022: Includes the reforms approved in the Referendum and Popular Consultation of May 7, 2011
p.000022: Constitution
p.000022: of the Republic of Ecuador
p.000022: Published in the Official Register No. 449 October 20, 2008
p.000022: INDEX
p.000022: PREAMBLE 21
p.000022: TITLE I
p.000022: CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS OF THE STATE 23
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Fundamental Principles 23
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Citizens and citizens 24
p.000022: TITLE II
p.000022: RIGHTS 27
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Principles of application of rights 27
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Rights of good living 29
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Water and food 29
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Healthy environment 29
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Communication and information 30
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Culture and Science 32
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Education 32
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Habitat and housing 33
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Health 34
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Labor and social security 34
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Rights of persons and priority care groups 35
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Adults and older adults 35
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Young 37
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Human Mobility 37
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Pregnant women 38
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Girls, boys and teenagers 39
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: People with disabilities 41
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: People with catastrophic diseases 43
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Persons deprived of liberty 43
p.000022: Ninth section
p.000022: Users and consumers 43
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Rights of communities, peoples and nationalities 45
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Participation rights 48
p.000022: Sixth chapter
p.000022: Freedom rights 50
p.000022: Seventh chapter
p.000022: Rights of nature 55
p.000022: Eighth chapter
p.000022: Protection rights 56
p.000022: Ninth chapter
p.000022: Responsibilities 61
p.000022: TITLE III
p.000022: CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES 63
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Regulatory guarantees 63
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Public policies, public services and citizen participation 63
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Jurisdictional guarantees 64
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Common provisions 64
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Protection Action 65
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Habeas corpus 65 action
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Action to access public information 66
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Habeas action data 67
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Non-compliance action 67
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Extraordinary protection action 68
p.000022: TITLE IV
p.000022: PARTICIPATION AND ORGANIZATION OF POWER 69
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Participation in democracy 69
p.000022: First section
...

p.000033: promotion and comprehensive health care, sexual health and reproductive health. The provision of services
p.000033: health will be governed by the principles of equity, universality, solidarity, interculturality, quality,
p.000033: efficiency, effectiveness, caution and bioethics, with a gender and generational approach.
p.000033: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000033: Work and social security
p.000033: Art. 33.- Work is a right and a social duty, and an economic right, source of realization.
p.000033: staff and base of the economy. The State will guarantee working people full respect for their
p.000033: dignity, a decent life, fair remuneration and compensation and the performance of a healthy and free work
p.000033: chosen or accepted.
p.000033: Art. 34.- The right to social security is an inalienable right of all persons, and shall be the duty and
p.000033: primary responsibility of the State. Social security will be governed by the principles of solidarity,
p.000033: mandatory, universality, equity, efficiency, subsidiarity, sufficiency, transparency and
p.000033: participation, for the attention of individual and collective needs.
p.000033: The State will guarantee and enforce the full exercise of the right to social security, which includes people
p.000033: who perform unpaid work in homes, activities for self-support in the field, all forms of work
p.000033: self-employed and those who are unemployed.
p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
...

p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
p.000037: Art. 43.- The State shall guarantee pregnant and breastfeeding women the rights to:
p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
p.000038: 3. The priority protection and care of your integral health and life during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000038: 4. Have the necessary facilities for recovery after pregnancy and during the period of
p.000038: lactation.
p.000038: SECTION @UINTA
p.000038: Girls, boys and teenagers
p.000038: Art. 44.- The State, society and the family shall promote as a priority the integral development of girls,
p.000038: children and adolescents, and will ensure the full exercise of their rights; It will meet the principle of interest
p.000038: superior and their rights shall prevail over those of other persons.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents will have the right to their integral development, understood as a process of
p.000038: growth, maturation and deployment of your intellect and its capabilities, potentials and aspirations, in a
p.000038: family, school, social and community environment of affectivity and security. This environment will allow the satisfaction of
p.000038: their social, emotional-emotional and cultural needs, with the support of national intersectoral policies and
p.000038: local.
p.000038: Art. 45.- Girls and boys and adolescents shall enjoy the common rights of the human being, in addition to the
...

p.000041: discrimination based on disability.
p.000041: Art. 49.- The people and families who care for people with disabilities who require permanent attention will be
p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
p.000043: consumers and consumers; and the penalties for violation of these rights, reparation and compensation for
p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
p.000043: Satisfaction measurement systems for users and consumers, and implement systems
p.000043: of attention and repair.
p.000043: The State will respond civilly for damages caused to people through negligence and carelessness in the
p.000043: attention to public services that are in charge, and for the lack of services that have been paid.
...

Health / alcoholism

Searching for indicator alcoholic:

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p.000039: Integral protection framework for your rights.
p.000039: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The work of children under
p.000039: fifteen years, and policies for the progressive eradication of child labor will be implemented. The work of the
p.000039: adolescents and adolescents will be exceptional, and may not violate their right to education or perform in
p.000039: harmful or dangerous situations for your health or personal development. Your respect will be respected, recognized and supported.
p.000039: work and other activities provided they do not pay attention to their training and their integral development.
p.000039: 3. Preferential care for the full social integration of those with disabilities. The State will guarantee its
p.000039: incorporation into the regular education system and in society.
p.000039: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000039: nature, or against the negligence caused by such situations.
p.000039: 5. Prevention against the use of narcotic or psychotropic drugs and the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other substances
p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
p.000039: that promote violence, or racial or gender discrimination. Public communication policies
p.000039: they will prioritize their education and respect for their rights of image, integrity and the other specific ones of their age. I know
p.000039: establish limitations and penalties to enforce these rights.
p.000039: 8. Special protection and assistance when the parent or parent, or both, are deprived
p.000039: of your freedom
p.000039: 9. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000040: 40
p.000040: SECTION SIX
p.000040: People with disabilities
p.000040: Art. 47.- The State will guarantee disability prevention policies and, jointly with the
p.000040: society and the family, will try to match opportunities for people with disabilities and their integration
p.000040: Social.
...

Health / breastfeeding

Searching for indicator breastfeeding:

(return to top)
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
p.000037: Art. 43.- The State shall guarantee pregnant and breastfeeding women the rights to:
p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
p.000038: 3. The priority protection and care of your integral health and life during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000038: 4. Have the necessary facilities for recovery after pregnancy and during the period of
p.000038: lactation.
p.000038: SECTION @UINTA
p.000038: Girls, boys and teenagers
p.000038: Art. 44.- The State, society and the family shall promote as a priority the integral development of girls,
p.000038: children and adolescents, and will ensure the full exercise of their rights; It will meet the principle of interest
p.000038: superior and their rights shall prevail over those of other persons.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents will have the right to their integral development, understood as a process of
p.000038: growth, maturation and deployment of your intellect and its capabilities, potentials and aspirations, in a
p.000038: family, school, social and community environment of affectivity and security. This environment will allow the satisfaction of
p.000038: their social, emotional-emotional and cultural needs, with the support of national intersectoral policies and
p.000038: local.
p.000038: Art. 45.- Girls and boys and adolescents shall enjoy the common rights of the human being, in addition to the
...

p.000041: Art. 49.- The people and families who care for people with disabilities who require permanent attention will be
p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
p.000043: consumers and consumers; and the penalties for violation of these rights, reparation and compensation for
p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
p.000043: Satisfaction measurement systems for users and consumers, and implement systems
p.000043: of attention and repair.
p.000043: The State will respond civilly for damages caused to people through negligence and carelessness in the
p.000043: attention to public services that are in charge, and for the lack of services that have been paid.
p.000043: Art. 54.- Persons or entities that provide public services or that produce or market consumer goods,
p.000043: they will be responsible civil and criminally for the deficient provision of the service, for the defective quality of the
...

p.000153: of autonomous work. The State will ensure respect for the labor rights of women workers and
p.000153: Ecuadorian workers abroad, and will promote agreements and agreements with other countries for the
p.000153: regularization of such workers.
p.000154: 154
p.000154: Art. 330.- The insertion and accessibility in equal conditions to work shall be guaranteed.
p.000154: remunerated persons with disabilities. The State and employers will implement social and social services
p.000154: Special help to facilitate your activity. It is forbidden to reduce the remuneration of workers with disabilities
p.000154: for any circumstance related to your condition.
p.000154: Art. 331.- The State will guarantee women equal access to employment, training and job promotion and
p.000154: professional, equitable remuneration, and the autonomous work initiative. All the
p.000154: necessary measures to eliminate inequalities.
p.000154: Any form of discrimination, harassment or act of violence of any kind, whether direct or indirect, is prohibited.
p.000154: Affect women at work.
p.000154: Art. 332.- The State shall guarantee respect for the reproductive rights of individuals.
p.000154: workers, including the elimination of occupational hazards that affect reproductive health, access and
p.000154: job stability without limitations due to pregnancy or number of daughters and sons, maternity rights, breastfeeding, and
p.000154: the right to paternity leave.
p.000154: The dismissal of working women associated with their condition of pregnancy and maternity is prohibited, as well
p.000154: such as discrimination linked to reproductive roles.
p.000154: Art. 333.- Unpaid work of self-support and care is recognized as productive work.
p.000154: human that is enhanced in homes.
p.000154: The State will promote a labor regime that works in harmony with the needs of human care, which
p.000154: provide adequate services, infrastructure and work schedules; in a special way, it will provide
p.000154: child care services, care for people with disabilities and others necessary for people
p.000154: workers can carry out their work activities; and drive co-responsibility and
p.000154: reciprocity of men and women in domestic work and family obligations.
p.000154: The protection of social security will be extended progressively to the people in charge of
p.000154: unpaid family work at home, in accordance with the general conditions of the system and the law.
p.000155: 155
p.000155: FOURTH SECTION
p.000155: Democratization of production factors
p.000155: Art. 334.- The State shall promote equitable access to production factors, for which it shall correspond:
p.000155: 1. Avoid the concentration or hoarding of productive factors and resources, promote their redistribution and eliminate
...

Health / injured

Searching for indicator injured:

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p.000189: The judges and judges, administrative authorities and public servants and servants, will apply
p.000189: directly the constitutional norms and those foreseen in the international rights instruments
p.000189: human provided they are more favorable to those established in the Constitution, even if the parties do not invoke them
p.000189: expressly.
p.000191: 191
p.000191: The rights enshrined in the Constitution and international human rights instruments
p.000191: They will be immediately compliance and application. No lack of law or ignorance of the
p.000191: rules to justify the violation of the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution, to discard the
p.000191: action brought in their defense, nor to deny the recognition of such rights.
p.000191: Art. 427.- The constitutional norms will be interpreted by the literal tenor that best suits the Constitution
p.000191: in its entirety. In case of doubt, they will be interpreted in the sense that most favors the full validity of the
p.000191: rights and that best respect the will of the constituent, and in accordance with the general principles of the
p.000191: constitutional interpretation.
p.000191: Art. 428.- When a judge or judge, ex officio or at the request of a party, considers that a legal norm is
p.000191: contrary to the Constitution or international human rights instruments that establish
p.000191: rights more favorable than those recognized in the Constitution, will suspend the processing of the case and remit
p.000191: in consultation the file to the Constitutional Court, which in a period not exceeding forty-five days, will decide on
p.000191: the constitutionality of the norm.
p.000191: If the Court has not decided after the deadline, the injured party may file the action
p.000191: correspondent.
p.000191: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000191: Constitutional court
p.000191: Art. 429.- The Constitutional Court is the highest body of control, constitutional interpretation and administration of
p.000191: Justice in this matter. It exercises national jurisdiction and its headquarters is the city of Quito.
p.000191: The decisions related to the attributions provided for in the Constitution will be adopted by the full
p.000191: court.
p.000191: Art. 430.- The Constitutional Court shall enjoy administrative and financial autonomy. The law
p.000191: determine its organization, operation and procedures for the fulfillment of its powers.
p.000191: Art. 431.- The members of the Constitutional Court shall not be subject to political trial nor may they be
p.000191: removed by those who designate them. However, they will be subject to the same controls
p.000192: 192
p.000192: that the rest of public authorities and will respond for the other acts or omissions that they commit in the exercise of their
p.000192: functions.
p.000192: Without prejudice to civil liability, in the case of criminal liability they will only be charged by the Prosecutor or
p.000192: the Prosecutor General of the Nation and tried by the plenary of the National Court of Justice, for which purpose it will be required
p.000192: the assent vote of two thirds of its members.
p.000192: His dismissal will be decided by two thirds of the members of the Court
...

Health / of childbearing age/fertile

Searching for indicator fertile:

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p.000180: wetlands, cloud forests, dry and humid tropical forests and mangroves, marine and coastal marine ecosystems.
p.000180: Art. 407.- The extractive activity of non-renewable resources in protected areas is prohibited.
p.000180: and in areas declared intangible, including logging. Exceptionally said
p.000180: resources may be exploited at the informed request of the Presidency of the Republic and prior declaration of interest
p.000180: National by the National Assembly, which, if deemed appropriate, may convene a popular consultation.
p.000180: FOURTH SECTION
p.000180: Natural resources
p.000180: Art. 408.- The resources are inalienable, imprescriptible and unattachable property of the State resources
p.000180: natural non-renewable and, in general, the products of the subsoil, mineral deposits and
p.000180: hydrocarbons, substances whose nature is different from that of the soil, including those found in
p.000180: the areas covered by territorial sea waters and maritime areas; as well as biodiversity and its
p.000180: genetic heritage and the radio spectrum. These assets may only be exploited in strict compliance with
p.000180: the environmental principles established in the Constitution.
p.000180: The State will participate in the benefits of taking advantage of these resources, in an amount that will not be less
p.000180: to those of the company that exploits them.
p.000180: The State shall guarantee that the mechanisms of production, consumption and use of natural resources and the
p.000180: energy preserve and recover natural cycles and allow living conditions with dignity.
p.000180: SECTION @UINTA
p.000180: I usually
p.000180: Art. 409.- The conservation of the soil, especially its fertile layer, is of public interest and national priority. I know
p.000180: establish a regulatory framework for its protection and sustainable use that prevents its
p.000181: 181
p.000181: degradation, particularly that caused by pollution, desertification and erosion.
p.000181: In areas affected by degradation and desertification processes, the State will develop and stimulate
p.000181: afforestation, reforestation and revegetation projects that avoid monoculture and use, preferably,
p.000181: native species adapted to the area.
p.000181: Art. 410.- The State will provide farmers and rural communities with support for conservation and restoration.
p.000181: of soils, as well as for the development of agricultural practices that protect and promote sovereignty
p.000181: food
p.000181: SECTION SIX
p.000181: Water
p.000181: Art. 411.- The State shall guarantee the conservation, recovery and integral management of water resources,
p.000181: watersheds and ecological flows associated with the hydrological cycle. Any activity that can be regulated will be regulated
p.000181: affect the quality and quantity of water, and the balance of ecosystems, especially in sources and areas
p.000181: water recharge
p.000181: The sustainability of ecosystems and human consumption will be a priority in the use and use of water.
p.000181: Art. 412.- The authority in charge of water management will be responsible for its planning,
p.000181: Regulation and control. This authority will cooperate and coordinate with the one in charge of environmental management
p.000181: to ensure water management with an ecosystem approach.
p.000181: SEVENTH SECTION
...

Health / patients in emergency situations

Searching for indicator emergencies:

(return to top)
p.000035: In particular, the State will take measures to:
p.000035: 1. Attention in specialized centers that guarantee your nutrition, health, education and daily care, in a
p.000035: Integral rights protection framework. Reception centers will be created to house those who cannot be
p.000035: attended by their relatives or those who lack a place to reside permanently.
p.000035: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The State will execute policies
p.000035: aimed at promoting the participation and work of the elderly in public and private entities
p.000035: to contribute to their experience, and will develop job training programs, depending on their vocation
p.000035: and his aspirations.
p.000035: 3. Development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their personal autonomy, reducing their
p.000035: dependence and achieve full social integration.
p.000035: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000035: nature, or negligence that causes such situations.
p.000035: 5. Development of programs aimed at promoting the realization of recreational and spiritual activities.
p.000035: 6. Preferential attention in cases of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000035: 7. Creation of special regimes for compliance with custodial measures. In case of
p.000035: sentence of imprisonment, provided that no other alternative measures are applied, will serve their sentence
p.000035: in centers suitable for this purpose, and in case of pretrial detention they will be subjected to house arrest.
p.000035: 8. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000035: 9. Adequate economic and psychological assistance that guarantees your physical and mental stability.
p.000036: 36
p.000036: The law will sanction the abandonment of older adults by their relatives or institutions
p.000036: established for your protection.
p.000036: SECTION SECTION
p.000036: Young boys
p.000036: Art. 39.- The State will guarantee the rights of young people and young people, and promote their cash
p.000036: exercise through policies and programs, institutions and resources that ensure and maintain so
p.000036: Permanent participation and inclusion in all areas, particularly in public power spaces.
p.000036: The State will recognize young people and young people as strategic actors in the country's development, and
p.000036: guarantee education, health, housing, recreation, sports, leisure time, freedom of expression and
p.000036: association. The State will promote its incorporation to work in fair and dignified conditions, with
p.000036: emphasis on training, the guarantee of access to first employment and the promotion of their skills
p.000036: entrepreneurship
p.000036: SECTION THREE
p.000036: Human mobility
p.000036: Art. 40.- The right to migrate is recognized to people. No being will be identified or considered
...

p.000039: Integral protection framework for your rights.
p.000039: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The work of children under
p.000039: fifteen years, and policies for the progressive eradication of child labor will be implemented. The work of the
p.000039: adolescents and adolescents will be exceptional, and may not violate their right to education or perform in
p.000039: harmful or dangerous situations for your health or personal development. Your respect will be respected, recognized and supported.
p.000039: work and other activities provided they do not pay attention to their training and their integral development.
p.000039: 3. Preferential care for the full social integration of those with disabilities. The State will guarantee its
p.000039: incorporation into the regular education system and in society.
p.000039: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000039: nature, or against the negligence caused by such situations.
p.000039: 5. Prevention against the use of narcotic or psychotropic drugs and the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other substances
p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
p.000039: that promote violence, or racial or gender discrimination. Public communication policies
p.000039: they will prioritize their education and respect for their rights of image, integrity and the other specific ones of their age. I know
p.000039: establish limitations and penalties to enforce these rights.
p.000039: 8. Special protection and assistance when the parent or parent, or both, are deprived
p.000039: of your freedom
p.000039: 9. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000040: 40
p.000040: SECTION SIX
p.000040: People with disabilities
p.000040: Art. 47.- The State will guarantee disability prevention policies and, jointly with the
p.000040: society and the family, will try to match opportunities for people with disabilities and their integration
p.000040: Social.
p.000040: Persons with disabilities are recognized, the rights to:
p.000040: 1. Specialized care in public and private entities that provide health services for their
...

p.000174: Minimize the vulnerability condition.
p.000174: The national decentralized risk management system is composed of the management units of
p.000174: risk of all public and private institutions at local, regional and national levels. The
p.000174: The State shall exercise the rectory through the technical body established by law. It will have as functions
p.000174: Main, among others:
p.000174: 1. Identify existing and potential risks, internal and external that affect the territory
p.000174: Ecuadorian.
p.000174: 2. Generate, democratize access and disseminate sufficient and timely information to manage
p.000174: properly risk.
p.000174: 3. Ensure that all public and private institutions incorporate compulsorily, and in a manner
p.000174: transversal, risk management in its planning and management.
p.000174: 4. Strengthen in citizenship and in public and private entities capacities to identify
p.000174: risks inherent to their respective fields of action, report on them, and incorporate actions
p.000174: tending to reduce them.
p.000174: 5. Articulate institutions to coordinate actions to prevent and mitigate risks,
p.000174: as well as to face them, recover and improve the conditions prior to the occurrence of an emergency or
p.000174: disaster.
p.000174: 6. Perform and coordinate the necessary actions to reduce vulnerabilities and prevent,
p.000174: mitigate, address and recover any negative effects resulting from disasters or emergencies
p.000174: in the national territory.
p.000174: 7. Ensure sufficient and timely financing for the operation of the System, and
p.000174: coordinate international cooperation aimed at risk management.
p.000175: 175
p.000175: Art. 390.- The risks will be managed under the principle of subsidiary decentralization, which
p.000175: it will imply the direct responsibility of the institutions within its geographical scope. When your capabilities
p.000175: for risk management are insufficient, instances of greater territorial scope and greater capacity
p.000175: technical and financial will provide the necessary support with respect to their authority in the territory and without relieving them of their
p.000175: responsibility.
p.000175: TENTH SECTION
p.000175: Population and human mobility
p.000175: Art. 391.- The State will generate and apply demographic policies that contribute to development.
p.000175: balanced territorial and intergenerational and guarantee the protection of the environment and the safety of the population,
p.000175: in the framework of respect for the self-determination of people and diversity.
p.000175: Art. 392.- The State shall ensure the rights of persons in human mobility and exercise the rectory of
p.000175: Migration policy through the competent body in coordination with the different levels of government. The
p.000175: The State will design, adopt, execute and evaluate policies, plans, programs and projects, and coordinate the action of
p.000175: its agencies with that of other States and civil society organizations that work in human mobility
...

Social / Access to Social Goods

Searching for indicator access:

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p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Health 34
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Labor and social security 34
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Rights of persons and priority care groups 35
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Adults and older adults 35
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Young 37
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Human Mobility 37
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Pregnant women 38
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Girls, boys and teenagers 39
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: People with disabilities 41
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: People with catastrophic diseases 43
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Persons deprived of liberty 43
p.000022: Ninth section
p.000022: Users and consumers 43
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Rights of communities, peoples and nationalities 45
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Participation rights 48
p.000022: Sixth chapter
p.000022: Freedom rights 50
p.000022: Seventh chapter
p.000022: Rights of nature 55
p.000022: Eighth chapter
p.000022: Protection rights 56
p.000022: Ninth chapter
p.000022: Responsibilities 61
p.000022: TITLE III
p.000022: CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES 63
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Regulatory guarantees 63
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Public policies, public services and citizen participation 63
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Jurisdictional guarantees 64
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Common provisions 64
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Protection Action 65
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Habeas corpus 65 action
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Action to access public information 66
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Habeas action data 67
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Non-compliance action 67
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Extraordinary protection action 68
p.000022: TITLE IV
p.000022: PARTICIPATION AND ORGANIZATION OF POWER 69
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Participation in democracy 69
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Principles of participation 69
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Collective Organization 69
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Participation in different levels of government 70
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Direct Democracy 71
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Political organizations 73
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Political representation 74
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Legislative Function 77
p.000022: First section
p.000022: National Assembly 77
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Control of government action 81
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Legislative procedure 82
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Executive Function 87
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Organization and functions 87
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: National Equality Councils 92
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Armed Forces and National Police 93
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: States of exception 95
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Judicial Function and Indigenous Justice 97
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Principles of the administration of justice 97
...

p.000022: Sovereignty lies in the people, whose will is the foundation of authority, and is exercised through the
p.000022: bodies of public power and the forms of direct participation provided for in the Constitution.
p.000022: The non-renewable natural resources of the State territory belong to its heritage
p.000022: inalienable, inalienable and imprescriptible.
p.000022: Art. 2.- The flag, the shield and the national anthem, established by law, are the symbols of the country.
p.000022: Spanish is the official language of Ecuador; Spanish, Kichwa and Shuar are languages
p.000022: Intercultural relationship officers. The other ancestral languages ​​are of official use for the indigenous peoples in
p.000022: the areas where they live and in the terms established by law. The State will respect and stimulate its conservation and use.
p.000022: Art. 3.- The primary duties of the State are:
p.000022: 1. Guarantee without discrimination the effective enjoyment of the rights established in the Constitution and in
p.000022: international instruments, in particular education, health, food, security
p.000022: social and water for its inhabitants.
p.000022: 2. Guarantee and defend national sovereignty.
p.000022: 3. Strengthen national unity in diversity.
p.000022: 4. Guarantee secular ethics as a basis for public activity and legal order.
p.000022: 5. Plan national development, eradicate poverty, promote sustainable development and
p.000022: equitable redistribution of resources and wealth, to access the good life.
p.000022: 2. 3
p.000022: 6. Promote the equitable and solidarity development of the entire territory, by strengthening the
p.000022: autonomy and decentralization process.
p.000022: 7. Protect the natural and cultural heritage of the country.
p.000022: 8. Guarantee its inhabitants the right to a culture of peace, to integral security and to live in a society
p.000022: Democratic and corruption free.
p.000022: Art. 4.- The territory of Ecuador constitutes a geographical and historical unit of natural, social dimensions.
p.000022: and cultural, legacy of our ancestors and ancestral peoples. This territory includes the space
p.000022: continental and maritime, the adjacent islands, the territorial sea, the Galapagos Archipelago, the
p.000022: soil, the underwater platform, the subsoil and the overlying continental, insular and
p.000022: maritime. Its limits are those determined by the current treaties.
p.000022: The territory of Ecuador is inalienable, irreducible and inviolable. No one will attempt against territorial unity or
p.000022: It will promote secession.
p.000022: The capital of Ecuador is Quito.
p.000022: The Ecuadorian State will exercise rights over the corresponding segments of the synchronous orbit
p.000022: geostationary, maritime spaces and Antarctica.
p.000022: Art. 5.- Ecuador is a territory of peace. The establishment of military bases will not be allowed
p.000022: foreign or foreign facilities for military purposes. It is forbidden to assign national military bases to
...

p.000027: they will be obliged to repair the violations to the rights of the individuals by the lack or deficiency in
p.000027: the provision of public services, or for the actions or omissions of its officials and officials, and
p.000027: employees and public employees in the performance of their positions.
p.000027: The State will immediately exercise the right of repetition
p.000028: 28
p.000028: against the persons responsible for the damage caused, without prejudice to the responsibilities
p.000028: civil, criminal and administrative.
p.000028: The State will be responsible for arbitrary detention, judicial error, unjustified delay or
p.000028: inadequate administration of justice, violation of the right to effective judicial protection, and for violations of
p.000028: the principles and rules of due process.
p.000028: When a conviction is reformed or revoked, the State will repair the person who has suffered
p.000028: penalty as a result of such sentence and, declared responsibility for such acts of servants or
p.000028: Public servants, administrative or judicial, will be repeated against them.
p.000028: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000028: Rights of good living
p.000028: SECTION ONE
p.000028: Water and food
p.000028: Art. 12.- The human right to water is fundamental and inalienable. Water constitutes strategic national heritage
p.000028: for public use, inalienable, imprescriptible, unattachable and essential for life.
p.000028: Art. 13.- Individuals and communities have the right to secure and permanent access to healthy food,
p.000028: sufficient and nutritious; preferably produced locally and in correspondence with their various identities
p.000028: and cultural traditions.
p.000028: The Ecuadorian State will promote food sovereignty.
p.000028: SECTION SECTION
p.000028: Healthy environment
p.000028: Art. 14.- The right of the population to live in a healthy and ecologically friendly environment is recognized.
p.000028: balanced, that guarantees sustainability and good living, sumak kawsay.
p.000028: It is declared of public interest the preservation of the environment, the conservation of ecosystems, the
p.000028: biodiversity and the integrity of the country's genetic heritage, prevention of environmental damage and recovery
p.000028: of degraded natural spaces.
p.000029: 29
p.000029: Art. 15.- The State shall promote, in the public and private sector, the use of environmentally clean technologies and
p.000029: non-polluting and low impact alternative energies. Energy sovereignty will not be achieved in
p.000029: detriment of food sovereignty, nor will it affect the right to water.
p.000029: The development, production, possession, commercialization, importation, transportation, storage and use are prohibited.
p.000029: of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, of highly toxic persistent organic pollutants,
p.000029: internationally banned agrochemicals, and experimental biological technologies and agents
p.000029: harmful and genetically modified organisms harmful to human health or that threaten the
p.000029: food sovereignty or ecosystems, as well as the introduction of nuclear waste and toxic waste to
p.000029: National territory.
p.000029: SECTION THREE
p.000029: Communication and Information
p.000029: Art. 16.- All persons, individually or collectively, have the right to:
p.000029: 1. A free, intercultural, inclusive, diverse and participatory communication in all areas of the
p.000029: social interaction, by any means and form, in their own language and with their own symbols.
p.000029: 2. Universal access to information and communication technologies.
p.000029: 3. The creation of social media, and equal access to the use of
p.000029: radio spectrum frequencies for the management of public and private radio and television stations
p.000029: community, and free bands for the exploitation of wireless networks.
p.000029: 4. Access and use of all forms of visual, auditory, sensory and other communication that
p.000029: allow the inclusion of people with disabilities.
p.000029: 5. Integrate the participation spaces provided for in the Constitution in the field of communication.
p.000029: Art. 17.- The State shall promote plurality and diversity in communication, and to that effect:
p.000030: 30
p.000030: 1. Ensure the allocation, through transparent and equal conditions, of the
p.000030: radio spectrum frequencies, for the management of public and private radio and television stations
p.000030: community, as well as access to free bands for the exploitation of wireless networks, and will ensure that in your
p.000030: use prevails the collective interest.
p.000030: 2. Facilitate the creation and strengthening of public, private and public media.
p.000030: community, as well as universal access to information and communication technologies especially for
p.000030: people and communities that lack such access or have it in a limited way.
p.000030: 3. It will not allow oligopoly or monopoly, direct or indirect, of ownership of the media
p.000030: and the use of frequencies.
p.000030: Art. 18.- All persons, individually or collectively, have the right to:
p.000030: 1. Search, receive, exchange, produce and disseminate truthful, verified, timely, contextualized information,
p.000030: plural, without prior censorship about the facts, events and processes of general interest, and with
p.000030: further responsibility.
p.000030: 2. Access freely to the information generated in public entities, or in the private ones that handle
p.000030: State funds or perform public functions. There will be no reservation of information except in cases
p.000030: expressly established in the law. In case of violation of human rights, no public entity will deny the
p.000030: information.
p.000030: Art. 19.- The law shall regulate the prevalence of content for informational, educational and cultural purposes in
p.000030: the programming of the media, and will encourage the creation of spaces for the dissemination of
p.000030: independent national production.
p.000030: The emission of advertising that induces violence, discrimination, racism,
p.000030: drug addiction, sexism, religious or political intolerance and anyone who attempts against
p.000030: rights.
p.000030: Art. 20.- The State shall guarantee the clause of conscience to all persons, and the professional secrecy and reserve of the
p.000030: source to those who inform, express their opinions through the media or other forms of communication, or work in
p.000030: Any communication activity.
p.000031: 31
p.000031: FOURTH SECTION
p.000031: Culture and science
p.000031: Art. 21.- People have the right to build and maintain their own cultural identity, to decide on their
p.000031: belonging to one or more cultural communities and expressing said choices; to aesthetic freedom; to know the
p.000031: historical memory of their cultures and to access their cultural heritage; to spread their own cultural expressions and
p.000031: have access to diverse cultural expressions.
p.000031: Culture may not be invoked when the rights recognized in the Constitution are violated.
p.000031: Art. 22.- People have the right to develop their creative capacity, to the dignified and sustained exercise of
p.000031: cultural and artistic activities, and to benefit from the protection of moral rights and
p.000031: assets that correspond to them for the scientific, literary or artistic productions of their authorship.
p.000031: Art. 23.- People have the right to access and participate in the public space as an area of ​​deliberation,
p.000031: cultural exchange, social cohesion and promotion of equality in diversity. The right to spread
p.000031: in the public space the cultural expressions themselves will be exercised without more limitations than those established
p.000031: the law, subject to constitutional principles.
p.000031: Art. 24.- People have the right to recreation and recreation, to the practice of sport
p.000031: and free time.
p.000031: Art. 25.- People have the right to enjoy the benefits and applications of scientific progress and of the
p.000031: ancestral knowledge.
p.000031: SECTION @UINTA
p.000031: Education
p.000031: Art. 26.- Education is a right of people throughout their lives and an inescapable and inexcusable duty of the
p.000031: State. It constitutes a priority area of ​​public policy and state investment, guarantee of equality and
p.000031: social inclusion and indispensable condition for good living. People, families and the
p.000031: society have the right and responsibility to participate in the educational process.
p.000031: Art. 27.- Education will focus on the human being and will guarantee its holistic development, within the framework of
p.000031: respect for rights
p.000032: 32
p.000032: humans, the sustainable environment and democracy; will be participatory, mandatory, intercultural,
p.000032: democratic, inclusive and diverse, of quality and warmth; will boost gender equity, justice,
p.000032: solidarity and peace; it will stimulate critical sense, art and physical culture, individual initiative and
p.000032: community, and the development of skills and abilities to create and work.
p.000032: Education is indispensable for knowledge, the exercise of rights and the construction of a sovereign country,
p.000032: and constitutes a strategic axis for national development.
p.000032: Art. 28.- Education will respond to the public interest and will not be at the service of individual interests and
p.000032: corporate Universal access, permanence, mobility and discharge will be guaranteed without
p.000032: any discrimination and compulsory at the initial, basic and high school level or its equivalent.
p.000032: It is the right of every person and community to interact between cultures and participate in a society that learns. The state
p.000032: It will promote intercultural dialogue in its multiple dimensions.
p.000032: Learning will take place in a school and non-school way.
p.000032: Public education will be universal and secular at all levels, and free until the third level of education
p.000032: superior inclusive.
p.000032: Art. 29.- The State shall guarantee the freedom of education, the freedom of teaching in higher education, and the right
p.000032: of people learning in their own language and cultural field.
p.000032: Mothers and fathers or their representatives will have the freedom to choose for their daughters and sons a
p.000032: education in accordance with its principles, beliefs and pedagogical options.
p.000032: SECTION SIX
p.000032: Habitat and housing
p.000032: Art. 30.- People have the right to a safe and healthy habitat, and to adequate and dignified housing,
p.000032: regardless of their social and economic situation.
p.000032: Art. 31.- People have the right to the full enjoyment of the city and its public spaces, under the principles of
p.000032: sustainability, social justice, respect for different urban cultures and balance between urban and urban
p.000032: rural. The exercise of the right to the city is based on its democratic management, on the function
p.000032: social and
p.000033: 33
p.000033: environmental of the property and the city, and in the full exercise of citizenship.
p.000033: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000033: Health
p.000033: Art. 32.- Health is a right guaranteed by the State, whose realization is linked to the exercise of
p.000033: other rights, including the right to water, food, education, physical culture,
p.000033: work, social security, healthy environments and others that support good living.
p.000033: The State will guarantee this right through economic, social, cultural, educational and
p.000033: environmental; and permanent, timely and exclusive access to programs, actions and services of
p.000033: promotion and comprehensive health care, sexual health and reproductive health. The provision of services
p.000033: health will be governed by the principles of equity, universality, solidarity, interculturality, quality,
p.000033: efficiency, effectiveness, caution and bioethics, with a gender and generational approach.
p.000033: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000033: Work and social security
p.000033: Art. 33.- Work is a right and a social duty, and an economic right, source of realization.
p.000033: staff and base of the economy. The State will guarantee working people full respect for their
p.000033: dignity, a decent life, fair remuneration and compensation and the performance of a healthy and free work
p.000033: chosen or accepted.
p.000033: Art. 34.- The right to social security is an inalienable right of all persons, and shall be the duty and
p.000033: primary responsibility of the State. Social security will be governed by the principles of solidarity,
p.000033: mandatory, universality, equity, efficiency, subsidiarity, sufficiency, transparency and
p.000033: participation, for the attention of individual and collective needs.
p.000033: The State will guarantee and enforce the full exercise of the right to social security, which includes people
p.000033: who perform unpaid work in homes, activities for self-support in the field, all forms of work
p.000033: self-employed and those who are unemployed.
p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000033: 5. Exemptions in the tax system.
p.000033: 6. Exemption from payment for notarial and registration costs, in accordance with the law.
p.000033: 7. Access to a home that ensures a decent life, with respect to your opinion and consent.
p.000033: Art. 38.- The State shall establish public policies and programs for adult care.
p.000033: older, which will take into account
p.000035: 35
p.000035: specific differences between urban and rural areas, gender inequities, ethnicity,
p.000035: culture and the differences of people, communities, peoples and nationalities; It will also promote
p.000035: highest possible degree of personal autonomy and participation in the definition and execution of these policies.
p.000035: In particular, the State will take measures to:
p.000035: 1. Attention in specialized centers that guarantee your nutrition, health, education and daily care, in a
p.000035: Integral rights protection framework. Reception centers will be created to house those who cannot be
p.000035: attended by their relatives or those who lack a place to reside permanently.
p.000035: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The State will execute policies
p.000035: aimed at promoting the participation and work of the elderly in public and private entities
p.000035: to contribute to their experience, and will develop job training programs, depending on their vocation
p.000035: and his aspirations.
...

p.000035: 6. Preferential attention in cases of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000035: 7. Creation of special regimes for compliance with custodial measures. In case of
p.000035: sentence of imprisonment, provided that no other alternative measures are applied, will serve their sentence
p.000035: in centers suitable for this purpose, and in case of pretrial detention they will be subjected to house arrest.
p.000035: 8. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000035: 9. Adequate economic and psychological assistance that guarantees your physical and mental stability.
p.000036: 36
p.000036: The law will sanction the abandonment of older adults by their relatives or institutions
p.000036: established for your protection.
p.000036: SECTION SECTION
p.000036: Young boys
p.000036: Art. 39.- The State will guarantee the rights of young people and young people, and promote their cash
p.000036: exercise through policies and programs, institutions and resources that ensure and maintain so
p.000036: Permanent participation and inclusion in all areas, particularly in public power spaces.
p.000036: The State will recognize young people and young people as strategic actors in the country's development, and
p.000036: guarantee education, health, housing, recreation, sports, leisure time, freedom of expression and
p.000036: association. The State will promote its incorporation to work in fair and dignified conditions, with
p.000036: emphasis on training, the guarantee of access to first employment and the promotion of their skills
p.000036: entrepreneurship
p.000036: SECTION THREE
p.000036: Human mobility
p.000036: Art. 40.- The right to migrate is recognized to people. No being will be identified or considered
p.000036: human as illegal because of his immigration status.
p.000036: The State, through the corresponding entities, will develop among others the following actions for the
p.000036: Exercise of the rights of Ecuadorian people abroad, whatever their immigration status:
p.000036: 1. Offer assistance to them and their families, whether they reside abroad or in the country.
p.000036: 2. It will offer attention, advisory services and integral protection so that they can freely exercise their
p.000036: rights.
p.000036: 3. Precautionary your rights when, for any reason, they have been deprived of their freedom abroad.
p.000036: 4. It will promote its links with Ecuador, facilitate family reunification and stimulate voluntary return.
p.000037: 37
p.000037: 5. Maintain the confidentiality of personal data found in the archives of the
p.000037: Ecuadorian institutions abroad.
p.000037: 6. Protect transnational families and the rights of their members.
p.000037: Art. 41.- The rights of asylum and refuge are recognized, in accordance with the law and international instruments of
p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
p.000037: Art. 43.- The State shall guarantee pregnant and breastfeeding women the rights to:
p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
p.000038: 3. The priority protection and care of your integral health and life during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000038: 4. Have the necessary facilities for recovery after pregnancy and during the period of
p.000038: lactation.
p.000038: SECTION @UINTA
p.000038: Girls, boys and teenagers
...

p.000039: establish limitations and penalties to enforce these rights.
p.000039: 8. Special protection and assistance when the parent or parent, or both, are deprived
p.000039: of your freedom
p.000039: 9. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000040: 40
p.000040: SECTION SIX
p.000040: People with disabilities
p.000040: Art. 47.- The State will guarantee disability prevention policies and, jointly with the
p.000040: society and the family, will try to match opportunities for people with disabilities and their integration
p.000040: Social.
p.000040: Persons with disabilities are recognized, the rights to:
p.000040: 1. Specialized care in public and private entities that provide health services for their
p.000040: specific needs, which will include the provision of medicines for free, in particular for those
p.000040: people who require lifelong treatment.
p.000040: 2. Integral rehabilitation and permanent assistance, which will include the corresponding aid
p.000040: techniques
p.000040: 3. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000040: 4. Exemptions in the tax regime.
p.000040: 5. Work in conditions of equal opportunities, which fosters their capacities and potentials, to
p.000040: through policies that allow its incorporation into public and private entities.
p.000040: 6. Adequate housing, with access facilities and conditions necessary to address your disability and to
p.000040: ensure the greatest degree of autonomy in their daily lives. Persons with disabilities who cannot be
p.000040: taken care of by their relatives during the day, or who do not have permanent residence, will have
p.000040: Shelters for your hostel.
p.000040: 7. An education that develops its potential and skills for its integration and participation in equal
p.000040: terms. Your education will be guaranteed within regular education. Regular campuses
p.000040: they will incorporate differentiated treatment and those of special attention the specialized education. The
p.000040: educational establishments will comply with accessibility standards for people with disabilities and will implement a system
p.000040: of scholarships that respond to the economic conditions of this group.
p.000040: 8. Specialized education for people with intellectual disabilities and capacity building through
p.000040: the creation of specific educational centers and teaching programs.
p.000041: 41
p.000041: 9. Free psychological care for people with disabilities and their families, in
p.000041: particular in case of intellectual disability.
p.000041: 10. Adequate access to all goods and services. Architectural barriers will be removed.
p.000041: 11. Access to mechanisms, means and alternative forms of communication, including sign language
p.000041: for deaf people, oralism and the braille system.
p.000041: Art. 48.- The State shall adopt measures that ensure:
p.000041: 1. Social inclusion, through coordinated state and private plans and programs, that foster their
p.000041: political, social, cultural, educational and economic participation.
p.000041: 2. Obtaining credits and tax rebates or exemptions that allow them to initiate and maintain
p.000041: productive activities, and obtaining scholarships at all levels of education.
p.000041: 3. The development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their leisure and rest.
p.000041: 4. Political participation, which will ensure their representation, in accordance with the law.
p.000041: 5. The establishment of specialized programs for the comprehensive care of people with severe disabilities and
p.000041: deep, in order to achieve the maximum development of his personality, the promotion of his autonomy and the
p.000041: decreased dependence
p.000041: 6. The incentive and support for productive projects in favor of family members of people with
p.000041: severe disability
p.000041: 7. The guarantee of the full exercise of the rights of persons with disabilities. The law will sanction the abandonment of
...

p.000044: teaching and learning
p.000044: A dignified teaching career will be guaranteed. The administration of this system will be collective and participatory, with
p.000044: temporal and spatial alternation, based on community oversight and accountability.
p.000046: 46
p.000046: 15. Build and maintain organizations that represent them, within the framework of respect for pluralism and
p.000046: cultural, political and organizational diversity. The State will recognize and promote all its forms of expression and
p.000046: organization.
p.000046: 16. Participate through their representatives in the official bodies determined by law, in the
p.000046: definition of public policies that concern them, as well as in the design and decision of their priorities in the
p.000046: State plans and projects.
p.000046: 17. Be consulted before adopting a legislative measure that may affect any of your rights
p.000046: collective
p.000046: 18. Maintain and develop contacts, relationships and cooperation with other peoples, in
p.000046: particularly those divided by international borders.
p.000046: 19. Promote the use of clothing, symbols and emblems that identify them.
p.000046: 20. The limitation of military activities in their territories, in accordance with the law.
p.000046: 21. That the dignity and diversity of their cultures, traditions, stories and aspirations be reflected in education
p.000046: public and in the media; the creation of their own social media in their languages ​​and the
p.000046: access to others without discrimination.
p.000046: The territories of the peoples in voluntary isolation are of irreducible and intangible ancestral power, and in
p.000046: they will be banned all kinds of extractive activity. The State will adopt measures to guarantee their lives, to do
p.000046: Respect their self-determination and willingness to remain in isolation, and take care to observe their rights.
p.000046: Violation of these rights will constitute the crime of ethnocide, which will be typified by law.
p.000046: The State shall guarantee the application of these collective rights without discrimination, under conditions of equality
p.000046: and equity between women and men.
p.000046: Art. 58.- To strengthen their identity, culture, traditions and rights, the people are recognized
p.000046: Afro-Ecuadorian collective rights established in the Constitution, law and pacts, conventions,
p.000046: declarations and other international human rights instruments.
p.000047: 47
p.000047: Art. 59.- The collective rights of the montubios peoples are recognized to guarantee their process
p.000047: of integral, sustainable and sustainable human development, policies and strategies for their progress and their
p.000047: forms of associative administration, based on knowledge of their reality and respect for their culture, identity and
p.000047: own vision, in accordance with the law.
p.000047: Art. 60.- Ancestral, indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian and montubio peoples may constitute constituencies.
p.000047: territorial for the preservation of their culture. The law will regulate its conformation.
p.000047: Communes that have collective ownership of land are recognized as an ancestral form of
...

p.000049: c) The prohibition of torture, forced disappearance and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment.
p.000049: d) The prohibition of the use of genetic material and scientific experimentation that undermine rights
p.000049: humans.
p.000049: 4. Right to formal equality, material equality and non-discrimination.
p.000049: 5. The right to free personality development, with no limitations other than the rights of
p.000049: the rest.
p.000049: 6. The right to express your opinion and express your thoughts freely and in all its forms and manifestations.
p.000049: 7. The right of any person aggrieved by information without proof or inaccuracy, issued by means of
p.000049: social communication, to the corresponding rectification, replication or response, immediately, mandatory and
p.000049: Free, in the same space or schedule.
p.000049: 8. The right to practice, conserve, change, profess in public or private, their religion or beliefs, and to
p.000049: disseminate them individually or collectively, with the restrictions imposed by respect for rights.
p.000049: fifty
p.000049: The State will protect voluntary religious practice, as well as the expression of those who do not profess religion
p.000049: some, and will favor an environment of plurality and tolerance.
p.000049: 9. The right to make free, informed, voluntary and responsible decisions about your sexuality, and your life and
p.000049: sexual orientation The State shall promote access to the necessary means for these decisions to occur in
p.000049: safe conditions.
p.000049: 10. The right to make free, responsible and informed decisions about your health and reproductive life and to decide
p.000049: when and how many daughters and sons to have
p.000049: 11. The right to keep reservations about your convictions. No one may be forced to testify about them.
p.000049: Under no circumstances may the owner or its legitimate representatives be required or used without authorization.
p.000049: personal or third party information about your religious beliefs, affiliation or political thinking; nor about data
p.000049: concerning your health and sexual life, except for health care needs.
p.000049: 12. The right to conscientious objection, which may not impair other rights, or cause harm to persons or
p.000049: nature.
p.000049: Everyone has the right to refuse to use violence and to participate in military service.
p.000049: 13. The right to associate, meet and manifest freely and voluntarily.
p.000049: 14. The right to move freely through the national territory and to choose your residence, as well as to enter and
p.000049: leave the country freely, whose exercise will be regulated in accordance with the law. The ban on leaving the country alone
p.000049: may be ordered by competent judge.
p.000049: Foreign persons may not be returned or expelled to a country where their life, freedom, security or integrity
p.000049: or that of their relatives are endangered because of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, ideology, belonging to a certain
p.000049: social group, or for their political opinions.
p.000049: The expulsion of groups of foreigners is prohibited. Migration processes must be singled out.
p.000049: 15. The right to develop economic activities, individually or collectively, in accordance with the
p.000049: principles of solidarity, social and environmental responsibility.
p.000051: 51
p.000051: 16. The right to freedom of contract.
p.000051: 17. The right to freedom of work. No one will be forced to perform a free or forced job,
p.000051: except in cases determined by law.
p.000051: 18. The right to honor and good name. The law will protect the image and voice of the person.
p.000051: 19. The right to the protection of personal data, which includes access and decision on information and
p.000051: data of this character, as well as its corresponding protection. The collection, archiving, processing,
p.000051: distribution or dissemination of this data or information will require the authorization of the holder or the mandate of the law.
p.000051: 20. The right to personal and family privacy.
p.000051: 21. The right to inviolability and the secrecy of physical and virtual correspondence; it cannot be retained,
p.000051: open or examined, except in cases provided by law, prior judicial intervention and with the obligation to
p.000051: keep the secret of matters outside the fact that motivates your examination. This right protects any other type or
p.000051: communication way.
p.000051: 22. The right to inviolability of domicile. You cannot enter a person's address or
p.000051: carry out inspections or searches without your authorization or without a warrant, except for flagrant offenses, in cases and
p.000051: form established by law.
p.000051: 23. The right to address individual and collective complaints and requests to the authorities and to receive attention or
p.000051: motivated answers Requests cannot be addressed on behalf of the people.
p.000051: 24. The right to participate in the cultural life of the community.
p.000051: 25. The right to access quality public and private goods and services, with efficiency, effectiveness
p.000051: and good treatment, as well as to receive adequate and truthful information about its content and characteristics.
p.000051: 26. The right to property in all its forms, with social and environmental function and responsibility. The
p.000051: The right to access property will be effective with the adoption of public policies, among others
p.000051: measurements.
p.000051: 27. The right to live in a healthy, ecologically balanced environment, free from contamination and in harmony with the
p.000051: nature.
p.000052: 52
p.000052: 28. The right to personal and collective identity, which includes having a first and last name,
p.000052: duly registered and freely chosen; and conserve, develop and strengthen
p.000052: material and immaterial characteristics of identity, such as nationality, origin
p.000052: family, spiritual, cultural, religious, linguistic, political and social manifestations.
p.000052: 29. Freedom rights also include:
p.000052: a) The recognition that all people are born free.
p.000052: b) The prohibition of slavery, exploitation, servitude and trafficking and trafficking in human beings in all
p.000052: their forms The State shall adopt measures to prevent and eradicate trafficking in persons, and to protect and
p.000052: social reintegration of victims of trafficking and other forms of violation of freedom.
p.000052: c) That no person can be deprived of their freedom for debts, costs, fines, taxes, or other
p.000052: obligations, except in the case of alimony.
p.000052: d) That no person can be forced to do something prohibited or to stop doing something not prohibited by law.
...

p.000054: Constitution, where appropriate.
p.000054: The State will encourage natural and legal persons, and groups, to protect the
p.000054: nature, and will promote respect for all the elements that form an ecosystem.
p.000054: Art. 72.- Nature has the right to restoration. This restoration will be independent of the
p.000054: obligation of the State and natural or legal persons to indemnify individuals and
p.000054: groups that depend on the affected natural systems.
p.000054: In cases of serious or permanent environmental impact, including those caused by the exploitation of
p.000054: non-renewable natural resources, the State will establish the most effective mechanisms to achieve restoration,
p.000054: and take appropriate measures to eliminate or mitigate harmful environmental consequences.
p.000054: Art. 73.- The State shall apply precautionary and restrictive measures for activities that may lead to the
p.000054: extinction of species, destruction of ecosystems or permanent alteration of natural cycles.
p.000054: The introduction of organisms and organic and inorganic material that can alter in a way is prohibited
p.000054: definitive the national genetic heritage.
p.000054: Art. 74.- People, communities, peoples and nationalities will have the right to benefit from the environment.
p.000054: and of the natural wealth that allows them to live well.
p.000054: Environmental services will not be subject to appropriation; its production, provision, use and use will be
p.000054: regulated by the State.
p.000055: 55
p.000055: CHAPTER EIGHTH
p.000055: Protection rights
p.000055: Art. 75.- Everyone has the right to free access to justice and to effective, impartial and effective guardianship.
p.000055: expedited of their rights and interests, subject to the principles of immediacy and speed; in no case will it remain
p.000055: In defenselessness. Failure to comply with judicial decisions will be sanctioned by law.
p.000055: Art. 76.- In any process in which rights and obligations of any order are determined, it will be ensured
p.000055: the right to due process that will include the following basic guarantees:
p.000055: 1. It is the responsibility of any administrative or judicial authority to ensure compliance with the regulations
p.000055: and the rights of the parties.
p.000055: 2. The innocence of every person shall be presumed, and shall be treated as such, as long as their
p.000055: responsibility by final resolution or enforceable judgment.
p.000055: 3. No one may be tried or punished for an act or omission that, at the time of committing, is not established in the
p.000055: law as a criminal, administrative or other offense; nor will an unscheduled penalty be applied
p.000055: by the Constitution or the law. Only one person may be judged before a competent judge or authority and
p.000055: with observance of the procedure of each procedure.
p.000055: 4. The evidence obtained or acted in violation of the Constitution or the law will not be valid
p.000055: some and will lack probative efficacy.
p.000055: 5. In case of conflict between two laws of the same subject that contemplate different sanctions for a
p.000055: same fact, the least rigorous will be applied, even if its promulgation is subsequent to the infraction. In
p.000055: in case of doubt about a rule that contains sanctions, it will be applied in the most favorable sense to the person
p.000055: offending
p.000055: 6. The law shall establish due proportionality between infractions and criminal, administrative or administrative sanctions.
p.000055: other nature
p.000055: 7. The right of persons to defense shall include the following guarantees:
p.000056: 56
p.000056: a) No one may be deprived of the right to defense at any stage or degree of the procedure.
p.000056: b) Have the time and the appropriate means to prepare your defense.
p.000056: c) Be heard in a timely manner and on equal terms.
p.000056: d) The procedures will be public except as otherwise provided by law. The parties can access all
p.000056: the documents and proceedings of the procedure.
p.000056: e) No one may be interrogated, even for research purposes, by the State Attorney General's Office, for
p.000056: a police authority or by any other, without the presence of a private lawyer or a public defender, or outside
p.000056: of the enclosures authorized for this purpose.
p.000056: f) Be assisted free of charge by a translator or translator or interpreter, if you do not understand or speak the language in the
p.000056: that the procedure is substantiated.
p.000056: g) In judicial proceedings, be assisted by a lawyer or lawyer of your choice or by a defender or defender
p.000056: public; Access and free and private communication with your defender or defender cannot be restricted.
p.000056: h) Present verbally or in writing the reasons or arguments of which it is believed assisted and replicate the
p.000056: arguments of the other parties; present evidence and contradict those presented against it.
p.000056: i) No one may be tried more than once for the same cause and matter. The cases resolved by the jurisdiction
p.000056: Indigenous should be considered for this purpose.
p.000056: j) Those who act as witnesses or experts will be required to appear before the judge, judge or authority, and
p.000056: answer the respective interrogation.
p.000056: k) Be judged by an independent, impartial and competent judge or judge. No one will be judged by courts of
p.000056: exception or by special commissions created for this purpose.
p.000056: l) The resolutions of the public authorities must be motivated. There will be no motivation if in the resolution
p.000056: the legal norms or principles on which it is based are not stated and not
p.000057: 57
p.000057: the relevance of its application to the factual background is explained. Administrative acts, resolutions or
p.000057: failures that are not duly motivated will be considered void. The servers or servers responsible will be
p.000057: sanctioned
p.000057: m) Appeal the decision or resolution in all procedures in which you decide on your rights.
p.000057: Art. 77.- In all criminal proceedings in which a person has been deprived of liberty, the following shall be observed
p.000057: basic guarantees:
...

p.000065: it will be carried out in the place where the deprivation of liberty occurs.
p.000065: The judge will decide within twenty-four hours after the end of the hearing. In case of
p.000065: illegitimate or arbitrary deprivation, freedom will be provided. The resolution ordering freedom will be fulfilled
p.000065: Immediately.
p.000065: In case of verifying any form of torture, inhuman, cruel or degrading treatment, freedom will be provided
p.000065: of the victim, their comprehensive and specialized care, and the imposition of alternative measures to deprivation
p.000065: of freedom when applicable.
p.000065: When the order of deprivation of liberty has been arranged in a criminal proceeding, the appeal shall be brought before the
p.000065: Provincial Court of Justice.
p.000065: Art. 90.- When the place of deprivation of liberty is unknown and there are indications of the intervention of any
p.000065: publicXofficial or any other agent of the State, or of persons acting with their authorization, support or
p.000065: acquiescence, the judge or judge must summon to audience the maximum representative of the National Police and the
p.000065: competent minister After listening to them, the necessary measures will be taken to locate the person and
p.000065: those responsible for deprivation of liberty.
p.000065: FOURTH SECTION
p.000065: Action to access public information
p.000065: Art. 91.- The action to access public information will have the purpose of guaranteeing access to it.
p.000065: when it has been expressly or tacitly denied, or when the one provided has not been
p.000066: 66
p.000066: Complete or reliable. It may be filed even if the refusal is based on the secret, reserved nature,
p.000066: confidential or any other classification of information. The reserved nature of the information
p.000066: must be declared prior to the request, by competent authority and in accordance with the law.
p.000066: SECTION @UINTA
p.000066: Habeas data action
p.000066: Art. 92.- Every person, by his own rights or as a legitimate representative for that purpose,
p.000066: You will have the right to know about the existence and access to documents, genetic data, banks or files
p.000066: of personal data and reports that on itself, or on its assets, consist of public entities or
p.000066: private, in material or electronic support. You will also have the right to know the use made of
p.000066: they, their purpose, the origin and destination of personal information and the validity period of the file or bank of
p.000066: data.
p.000066: The persons responsible for the banks or personal data files may disseminate the
p.000066: information filed with the authorization of its owner or the law.
p.000066: The person holding the data may request the person responsible for free access to the file, as well as the
p.000066: data update, rectification, deletion or cancellation. In the case of sensitive data, whose
p.000066: File must be authorized by law or by the holder, the adoption of security measures will be required
p.000066: necessary. If your request is not answered, it may go to the judge or judge. The affected person
p.000066: may sue for the damages caused.
p.000066: SECTION SIX
p.000066: Default Action
p.000066: Art. 93.- The action for non-compliance will have the purpose of guaranteeing the application of the norms that make up the
p.000066: legal system, as well as compliance with judgments or reports of international human rights organizations,
p.000066: when the norm or decision whose compliance is pursued contains an obligation to make or not make clear, express and
p.000066: enforceable The action will be brought before the Constitutional Court.
p.000067: 67
p.000067: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000067: Extraordinary Protection Action
p.000067: Art. 94.- The extraordinary action of protection will proceed against final sentences or orders in which
p.000067: has violated by action or omission rights recognized in the Constitution, and will be brought before the Court
p.000067: Constitutional. The appeal will proceed when the ordinary and extraordinary resources within the
p.000067: legal term, unless the lack of interposition of these resources was not attributable to the negligence of
p.000067: the person holding the violated constitutional right.
p.000068: 68
p.000068: Title IV
p.000068: Participation and Organization of Power
p.000068: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000068: Participation in democracy
p.000068: SECTION ONE
p.000068: Principles of participation
...

p.000095: Servants and public servants will be responsible for any abuse they may have committed in
p.000095: the exercise of their powers during the validity of the state of exception.
p.000096: 96
p.000096: FOURTH CHAPTER
p.000096: Judicial Function and Indigenous Justice
p.000096: SECTION ONE
p.000096: Principles of the administration of justice
p.000096: Art. 167.- The power to administer justice emanates from the people and is exercised by the organs of the Judicial Function and
p.000096: by the other organs and functions established in the Constitution.
p.000096: Art. 168.- The administration of justice, in the fulfillment of its duties and in the exercise of its powers,
p.000096: apply the following principles:
p.000096: 1. The organs of the Judicial Function shall enjoy internal and external independence. Any violation of this
p.000096: The principle will entail administrative, civil and criminal liability in accordance with the law.
p.000096: 2. The Judicial Function shall enjoy administrative, economic and financial autonomy.
p.000096: 3. Under the jurisdictional unit, no authority of the other functions of the State may
p.000096: perform functions of administration of ordinary justice, without prejudice to jurisdictional powers
p.000096: recognized by the Constitution.
p.000096: 4. Access to the administration of justice will be free. The law will establish the regime of procedural costs.
p.000096: 5. In all its stages, the judgments and their decisions will be public, except as expressly indicated
p.000096: In the law.
p.000096: 6. The substantiation of the processes in all matters, instances, stages and proceedings will be carried out
p.000096: through the oral system, in accordance with the principles of concentration, contradiction and device.
p.000096: Art. 169.-The procedural system is a means for the realization of justice. The procedural rules will enshrine the
p.000096: principles of simplification, uniformity, effectiveness, immediacy, speed and procedural economy, and will
p.000096: Effective guarantees of due process. Justice will not be sacrificed for the mere omission of formalities.
p.000096: Art. 170.- In order to enter the Judicial Function, the criteria of equality, equity,
p.000096: probity, opposition, merits, publicity, challenge and citizen participation.
p.000097: 97
p.000097: The judicial career in ordinary justice is recognized and guaranteed. Professionalization will be guaranteed through
p.000097: continuous training and periodic evaluation of judicial servants and servants, as indispensable conditions
p.000097: for the promotion and permanence in the judicial career.
p.000097: SECTION SECTION
p.000097: Indigenous justice
p.000097: Art. 171.- The authorities of the indigenous communities, peoples and nationalities shall exercise functions.
...

p.000103: prevail over indigenous justice.
p.000103: The justices of the peace will use mechanisms of conciliation, dialogue, friendly agreement and other practices
p.000103: by the community to adopt its resolutions, which will guarantee and respect the rights recognized by
p.000103: the Constitution. The sponsorship of a lawyer or lawyer will not be necessary.
p.000103: The justices of the peace must have their permanent domicile in the place where they exercise their competence
p.000103: and have the respect, consideration and support of the community. They will be chosen by their community,
p.000103: through a process whose responsibility corresponds to the Judicial Council and will remain in
p.000103: functions until the community itself decides its removal, in accordance with the law. To be a judge or justice of the peace, I don't know
p.000103: You will need to be a professional in law.
p.000103: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000103: Alternative means of conflict resolution
p.000103: Art. 190.- Arbitration, mediation and other alternative procedures for the
p.000103: conflict resolution. These procedures will be applied subject to the law, in matters where
p.000103: Nature can be compromised.
p.000103: In public procurement, arbitration in law will proceed, after a favorable pronouncement from the Attorney General's Office
p.000103: General of the State, in accordance with the conditions established by law.
p.000103: NINTH SECTION
p.000103: Public Defender
p.000103: Art. 191.- The Public Defender's Office is an autonomous body of the Judicial Function whose purpose is to guarantee
p.000103: full and equal access to justice for people who, due to their state of helplessness or
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p.000104: economic, social or cultural condition, they cannot hire legal defense services for protection
p.000104: of your rights
p.000104: The Public Defender will provide a legal, technical, timely, efficient, effective and free service, in sponsorship and
p.000104: legal advice on the rights of people, in all matters and instances.
p.000104: The Public Defender's Office is indivisible and will function in a decentralized manner with autonomy
p.000104: administrative, economic and financial; will be represented by the Public Defender or the Ombudsman
p.000104: General Public and will have human resources, materials and working conditions equivalent to those of the
p.000104: State Attorney General.
p.000104: Art. 192.- The Public Defender or General Public Defender will meet the following requirements:
p.000104: 1. Be Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian and enjoy political rights.
p.000104: 2. Have a third level degree in Law, legally recognized in the country, and management knowledge
p.000104: administrative
p.000104: 3. Having exercised the profession of lawyer or lawyer, the judiciary, or teaching well-known and well-known.
p.000104: university for a minimum period of ten years.
p.000104: The Public Defender or Public Defender will perform their duties for six years and may not be
p.000104: re-elected, and will report annually to the National Assembly.
p.000104: Art. 193.- The faculties of Jurisprudence, Law or Legal Sciences of the universities, will organize and
...

p.000112: citizen requirement The specific powers of the superintendencies and the areas that require
p.000112: Control, audit and surveillance of each of them will be determined in accordance with the law.
p.000112: The superintendents will be directed and represented by the superintendents or superintendents.
p.000112: The law will determine the requirements to be met by those who aspire to direct these entities.
p.000113: 113
p.000113: The superintendents or superintendents will be appointed by the Citizen Participation and Social Control Council
p.000113: of a list sent by the President or President of the Republic, conformed with criteria of specialty and merits
p.000113: and subject to public scrutiny and the right to challenge citizens.
p.000113: SECTION @UINTA
p.000113: Office of the Ombudsman
p.000113: Art. 214.- The Ombudsman's Office will be a public law body with national jurisdiction, personality
p.000113: legal and administrative and financial autonomy. Its structure will be decentralized and will have delegates in each
p.000113: province and abroad.
p.000113: Art. 215.- The Office of the Ombudsman will have as functions the protection and protection of the rights of
p.000113: inhabitants of Ecuador and the defense of the rights of Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians outside the
p.000113: country. The following will be its powers, in addition to those established by law:
p.000113: 1. The sponsorship, ex officio or at the request of a party, of the protection actions, habeas corpus, access to
p.000113: public information, habeas data, non-compliance, citizen action and claims for poor or improper quality
p.000113: provision of public or private services.
p.000113: 2. Issue mandatory and immediate compliance measures regarding rights protection, and request
p.000113: judgment and sanction before the competent authority, for its breaches.
p.000113: 3. Investigate and resolve, within the framework of its powers, actions or omissions of persons
p.000113: natural or legal that provide public services.
p.000113: 4. Exercise and promote due process surveillance, and prevent, and immediately prevent torture, treatment
p.000113: cruel, inhuman and degrading in all its forms.
p.000113: Art. 216.- In order to be appointed Ombudsman or Ombudsman it will be necessary to meet the same requirements
p.000113: required for the judges and judges of the National Court of Justice and accredit extensive experience in the defense of
p.000113: human rights. The Ombudsman will have jurisdiction of the National Court of Justice and will enjoy immunity
p.000113: in the terms established by law.
p.000114: 114
p.000114: CHAPTER SIX
p.000114: Electoral Function
p.000114: Art. 217.- The Electoral Function will guarantee the exercise of the political rights expressed in
p.000114: through suffrage, as well as those referring to the political organization of citizenship.
p.000114: The Electoral Function will be made up of the National Electoral Council and the Contentious Electoral Tribunal.
...

p.000126: of special administration, after a consultation approved by at least two thirds of the votes
p.000126: valid. Two or more constituencies administered by indigenous or multicultural territorial governments
p.000126: may be integrated and form a new constituency. The law will establish the rules of
p.000126: conformation, operation and competences of these constituencies.
p.000126: Art. 258.- The province of Galapagos will have a special regime government. Your planning and
p.000126: development will be organized according to a strict adherence to the principles of conservation of the natural heritage of the
p.000126: State and good living, in accordance with what the law determines.
p.000127: 127
p.000127: Its administration will be in charge of a Governing Council chaired by the representative of the
p.000127: Presidency of the Republic and integrated by the mayors and mayors of the municipalities of the province
p.000127: Galapagos, representative of the parish boards and representatives of the bodies determined by law.
p.000127: Said Governing Council will be in charge of planning, resource management and organization of
p.000127: the activities carried out in the province. The law will define the agency that will act as a secretariat
p.000127: technique.
p.000127: For the protection of the special district of Galapagos, the rights of internal migration, labor or
p.000127: any other public or private activity that may affect the environment. Regarding ordering
p.000127: territorial, the Governing Council will dictate the policies in coordination with the municipalities and boards
p.000127: parishioners, who will execute them.
p.000127: Permanent residents affected by the limitation of rights will have preferential access to
p.000127: natural resources and environmentally sustainable activities.
p.000127: Art. 259.- With the purpose of protecting the biodiversity of the Amazon ecosystem, the central State and the
p.000127: Decentralized autonomous governments will adopt sustainable development policies that additionally compensate for
p.000127: inequities of its development and consolidate sovereignty.
p.000127: FOURTH CHAPTER
p.000127: Competency Regime
p.000127: Art. 260.- The exercise of exclusive powers will not exclude the concurrent exercise of management in
p.000127: the provision of public services and activities of collaboration and complementarity between the different levels of
p.000127: government.
p.000127: Art. 261.- The central State will have exclusive powers over:
p.000127: 1. National defense, internal protection and public order.
p.000127: 2. International relations.
p.000127: 3. Registration of persons, nationalization of foreigners and immigration control.
p.000127: 4. National planning.
p.000128: 128
p.000128: 5. Economic, tax, customs, tariff policies; fiscal and monetary; foreign trade and
p.000128: indebtedness.
p.000128: 6. Education, health, social security, housing policies.
p.000128: 7. Protected natural areas and natural resources.
p.000128: 8. Natural disaster management.
p.000128: 9. Those that apply to you as a result of international treaties.
p.000128: 10. The radio spectrum and the general communications and telecommunications regime;
p.000128: ports and airports
p.000128: 11. Energy resources; minerals, hydrocarbons, water, biodiversity and forest resources.
p.000128: 12. The control and administration of national public companies.
p.000128: Art. 262.- The autonomous regional governments will have the following exclusive powers, without
...

p.000129: others determined by law:
p.000129: 1. Plan the cantonal development and formulate the corresponding land planning plans, so
p.000129: articulated with national, regional, provincial and parish planning, in order to regulate the use and
p.000129: urban and rural land occupation.
p.000129: 2. Exercise control over the use and occupation of the land in the canton.
p.000129: 3. Plan, build and maintain urban roads.
p.000129: 4. Provide the public services of drinking water, sewage, wastewater treatment, management
p.000129: of solid waste, environmental sanitation activities and those established by law.
p.000129: 5. Create, modify or delete through ordinances, fees and special contributions for improvements.
p.000129: 6. Plan, regulate and control traffic and public transport within its cantonal territory.
p.000129: 7. Plan, build and maintain physical infrastructure and health and education equipment,
p.000129: as well as the spaces
p.000130: 130
p.000130: audiences for social, cultural and sports development, in accordance with the law.
p.000130: 8. Preserve, maintain and disseminate the architectural, cultural and natural heritage of the canton and build the
p.000130: public spaces for these purposes.
p.000130: 9. Form and manage urban and rural real estate cadastres.
p.000130: 10. Define, regulate, authorize and control the use of sea beaches, riverbanks and riverbeds, lakes and lagoons,
p.000130: without prejudice to the limitations established by law.
p.000130: 11. Preserve and guarantee the effective access of people to the use of sea beaches, riverbanks, lakes and
p.000130: lagoons
p.000130: 12. Regulate, authorize and control the exploitation of arid and stone materials, which are found in the
p.000130: river beds, lakes, sea beaches and quarries.
p.000130: 13. Manage the services of prevention, protection, relief and fire fighting.
p.000130: 14. Manage international cooperation for the fulfillment of its powers.
p.000130: Within the scope of their powers and territory, and in use of their powers, they will issue cantonal ordinances.
p.000130: Art. 265.- The public property registration system will be administered concurrently.
p.000130: between the Executive and the municipalities.
p.000130: Art. 266.- The governments of the autonomous metropolitan districts will exercise the powers that correspond to
p.000130: the cantonal governments and all that are applicable to the provincial governments and
p.000130: regional, without prejudice to the additional ones determined by the law that regulates the national system of competences.
p.000130: In the scope of their powers and territory, and in use of their powers, they will issue ordinances
p.000130: District
p.000130: Art. 267.- Rural parish governments will exercise the following exclusive powers, without
p.000130: damage of the additional ones that the law determines:
p.000130: 1. Plan the parish development and its corresponding territorial planning, in
p.000130: coordination with the cantonal and provincial government.
p.000131: 131
p.000131: 2. Plan, build and maintain the physical infrastructure, equipment and spaces
p.000131: parish public, contained in development plans and included in budgets
p.000131: annual participatory
p.000131: 3. Plan and maintain, in coordination with provincial governments, rural parish roads.
...

p.000134: economic, political, socio-cultural and environmental, which guarantee the realization of good living, of sumak
p.000134: Kawsay
p.000134: The State will plan the development of the country to guarantee the exercise of rights, the achievement of
p.000134: objectives of the development regime and the principles enshrined in the Constitution. Planning
p.000134: It will promote social and territorial equity, promote consultation, and be participatory, decentralized,
p.000134: Decentralized and transparent.
p.000134: Good living will require that people, communities, peoples and nationalities effectively enjoy their
p.000134: rights, and exercise responsibilities within the framework of interculturality, respect for their diversity, and
p.000134: harmonious coexistence with nature.
p.000134: Art. 276.- The development regime will have the following objectives:
p.000134: 1. Improve the quality and life expectancy, and increase the capacities and potential of the
p.000134: population within the framework of the principles and rights established by the Constitution.
p.000134: 2. Build an economic, fair, democratic, productive, supportive and sustainable system based on distribution
p.000134: egalitarian of the benefits of development, of the means of production and in the generation of decent work
p.000134: and stable.
p.000134: 3. Encourage participation and social control, with recognition of the various identities and promotion of
p.000134: its equitable representation, in all phases of public power management.
p.000134: 4. Recover and conserve nature and maintain a healthy and sustainable environment that guarantees people
p.000134: and communities equal, permanent and quality access to water, air and soil, and to the benefits
p.000134: of subsoil resources and natural heritage.
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p.000135: 5. Guarantee national sovereignty, promote Latin American integration and promote insertion
p.000135: strategic in the international context, contributing to peace and a democratic and equitable world system.
p.000135: 6. Promote a balanced and equitable territorial planning that integrates and articulates activities
p.000135: sociocultural, administrative, economic and management, and I contribute to the unity of the State.
p.000135: 7. Protect and promote cultural diversity and respect their spaces for reproduction and exchange;
p.000135: recover, preserve and increase social memory and cultural heritage.
p.000135: Art. 277.-For the attainment of good living, the general duties of the State are:
p.000135: 1. Guarantee the rights of people, communities and nature.
p.000135: 2. Direct, plan and regulate the development process.
p.000135: 3. Generate and execute public policies, and control and punish their breach.
p.000135: 4. Produce goods, create and maintain infrastructure and provide public services.
p.000135: 5. Promote the development of economic activities through a legal order and political institutions that
p.000135: promote, promote and defend them through compliance with the Constitution and the law.
p.000135: 6. Promote and promote science, technology, arts, ancestral knowledge and, in general,
p.000135: Community, associative, cooperative and private creative initiative activities.
p.000135: Art. 278.- For the attainment of good living, people and communities, and their various forms
p.000135: organizational, corresponds to them:
...

p.000136: maximum representatives and integrated according to the law.
p.000136: The citizen councils will be instances of deliberation and generation of guidelines and consensus
p.000136: strategic long-term, which will guide national development.
p.000136: Art. 280.- The National Development Plan is the instrument to which policies, programs will be subject
p.000136: and public projects; the programming and execution of the state budget; and the investment and the
p.000136: allocation of public resources; and coordinate the exclusive powers between the central State and the
p.000136: decentralized autonomous governments. Its observance will be mandatory for the sector
p.000136: public and indicative for the other sectors.
p.000136: CHAPTER THREE
p.000136: Food sovereignty
p.000136: Art. 281.- Food sovereignty constitutes a strategic objective and an obligation of the State
p.000136: to ensure that people, communities, peoples and nationalities reach the self-sufficiency of
p.000136: Healthy and culturally appropriate foods permanently.
p.000136: For this, it will be the responsibility of the State:
p.000136: 1. Promote the production, agri-food and fishing transformation of small and medium-sized units of
p.000136: production, community and social and solidarity economy.
p.000137: 137
p.000137: 2. Adopt fiscal, tax and tariff policies that protect the agri-food sector and
p.000137: national fishery, to avoid dependence on food imports.
p.000137: 3. Strengthen the diversification and introduction of ecological and organic technologies in production
p.000137: Farming
p.000137: 4. Promote redistributive policies that allow the access of the peasantry to land, water and other resources
p.000137: productive.
p.000137: 5. Establish preferential financing mechanisms for small and medium producers
p.000137: and producers, facilitating the acquisition of means of production.
p.000137: 6. Promote the preservation and recovery of agrobiodiversity and
p.000137: ancestral knowledge linked to it; as well as the use, conservation and free exchange of seeds.
p.000137: 7. Precaution that animals intended for human consumption are healthy and raised in an environment
p.000137: healthy.
p.000137: 8. Ensure the development of scientific research and technological innovation appropriate for
p.000137: guarantee food sovereignty.
p.000137: 9. Regulate under biosafety standards the use and development of biotechnology, as well as its
p.000137: experimentation, use and commercialization.
p.000137: 10. Strengthen the development of organizations and networks of producers and consumers, as well as those of
p.000137: marketing and distribution of food that promotes equity between rural and urban spaces.
p.000137: 11. Generate fair and supportive food distribution and marketing systems. Prevent
p.000137: monopolistic practices and any type of speculation with food products.
p.000137: 12. Provide food to victims of natural or anthropic disasters that put
p.000137: risk access to food. Foods received from international aid should not affect health
p.000137: nor the future of locally produced food production.
p.000137: 13. Prevent and protect the population from eating contaminated food or putting their health at risk or
p.000137: Science has uncertainty about its effects.
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p.000138: 14. Acquire food and raw materials for social and food programs, primarily from networks
p.000138: Associations of small producers.
p.000138: Art. 282.- The State shall regulate the use and access to land that the social and environmental function shall fulfill. A background
p.000138: national land, established by law, will regulate the equitable access of peasants to the land.
p.000138: The latifundio and the concentration of the land are prohibited, as well as the hoarding or privatization of water and its
p.000138: sources.
p.000138: The State will regulate the use and management of irrigation water for food production, under the principles
p.000138: of equity, efficiency and environmental sustainability.
p.000138: FOURTH CHAPTER
p.000138: Economic sovereignty
p.000138: SECTION ONE
p.000138: Economic system and economic policy
p.000138: Art. 283.- The economic system is social and supportive; recognizes the human being as subject and end;
p.000138: it tends to a dynamic and balanced relationship between society, State and market, in harmony with the
p.000138: nature; and aims to guarantee the production and reproduction of material conditions
p.000138: and immaterials that enable good living.
p.000138: The economic system will be integrated by the forms of public, private, mixed, popular and
p.000138: solidarity, and others determined by the Constitution. The popular and solidarity economy will be regulated according to the
p.000138: law and will include cooperative, associative and community sectors.
p.000138: Art. 284.- The economic policy will have the following objectives:
p.000138: 1. Ensure adequate distribution of income and national wealth.
p.000138: 2. Encourage national production, systemic productivity and competitiveness, knowledge accumulation
p.000138: scientific and technological, strategic insertion in the world economy and productive activities
p.000138: complementary in regional integration.
p.000139: 139
p.000139: 3. Ensure food and energy sovereignty.
p.000139: 4. Promote the incorporation of added value with maximum efficiency, within the biophysical limits of
p.000139: nature and respect for life and cultures.
p.000139: 5. Achieve a balanced development of the national territory, the integration between regions, in the
...

p.000144: Country in the world economy.
p.000145: 145
p.000145: 3. Strengthen the national productive apparatus and production.
p.000145: 4. Contribute to ensuring food and energy sovereignty, and reducing
p.000145: internal inequalities
p.000145: 5. Promote the development of economies of scale and fair trade.
p.000145: 6. Avoid monopolistic and oligopolistic practices, particularly in the private sector, and others that affect the
p.000145: operation of the markets.
p.000145: Art. 305.- The creation of tariffs and the setting of their levels are the exclusive competence of the Executive Function.
p.000145: Art. 306.- The State shall promote environmentally responsible exports, preferably those that
p.000145: generate more employment and added value, and in particular the exports of small and medium producers and
p.000145: craft sector.
p.000145: The State will promote the necessary imports for development objectives and will discourage
p.000145: those that negatively affect national production, population and nature.
p.000145: Art. 307.- Contracts signed by the State with foreign natural or legal persons shall carry
p.000145: implicitly renouncing them to any diplomatic claim, except for contracts that correspond to the service
p.000145: diplomatic.
p.000145: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000145: Finance system
p.000145: Art. 308.- Financial activities are a public order service, and may be exercised, prior
p.000145: State authorization, in accordance with the law; will have the fundamental purpose of preserving deposits and
p.000145: meet the financing requirements to achieve the country's development objectives.
p.000145: Financial activities will efficiently mediate the resources raised to strengthen the
p.000145: national productive investment, and socially and environmentally responsible consumption.
p.000145: The State will promote access to financial services and credit democratization. They are prohibited
p.000145: collusive practices, anatocism and usury.
p.000146: 146
p.000146: The regulation and control of the private financial sector will not transfer the responsibility of bank solvency or
p.000146: they will be guaranteed by the State. The administrators and administrators of the financial institutions
p.000146: and those who control their capital will be responsible for their solvency. Freezing or
p.000146: arbitrary or generalized retention of funds or deposits in public or private financial institutions.
p.000146: Art. 309.- The national financial system is composed of the public, private, and popular and solidarity sectors, which
p.000146: They mediate public resources. Each of these sectors will have standards and control entities
p.000146: specific and differentiated, that will be in charge of preserving its security, stability, transparency and solidity.
p.000146: These entities will be autonomous. The managers of the control entities will be responsible for administrative, civil and
p.000146: criminally for their decisions.
p.000146: Art. 310.- The public financial sector shall have as its purpose the sustainable, efficient provision,
p.000146: Accessible and equitable financial services. The credit granted will be preferentially oriented to
p.000146: increase the productivity and competitiveness of the productive sectors that allow to achieve the objectives of the Plan
p.000146: Development and less favored groups, in order to boost their active inclusion in the economy.
p.000146: Art. 311.- The popular and solidarity financial sector will consist of savings and cooperatives
p.000146: credit, associative or solidarity entities, savings banks and communal banks, savings banks. The initiatives of
p.000146: services of the popular and solidarity financial sector, and of micro, small and medium units
...

p.000149: Art. 320.- In the various forms of organization of production processes, management will be encouraged
p.000149: participatory, transparent and efficient.
p.000149: Production, in any of its forms, will be subject to principles and standards of quality, sustainability,
p.000149: systemic productivity, work valuation and economic and social efficiency.
p.000150: 150
p.000150: SECTION SECTION
p.000150: Property types
p.000150: Art. 321.- The State recognizes and guarantees the right to property in its public, private, community forms,
p.000150: state, associative, cooperative, mixed, and that must fulfill its social and environmental function.
p.000150: Art. 322.- Intellectual property is recognized in accordance with the conditions established by law.
p.000150: All forms of appropriation of collective knowledge are prohibited in the field of science,
p.000150: technologies and ancestral knowledge. Appropriation of genetic resources that are prohibited is also prohibited.
p.000150: They contain biological diversity and agro-biodiversity.
p.000150: Art. 323.- In order to execute plans for social development, sustainable management of the environment and
p.000150: collective welfare, state institutions, for reasons of public utility or social and national interest,
p.000150: They may declare the expropriation of assets, after fair valuation, compensation and payment in accordance with the law. I know
p.000150: prohibits all forms of confiscation.
p.000150: Art. 324.- The State shall guarantee the equal rights and opportunities of women and men in the
p.000150: access to property and decision-making for the administration of the conjugal society.
p.000150: SECTION THREE
p.000150: Forms of work and their remuneration
p.000150: Art. 325.- The State shall guarantee the right to work. All work modalities are recognized, in
p.000150: dependency or autonomous relationship, including self-support and human care work; and how
p.000150: productive social actors, to all workers.
p.000150: Art. 326.- The right to work is based on the following principles:
p.000150: 1. The State will promote full employment and the elimination of underemployment and unemployment.
p.000150: 2. Labor rights are inalienable and intangible. Any stipulation to the contrary will be void.
p.000150: 3. In case of doubt about the scope of the legal provisions,
p.000151: 151
p.000151: regulatory or contractual in labor matters, these will be applied in the most
p.000151: favorable to working people.
p.000151: 4. For work of equal value, equal remuneration will correspond.
p.000151: 5. Everyone shall have the right to carry out their work in an adequate and conducive environment, which
p.000151: guarantee your health, integrity, safety, hygiene and well-being.
p.000151: 6. Every person rehabilitated after an accident at work or illness will have the right to be reinstated
p.000151: work and to maintain the employment relationship, in accordance with the law.
p.000151: 7. The right and freedom of organization of workers will be guaranteed, without authorization
p.000151: previous. This right includes the right to form unions, unions, associations and other forms of
p.000151: organization, join those of your choice and disenroll freely. Likewise, the
p.000151: employers' organization
...

p.000152: express authorization of the worker and in accordance with the law.
p.000152: What the employer owes to women workers, for whatever reason, constitutes credit
p.000152: privileged first class, with preference even to mortgages.
p.000153: 153
p.000153: For the payment of compensation, the remuneration includes everything that the worker receives in money,
p.000153: in services or in kind, including what you receive for extraordinary and supplementary work, to
p.000153: piecework, commissions, profit sharing or any other compensation that is normal. I know
p.000153: excepting the legal percentage of profits, per diem or occasional subsidies and remuneration
p.000153: additional.
p.000153: Private sector workers have the right to participate in the liquid profits of the
p.000153: companies, according to the law. The law will set the limits of that participation in the operating companies of
p.000153: nonrenewable resources. In the companies in which the State has majority participation, there will be no payment of
p.000153: utilities Any fraud or falsehood in the declaration of profits that damages this right will be sanctioned by the
p.000153: law.
p.000153: Art. 329.- Young people and young people will have the right to be active subjects in production, as well
p.000153: as in the work of self-support, family care and community initiatives. Will be boosted
p.000153: conditions and opportunities for this purpose.
p.000153: For the fulfillment of the right to work of communities, peoples and nationalities, the State will adopt measures
p.000153: specific in order to eliminate discrimination that affects them, will recognize and support their ways of
p.000153: organization of work, and will guarantee access to employment on equal terms.
p.000153: Autonomous and self-employed work carried out in public spaces will be recognized and protected,
p.000153: allowed by law and other regulations. Any form of confiscation of their products is prohibited,
p.000153: Materials or work tools.
p.000153: The selection, hiring and job promotion processes will be based on requirements of skills, abilities,
p.000153: training, merits and abilities. The use of discriminatory criteria and instruments that are prohibited is prohibited.
p.000153: affect the privacy, dignity and integrity of people.
p.000153: The State will promote education and training to improve access and quality of employment and initiatives
p.000153: of autonomous work. The State will ensure respect for the labor rights of women workers and
p.000153: Ecuadorian workers abroad, and will promote agreements and agreements with other countries for the
p.000153: regularization of such workers.
p.000154: 154
p.000154: Art. 330.- The insertion and accessibility in equal conditions to work shall be guaranteed.
p.000154: remunerated persons with disabilities. The State and employers will implement social and social services
p.000154: Special help to facilitate your activity. It is forbidden to reduce the remuneration of workers with disabilities
p.000154: for any circumstance related to your condition.
p.000154: Art. 331.- The State will guarantee women equal access to employment, training and job promotion and
p.000154: professional, equitable remuneration, and the autonomous work initiative. All the
p.000154: necessary measures to eliminate inequalities.
p.000154: Any form of discrimination, harassment or act of violence of any kind, whether direct or indirect, is prohibited.
p.000154: Affect women at work.
p.000154: Art. 332.- The State shall guarantee respect for the reproductive rights of individuals.
p.000154: workers, including the elimination of occupational hazards that affect reproductive health, access and
p.000154: job stability without limitations due to pregnancy or number of daughters and sons, maternity rights, breastfeeding, and
p.000154: the right to paternity leave.
p.000154: The dismissal of working women associated with their condition of pregnancy and maternity is prohibited, as well
p.000154: such as discrimination linked to reproductive roles.
p.000154: Art. 333.- Unpaid work of self-support and care is recognized as productive work.
p.000154: human that is enhanced in homes.
p.000154: The State will promote a labor regime that works in harmony with the needs of human care, which
p.000154: provide adequate services, infrastructure and work schedules; in a special way, it will provide
p.000154: child care services, care for people with disabilities and others necessary for people
p.000154: workers can carry out their work activities; and drive co-responsibility and
p.000154: reciprocity of men and women in domestic work and family obligations.
p.000154: The protection of social security will be extended progressively to the people in charge of
p.000154: unpaid family work at home, in accordance with the general conditions of the system and the law.
p.000155: 155
p.000155: FOURTH SECTION
p.000155: Democratization of production factors
p.000155: Art. 334.- The State shall promote equitable access to production factors, for which it shall correspond:
p.000155: 1. Avoid the concentration or hoarding of productive factors and resources, promote their redistribution and eliminate
p.000155: privileges or inequalities in access to them.
p.000155: 2. Develop specific policies to eradicate inequality and discrimination against women producers, in
p.000155: Access to production factors.
p.000155: 3. Promote and support the development and dissemination of knowledge and technologies oriented to the processes of
p.000155: production.
p.000155: 4. Develop policies to promote national production in all sectors, especially for
p.000155: guarantee food sovereignty and energy sovereignty, generate employment and added value.
p.000155: 5. Promote public financial services and credit democratization.
p.000155: SECTION @UINTA
p.000155: Economic exchanges and fair trade
p.000155: Art. 335.- The State shall regulate, control and intervene, when necessary, in exchanges and
p.000155: economic transactions; and will sanction exploitation, usury, hoarding, simulation, intermediation
p.000155: speculative of goods and services, as well as any form of damage to economic rights and
p.000155: public and collective goods.
p.000155: The State will define a pricing policy aimed at protecting national production, will establish the
p.000155: sanction mechanisms to avoid any practice of private monopoly and oligopoly, or abuse of position of
p.000155: market dominance and other unfair competition practices.
p.000155: Art. 336.- The State shall promote and ensure fair trade as a means of access to quality goods and services, which
p.000155: minimize intermediation distortions and promote sustainability.
p.000156: 156
p.000156: The State will ensure transparency and efficiency in the markets and promote competition in
p.000156: equal conditions and opportunities, which will be defined by law.
p.000156: Art. 337.- The State shall promote the development of infrastructure for the collection, transformation, transport
p.000156: and marketing of products for the satisfaction of basic internal needs, as well as to ensure the
p.000156: participation of the Ecuadorian economy in the regional and world context from a strategic vision.
p.000156: SECTION SIX
p.000156: Savings and investment
p.000156: Art. 338.- The State will promote and protect domestic savings as a source of productive investment in the country.
p.000156: It will also generate incentives for the return of savings and assets of migrants, and for
p.000156: the saving of people and of the different economic units is oriented towards the productive investment of
p.000156: quality.
p.000156: Art. 339.- The State shall promote national and foreign investments, and shall establish regulations.
p.000156: specific according to their types, giving priority to national investment. Investments will be oriented with
p.000156: criteria of productive diversification, technological innovation, and generation of regional and sectoral balances.
p.000156: Foreign direct investment will be complementary to the national one, will be subject to strict respect for the framework
p.000156: legal and national regulations, to the application of rights and will be oriented according to the
p.000156: needs and priorities defined in the National Development Plan, as well as in the various plans
p.000156: of development of decentralized autonomous governments.
...

p.000160: Psychological and sexual of students and students.
p.000160: 7. Eradicate pure, functional and digital illiteracy, and support post-literacy processes and
p.000160: permanent education for adults, and overcoming the educational lag.
p.000160: 8. Incorporate information and communication technologies in the educational process and promote the link of the
p.000160: teaching with productive or social activities.
p.000160: 9. Ensure the bilingual intercultural education system, in which it will be used as the primary language
p.000160: of education that of the respective nationality and Spanish as an intercultural relationship language, under the
p.000160: rectory of the public policies of the State and with full respect for the rights of the communities,
p.000160: peoples and nationalities.
p.000160: 10. Ensure that the teaching of at least one language is included progressively in the study curricula
p.000160: ancestral.
p.000160: 11. Ensure the active participation of students, families and teachers in educational processes.
p.000160: 12. Ensure, under the principles of social, territorial and regional equity that all persons have
p.000160: Access to public education.
p.000161: 161
p.000161: Art. 348.- Public education will be free and the State will finance it in a timely, regular and
p.000161: enough. The distribution of resources for education will be governed by criteria of social equity,
p.000161: Population and territorial, among others.
p.000161: The State will finance special education and can financially support education
p.000161: fiscomisional, artisanal and community, provided they comply with the principles of free, compulsory and
p.000161: equal opportunities, account for their educational results and the management of public resources, and be
p.000161: duly qualified, in accordance with the law. Educational institutions that receive public funding
p.000161: They will not be for profit.
p.000161: The lack of transfer of resources under the conditions indicated will be sanctioned with the removal of
p.000161: authority and of the public servants and servants remiss of their obligation.
p.000161: Art. 349.- The State shall guarantee the teaching staff, at all levels and modalities, stability,
p.000161: updating, continuous training and pedagogical and academic improvement; a fair remuneration of
p.000161: according to professionalization, performance and academic merits. The law will regulate the teaching career and the
p.000161: scale; establish a national system of performance evaluation and salary policy in all
...

p.000163: the right to the search for truth, without restrictions; the government and management of themselves, in line
p.000163: with the principles of alternation, transparency and political rights; and the production of science,
p.000163: Technology, culture and art.
p.000163: Their enclosures are inviolable, they cannot be paved except in the cases and terms in which the
p.000163: address of a person The guarantee of internal order will be the responsibility and responsibility of its authorities.
p.000163: When the protection of the public force is needed, the highest authority of the entity will request assistance
p.000163: relevant.
p.000163: Autonomy does not exempt institutions from the system of being inspected, from social responsibility,
p.000163: accountability and participation in national planning.
p.000163: The Executive Function may not deprive its income or budget allocations, or delay transfers to
p.000163: no institution of the system, or close or reorganize them totally or partially.
p.000163: Art. 356.- Public higher education will be free until the third level.
p.000163: Admission to public institutions of higher education will be regulated through a leveling system
p.000163: and admission, defined in the law. Gratuity will be linked to the academic responsibility of students and students.
p.000163: students.
p.000163: Regardless of their public or private nature, equal opportunities in access are guaranteed, in the
p.000163: permanence, and in mobility and in discharge, with the exception of the collection of fees in private education.
p.000163: The collection of fees in private higher education will have mechanisms such as scholarships, credits,
p.000163: income quotas or others that allow integration and social equity in its multiple dimensions.
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p.000164: Art. 357.- The State will guarantee the financing of public institutions of higher education. The
p.000164: universities and public polytechnic schools may create complementary sources of income for
p.000164: improve their academic capacity, invest in research and granting scholarships and credits,
p.000164: which will not imply any cost or lien for those studying in the third level. The distribution of
p.000164: These resources must be based primarily on quality and other criteria defined in the law.
p.000164: The law will regulate the services of technical advice, consulting and those that involve sources
p.000164: income alternatives for universities and polytechnic, public and private schools.
p.000164: SECTION SECTION
p.000164: Health
p.000164: Art. 358.- The national health system shall have as its purpose the development, protection and recovery
p.000164: of the capacities and potentials for a healthy and integral life, both individual and collective, and
p.000164: recognize social and cultural diversity. The system will be guided by the general principles of the system
p.000164: National inclusion and social equity, and those of bioethics, sufficiency and interculturality, with a focus
p.000164: Gender and generational.
p.000164: Art. 359.- The national health system will include the institutions, programs, policies,
p.000164: resources, actions and actors in health; it will cover all dimensions of the right to health; will guarantee
p.000164: the promotion, prevention, recovery and rehabilitation at all levels; and will encourage participation
p.000164: Citizen and social control.
p.000164: Art. 360.- The system will guarantee, through the institutions that comprise it, the promotion of health,
p.000164: prevention and comprehensive, family and community care, based on primary health care; articulate the
p.000164: different levels of attention; and promote complementarity with ancestral and alternative medicines.
p.000164: The comprehensive public health network will be part of the national health system and will consist of
p.000164: the articulated set of state establishments, social security and other
p.000164: suppliers that belong to the State, with legal, operational and complementary links.
p.000165: 165
p.000165: Art. 361.- The State shall exercise the rectory of the system through the national health authority, shall be
p.000165: responsible for formulating the national health policy, and will regulate, regulate and control all activities
p.000165: related to health, as well as the functioning of the entities of the sector.
p.000165: Art. 362.- Health care as a public service will be provided through state, private entities,
p.000165: autonomous, community and those who exercise alternative and complementary ancestral medicines. The
p.000165: health services will be safe, of quality and warmth, and will guarantee informed consent, access to
p.000165: the information and confidentiality of patient information.
p.000165: State public health services will be universal and free at all levels of
p.000165: attention and will understand the diagnostic, treatment, medication and rehabilitation procedures
p.000165: necessary.
p.000165: Art. 363.- The State will be responsible for:
p.000165: 1. Formulate public policies that guarantee the promotion, prevention, cure, rehabilitation and
p.000165: comprehensive health care and promote healthy practices in the family, work and community spheres.
p.000165: 2. Universalize health care, permanently improve quality and expand coverage.
p.000165: 3. Strengthen state health services, incorporate human talent and provide the
p.000165: physical infrastructure and equipment to public health institutions.
p.000165: 4. Guarantee ancestral and alternative health practices through recognition, respect and
p.000165: promotion of the use of their knowledge, medicines and instruments.
p.000165: 5. Provide specialized care to the priority care groups established in the Constitution.
p.000165: 6. Ensure sexual and reproductive health actions and services, and ensure
p.000165: integral health and the life of women, especially during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000165: 7. Ensure the availability and access to quality medicines, safe and effective, regulate their
p.000165: commercialization and promote national production and use of generic medicines that
p.000165: respond to the needs
p.000166: 166
p.000166: Epidemiological population. In access to medicines, public health interests
p.000166: prevail over economic and commercial.
p.000166: 8. Promote the integral development of health personnel.
p.000166: Art. 364.- Addictions are a public health problem. The State will have to develop
p.000166: Coordinated programs of information, prevention and control of the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and substances
p.000166: narcotic and psychotropic; as well as offering treatment and rehabilitation to consumers
p.000166: Occasional, habitual and problematic. In no case will their criminalization be allowed or their rights violated.
p.000166: constitutional rights
p.000166: The State will control and regulate the advertising of alcohol and tobacco.
p.000166: Art. 365.- For no reason public or private establishments or health professionals
p.000166: They will deny emergency care. Said refusal will be sanctioned in accordance with the law.
p.000166: Art. 366.- Public health financing will be timely, regular and sufficient, and must come from
p.000166: permanent sources of the General State Budget. Public resources will be distributed based on
p.000166: population criteria and health needs.
p.000166: The State will finance the state health institutions and can financially support the autonomous and private
p.000166: provided they have no profit, that guarantee free benefits, comply with public policies
p.000166: and ensure quality, safety and respect for rights. These institutions will be subject to control and regulation
p.000166: of the State.
p.000166: SECTION THREE
p.000166: Social Security
p.000166: Art. 367.- The social security system is public and universal, it may not be privatized and will address the
p.000166: contingent needs of the population. The protection of contingencies will be effective through
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p.000168: dedicated to artisanal fishing; It will be financed with the solidarity contribution of insured persons and employers
p.000168: of the national social security system, with the differentiated contribution of female heads of household
p.000168: protected and with fiscal allocations that guarantee its strengthening and development. The insurance will offer
p.000168: health benefits and protection against the contingencies of disability, disability, old age and death.
p.000168: Public and private insurance, without exception, will contribute to the financing of rural social insurance
p.000168: through the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security.
p.000168: Art. 374.- The State shall encourage voluntary affiliation with the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute to the
p.000168: Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad, and will ensure the provision of
p.000168: contingencies The financing of these benefits will be provided by the affiliated persons.
p.000168: volunteers domiciled abroad.
p.000168: FOURTH SECTION
p.000168: Habitat and housing
p.000168: Art. 375.- The State, at all levels of government, will guarantee the right to habitat and decent housing, for
p.000168: which:
p.000168: 1. Generate the necessary information for the design of strategies and programs that understand the relationships between
p.000168: housing, services, public space and transport, equipment and urban land management.
p.000169: 169
p.000169: 2. Maintain a national geo-referenced integrated land and habitat register.
p.000169: 3. Develop, implement and evaluate habitat, universal access policies, plans and programs
p.000169: to housing, based on the principles of universality, equity and interculturality, with a focus on the management of
p.000169: risks
p.000169: 4. It will improve precarious housing, provide shelters, public spaces and green areas, and promote
p.000169: Special regime rent.
p.000169: 5. Develop plans and financing programs for social interest housing, through
p.000169: public banking and popular finance institutions, with emphasis for people of limited
p.000169: economic resources and women heads of household.
p.000169: 6. Ensure the continuous provision of public drinking water and electricity services to the
p.000169: Public schools and hospitals.
p.000169: 7. Ensure that everyone has the right to sign lease contracts at a fair price and without abuse.
p.000169: 8. Ensure and protect public access to sea beaches and riverbanks, lakes and lagoons, and existence
p.000169: of perpendicular access roads.
p.000169: The State will exercise the rectory for planning, regulation, control, financing and policy making
p.000169: of habitat and housing.
p.000169: Art. 376.- To make effective the right to housing, habitat and environmental conservation, the
p.000169: Municipalities may expropriate, reserve and control areas for future development, in accordance with the law. I know
p.000169: prohibits obtaining benefits from speculative practices on land use, in particular by the
p.000169: change of use, from rustic to urban or from public to private.
p.000169: SECTION @UINTA
p.000169: Culture
p.000169: Art. 377.- The national culture system aims to strengthen the national identity; protect and
p.000169: promote the diversity of cultural expressions; encourage free artistic creation and production, dissemination,
p.000169: distribution and enjoyment of goods and services
p.000170: 170
p.000170: cultural; and safeguard social memory and cultural heritage. Full exercise is guaranteed
p.000170: of cultural rights.
p.000170: Art. 378.- The national culture system will be integrated by all the institutions of the cultural field that
p.000170: receive public funds and by groups and people who voluntarily link to the system.
p.000170: Cultural entities that receive public funds will be subject to control and accountability.
p.000170: The State shall exercise the rectory of the system through the competent body, with respect to the freedom of
...

p.000170: archaeological, ethnographic or paleontological.
p.000170: 3. Documents, objects, collections, archives, libraries and museums that have historical value,
p.000170: artistic, archaeological, ethnographic or paleontological.
p.000170: 4. Artistic, scientific and technological creations.
p.000170: The cultural assets of the State shall be inalienable, unattachable and imprescriptible. The state
p.000170: shall have the right of priority in the acquisition of cultural heritage assets and shall guarantee their
p.000170: protection. Any damage will be sanctioned according to the law.
p.000170: Art. 380.- The responsibilities of the State shall be:
p.000170: 1. Ensure, through permanent policies, the identification, protection, defense, conservation,
p.000170: restoration, dissemination and enhancement of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, of historical wealth,
p.000170: artistic, linguistic and archeological, of the
p.000171: 171
p.000171: collective memory and the set of values ​​and manifestations that shape the plurinational, pluricultural identity
p.000171: and multiethnic of Ecuador.
p.000171: 2. Promote the restitution and recovery of the assets expelled, lost or degraded, and
p.000171: ensure the legal deposit of printed, audiovisual and electronic content of mass dissemination.
p.000171: 3. Ensure that the distribution, public display and mass dissemination circuits do not condition or
p.000171: restrict the independence of creators, or public access to national cultural and artistic creation
p.000171: Independent.
p.000171: 4. Establish policies and implement teaching methods for the development of artistic and creative vocation
p.000171: of people of all ages, with priority for girls, boys and adolescents.
p.000171: 5. Support the exercise of artistic professions.
p.000171: 6. Establish incentives and incentives for people, institutions, companies and media
p.000171: of communication promote, support, develop and finance cultural activities.
p.000171: 7. Guarantee diversity in the cultural offer and promote the national production of cultural goods, as well as
p.000171: Its mass diffusion.
p.000171: 8. Guarantee sufficient and timely funds for the execution of cultural policy.
p.000171: SECTION SIX
p.000171: Physical culture and free time
p.000171: Art. 381.- The State shall protect, promote and coordinate the physical culture that includes sport,
p.000171: physical education and recreation, as activities that contribute to the health, training and integral development of
p.000171: persons; will promote massive access to sport and sports activities at the training, neighborhood and
p.000171: parochial; will sponsor the preparation and participation of athletes in national competitions and
p.000171: international, which include the Olympic and Paralympic Games; and encourage the participation of
p.000171: People with disabilities.
p.000171: The State will guarantee the resources and infrastructure necessary for these activities. Resources are
p.000171: they will be subject to state control, accountability and should be distributed equitably.
p.000172: 172
p.000172: Art. 382.- The autonomy of sports organizations and the administration of
p.000172: sports venues and other facilities for the practice of sport, in accordance with the law.
p.000172: Art. 383.- The right of persons and communities in leisure is guaranteed, the extension of the
p.000172: physical, social and environmental conditions for your enjoyment, and the promotion of recreational activities,
p.000172: Rest and personality development.
p.000172: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000172: Social comunication
p.000172: Art. 384.- The social communication system will ensure the exercise of the rights of communication, information
p.000172: and freedom of expression, and will strengthen citizen participation.
p.000172: The system will be made up of public institutions and actors, policies and regulations;
p.000172: and private, citizen and community actors who voluntarily integrate with him. The state
p.000172: formulate public communication policy, with unrestricted respect for freedom of expression and
p.000172: the rights of communication enshrined in the Constitution and the international instruments of
p.000172: human rights. The law will define its organization, operation and forms of citizen participation.
p.000172: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000172: Science, technology, innovation and ancestral knowledge
p.000172: Art. 385.- The national system of science, technology, innovation and ancestral knowledge, within the framework of
p.000172: Respect for the environment, nature, life, cultures and sovereignty will have the purpose of:
p.000172: 1. Generate, adapt and disseminate scientific and technological knowledge.
p.000172: 2. Recover, strengthen and enhance ancestral knowledge.
p.000172: 3. Develop technologies and innovations that boost national production, raise the
p.000172: efficiency and productivity, improve the quality of life and contribute to the realization of good living.
p.000173: 173
p.000173: Art. 386.- The system will include programs, policies, resources, actions, and will incorporate institutions of the
p.000173: State, universities and polytechnic schools, public research institutes and
p.000173: individuals, public and private companies, non-governmental organizations and natural or legal persons,
p.000173: in as much they carry out activities of investigation, technological development, innovation and those linked to the
p.000173: ancestral knowledge.
p.000173: The State, through the competent body, will coordinate the system, establish the objectives and
p.000173: policies, in accordance with the National Development Plan, with the participation of the actors that comprise it.
p.000173: Art. 387.- It will be the responsibility of the State:
p.000173: 1. Facilitate and promote the incorporation into the knowledge society to achieve
p.000173: objectives of the development regime.
p.000173: 2. Promote the generation and production of knowledge, encourage scientific and technological research, and
p.000173: enhance ancestral knowledge, in order to contribute to the realization of good living, to sumak kawsay.
p.000173: 3. Ensure the dissemination and access to scientific and technological knowledge, the usufruct of its
p.000173: discoveries and findings within the framework of what is established in the Constitution and the Law.
p.000173: 4. Guarantee the freedom of creation and research within the framework of respect for ethics, nature, the environment,
p.000173: and the rescue of ancestral knowledge.
p.000173: 5. Recognize the status of researcher in accordance with the Law.
p.000173: Art. 388.- The State will allocate the necessary resources for scientific research, development
p.000173: technological, innovation, scientific training, recovery and development of ancestral knowledge and
p.000173: The dissemination of knowledge. A percentage of these resources will be used to finance projects through
p.000173: competitive funds. Organizations that receive public funds will be subject to the surrender of
p.000173: accounts and the respective state control.
p.000174: 174
p.000174: NINTH SECTION
p.000174: Risk management
p.000174: Art. 389.- The State will protect people, communities and nature against the effects
p.000174: negatives of disasters of natural or anthropic origin through risk prevention, mitigation of
p.000174: disasters, recovery and improvement of social, economic and environmental conditions, with the objective of
p.000174: Minimize the vulnerability condition.
p.000174: The national decentralized risk management system is composed of the management units of
p.000174: risk of all public and private institutions at local, regional and national levels. The
p.000174: The State shall exercise the rectory through the technical body established by law. It will have as functions
p.000174: Main, among others:
p.000174: 1. Identify existing and potential risks, internal and external that affect the territory
p.000174: Ecuadorian.
p.000174: 2. Generate, democratize access and disseminate sufficient and timely information to manage
p.000174: properly risk.
p.000174: 3. Ensure that all public and private institutions incorporate compulsorily, and in a manner
p.000174: transversal, risk management in its planning and management.
p.000174: 4. Strengthen in citizenship and in public and private entities capacities to identify
p.000174: risks inherent to their respective fields of action, report on them, and incorporate actions
p.000174: tending to reduce them.
p.000174: 5. Articulate institutions to coordinate actions to prevent and mitigate risks,
p.000174: as well as to face them, recover and improve the conditions prior to the occurrence of an emergency or
p.000174: disaster.
p.000174: 6. Perform and coordinate the necessary actions to reduce vulnerabilities and prevent,
p.000174: mitigate, address and recover any negative effects resulting from disasters or emergencies
p.000174: in the national territory.
p.000174: 7. Ensure sufficient and timely financing for the operation of the System, and
p.000174: coordinate international cooperation aimed at risk management.
p.000175: 175
p.000175: Art. 390.- The risks will be managed under the principle of subsidiary decentralization, which
p.000175: it will imply the direct responsibility of the institutions within its geographical scope. When your capabilities
p.000175: for risk management are insufficient, instances of greater territorial scope and greater capacity
...

p.000186: to subscribe, with precise indication of its character and content. A treaty can only be ratified, for
p.000186: subsequent exchange or deposit, ten days after the Assembly has been notified about it.
p.000186: Art. 419.- The ratification or denunciation of international treaties will require the prior approval of the Assembly
p.000186: National in cases that:
p.000186: 1. Refer to territorial or boundary matters.
p.000186: 2. Establish political or military alliances.
p.000186: 3. Contain the commitment to issue, modify or repeal a law.
p.000186: 4. Refer to the rights and guarantees established in the Constitution.
p.000186: 5. Commit the economic policy of the State established in its National Development Plan to
p.000186: conditions of international financial institutions or transnational corporations.
p.000186: 6. They engage the country in integration and trade agreements.
p.000186: 7. Attribute powers of the internal legal order to an international or supranational body.
p.000186: 8. Commit natural heritage and especially water, biodiversity and its genetic heritage.
p.000186: Art. 420.- The ratification of treaties may be requested by referendum, by initiative.
p.000186: citizen or by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000186: The denunciation of an approved treaty shall correspond to the President or President of the Republic. In case of complaint
p.000186: of a treaty approved by the citizens in referendum the same procedure that approved it will be required.
p.000186: Art. 421.- The application of international commercial instruments shall not impair,
p.000186: directly or indirectly, the right to health, access to medicines, supplies, services, or progress
p.000186: Scientific and technological
p.000186: Art. 422.- International treaties or instruments in which the State may not be concluded
p.000186: Ecuadorian cedes sovereign jurisdiction at the request of international arbitration, in contractual disputes
p.000186: or of a commercial nature, between the State and private individuals or legal entities.
p.000187: 187
p.000187: International treaties and instruments that establish the resolution of disputes between
p.000187: States and citizens in Latin America by regional arbitration instances or by jurisdictional organs of
p.000187: designation of signatory countries. Judges of the States may not intervene as such or their
p.000187: Nationals are part of the controversy.
p.000187: In the case of controversies related to external debt, the Ecuadorian State will promote arbitration solutions in
p.000187: function of the origin of the debt and subject to the principles of transparency, equity and international justice.
p.000187: CHAPTER THREE
p.000187: Latin American Integration
p.000187: Art. 423.- Integration, especially with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, will be an objective
p.000187: State strategic. In all instances and integration processes, the Ecuadorian State will commit to:
p.000187: 1. Promote economic, equitable, supportive and complementary integration; the productive unit,
p.000187: financial and monetary; the adoption of a common international economic policy; policy development
p.000187: of compensation to overcome regional asymmetries; and regional trade, with emphasis on goods from
p.000187: high added value.
p.000187: 2. Promote joint strategies for the sustainable management of natural heritage, especially the
p.000187: regulation of extractive activity; sustainable energy cooperation and complementation; the
...

p.000193: 1. To be the highest instance of interpretation of the Constitution, of international human rights treaties
p.000193: ratified by the Ecuadorian State, through its opinions and sentences. Your decisions will have
p.000193: binding character.
p.000193: 2. Know and resolve public actions of unconstitutionality, by fund or by form, against
p.000193: normative acts of a general nature issued by state authorities. The declaration of
p.000193: unconstitutionality will have the effect of invalidity of the contested normative act.
p.000193: 3. Declare ex officio the unconstitutionality of related norms, when in the cases submitted to its knowledge
p.000193: conclude that one or more of them are contrary to the Constitution.
p.000193: 4. Know and resolve, at the request of the party, the unconstitutionality against administrative acts with effects
p.000193: generals issued by any public authority. The declaration of unconstitutionality will have the effect of
p.000193: Invalidity of the administrative act.
p.000193: 5. Know and resolve, at the request of the party, the actions for non-compliance that are presented with the
p.000193: purpose of guaranteeing the application of general administrative norms or acts, whatever
p.000193: its nature or hierarchy, as well as for compliance with judgments or reports of international organizations of
p.000193: protection of human rights that are not enforceable through ordinary judicial channels.
p.000193: 6. Issue sentences that constitute binding jurisprudence regarding protection actions,
p.000193: compliance, habeas corpus, habeas data, access to public information and others
p.000194: 194
p.000194: constitutional processes, as well as the cases selected by the Court for review.
p.000194: 7. To resolve conflicts of competences or attributions between functions of the State or bodies established in the
p.000194: Constitution.
p.000194: 8. Perform ex officio and immediately check the constitutionality of the declarations of the
p.000194: states of exception, when they imply the suspension of constitutional rights.
p.000194: 9. Know and punish the breach of sentences and constitutional opinions.
p.000194: 10. Declare the unconstitutionality incurred by State institutions or public authorities that
p.000194: by omission, they observe, totally or partially, the mandates contained in constitutional norms, within
p.000194: of the term established in the Constitution or in the period considered reasonable by the Constitutional Court. Yes
p.000194: After the deadline the omission persists, the Court will provisionally issue the rule or execute the act
p.000194: omitted, in accordance with the law.
p.000194: Art. 437.- Citizens individually or collectively may file an extraordinary protection action
p.000194: against sentences, final orders and resolutions with force of sentence. For the admission of this resource the
p.000194: Court will verify compliance with the following requirements:
p.000194: 1. That they are judgments, orders, and firm or enforced resolutions.
p.000194: 2. That the appellant demonstrate that the due process or violation has been violated by trial or omission.
p.000194: other rights recognized in the Constitution.
p.000194: Art. 438.- The Constitutional Court shall issue a prior and binding opinion on constitutionality in the following
p.000194: cases, in addition to those determined by law:
...

p.000202: of its funds, under investment banking criteria, and with the objective of generating employment and added value.
p.000202: TWENTY-FOURTH.- Within the maximum period of thirty days from the approval of this Constitution, the Executive
p.000202: will form a commission to carry out an audit of the concessions of radio and television frequencies, whose
p.000202: report will be delivered within a maximum period of one hundred and eighty days.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The annual revision of the basic salary will be carried out on a progressive basis until the salary is reached
p.000202: worthy in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. The basic salary will tend to be equivalent to the cost of
p.000202: family basket Universal retirement for older adults will be applied progressively.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIVE.- Within three hundred and sixty days after the entry into force of this Constitution, the
p.000202: delegations of public services in water and sanitation made to private companies will be audited
p.000202: financially, legally, environmentally and socially.
p.000203: 203
p.000203: The State shall define the validity, renegotiation and, where appropriate, the termination of the contracts of
p.000203: delegation, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the results of the audits.
p.000203: The users and users in extreme poverty are forgiven the debts of water for human consumption that they have contracted up to
p.000203: the entry into force of this Constitution.
p.000203: TWENTY-SEVENTH.- The Executive, within two years of the entry into force of this Constitution, will review the
p.000203: situation of access to irrigation water in order to reorganize the granting of concessions, avoid abuse and
p.000203: inequities in usage rates, and guarantee a more equitable distribution and access, in particular
p.000203: to small and medium agricultural producers.
p.000203: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The law that regulates the participation of autonomous decentralized governments in income from the
p.000203: exploitation or industrialization of non-renewable resources, may not reduce the income established by law
p.000203: 010 of the Amazon Regional Ecodevelopment Fund and the Strengthening of its Sectional Organizations, as well as
p.000203: those established in the law of allocations of five percent of the income generated by the sale of energy that
p.000203: make the Paute, Pisayambo and Agoyán Hydroelectric Power Plants (Law 047) for the benefit of the provinces of
p.000203: Azuay, Cañar, Morona Santiago and Tungurahua.
p.000203: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The shares and shares held by the institutions of the private financial system, as well as
p.000203: private national communication companies, their directors and main shareholders, in
p.000203: companies other than the sector in which they participate, will be disposed of within one year from the
p.000203: approval of this reform in referendum. 8
p.000203: The shareholdings of legal persons in the financial sector, their legal representatives and
p.000203: board members and shareholders who have a share in the paid capital of the media
p.000203: social, must be alienated within two years from the entry into force of this Constitution.
p.000203: 8 Item replaced by the approval of question number 3 of the Referendum and Popular Consultation of May 7
p.000203: of 2011, results published in the Official Registry Supplement No. 490 of July 13, 2011.
p.000204: 204
p.000204: THIRTY.- The Solidarity Fund, within three hundred and sixty days, prior to its
p.000204: liquidation, will transform to the regime of public companies those of private regime in which it is shareholder. For
...

Social / Access to information

Searching for indicator access to information:

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p.000028: Art. 14.- The right of the population to live in a healthy and ecologically friendly environment is recognized.
p.000028: balanced, that guarantees sustainability and good living, sumak kawsay.
p.000028: It is declared of public interest the preservation of the environment, the conservation of ecosystems, the
p.000028: biodiversity and the integrity of the country's genetic heritage, prevention of environmental damage and recovery
p.000028: of degraded natural spaces.
p.000029: 29
p.000029: Art. 15.- The State shall promote, in the public and private sector, the use of environmentally clean technologies and
p.000029: non-polluting and low impact alternative energies. Energy sovereignty will not be achieved in
p.000029: detriment of food sovereignty, nor will it affect the right to water.
p.000029: The development, production, possession, commercialization, importation, transportation, storage and use are prohibited.
p.000029: of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, of highly toxic persistent organic pollutants,
p.000029: internationally banned agrochemicals, and experimental biological technologies and agents
p.000029: harmful and genetically modified organisms harmful to human health or that threaten the
p.000029: food sovereignty or ecosystems, as well as the introduction of nuclear waste and toxic waste to
p.000029: National territory.
p.000029: SECTION THREE
p.000029: Communication and Information
p.000029: Art. 16.- All persons, individually or collectively, have the right to:
p.000029: 1. A free, intercultural, inclusive, diverse and participatory communication in all areas of the
p.000029: social interaction, by any means and form, in their own language and with their own symbols.
p.000029: 2. Universal access to information and communication technologies.
p.000029: 3. The creation of social media, and equal access to the use of
p.000029: radio spectrum frequencies for the management of public and private radio and television stations
p.000029: community, and free bands for the exploitation of wireless networks.
p.000029: 4. Access and use of all forms of visual, auditory, sensory and other communication that
p.000029: allow the inclusion of people with disabilities.
p.000029: 5. Integrate the participation spaces provided for in the Constitution in the field of communication.
p.000029: Art. 17.- The State shall promote plurality and diversity in communication, and to that effect:
p.000030: 30
p.000030: 1. Ensure the allocation, through transparent and equal conditions, of the
p.000030: radio spectrum frequencies, for the management of public and private radio and television stations
p.000030: community, as well as access to free bands for the exploitation of wireless networks, and will ensure that in your
p.000030: use prevails the collective interest.
p.000030: 2. Facilitate the creation and strengthening of public, private and public media.
p.000030: community, as well as universal access to information and communication technologies especially for
p.000030: people and communities that lack such access or have it in a limited way.
p.000030: 3. It will not allow oligopoly or monopoly, direct or indirect, of ownership of the media
p.000030: and the use of frequencies.
p.000030: Art. 18.- All persons, individually or collectively, have the right to:
p.000030: 1. Search, receive, exchange, produce and disseminate truthful, verified, timely, contextualized information,
p.000030: plural, without prior censorship about the facts, events and processes of general interest, and with
p.000030: further responsibility.
p.000030: 2. Access freely to the information generated in public entities, or in the private ones that handle
p.000030: State funds or perform public functions. There will be no reservation of information except in cases
p.000030: expressly established in the law. In case of violation of human rights, no public entity will deny the
p.000030: information.
p.000030: Art. 19.- The law shall regulate the prevalence of content for informational, educational and cultural purposes in
p.000030: the programming of the media, and will encourage the creation of spaces for the dissemination of
p.000030: independent national production.
p.000030: The emission of advertising that induces violence, discrimination, racism,
p.000030: drug addiction, sexism, religious or political intolerance and anyone who attempts against
p.000030: rights.
...

Searching for indicator freedom of information:

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p.000093: prevention, control and prevention of crime and use of means of deterrence and conciliation as alternatives to
p.000093: use of force
p.000094: 94
p.000094: For the development of its tasks the National Police will coordinate its functions with the different levels
p.000094: of decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000094: FOURTH SECTION
p.000094: States of exception
p.000094: Art. 164.- The President or President of the Republic may decree the state of exception throughout the territory
p.000094: national or in part of it in case of aggression, international or internal armed conflict, serious commotion
p.000094: internal, public calamity or natural disaster. The declaration of the state of exception will not interrupt the activities
p.000094: of the functions of the State.
p.000094: The state of exception shall observe the principles of necessity, proportionality, legality, temporality,
p.000094: territoriality and reasonableness. The decree establishing the state of exception will contain the
p.000094: determination of the cause and its motivation, territorial scope of application, the period of duration, the measures that
p.000094: shall apply, the rights that may be suspended or limited and the corresponding notifications according to
p.000094: the Constitution and international treaties.
p.000094: Art. 165.- During the state of exception, the President or President of the Republic may only suspend or
p.000094: limit the exercise of the right to inviolability of domicile, inviolability of correspondence, freedom of
p.000094: transit, freedom of association and assembly, and freedom of information, in the terms established by the Constitution.
p.000094: Declared the state of exception, the President or President of the Republic may:
p.000094: 1. Decree the anticipated collection of taxes.
p.000094: 2. Use public funds for other purposes, except those for health and education.
p.000094: 3. Move the government headquarters to any place in the national territory.
p.000094: 4. Provide prior censorship in the information of the social media with strict relationship
p.000094: to the reasons for the state of exception and to the security of the State.
p.000094: 5. Establish as security zone all or part of the national territory.
p.000095: 95
p.000095: 6. Arrange the employment of the Armed Forces and the National Police and call active duty to all the
p.000095: reserve or a part of it, as well as the staff of other institutions.
p.000095: 7. Arrange for the closure or authorization of ports, airports and border crossings.
p.000095: 8. Arrange the necessary mobilization and requisitions, and decree the national demobilization, when
p.000095: restore normality.
p.000095: Art. 166.- The President or President of the Republic will notify the declaration of the state of exception
p.000095: to the National Assembly, the Constitutional Court and the corresponding international organizations
p.000095: within forty-eight hours following the signing of the corresponding decree. If the circumstances
p.000095: they justify it, the National Assembly may revoke the decree at any time, without prejudice to the pronouncement that
p.000095: on its constitutionality the Constitutional Court can perform.
p.000095: The decree of state of exception will be valid for a maximum period of sixty days. If the causes that motivated him
...

Social / Age

Searching for indicator age:

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p.000024: Ecuadorian while not expressing contrary will.
p.000024: 3. Those born abroad of an Ecuadorian mother or father by naturalization, while those are
p.000024: minors; they will retain Ecuadorian nationality if they do not express contrary will.
p.000024: 4. Those who marry or maintain de facto union with an Ecuadorian or an Ecuadorian, according to
p.000024: with the law
p.000024: 5. Those who obtain Ecuadorian nationality for having provided relevant services to the country with
p.000024: Your talent or individual effort.
p.000024: Those who acquire Ecuadorian nationality will not be obliged to renounce their nationality of origin.
p.000024: Ecuadorian nationality acquired by naturalization will be lost by express resignation.
p.000024: Art. 9.- Foreign persons who are in Ecuadorian territory will have the same rights
p.000024: and duties that Ecuadorians, in accordance with the Constitution.
p.000025: 25
p.000025: Title II
p.000025: Rights
p.000025: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000025: Principles of application of rights
p.000025: Art. 10.- Individuals, communities, peoples, nationalities and groups are holders and will enjoy the
p.000025: rights guaranteed in the Constitution and in international instruments.
p.000025: Nature will be subject to those rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000025: Art. 11.- The exercise of rights will be governed by the following principles:
p.000025: 1. The rights may be exercised, promoted and demanded individually or collectively before the
p.000025: competent authorities; These authorities will ensure compliance.
p.000025: 2. All people are equal and will enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities.
p.000025: No one may be discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity, place of birth, age, sex, gender identity,
p.000025: cultural identity, marital status, language, religion, ideology, political affiliation, judicial past, condition
p.000025: socio-economic, immigration status, sexual orientation, health status, carrying HIV, disability,
p.000025: physical difference; nor for any other distinction, personal or collective, temporary or permanent,
p.000025: whose purpose is
p.000025: or result undermine or cancel recognition, enjoy
p.000025: or exercise of rights. The law shall punish all forms of discrimination.
p.000025: The State shall adopt affirmative action measures that promote real equality in favor of the holders of
p.000025: rights that are in a situation of inequality.
p.000025: 3. The rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in international rights instruments
p.000025: humans will be of direct and immediate application by and before any public servant or server, administrative or
p.000025: judicial, ex officio or at the request of a party.
p.000027: 27
p.000027: For the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees, conditions or requirements that are not required will not be required.
p.000027: established in the Constitution or the law.
p.000027: The rights will be fully justiciable. Lack of legal norm for
p.000027: justify their violation or ignorance, to dismiss the action for these facts or to deny their
p.000027: recognition.
...

p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000033: 5. Exemptions in the tax system.
p.000033: 6. Exemption from payment for notarial and registration costs, in accordance with the law.
p.000033: 7. Access to a home that ensures a decent life, with respect to your opinion and consent.
p.000033: Art. 38.- The State shall establish public policies and programs for adult care.
p.000033: older, which will take into account
p.000035: 35
p.000035: specific differences between urban and rural areas, gender inequities, ethnicity,
p.000035: culture and the differences of people, communities, peoples and nationalities; It will also promote
p.000035: highest possible degree of personal autonomy and participation in the definition and execution of these policies.
p.000035: In particular, the State will take measures to:
p.000035: 1. Attention in specialized centers that guarantee your nutrition, health, education and daily care, in a
...

p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
p.000038: 3. The priority protection and care of your integral health and life during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000038: 4. Have the necessary facilities for recovery after pregnancy and during the period of
p.000038: lactation.
p.000038: SECTION @UINTA
p.000038: Girls, boys and teenagers
p.000038: Art. 44.- The State, society and the family shall promote as a priority the integral development of girls,
p.000038: children and adolescents, and will ensure the full exercise of their rights; It will meet the principle of interest
p.000038: superior and their rights shall prevail over those of other persons.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents will have the right to their integral development, understood as a process of
p.000038: growth, maturation and deployment of your intellect and its capabilities, potentials and aspirations, in a
p.000038: family, school, social and community environment of affectivity and security. This environment will allow the satisfaction of
p.000038: their social, emotional-emotional and cultural needs, with the support of national intersectoral policies and
p.000038: local.
p.000038: Art. 45.- Girls and boys and adolescents shall enjoy the common rights of the human being, in addition to the
p.000038: Age specific. The State will recognize and guarantee life, including care and protection from
p.000038: the conception.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents have the right to physical and psychic integrity; to your identity, name and citizenship;
p.000038: to integral health and nutrition; to education and culture, to sports and recreation; to social security; to have a
p.000038: family and enjoy family and community life; to social participation; to respect your
p.000038: freedom and dignity; to be consulted in matters that affect them; to educate as a priority in your language and
p.000038: in the cultural contexts of their peoples and nationalities; and to receive information about their
p.000038: parents or absent relatives, unless it was detrimental to their well-being.
p.000038: The State will guarantee its freedom of expression and association, the free functioning of the councils
p.000038: students and other associative forms.
p.000039: 39
p.000039: Art. 46.- The State shall adopt, among others, the following measures that assure girls, boys and adolescents:
p.000039: 1. Attention to children under six years of age, which guarantees their nutrition, health, education and daily care in a
p.000039: Integral protection framework for your rights.
p.000039: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The work of children under
p.000039: fifteen years, and policies for the progressive eradication of child labor will be implemented. The work of the
p.000039: adolescents and adolescents will be exceptional, and may not violate their right to education or perform in
p.000039: harmful or dangerous situations for your health or personal development. Your respect will be respected, recognized and supported.
p.000039: work and other activities provided they do not pay attention to their training and their integral development.
p.000039: 3. Preferential care for the full social integration of those with disabilities. The State will guarantee its
p.000039: incorporation into the regular education system and in society.
p.000039: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000039: nature, or against the negligence caused by such situations.
p.000039: 5. Prevention against the use of narcotic or psychotropic drugs and the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other substances
p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
p.000039: that promote violence, or racial or gender discrimination. Public communication policies
p.000039: they will prioritize their education and respect for their rights of image, integrity and the other specific ones of their age. I know
p.000039: establish limitations and penalties to enforce these rights.
p.000039: 8. Special protection and assistance when the parent or parent, or both, are deprived
p.000039: of your freedom
p.000039: 9. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000040: 40
p.000040: SECTION SIX
p.000040: People with disabilities
p.000040: Art. 47.- The State will guarantee disability prevention policies and, jointly with the
p.000040: society and the family, will try to match opportunities for people with disabilities and their integration
p.000040: Social.
p.000040: Persons with disabilities are recognized, the rights to:
p.000040: 1. Specialized care in public and private entities that provide health services for their
p.000040: specific needs, which will include the provision of medicines for free, in particular for those
p.000040: people who require lifelong treatment.
p.000040: 2. Integral rehabilitation and permanent assistance, which will include the corresponding aid
p.000040: techniques
p.000040: 3. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000040: 4. Exemptions in the tax regime.
p.000040: 5. Work in conditions of equal opportunities, which fosters their capacities and potentials, to
p.000040: through policies that allow its incorporation into public and private entities.
...

p.000047: Territorial organization.
p.000047: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000047: Participation Rights
p.000047: Art. 61.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians enjoy the following rights:
p.000047: 1. Choose and be chosen.
p.000047: 2. Participate in matters of public interest.
p.000047: 3. Present projects of normative popular initiative.
p.000047: 4. Be consulted.
p.000047: 5. Supervise the acts of public power.
p.000047: 6. Revoke the mandate conferred on the authorities of popular election.
p.000047: 7. Perform public jobs and functions based on merits and capabilities, and a system of selection and
p.000047: transparent, inclusive, equitable, pluralistic and democratic designation that guarantees their participation,
p.000047: with criteria of equity and gender parity, equal opportunities for people with disabilities and
p.000047: intergenerational participation
p.000047: 8. Forming political parties and movements, affiliating or disenrolling freely from them
p.000047: and participate in all the decisions they adopt.
p.000047: Foreign persons will enjoy these rights as applicable.
p.000048: 48
p.000048: Art. 62.- People in enjoyment of political rights have the right to universal, equal, direct, secret and secret voting.
p.000048: publicly scrutinized, in accordance with the following provisions:
p.000048: 1. Voting will be mandatory for people over eighteen. They will exercise their right to vote
p.000048: persons deprived of liberty without conviction executed.
p.000048: 2. The vote shall be optional for persons between sixteen and eighteen years of age, those over
p.000048: Sixty-five years, Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians living abroad, members of the
p.000048: Armed Forces and National Police, and people with disabilities.
p.000048: Art. 63.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians abroad have the right to elect the President or President
p.000048: and to the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, national representatives and the constituency of the
p.000048: Exterior; and may be elected for any position.
p.000048: Foreign persons resident in Ecuador have the right to vote provided they have legally resided in the
p.000048: Country at least five years.
p.000048: Art. 64.- The enjoyment of political rights will be suspended, in addition to the cases determined by law, for the reasons
p.000048: following:
p.000048: 1. Judicial interdiction, while it subsists, except in case of insolvency or bankruptcy that has not been
p.000048: declared fraudulent.
p.000048: 2. Execution sentence that condemns a prison sentence, while it remains.
p.000048: Art. 65.- The State shall promote the equal representation of women and men in the positions of
p.000048: nomination or designation of the public function, in its instances of direction and decision, and in the parties and
p.000048: political movements In candidates for multi-person elections their alternate participation will be respected and
p.000048: sequential.
p.000048: The State will adopt affirmative action measures to guarantee the participation of the discriminated sectors.
p.000049: 49
p.000049: CHAPTER SIX
p.000049: Freedom rights
...

p.000075: of proportionality, equality of vote, equity, parity and alternation between women and men; and determine the
p.000075: constituencies inside and outside the country.
p.000075: Art. 117.- It is prohibited to carry out legal reforms in electoral matters during the year prior to the celebration of
p.000075: elections.
p.000075: In the event that the declaration of unconstitutionality of a provision affects the normal development of the
p.000075: electoral process, the National Electoral Council will propose to the Legislative Function a bill to
p.000075: that it considers it within a period not exceeding thirty days; if it is not treated, it will become effective through the ministry of
p.000075: law.
p.000076: 76
p.000076: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000076: Legislative Function
p.000076: SECTION ONE
p.000076: National Assembly
p.000076: Art. 118.- The Legislative Function is exercised by the National Assembly, which will be integrated by
p.000076: Assembly members elected for a period of four years.
p.000076: The National Assembly is unicameral and will be based in Quito. Exceptionally you can meet at any
p.000076: part of the national territory.
p.000076: The National Assembly will be integrated by:
p.000076: 1. Fifteen assembly members elected in national constituency.
p.000076: 2. Two assembly members elected by each province, and one more for every two hundred thousand inhabitants or fraction that
p.000076: exceed one hundred fifty thousand, according to the last national census of the population.
p.000076: 3. The law shall determine the election of assembly members from regions, metropolitan districts, and from the constituency
p.000076: of the outside.
p.000076: Art. 119.- To be an assemblyman, it will be necessary to have Ecuadorian nationality, to have completed eighteen years of
p.000076: age at the time of registration of the candidacy and be in enjoyment of political rights.
p.000076: Art. 120.- The National Assembly shall have the following powers and duties, in addition to those determined by law:
p.000076: 1. Possess the President or President and the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic
p.000076: proclaimed elected by the National Electoral Council. Possession will take place on May 24
p.000076: year of your choice
p.000076: 2. Declare the physical or mental incapacity to exercise the position of President or President of
p.000076: the Republic and resolve the cessation of its functions in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
p.000076: 3. To elect the Vice President or Vice President, in case of their definitive lack, of a third proposal
p.000076: by the President or President of the Republic.
p.000077: 77
p.000077: 4. Know the annual reports that the President or President of the Republic must present and pronounce
p.000077: respect.
p.000077: 5. Participate in the constitutional reform process.
p.000077: 6. Issue, codify, reform and repeal laws, and interpret them generally mandatory.
p.000077: 7. Create, modify or suppress taxes by law, without prejudice to the powers conferred
p.000077: to decentralized autonomous governments.
p.000077: 8. Approve or improper international treaties where appropriate.
p.000077: 9. Supervise the acts of the Executive, Electoral and Transparency and Social Control functions, and
p.000077: the other organs of public power, and require the public servants and servants the information
p.000077: that you consider necessary.
p.000077: 10. Authorize the prosecution of two thirds of its members, the prosecution
...

p.000084: of urgency in economic matters. The Assembly must approve, modify or deny them within a maximum period of
p.000084: thirty days from receipt.
p.000085: 85
p.000085: The procedure for the presentation, discussion and approval of these projects will be the ordinary,
p.000085: except for the deadlines set forth above. While discussing a qualified project
p.000085: urgently, the President or President of the Republic may not send another, unless there is
p.000085: decreed the state of exception.
p.000085: When the Assembly does not approve, modify or deny the urgently qualified project in this matter within the indicated period.
p.000085: economic, the President or President of the Republic will promulgate it as decree-law and order its
p.000085: Publication in the Official Registry. The National Assembly may at any time modify it or
p.000085: repeal it, subject to the ordinary procedure provided for in the Constitution.
p.000086: 86
p.000086: CHAPTER THREE
p.000086: Executive Function
p.000086: SECTION ONE
p.000086: Organization and functions
p.000086: Art. 141.- The President or President of the Republic exercises the Executive Function, is the Head of State and of
p.000086: Government and responsible for public administration.
p.000086: The Executive Function is composed of the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the Republic,
p.000086: the Ministries of State and the other agencies and institutions necessary to comply, in the
p.000086: scope of its competence, the powers of rectory, planning, execution and evaluation of
p.000086: National public policies and plans that are created to implement them.
p.000086: Art. 142.- The President or President of the Republic must be Ecuadorian by birth, having complied
p.000086: thirty-five years of age at the date of registration of his candidacy, be in enjoyment of political rights and not
p.000086: find yourself in any of the disabilities or prohibitions established in the Constitution.
p.000086: Art. 143.-The candidacies for the Presidency and the Vice Presidency of the Republic will appear in the same
p.000086: ballot. The President or President and the Vice President or Vice President shall be elected by majority
p.000086: absolute of valid votes cast. If in the first vote no binomial had achieved a majority
p.000086: absolute, a second electoral round will be held within the next forty-five days, and in it
p.000086: The two most voted binomials will participate in the first round. The second vote will not be necessary if the binomial
p.000086: who got first place gets at least forty percent of the valid votes and a difference
p.000086: greater than ten percentage points on the vote achieved by the binomial located in second place.
p.000086: Art. 144.-The period of government of the President of the Republic will begin within
p.000086: the ten days after the installation of the National Assembly, before which he will take an oath. In
p.000086: If the National Assembly is installed, the period of government will begin within
p.000086: forty-five days after the proclamation of the election results.
p.000087: 87
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic will remain in office for four years and may be reelected for
p.000087: just one time.
p.000087: The President or President of the Republic, during her term and up to one year after having ceased
p.000087: functions, you must inform the National Assembly, before your departure, the period and the reasons for your absence
p.000087: from the country.
p.000087: Art. 145.- The President or President of the Republic will cease her duties and leave the office vacant in cases.
p.000087: following:
...

p.000157: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000157: Inclusion and equity
p.000157: Art. 340.- The national system of inclusion and social equity is the articulated and coordinated set of
p.000157: systems, institutions, policies, standards, programs and services that ensure the exercise,
p.000157: guarantee and enforceability of the rights recognized in the Constitution and the fulfillment of the objectives of the
p.000157: development regime
p.000157: The system will be articulated to the National Development Plan and the decentralized national system of
p.000157: participatory planning; It will be guided by the principles of universality, equality, equity, progressivity,
p.000157: interculturality, solidarity and non-discrimination; and will work under the criteria of quality, efficiency,
p.000157: efficiency, transparency, responsibility and participation.
p.000157: The system consists of the fields of education, health, social security, risk management, culture
p.000157: physical and sport, habitat and housing, culture, communication and information, enjoy free time,
p.000157: science and technology, population, human security and transport.
p.000157: Art. 341.- The State will generate the conditions for the integral protection of its inhabitants throughout its
p.000157: lives, which ensure the rights and principles recognized in the Constitution, in particular equality in the
p.000157: diversity and non-discrimination, and will prioritize its action towards those groups that require special consideration
p.000157: for the persistence of inequalities, exclusion, discrimination or violence, or by virtue of their condition
p.000157: age, health or disability.
p.000157: Integral protection will work through specialized systems, in accordance with the law. The
p.000157: specialized systems will be guided by their specific principles and those of the national system of inclusion and equity
p.000157: Social.
p.000157: The decentralized national system for comprehensive protection of children and adolescents will be responsible for
p.000157: ensure the exercise of
p.000159: 159
p.000159: the rights of girls, boys and adolescents. Public, private and public institutions will be part of the system.
p.000159: community
p.000159: Art. 342.- The State shall allocate, in a priority and equitable manner, sufficient, timely resources.
p.000159: and permanent for the operation and management of the system.
p.000159: SECTION ONE
p.000159: Education
p.000159: Art. 343.- The national education system shall have as its purpose the development of capacities and
p.000159: individual and collective potentialities of the population, which enable learning, and generation
p.000159: and use of knowledge, techniques, knowledge, arts and culture. The system will focus on the subject
p.000159: that learns, and will work in a flexible and dynamic way, inclusive, effective and efficient.
p.000159: The national education system will integrate an intercultural vision in line with geographical diversity,
...

p.000166: permanent sources of the General State Budget. Public resources will be distributed based on
p.000166: population criteria and health needs.
p.000166: The State will finance the state health institutions and can financially support the autonomous and private
p.000166: provided they have no profit, that guarantee free benefits, comply with public policies
p.000166: and ensure quality, safety and respect for rights. These institutions will be subject to control and regulation
p.000166: of the State.
p.000166: SECTION THREE
p.000166: Social Security
p.000166: Art. 367.- The social security system is public and universal, it may not be privatized and will address the
p.000166: contingent needs of the population. The protection of contingencies will be effective through
p.000166: of compulsory universal insurance and its special regimes.
p.000166: The system will be guided by the principles of the national system of social inclusion and equity and by those of
p.000166: mandatory, sufficiency, integration, solidarity and subsidiarity.
p.000167: 167
p.000167: Art. 368.- The social security system will include public entities, norms,
p.000167: social security policies, resources, services and benefits, and will work based on criteria of
p.000167: sustainability, efficiency, speed and transparency. The State will regulate, regulate and control the activities
p.000167: related to social security.
p.000167: Art. 369.- The compulsory universal insurance will cover the contingencies of illness, maternity, paternity,
p.000167: risks of work, unemployment, unemployment, old age, disability, disability, death and those that
p.000167: Define the law. The health benefits of contingencies of illness and maternity will be provided through
p.000167: of the comprehensive public health network.
p.000167: Mandatory universal insurance will be extended to the entire urban and rural population, regardless of their
p.000167: employment situation. Benefits for people who do unpaid domestic work and
p.000167: care tasks will be financed with contributions and contributions from the State. The law will define the mechanism
p.000167: correspondent.
p.000167: The creation of new benefits will be duly funded.
p.000167: Art. 370.- The Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, an autonomous entity regulated by law, will be
p.000167: responsible for the provision of contingencies of compulsory universal insurance to its members.
p.000167: The national police and the armed forces may have a special social security regime, of
p.000167: according to the law; its social security entities will be part of the comprehensive public health network and
p.000167: of the social security system.
p.000167: Art. 371.- The social security benefits will be financed with the contribution of the insured persons in relation
p.000167: of dependency and its employers or employers; with the contributions of the insured independent persons; with
p.000167: the voluntary contributions of Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad; and with the contributions and
p.000167: State contributions.
...

p.000167: Social security money benefits will not be subject to assignment, seizure or withholding, except in cases of
p.000167: food due by law or obligations incurred in favor of the insurance institution, and will be
p.000167: exempt from tax payment.
p.000168: 168
p.000168: Art. 372.- The funds and reserves of the mandatory universal insurance shall be their own and distinct from those of the treasury,
p.000168: and will serve to adequately fulfill the purposes of its creation and its functions. No state institution
p.000168: may intervene or dispose of its funds and reserves, nor impair its assets.
p.000168: Public provisional funds and their investments will be channeled through a financial institution of
p.000168: property of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute; its management will be subject to the principles of
p.000168: security, solvency, efficiency, profitability and control of the competent body.
p.000168: Art. 373.- Peasant social insurance, which is part of the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, will be a
p.000168: special compulsory universal insurance scheme to protect the rural population and people
p.000168: dedicated to artisanal fishing; It will be financed with the solidarity contribution of insured persons and employers
p.000168: of the national social security system, with the differentiated contribution of female heads of household
p.000168: protected and with fiscal allocations that guarantee its strengthening and development. The insurance will offer
p.000168: health benefits and protection against the contingencies of disability, disability, old age and death.
p.000168: Public and private insurance, without exception, will contribute to the financing of rural social insurance
p.000168: through the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security.
p.000168: Art. 374.- The State shall encourage voluntary affiliation with the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute to the
p.000168: Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians domiciled abroad, and will ensure the provision of
p.000168: contingencies The financing of these benefits will be provided by the affiliated persons.
p.000168: volunteers domiciled abroad.
p.000168: FOURTH SECTION
p.000168: Habitat and housing
p.000168: Art. 375.- The State, at all levels of government, will guarantee the right to habitat and decent housing, for
p.000168: which:
p.000168: 1. Generate the necessary information for the design of strategies and programs that understand the relationships between
p.000168: housing, services, public space and transport, equipment and urban land management.
p.000169: 169
p.000169: 2. Maintain a national geo-referenced integrated land and habitat register.
p.000169: 3. Develop, implement and evaluate habitat, universal access policies, plans and programs
p.000169: to housing, based on the principles of universality, equity and interculturality, with a focus on the management of
p.000169: risks
p.000169: 4. It will improve precarious housing, provide shelters, public spaces and green areas, and promote
p.000169: Special regime rent.
p.000169: 5. Develop plans and financing programs for social interest housing, through
p.000169: public banking and popular finance institutions, with emphasis for people of limited
p.000169: economic resources and women heads of household.
...

p.000201: career.
p.000201: EIGHTEEN.- The State will carry out a comprehensive evaluation of the educational institutions that are united and
p.000201: public pluridocentes, and will take measures in order to overcome precariousness and guarantee the right to education.
p.000201: Over the course of three years, the State will conduct an evaluation of the operation, purpose and quality of the
p.000201: popular education processes and will design the appropriate policies for the improvement and regularization of the plant
p.000201: teacher.
p.000201: TWENTY.- The Executive will create a higher institution with the objective of promoting the exercise of
p.000201: teaching and management, administrative and support positions in the national system of
p.000202: 202
p.000202: education. The national educational authority will direct this institution academically, administratively and financially.
p.000202: Within five years of the entry into force of this Constitution, all the institutions of
p.000202: Higher education, as well as their careers, programs and postgraduate must be evaluated and accredited according to the
p.000202: law. In case of not passing the evaluation and accreditation, they will be left out of the higher education system.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIRST.- The State will stimulate the retirement of teachers and teachers in the public sector, through
p.000202: payment of a variable compensation that relates age and years of service. The maximum amount will be one hundred
p.000202: fifty unified basic salaries of the private worker, and five unified basic salaries of the
p.000202: private worker in general by year of services. The law will regulate the procedures and calculation methods.
p.000202: TWENTY-TWO.- The General State Budget for the financing of the national health system, is
p.000202: increase each year by a percentage not less than zero point five percent of the Gross Domestic Product,
p.000202: until reaching at least four percent.
p.000202: TWENTY-THREE.- Within a period of one hundred and eighty days from the approval of this Constitution, it will be created
p.000202: the financial entity owned by the Ecuadorian Social Security Institute, responsible for the administration
p.000202: of its funds, under investment banking criteria, and with the objective of generating employment and added value.
p.000202: TWENTY-FOURTH.- Within the maximum period of thirty days from the approval of this Constitution, the Executive
p.000202: will form a commission to carry out an audit of the concessions of radio and television frequencies, whose
p.000202: report will be delivered within a maximum period of one hundred and eighty days.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIFTH.- The annual revision of the basic salary will be carried out on a progressive basis until the salary is reached
p.000202: worthy in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. The basic salary will tend to be equivalent to the cost of
p.000202: family basket Universal retirement for older adults will be applied progressively.
p.000202: TWENTY-FIVE.- Within three hundred and sixty days after the entry into force of this Constitution, the
p.000202: delegations of public services in water and sanitation made to private companies will be audited
p.000202: financially, legally, environmentally and socially.
...

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p.000033: dignity, a decent life, fair remuneration and compensation and the performance of a healthy and free work
p.000033: chosen or accepted.
p.000033: Art. 34.- The right to social security is an inalienable right of all persons, and shall be the duty and
p.000033: primary responsibility of the State. Social security will be governed by the principles of solidarity,
p.000033: mandatory, universality, equity, efficiency, subsidiarity, sufficiency, transparency and
p.000033: participation, for the attention of individual and collective needs.
p.000033: The State will guarantee and enforce the full exercise of the right to social security, which includes people
p.000033: who perform unpaid work in homes, activities for self-support in the field, all forms of work
p.000033: self-employed and those who are unemployed.
p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000033: 5. Exemptions in the tax system.
p.000033: 6. Exemption from payment for notarial and registration costs, in accordance with the law.
p.000033: 7. Access to a home that ensures a decent life, with respect to your opinion and consent.
p.000033: Art. 38.- The State shall establish public policies and programs for adult care.
...

p.000038: family and enjoy family and community life; to social participation; to respect your
p.000038: freedom and dignity; to be consulted in matters that affect them; to educate as a priority in your language and
p.000038: in the cultural contexts of their peoples and nationalities; and to receive information about their
p.000038: parents or absent relatives, unless it was detrimental to their well-being.
p.000038: The State will guarantee its freedom of expression and association, the free functioning of the councils
p.000038: students and other associative forms.
p.000039: 39
p.000039: Art. 46.- The State shall adopt, among others, the following measures that assure girls, boys and adolescents:
p.000039: 1. Attention to children under six years of age, which guarantees their nutrition, health, education and daily care in a
p.000039: Integral protection framework for your rights.
p.000039: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The work of children under
p.000039: fifteen years, and policies for the progressive eradication of child labor will be implemented. The work of the
p.000039: adolescents and adolescents will be exceptional, and may not violate their right to education or perform in
p.000039: harmful or dangerous situations for your health or personal development. Your respect will be respected, recognized and supported.
p.000039: work and other activities provided they do not pay attention to their training and their integral development.
p.000039: 3. Preferential care for the full social integration of those with disabilities. The State will guarantee its
p.000039: incorporation into the regular education system and in society.
p.000039: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000039: nature, or against the negligence caused by such situations.
p.000039: 5. Prevention against the use of narcotic or psychotropic drugs and the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other substances
p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
...

p.000154: Art. 331.- The State will guarantee women equal access to employment, training and job promotion and
p.000154: professional, equitable remuneration, and the autonomous work initiative. All the
p.000154: necessary measures to eliminate inequalities.
p.000154: Any form of discrimination, harassment or act of violence of any kind, whether direct or indirect, is prohibited.
p.000154: Affect women at work.
p.000154: Art. 332.- The State shall guarantee respect for the reproductive rights of individuals.
p.000154: workers, including the elimination of occupational hazards that affect reproductive health, access and
p.000154: job stability without limitations due to pregnancy or number of daughters and sons, maternity rights, breastfeeding, and
p.000154: the right to paternity leave.
p.000154: The dismissal of working women associated with their condition of pregnancy and maternity is prohibited, as well
p.000154: such as discrimination linked to reproductive roles.
p.000154: Art. 333.- Unpaid work of self-support and care is recognized as productive work.
p.000154: human that is enhanced in homes.
p.000154: The State will promote a labor regime that works in harmony with the needs of human care, which
p.000154: provide adequate services, infrastructure and work schedules; in a special way, it will provide
p.000154: child care services, care for people with disabilities and others necessary for people
p.000154: workers can carry out their work activities; and drive co-responsibility and
p.000154: reciprocity of men and women in domestic work and family obligations.
p.000154: The protection of social security will be extended progressively to the people in charge of
p.000154: unpaid family work at home, in accordance with the general conditions of the system and the law.
p.000155: 155
p.000155: FOURTH SECTION
p.000155: Democratization of production factors
p.000155: Art. 334.- The State shall promote equitable access to production factors, for which it shall correspond:
p.000155: 1. Avoid the concentration or hoarding of productive factors and resources, promote their redistribution and eliminate
p.000155: privileges or inequalities in access to them.
p.000155: 2. Develop specific policies to eradicate inequality and discrimination against women producers, in
p.000155: Access to production factors.
p.000155: 3. Promote and support the development and dissemination of knowledge and technologies oriented to the processes of
p.000155: production.
p.000155: 4. Develop policies to promote national production in all sectors, especially for
p.000155: guarantee food sovereignty and energy sovereignty, generate employment and added value.
p.000155: 5. Promote public financial services and credit democratization.
p.000155: SECTION @UINTA
...

Searching for indicator children:

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p.000037: human rights. People who are in a condition of asylum or refuge will enjoy protection
p.000037: special that guarantees the full exercise of your rights. The State will respect and guarantee the principle of no
p.000037: return, in addition to emergency humanitarian and legal assistance.
p.000037: Criminal sanctions for asylum or refuge applicants will not be applied for the fact of their
p.000037: income or of its permanence in irregular situation.
p.000037: The State, exceptionally and when circumstances warrant, will recognize a collective
p.000037: refugee status, in accordance with the law.
p.000037: Art. 42.- Any arbitrary displacement is prohibited. People who have been displaced will have the right to receive
p.000037: protection and emerging humanitarian assistance from the authorities, ensuring access to food, shelter,
p.000037: housing and medical and health services.
p.000037: Girls, boys, teenagers, pregnant women, mothers with daughters or minor children, people
p.000037: Older adults and persons with disabilities will receive preferential and specialized humanitarian assistance.
p.000037: All displaced persons and groups have the right to return to their place of origin voluntarily, safely and
p.000037: worthy
p.000037: FOURTH SECTION
p.000037: Pregnant women
p.000037: Art. 43.- The State shall guarantee pregnant and breastfeeding women the rights to:
p.000037: 1. Not be discriminated against because of your pregnancy in the educational, social and labor spheres.
p.000037: 2. Free maternal health services.
p.000038: 38
p.000038: 3. The priority protection and care of your integral health and life during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
p.000038: 4. Have the necessary facilities for recovery after pregnancy and during the period of
p.000038: lactation.
p.000038: SECTION @UINTA
p.000038: Girls, boys and teenagers
p.000038: Art. 44.- The State, society and the family shall promote as a priority the integral development of girls,
p.000038: children and adolescents, and will ensure the full exercise of their rights; It will meet the principle of interest
p.000038: superior and their rights shall prevail over those of other persons.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents will have the right to their integral development, understood as a process of
p.000038: growth, maturation and deployment of your intellect and its capabilities, potentials and aspirations, in a
p.000038: family, school, social and community environment of affectivity and security. This environment will allow the satisfaction of
p.000038: their social, emotional-emotional and cultural needs, with the support of national intersectoral policies and
p.000038: local.
p.000038: Art. 45.- Girls and boys and adolescents shall enjoy the common rights of the human being, in addition to the
p.000038: Age specific. The State will recognize and guarantee life, including care and protection from
p.000038: the conception.
p.000038: Girls, boys and adolescents have the right to physical and psychic integrity; to your identity, name and citizenship;
p.000038: to integral health and nutrition; to education and culture, to sports and recreation; to social security; to have a
p.000038: family and enjoy family and community life; to social participation; to respect your
p.000038: freedom and dignity; to be consulted in matters that affect them; to educate as a priority in your language and
p.000038: in the cultural contexts of their peoples and nationalities; and to receive information about their
p.000038: parents or absent relatives, unless it was detrimental to their well-being.
p.000038: The State will guarantee its freedom of expression and association, the free functioning of the councils
p.000038: students and other associative forms.
p.000039: 39
p.000039: Art. 46.- The State shall adopt, among others, the following measures that assure girls, boys and adolescents:
p.000039: 1. Attention to children under six years of age, which guarantees their nutrition, health, education and daily care in a
p.000039: Integral protection framework for your rights.
p.000039: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The work of children under
p.000039: fifteen years, and policies for the progressive eradication of child labor will be implemented. The work of the
p.000039: adolescents and adolescents will be exceptional, and may not violate their right to education or perform in
p.000039: harmful or dangerous situations for your health or personal development. Your respect will be respected, recognized and supported.
p.000039: work and other activities provided they do not pay attention to their training and their integral development.
p.000039: 3. Preferential care for the full social integration of those with disabilities. The State will guarantee its
p.000039: incorporation into the regular education system and in society.
p.000039: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000039: nature, or against the negligence caused by such situations.
p.000039: 5. Prevention against the use of narcotic or psychotropic drugs and the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other substances
p.000039: Harmful to your health and development.
p.000039: 6. Priority attention in case of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000039: 7. Protection against the influence of programs or messages, disseminated through any medium,
...

p.000052: guarantee conditions that fully favor the achievement of its purposes. These will be constituted by
p.000052: legal or de facto links and will be based on equal rights and opportunities of their interests
p.000052: grantes
p.000052: Marriage is the union between man and woman, it will be based on the free consent of the contracting persons and in
p.000052: the equality of their rights, obligations and legal capacity.
p.000052: Art. 68.- The stable and monogamous union between two persons free of matrimonial ties that form a de facto home,
p.000052: for the period and under the conditions and circumstances established by law, it will generate the same rights and
p.000052: obligations of families constituted by marriage.
p.000052: The adoption will correspond only to couples of different sex.
p.000052: Art. 69.- To protect the rights of the members of the family:
p.000053: 53
p.000053: 1. Responsible motherhood and fatherhood will be promoted; the mother and father will be obliged to
p.000053: care, upbringing, education, food, integral development and protection of the rights of their daughters and
p.000053: children, particularly when they are separated from them for any reason.
p.000053: 2. The unattachable family assets are recognized in the amount and with the conditions and limitations that
p.000053: set the law The right to test and inherit will be guaranteed.
p.000053: 3. The State shall guarantee equal rights in making decisions for the administration of the company
p.000053: spousal and property company.
p.000053: 4. The State shall protect mothers, fathers and those who are heads of household, in the exercise
p.000053: of their obligations, and will pay special attention to families broken down for any reason.
p.000053: 5. The State shall promote maternal and paternal co-responsibility and monitor compliance with the duties and
p.000053: reciprocal rights between mothers, fathers, daughters and sons.
p.000053: 6. Daughters and sons will have the same rights without considering a history of parentage or adoption.
p.000053: 7. No declaration on the quality of the affiliation will be required at the time of registration of the
p.000053: birth, and no identity document will refer to it.
p.000053: Art. 70.- The State shall formulate and execute policies to achieve equality between women and men, to
p.000053: through the specialized mechanism in accordance with the law, and will incorporate the gender approach into plans and
...

p.000157: interculturality, solidarity and non-discrimination; and will work under the criteria of quality, efficiency,
p.000157: efficiency, transparency, responsibility and participation.
p.000157: The system consists of the fields of education, health, social security, risk management, culture
p.000157: physical and sport, habitat and housing, culture, communication and information, enjoy free time,
p.000157: science and technology, population, human security and transport.
p.000157: Art. 341.- The State will generate the conditions for the integral protection of its inhabitants throughout its
p.000157: lives, which ensure the rights and principles recognized in the Constitution, in particular equality in the
p.000157: diversity and non-discrimination, and will prioritize its action towards those groups that require special consideration
p.000157: for the persistence of inequalities, exclusion, discrimination or violence, or by virtue of their condition
p.000157: age, health or disability.
p.000157: Integral protection will work through specialized systems, in accordance with the law. The
p.000157: specialized systems will be guided by their specific principles and those of the national system of inclusion and equity
p.000157: Social.
p.000157: The decentralized national system for comprehensive protection of children and adolescents will be responsible for
p.000157: ensure the exercise of
p.000159: 159
p.000159: the rights of girls, boys and adolescents. Public, private and public institutions will be part of the system.
p.000159: community
p.000159: Art. 342.- The State shall allocate, in a priority and equitable manner, sufficient, timely resources.
p.000159: and permanent for the operation and management of the system.
p.000159: SECTION ONE
p.000159: Education
p.000159: Art. 343.- The national education system shall have as its purpose the development of capacities and
p.000159: individual and collective potentialities of the population, which enable learning, and generation
p.000159: and use of knowledge, techniques, knowledge, arts and culture. The system will focus on the subject
p.000159: that learns, and will work in a flexible and dynamic way, inclusive, effective and efficient.
p.000159: The national education system will integrate an intercultural vision in line with geographical diversity,
p.000159: cultural and linguistic of the country, and respect for the rights of communities, peoples and
p.000159: nationalities
p.000159: Art. 344.- The national education system will include the institutions, programs, policies, resources
p.000159: and actors of the educational process, as well as actions at the levels of initial, basic and
p.000159: high school, and will be articulated with the higher education system.
...

p.000159: Art. 345.- Education as a public service will be provided through public, fiscal, and public institutions.
p.000159: private individuals
p.000159: In educational establishments, social and support services will be provided free of charge
p.000159: psychological, within the framework of the system of inclusion and social equity.
p.000159: Art. 346.- There will be a public institution, with autonomy, of internal and external integral evaluation, which
p.000159: Promote the quality of education.
p.000160: 160
p.000160: Art. 347.- It will be the responsibility of the State:
p.000160: 1. Strengthen public education and coeducation; ensure the permanent improvement of quality, the
p.000160: expansion of coverage, physical infrastructure and the necessary equipment of educational institutions
p.000160: public.
p.000160: 2. Ensure that schools are democratic spaces for exercising rights
p.000160: and peaceful coexistence. The educational centers will be spaces for early detection of special requirements.
p.000160: 3. Guarantee formal and non-formal forms of education.
p.000160: 4. Ensure that all educational entities provide education in citizenship, sexuality and
p.000160: environment, from the rights approach.
p.000160: 5. Ensure respect for the psychoevolutive development of children and adolescents, throughout the process
p.000160: educational.
p.000160: 6. Eradicate all forms of violence in the education system and ensure physical integrity,
p.000160: Psychological and sexual of students and students.
p.000160: 7. Eradicate pure, functional and digital illiteracy, and support post-literacy processes and
p.000160: permanent education for adults, and overcoming the educational lag.
p.000160: 8. Incorporate information and communication technologies in the educational process and promote the link of the
p.000160: teaching with productive or social activities.
p.000160: 9. Ensure the bilingual intercultural education system, in which it will be used as the primary language
p.000160: of education that of the respective nationality and Spanish as an intercultural relationship language, under the
p.000160: rectory of the public policies of the State and with full respect for the rights of the communities,
p.000160: peoples and nationalities.
p.000160: 10. Ensure that the teaching of at least one language is included progressively in the study curricula
p.000160: ancestral.
p.000160: 11. Ensure the active participation of students, families and teachers in educational processes.
...

p.000198: the rules and principles indicated in the Constitution will apply.
p.000198: The Transitional Council will remain in its functions until the law regulating its organization and
p.000198: operation, and in one hundred and twenty days will prepare the corresponding bill for the consideration of the body
p.000198: legislative.
p.000198: THIRD.- The public servants and servants of the Commission for Civic Control of Corruption and
p.000198: the National Anti-Corruption Secretariat, which are not freely appointed and removed, will become part
p.000198: of the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control.
p.000198: Existing superintendencies will continue in operation until the legislative body issues the laws
p.000198: corresponding.
p.000198: FOUR.- The servants and public servants of the National Congress, except those of free appointment and
p.000198: removal, will go on to serve in the National Assembly.
p.000198: The assets of the National Congress will become part of the patrimony of the National Assembly.
p.000198: FIFTH.- The staff of civil servants and officials, and employees and employees of the Constitutional Court, with the exception
p.000198: of those of free appointment and removal, may be part of the Constitutional Court prior process of
p.000198: Evaluation and selection.
p.000198: The assets of the Constitutional Court will be transferred to the Constitutional Court.
p.000198: The National Publisher and the Official Registry will become an autonomous, state-owned public company of
p.000198: in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the law. Your staff, assets and budget are
p.000198: will transfer to the new entity.
p.000199: 199
p.000199: SIXTH.- National councils for children and adolescents, disabilities, women, peoples and indigenous nationalities,
p.000199: Afro-Ecuadorians and montubios will become national councils for equality, for which they will adapt
p.000199: its structure and functions to the Constitution.
p.000199: SEVENTH.- The stability of the civil servants and officials, and the employees and
p.000199: employees of the current Supreme Court of Justice, National Judicial Council, superior courts,
p.000199: district courts of administrative and tax litigation, tax courts and courts
p.000199: criminal, which will be relocated to positions of similar hierarchy and remuneration in the Council of the
p.000199: Judiciary, National Court of Justice, provincial courts and courts, respectively.
p.000199: EIGHTH.- The processes that are being sustained by members of the Supreme Court of Justice, as well as
p.000199: those who are aware of the police and military courts, will become aware and resolution of the Court
p.000199: National Justice
p.000199: NINTH.- The Judiciary Council, within a term not exceeding three hundred and sixty days from its
p.000199: conformation, will implement the new notarial service, in accordance with this Constitution and the law.
p.000199: As of the entry into force of this Constitution the periods of appointment, assignments, interinazgo or
...

Social / Elderly

Searching for indicator elderly:

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p.000033: environmental; and permanent, timely and exclusive access to programs, actions and services of
p.000033: promotion and comprehensive health care, sexual health and reproductive health. The provision of services
p.000033: health will be governed by the principles of equity, universality, solidarity, interculturality, quality,
p.000033: efficiency, effectiveness, caution and bioethics, with a gender and generational approach.
p.000033: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000033: Work and social security
p.000033: Art. 33.- Work is a right and a social duty, and an economic right, source of realization.
p.000033: staff and base of the economy. The State will guarantee working people full respect for their
p.000033: dignity, a decent life, fair remuneration and compensation and the performance of a healthy and free work
p.000033: chosen or accepted.
p.000033: Art. 34.- The right to social security is an inalienable right of all persons, and shall be the duty and
p.000033: primary responsibility of the State. Social security will be governed by the principles of solidarity,
p.000033: mandatory, universality, equity, efficiency, subsidiarity, sufficiency, transparency and
p.000033: participation, for the attention of individual and collective needs.
p.000033: The State will guarantee and enforce the full exercise of the right to social security, which includes people
p.000033: who perform unpaid work in homes, activities for self-support in the field, all forms of work
p.000033: self-employed and those who are unemployed.
p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000033: 5. Exemptions in the tax system.
p.000033: 6. Exemption from payment for notarial and registration costs, in accordance with the law.
p.000033: 7. Access to a home that ensures a decent life, with respect to your opinion and consent.
p.000033: Art. 38.- The State shall establish public policies and programs for adult care.
p.000033: older, which will take into account
p.000035: 35
p.000035: specific differences between urban and rural areas, gender inequities, ethnicity,
p.000035: culture and the differences of people, communities, peoples and nationalities; It will also promote
p.000035: highest possible degree of personal autonomy and participation in the definition and execution of these policies.
p.000035: In particular, the State will take measures to:
p.000035: 1. Attention in specialized centers that guarantee your nutrition, health, education and daily care, in a
p.000035: Integral rights protection framework. Reception centers will be created to house those who cannot be
p.000035: attended by their relatives or those who lack a place to reside permanently.
p.000035: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The State will execute policies
p.000035: aimed at promoting the participation and work of the elderly in public and private entities
p.000035: to contribute to their experience, and will develop job training programs, depending on their vocation
p.000035: and his aspirations.
p.000035: 3. Development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their personal autonomy, reducing their
p.000035: dependence and achieve full social integration.
p.000035: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000035: nature, or negligence that causes such situations.
p.000035: 5. Development of programs aimed at promoting the realization of recreational and spiritual activities.
p.000035: 6. Preferential attention in cases of disasters, armed conflicts and all types of emergencies.
p.000035: 7. Creation of special regimes for compliance with custodial measures. In case of
p.000035: sentence of imprisonment, provided that no other alternative measures are applied, will serve their sentence
p.000035: in centers suitable for this purpose, and in case of pretrial detention they will be subjected to house arrest.
p.000035: 8. Protection, care and special assistance when suffering from chronic or degenerative diseases.
p.000035: 9. Adequate economic and psychological assistance that guarantees your physical and mental stability.
p.000036: 36
p.000036: The law will sanction the abandonment of older adults by their relatives or institutions
p.000036: established for your protection.
...

p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
p.000043: consumers and consumers; and the penalties for violation of these rights, reparation and compensation for
p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
p.000043: Satisfaction measurement systems for users and consumers, and implement systems
p.000043: of attention and repair.
p.000043: The State will respond civilly for damages caused to people through negligence and carelessness in the
p.000043: attention to public services that are in charge, and for the lack of services that have been paid.
p.000043: Art. 54.- Persons or entities that provide public services or that produce or market consumer goods,
p.000043: they will be responsible civil and criminally for the deficient provision of the service, for the defective quality of the
...

p.000048: declared fraudulent.
p.000048: 2. Execution sentence that condemns a prison sentence, while it remains.
p.000048: Art. 65.- The State shall promote the equal representation of women and men in the positions of
p.000048: nomination or designation of the public function, in its instances of direction and decision, and in the parties and
p.000048: political movements In candidates for multi-person elections their alternate participation will be respected and
p.000048: sequential.
p.000048: The State will adopt affirmative action measures to guarantee the participation of the discriminated sectors.
p.000049: 49
p.000049: CHAPTER SIX
p.000049: Freedom rights
p.000049: Art. 66.- People are recognized and guaranteed:
p.000049: 1. The right to the inviolability of life. There will be no death penalty.
p.000049: 2. The right to a dignified life that ensures health, food and nutrition, drinking water, housing,
p.000049: environmental sanitation, education, work, employment, rest and leisure, physical culture, clothing, social security and others
p.000049: necessary social services.
p.000049: 3. The right to personal integrity, which includes:
p.000049: a) Physical, psychic, moral and sexual integrity.
p.000049: b) A life free of violence in the public and private spheres. The State shall adopt the necessary measures to
p.000049: prevent, eliminate and punish all forms of violence, especially against women, girls, boys and
p.000049: adolescents, elderly people, people with disabilities and against any person at a disadvantage or
p.000049: vulnerability; identical measures will be taken against violence, slavery and sexual exploitation.
p.000049: c) The prohibition of torture, forced disappearance and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment.
p.000049: d) The prohibition of the use of genetic material and scientific experimentation that undermine rights
p.000049: humans.
p.000049: 4. Right to formal equality, material equality and non-discrimination.
p.000049: 5. The right to free personality development, with no limitations other than the rights of
p.000049: the rest.
p.000049: 6. The right to express your opinion and express your thoughts freely and in all its forms and manifestations.
p.000049: 7. The right of any person aggrieved by information without proof or inaccuracy, issued by means of
p.000049: social communication, to the corresponding rectification, replication or response, immediately, mandatory and
p.000049: Free, in the same space or schedule.
p.000049: 8. The right to practice, conserve, change, profess in public or private, their religion or beliefs, and to
p.000049: disseminate them individually or collectively, with the restrictions imposed by respect for rights.
p.000049: fifty
p.000049: The State will protect voluntary religious practice, as well as the expression of those who do not profess religion
p.000049: some, and will favor an environment of plurality and tolerance.
...

Social / Ethnicity

Searching for indicator ethnic:

(return to top)
p.000043: they will be responsible civil and criminally for the deficient provision of the service, for the defective quality of the
p.000043: product, or when its conditions do not agree with the advertising made or with the description that
p.000043: incorporate
p.000043: People will be responsible for the bad practice in the exercise of their profession, art or trade, especially
p.000043: one that puts the integrity or life of people at risk.
p.000043: Art. 55.- Users and consumers may establish associations that promote information and
p.000043: education about their rights, and represent and defend them before judicial or administrative authorities.
p.000043: For the exercise of this or other rights, no one will be obliged to associate.
p.000044: 44
p.000044: FOURTH CHAPTER
p.000044: Rights of communities, peoples and nationalities
p.000044: Art. 56.- The communities, peoples, and indigenous nationalities, the Afro-Ecuadorian people, the Montubio people and the
p.000044: communes are part of the Ecuadorian State, unique and indivisible.
p.000044: Art. 57.- Indigenous communities, communities, peoples and nationalities are recognized and guaranteed, of
p.000044: conformity with the Constitution and with the pacts, conventions, declarations and other instruments
p.000044: international human rights, the following collective rights:
p.000044: 1. Maintain, develop and strengthen freely your identity, sense of belonging, traditions
p.000044: ancestral and forms of social organization.
p.000044: 2. Not be subject to racism and any form of discrimination based on their origin, ethnic or cultural identity.
p.000044: 3. The recognition, reparation and compensation to the communities affected by racism, xenophobia and others
p.000044: related forms of intolerance and discrimination.
p.000044: 4. Keep the imprescriptible property of their community lands, which will be
p.000044: inalienable, unattachable and indivisible. These lands will be exempt from the payment of taxes and fees.
p.000044: 5. Maintain possession of ancestral lands and territories and obtain their free adjudication.
p.000044: 6. Participate in the use, usufruct, administration and conservation of renewable natural resources found
p.000044: in their lands
p.000044: 7. Free and informed prior consultation, within a reasonable time, about plans and programs
p.000044: prospecting, exploitation and commercialization of non-renewable resources that are in their lands and
p.000044: that may affect them environmentally or culturally; participate in the benefits that these projects report and receive
p.000044: compensation for the social, cultural and environmental damages caused to them. The consultation
p.000044: that must be carried out by the competent authorities will be mandatory and timely. If consent was not obtained
p.000044: of the consulted community, will proceed according to the Constitution and the law.
p.000044: Four. Five
p.000044: 8. Conserve and promote their biodiversity management practices and their natural environment.
p.000044: The State will establish and execute programs, with the participation of the community, to ensure conservation
p.000044: and sustainable use of biodiversity.
...

p.000060: the Constitution and the law:
p.000060: 1. Follow and comply with the Constitution, the law and the legitimate decisions of the competent authority.
p.000061: 61
p.000061: 2. Love killa, love llulla, love shwa. Don't be idle, don't lie, don't steal.
p.000061: 3. Defend the territorial integrity of Ecuador and its natural resources.
p.000061: 4. Collaborate in the maintenance of peace and security.
p.000061: 5. Respect human rights and fight for compliance.
p.000061: 6. Respect the rights of nature, preserve a healthy environment and use natural resources
p.000061: in a rational, sustainable and sustainable way.
p.000061: 7. Promote the common good and put the general interest before the private interest, according to the good life.
p.000061: 8. Administer honestly and with unrestricted adherence to the law public assets, and denounce and
p.000061: Fight acts of corruption.
p.000061: 9. Practice justice and solidarity in the exercise of their rights and in the enjoyment of property and
p.000061: services.
p.000061: 10. Promote unity and equality in diversity and intercultural relationships.
p.000061: 11. Assume public functions as a service to the community and be accountable to society and authority,
p.000061: According to the law.
p.000061: 12. Exercise the profession or trade subject to ethics.
p.000061: 13. Preserve the country's cultural and natural heritage, and take care and maintain public assets.
p.000061: 14. Respect and recognize ethnic, national, social, generational, gender differences, and
p.000061: sexual orientation and identity.
p.000061: 15. Cooperate with the State and the community in social security, and pay the taxes established by law.
p.000061: 16. Assist, feed, educate and care for daughters and sons. This duty is the responsibility of mothers and fathers in
p.000061: equal proportion, and will also correspond to daughters and sons when mothers and fathers need it.
p.000061: 17. Participate in the political, civic and community life of the country, in an honest and transparent way.
p.000062: 62
p.000062: Title III
p.000062: Constitutional Guarantees
p.000062: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000062: Regulatory Guarantees
p.000062: Art. 84.- The National Assembly and any organ with normative power will have the obligation to adapt, formal
p.000062: and materially, the laws and other legal norms to the rights provided for in the Constitution and
p.000062: international treaties, and those that are necessary to guarantee the dignity of the human being or of the
p.000062: communities, towns and nationalities. In no case, the reform of the Constitution, laws, other norms
p.000062: Legal or acts of public power will undermine the rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000062: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000062: Public policies, public services and citizen participation
p.000062: Art. 85.- The formulation, execution, evaluation and control of public policies and public services that
p.000062: guarantee the rights recognized by the Constitution, will be regulated in accordance with the following
p.000062: provisions:
...

p.000091: of private legal entities, national or foreign, that enter into a contract with the State, either for the
p.000091: execution of public works, provision of public services or exploitation of natural resources, through
p.000091: concession, association or any other contractual modality, nor be officials or officials of institutions
p.000091: international financial creditors of the country.
p.000091: Art. 154.- The ministers and ministers of State, in addition to the attributions established by law, are responsible for:
p.000091: 1. Exercise the rectory of the public policies of the area in charge and issue the agreements and resolutions
p.000091: administrative requirements that its management requires.
p.000091: 2. Present to the National Assembly the reports that are required and that are
p.000091: related to the areas under your responsibility, and appear when summoned or submitted to
p.000091: political prosecution.
p.000091: Art. 155.- In each territory, the President or President of the Republic may have a representative who will control
p.000091: compliance with the policies of the Executive, and will direct and coordinate the activities of its servers and servers
p.000091: public
p.000091: SECTION SECTION
p.000091: National Equality Councils
p.000091: Art. 156.- National councils for equality are bodies responsible for ensuring full
p.000091: validity and exercise of the rights enshrined in the Constitution and in the instruments
p.000091: international human rights. The councils will exercise powers in the formulation,
p.000091: mainstreaming, enforcement, monitoring and evaluation of public policies related to the topics
p.000091: gender, ethnic, generational, intercultural, and disability and human mobility, according to
p.000091: the law. For the fulfillment of their purposes, they will coordinate with the governing and executing entities and with the
p.000091: organizations specialized in the protection of rights at all levels of government.
p.000092: 92
p.000092: Art. 157.- The national equality councils shall be integrated in a joint manner, by representatives of the
p.000092: civil society and the State, and will be chaired by whoever represents the Executive Function. The
p.000092: structure, operation and form of integration of its members will be regulated in accordance with the
p.000092: principles of alternation, democratic participation, inclusion and pluralism.
p.000092: SECTION THREE
p.000092: Armed Forces and National Police
p.000092: Art. 158.- The Armed Forces and the National Police are institutions for the protection of rights,
p.000092: freedoms and guarantees of citizens.
p.000092: The Armed Forces have as a fundamental mission the defense of sovereignty and territorial integrity.
p.000092: Internal protection and maintenance of public order are private functions of the State and
p.000092: National Police responsibility.
...

p.000121: General principles
p.000121: Art. 238.- Decentralized autonomous governments shall enjoy political, administrative and financial autonomy,
p.000121: and will be governed by the principles of solidarity, subsidiarity, inter-territorial equity, integration and
p.000121: citizen participation. In no case will the exercise of autonomy allow the secession of the national territory.
p.000121: Decentralized autonomous governments constitute rural parish councils, councils
p.000121: municipal, metropolitan councils, provincial councils and regional councils.
p.000121: Art. 239.- The decentralized autonomous government regime shall be governed by the corresponding law, which
p.000121: establish a national system of mandatory and progressive competencies and define the
p.000121: policies and mechanisms to compensate for territorial imbalances in the development process.
p.000121: Art. 240.- The decentralized autonomous governments of the regions, metropolitan districts,
p.000121: provinces and cantons will have legislative powers within the scope of their powers and
p.000121: territorial jurisdictions Rural parish boards have regulatory powers.
p.000121: All decentralized autonomous governments will exercise executive powers in the field of
p.000121: their competences and territorial jurisdictions.
p.000121: Art. 241.- Planning will guarantee territorial planning and will be mandatory in all autonomous governments.
p.000121: decentralized
p.000123: 123
p.000123: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000123: Organization of the territory
p.000123: Art. 242.- The State is organized territorially in regions, provinces, cantons and parishes.
p.000123: rural. For reasons of environmental conservation, ethnic-cultural or population may be constituted
p.000123: special regimes
p.000123: The autonomous metropolitan districts, the province of Galapagos and the indigenous territorial districts and
p.000123: Pluriculturals will be special regimes.
p.000123: Art. 243.- Two or more regions, provinces, cantons or adjoining parishes may be grouped together and formed
p.000123: associations, with the purpose of improving the management of their skills and favoring their integration processes.
p.000123: Its creation, structure and administration will be regulated by law.
p.000123: Art. 244.- Two or more provinces with territorial continuity, regional area greater than twenty thousand
p.000123: square kilometers and a number of inhabitants that together exceed five percent of the population
p.000123: national, they will form autonomous regions according to the law. Interregional balance will be sought, the
p.000123: historical and cultural affinity, ecological complementarity and integrated watershed management. The law will create
p.000123: economic and other incentives for the provinces to integrate into regions.
p.000123: Art. 245.-The initiative for the formation of an autonomous region will correspond to the governments
p.000123: Provincials, which will prepare a regionalization bill that will propose the territorial conformation of
p.000123: the new region, as well as a draft regional autonomy statute.
p.000123: The National Assembly will approve the bill within a maximum period of one hundred and twenty days, and in case of no
p.000123: pronouncement within this period shall be deemed approved To deny or file the bill, the
p.000123: National Assembly will require the votes of two thirds of its members.
...

Searching for indicator ethnicity:

(return to top)
p.000024: 2. Foreign minors adopted by an Ecuadorian or Ecuadorian, who will retain their nationality
p.000024: Ecuadorian while not expressing contrary will.
p.000024: 3. Those born abroad of an Ecuadorian mother or father by naturalization, while those are
p.000024: minors; they will retain Ecuadorian nationality if they do not express contrary will.
p.000024: 4. Those who marry or maintain de facto union with an Ecuadorian or an Ecuadorian, according to
p.000024: with the law
p.000024: 5. Those who obtain Ecuadorian nationality for having provided relevant services to the country with
p.000024: Your talent or individual effort.
p.000024: Those who acquire Ecuadorian nationality will not be obliged to renounce their nationality of origin.
p.000024: Ecuadorian nationality acquired by naturalization will be lost by express resignation.
p.000024: Art. 9.- Foreign persons who are in Ecuadorian territory will have the same rights
p.000024: and duties that Ecuadorians, in accordance with the Constitution.
p.000025: 25
p.000025: Title II
p.000025: Rights
p.000025: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000025: Principles of application of rights
p.000025: Art. 10.- Individuals, communities, peoples, nationalities and groups are holders and will enjoy the
p.000025: rights guaranteed in the Constitution and in international instruments.
p.000025: Nature will be subject to those rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000025: Art. 11.- The exercise of rights will be governed by the following principles:
p.000025: 1. The rights may be exercised, promoted and demanded individually or collectively before the
p.000025: competent authorities; These authorities will ensure compliance.
p.000025: 2. All people are equal and will enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities.
p.000025: No one may be discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity, place of birth, age, sex, gender identity,
p.000025: cultural identity, marital status, language, religion, ideology, political affiliation, judicial past, condition
p.000025: socio-economic, immigration status, sexual orientation, health status, carrying HIV, disability,
p.000025: physical difference; nor for any other distinction, personal or collective, temporary or permanent,
p.000025: whose purpose is
p.000025: or result undermine or cancel recognition, enjoy
p.000025: or exercise of rights. The law shall punish all forms of discrimination.
p.000025: The State shall adopt affirmative action measures that promote real equality in favor of the holders of
p.000025: rights that are in a situation of inequality.
p.000025: 3. The rights and guarantees established in the Constitution and in international rights instruments
p.000025: humans will be of direct and immediate application by and before any public servant or server, administrative or
p.000025: judicial, ex officio or at the request of a party.
p.000027: 27
p.000027: For the exercise of constitutional rights and guarantees, conditions or requirements that are not required will not be required.
p.000027: established in the Constitution or the law.
p.000027: The rights will be fully justiciable. Lack of legal norm for
...

p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000033: 5. Exemptions in the tax system.
p.000033: 6. Exemption from payment for notarial and registration costs, in accordance with the law.
p.000033: 7. Access to a home that ensures a decent life, with respect to your opinion and consent.
p.000033: Art. 38.- The State shall establish public policies and programs for adult care.
p.000033: older, which will take into account
p.000035: 35
p.000035: specific differences between urban and rural areas, gender inequities, ethnicity,
p.000035: culture and the differences of people, communities, peoples and nationalities; It will also promote
p.000035: highest possible degree of personal autonomy and participation in the definition and execution of these policies.
p.000035: In particular, the State will take measures to:
p.000035: 1. Attention in specialized centers that guarantee your nutrition, health, education and daily care, in a
p.000035: Integral rights protection framework. Reception centers will be created to house those who cannot be
p.000035: attended by their relatives or those who lack a place to reside permanently.
p.000035: 2. Special protection against any type of labor or economic exploitation. The State will execute policies
p.000035: aimed at promoting the participation and work of the elderly in public and private entities
p.000035: to contribute to their experience, and will develop job training programs, depending on their vocation
p.000035: and his aspirations.
p.000035: 3. Development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their personal autonomy, reducing their
p.000035: dependence and achieve full social integration.
p.000035: 4. Protection and attention against all types of violence, abuse, sexual exploitation or any other
p.000035: nature, or negligence that causes such situations.
...

p.000049: safe conditions.
p.000049: 10. The right to make free, responsible and informed decisions about your health and reproductive life and to decide
p.000049: when and how many daughters and sons to have
p.000049: 11. The right to keep reservations about your convictions. No one may be forced to testify about them.
p.000049: Under no circumstances may the owner or its legitimate representatives be required or used without authorization.
p.000049: personal or third party information about your religious beliefs, affiliation or political thinking; nor about data
p.000049: concerning your health and sexual life, except for health care needs.
p.000049: 12. The right to conscientious objection, which may not impair other rights, or cause harm to persons or
p.000049: nature.
p.000049: Everyone has the right to refuse to use violence and to participate in military service.
p.000049: 13. The right to associate, meet and manifest freely and voluntarily.
p.000049: 14. The right to move freely through the national territory and to choose your residence, as well as to enter and
p.000049: leave the country freely, whose exercise will be regulated in accordance with the law. The ban on leaving the country alone
p.000049: may be ordered by competent judge.
p.000049: Foreign persons may not be returned or expelled to a country where their life, freedom, security or integrity
p.000049: or that of their relatives are endangered because of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, ideology, belonging to a certain
p.000049: social group, or for their political opinions.
p.000049: The expulsion of groups of foreigners is prohibited. Migration processes must be singled out.
p.000049: 15. The right to develop economic activities, individually or collectively, in accordance with the
p.000049: principles of solidarity, social and environmental responsibility.
p.000051: 51
p.000051: 16. The right to freedom of contract.
p.000051: 17. The right to freedom of work. No one will be forced to perform a free or forced job,
p.000051: except in cases determined by law.
p.000051: 18. The right to honor and good name. The law will protect the image and voice of the person.
p.000051: 19. The right to the protection of personal data, which includes access and decision on information and
p.000051: data of this character, as well as its corresponding protection. The collection, archiving, processing,
p.000051: distribution or dissemination of this data or information will require the authorization of the holder or the mandate of the law.
p.000051: 20. The right to personal and family privacy.
p.000051: 21. The right to inviolability and the secrecy of physical and virtual correspondence; it cannot be retained,
p.000051: open or examined, except in cases provided by law, prior judicial intervention and with the obligation to
p.000051: keep the secret of matters outside the fact that motivates your examination. This right protects any other type or
...

Social / Fathers

Searching for indicator fathers:

(return to top)
p.000032: community, and the development of skills and abilities to create and work.
p.000032: Education is indispensable for knowledge, the exercise of rights and the construction of a sovereign country,
p.000032: and constitutes a strategic axis for national development.
p.000032: Art. 28.- Education will respond to the public interest and will not be at the service of individual interests and
p.000032: corporate Universal access, permanence, mobility and discharge will be guaranteed without
p.000032: any discrimination and compulsory at the initial, basic and high school level or its equivalent.
p.000032: It is the right of every person and community to interact between cultures and participate in a society that learns. The state
p.000032: It will promote intercultural dialogue in its multiple dimensions.
p.000032: Learning will take place in a school and non-school way.
p.000032: Public education will be universal and secular at all levels, and free until the third level of education
p.000032: superior inclusive.
p.000032: Art. 29.- The State shall guarantee the freedom of education, the freedom of teaching in higher education, and the right
p.000032: of people learning in their own language and cultural field.
p.000032: Mothers and fathers or their representatives will have the freedom to choose for their daughters and sons a
p.000032: education in accordance with its principles, beliefs and pedagogical options.
p.000032: SECTION SIX
p.000032: Habitat and housing
p.000032: Art. 30.- People have the right to a safe and healthy habitat, and to adequate and dignified housing,
p.000032: regardless of their social and economic situation.
p.000032: Art. 31.- People have the right to the full enjoyment of the city and its public spaces, under the principles of
p.000032: sustainability, social justice, respect for different urban cultures and balance between urban and urban
p.000032: rural. The exercise of the right to the city is based on its democratic management, on the function
p.000032: social and
p.000033: 33
p.000033: environmental of the property and the city, and in the full exercise of citizenship.
p.000033: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000033: Health
p.000033: Art. 32.- Health is a right guaranteed by the State, whose realization is linked to the exercise of
p.000033: other rights, including the right to water, food, education, physical culture,
p.000033: work, social security, healthy environments and others that support good living.
p.000033: The State will guarantee this right through economic, social, cultural, educational and
p.000033: environmental; and permanent, timely and exclusive access to programs, actions and services of
p.000033: promotion and comprehensive health care, sexual health and reproductive health. The provision of services
...

p.000052: Art. 68.- The stable and monogamous union between two persons free of matrimonial ties that form a de facto home,
p.000052: for the period and under the conditions and circumstances established by law, it will generate the same rights and
p.000052: obligations of families constituted by marriage.
p.000052: The adoption will correspond only to couples of different sex.
p.000052: Art. 69.- To protect the rights of the members of the family:
p.000053: 53
p.000053: 1. Responsible motherhood and fatherhood will be promoted; the mother and father will be obliged to
p.000053: care, upbringing, education, food, integral development and protection of the rights of their daughters and
p.000053: children, particularly when they are separated from them for any reason.
p.000053: 2. The unattachable family assets are recognized in the amount and with the conditions and limitations that
p.000053: set the law The right to test and inherit will be guaranteed.
p.000053: 3. The State shall guarantee equal rights in making decisions for the administration of the company
p.000053: spousal and property company.
p.000053: 4. The State shall protect mothers, fathers and those who are heads of household, in the exercise
p.000053: of their obligations, and will pay special attention to families broken down for any reason.
p.000053: 5. The State shall promote maternal and paternal co-responsibility and monitor compliance with the duties and
p.000053: reciprocal rights between mothers, fathers, daughters and sons.
p.000053: 6. Daughters and sons will have the same rights without considering a history of parentage or adoption.
p.000053: 7. No declaration on the quality of the affiliation will be required at the time of registration of the
p.000053: birth, and no identity document will refer to it.
p.000053: Art. 70.- The State shall formulate and execute policies to achieve equality between women and men, to
p.000053: through the specialized mechanism in accordance with the law, and will incorporate the gender approach into plans and
p.000053: programs, and will provide technical assistance for mandatory application in the public sector.
p.000054: 54
p.000054: CHAPTER SEVENTH
p.000054: Rights of nature
p.000054: Art. 71.- Nature or Pacha Mama, where life is reproduced and realized, has the right to be respected
p.000054: integrally its existence and the maintenance and regeneration of its life cycles, structure, functions and processes
p.000054: Evolutionary
p.000054: Any person, community, people or nationality may require the public authority to comply with the
p.000054: rights of nature. To apply and interpret these rights, the principles established in the
p.000054: Constitution, where appropriate.
p.000054: The State will encourage natural and legal persons, and groups, to protect the
p.000054: nature, and will promote respect for all the elements that form an ecosystem.
p.000054: Art. 72.- Nature has the right to restoration. This restoration will be independent of the
p.000054: obligation of the State and natural or legal persons to indemnify individuals and
p.000054: groups that depend on the affected natural systems.
...

p.000061: 5. Respect human rights and fight for compliance.
p.000061: 6. Respect the rights of nature, preserve a healthy environment and use natural resources
p.000061: in a rational, sustainable and sustainable way.
p.000061: 7. Promote the common good and put the general interest before the private interest, according to the good life.
p.000061: 8. Administer honestly and with unrestricted adherence to the law public assets, and denounce and
p.000061: Fight acts of corruption.
p.000061: 9. Practice justice and solidarity in the exercise of their rights and in the enjoyment of property and
p.000061: services.
p.000061: 10. Promote unity and equality in diversity and intercultural relationships.
p.000061: 11. Assume public functions as a service to the community and be accountable to society and authority,
p.000061: According to the law.
p.000061: 12. Exercise the profession or trade subject to ethics.
p.000061: 13. Preserve the country's cultural and natural heritage, and take care and maintain public assets.
p.000061: 14. Respect and recognize ethnic, national, social, generational, gender differences, and
p.000061: sexual orientation and identity.
p.000061: 15. Cooperate with the State and the community in social security, and pay the taxes established by law.
p.000061: 16. Assist, feed, educate and care for daughters and sons. This duty is the responsibility of mothers and fathers in
p.000061: equal proportion, and will also correspond to daughters and sons when mothers and fathers need it.
p.000061: 17. Participate in the political, civic and community life of the country, in an honest and transparent way.
p.000062: 62
p.000062: Title III
p.000062: Constitutional Guarantees
p.000062: FIRST CHAPTER
p.000062: Regulatory Guarantees
p.000062: Art. 84.- The National Assembly and any organ with normative power will have the obligation to adapt, formal
p.000062: and materially, the laws and other legal norms to the rights provided for in the Constitution and
p.000062: international treaties, and those that are necessary to guarantee the dignity of the human being or of the
p.000062: communities, towns and nationalities. In no case, the reform of the Constitution, laws, other norms
p.000062: Legal or acts of public power will undermine the rights recognized by the Constitution.
p.000062: SECOND CHAPTER
p.000062: Public policies, public services and citizen participation
p.000062: Art. 85.- The formulation, execution, evaluation and control of public policies and public services that
p.000062: guarantee the rights recognized by the Constitution, will be regulated in accordance with the following
p.000062: provisions:
p.000062: 1. Public policies and the provision of public goods and services shall be aimed at making effective the
p.000062: Good living and all rights, and will be formulated from the principle of solidarity.
p.000062: 2. Without prejudice to the prevalence of the general interest over the particular interest, when the effects
p.000062: of the execution of public policies or provision of public goods or services violate or threaten
p.000062: in violation of constitutional rights, the policy or benefit must be rephrased or measures will be taken
p.000062: alternatives that reconcile the rights in conflict.
p.000062: 3. The State shall guarantee the equitable and solidary distribution of the budget for the execution of the
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Social / Incarcerated

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p.000022: Constitution
p.000022: of the Republic of Ecuador
p.000022: Includes the reforms approved in the Referendum and Popular Consultation of May 7, 2011
p.000022: Constitution
p.000022: of the Republic of Ecuador
p.000022: Published in the Official Register No. 449 October 20, 2008
p.000022: INDEX
p.000022: PREAMBLE 21
p.000022: TITLE I
p.000022: CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS OF THE STATE 23
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Fundamental Principles 23
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Citizens and citizens 24
p.000022: TITLE II
p.000022: RIGHTS 27
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Principles of application of rights 27
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Rights of good living 29
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Water and food 29
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Healthy environment 29
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Communication and information 30
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Culture and Science 32
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Education 32
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Habitat and housing 33
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Health 34
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Labor and social security 34
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Rights of persons and priority care groups 35
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Adults and older adults 35
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Young 37
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Human Mobility 37
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Pregnant women 38
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Girls, boys and teenagers 39
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: People with disabilities 41
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: People with catastrophic diseases 43
p.000022: Eighth section
p.000022: Persons deprived of liberty 43
p.000022: Ninth section
p.000022: Users and consumers 43
p.000022: Fourth chapter
p.000022: Rights of communities, peoples and nationalities 45
p.000022: Fifth chapter
p.000022: Participation rights 48
p.000022: Sixth chapter
p.000022: Freedom rights 50
p.000022: Seventh chapter
p.000022: Rights of nature 55
p.000022: Eighth chapter
p.000022: Protection rights 56
p.000022: Ninth chapter
p.000022: Responsibilities 61
p.000022: TITLE III
p.000022: CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES 63
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Regulatory guarantees 63
p.000022: Second chapter
p.000022: Public policies, public services and citizen participation 63
p.000022: Third chapter
p.000022: Jurisdictional guarantees 64
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Common provisions 64
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Protection Action 65
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Habeas corpus 65 action
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Action to access public information 66
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Habeas action data 67
p.000022: Sixth section
p.000022: Non-compliance action 67
p.000022: Seventh section
p.000022: Extraordinary protection action 68
p.000022: TITLE IV
p.000022: PARTICIPATION AND ORGANIZATION OF POWER 69
p.000022: First chapter
p.000022: Participation in democracy 69
p.000022: First section
p.000022: Principles of participation 69
p.000022: Second section
p.000022: Collective Organization 69
p.000022: Third section
p.000022: Participation in different levels of government 70
p.000022: Fourth section
p.000022: Direct Democracy 71
p.000022: Fifth section
p.000022: Political organizations 73
p.000022: Sixth section
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p.000033: health will be governed by the principles of equity, universality, solidarity, interculturality, quality,
p.000033: efficiency, effectiveness, caution and bioethics, with a gender and generational approach.
p.000033: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000033: Work and social security
p.000033: Art. 33.- Work is a right and a social duty, and an economic right, source of realization.
p.000033: staff and base of the economy. The State will guarantee working people full respect for their
p.000033: dignity, a decent life, fair remuneration and compensation and the performance of a healthy and free work
p.000033: chosen or accepted.
p.000033: Art. 34.- The right to social security is an inalienable right of all persons, and shall be the duty and
p.000033: primary responsibility of the State. Social security will be governed by the principles of solidarity,
p.000033: mandatory, universality, equity, efficiency, subsidiarity, sufficiency, transparency and
p.000033: participation, for the attention of individual and collective needs.
p.000033: The State will guarantee and enforce the full exercise of the right to social security, which includes people
p.000033: who perform unpaid work in homes, activities for self-support in the field, all forms of work
p.000033: self-employed and those who are unemployed.
p.000033: 3. 4
p.000033: CHAPTER THREE
p.000033: People rights
p.000033: and priority care groups
p.000033: Art. 35.- The elderly, girls, boys and adolescents, pregnant women, people with
p.000033: disability, persons deprived of liberty and those who suffer from catastrophic or high illnesses
p.000033: complexity, they will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and private spheres. The same attention
p.000033: priority will be given to people at risk, victims of domestic and sexual violence,
p.000033: child abuse, natural or anthropogenic disasters. The State will provide special protection to people in
p.000033: double vulnerability condition.
p.000033: SECTION ONE
p.000033: Adults and older adults
p.000033: Art. 36.- The elderly will receive priority and specialized attention in the public and
p.000033: private, especially in the fields of social and economic inclusion, and protection against violence. I know
p.000033: older persons shall be considered to be persons who have reached sixty-five years of age.
p.000033: Art. 37.- The State shall guarantee the following rights to older adults:
p.000033: 1. Free and specialized health care, as well as free access to medicines.
p.000033: 2. Paid work, depending on their abilities, for which they will take into account their limitations.
p.000033: 3. Universal retirement.
p.000033: 4. Discounts on public services and private transport and entertainment services.
p.000033: 5. Exemptions in the tax system.
...

p.000041: 3. The development of programs and policies aimed at promoting their leisure and rest.
p.000041: 4. Political participation, which will ensure their representation, in accordance with the law.
p.000041: 5. The establishment of specialized programs for the comprehensive care of people with severe disabilities and
p.000041: deep, in order to achieve the maximum development of his personality, the promotion of his autonomy and the
p.000041: decreased dependence
p.000041: 6. The incentive and support for productive projects in favor of family members of people with
p.000041: severe disability
p.000041: 7. The guarantee of the full exercise of the rights of persons with disabilities. The law will sanction the abandonment of
p.000041: these people, and acts that incur any form of abuse, inhuman or degrading treatment and
p.000041: discrimination based on disability.
p.000041: Art. 49.- The people and families who care for people with disabilities who require permanent attention will be
p.000041: covered by Social Security and will receive periodic training to improve the quality of care.
p.000042: 42
p.000042: SEVENTH SECTION
p.000042: People with catastrophic diseases
p.000042: Art. 50.- The State will guarantee every person who suffers from catastrophic diseases or discharge
p.000042: complexity the right to specialized and free care at all levels, in a timely and preferential manner.
p.000042: EIGHTH SECTION
p.000042: Persons deprived of liberty
p.000042: Art. 51.- The following rights are recognized to persons deprived of liberty:
p.000042: 1. Not be subjected to isolation as a disciplinary sanction.
p.000042: 2. Communication and visit of family members and legal professionals.
p.000042: 3. Testify before a judicial authority about the treatment you received during the deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 4. Have the necessary human and material resources to guarantee their integral health in the
p.000042: centers of deprivation of liberty.
p.000042: 5. The attention of their educational, labor, productive, cultural, nutritional and
p.000042: Recreational
p.000042: 6. Receive preferential and specialized treatment in the case of pregnant women and in
p.000042: breastfeeding period, adolescents, and the elderly, sick or disabled.
p.000042: 7. Have protection measures for girls, boys, adolescents, people with disabilities
p.000042: and older adults who are in your care and dependence.
p.000042: NINTH SECTION
p.000042: Users and consumers
p.000042: Art. 52.- People have the right to dispose of goods and services of optimum quality and to choose them
p.000042: with freedom, as well as accurate and non-misleading information about its content and characteristics.
p.000043: 43
p.000043: The law will establish the quality control mechanisms and defense procedures for the
p.000043: consumers and consumers; and the penalties for violation of these rights, reparation and compensation for
p.000043: deficiencies, damages or poor quality of goods and services, and for the interruption of public services that were not
p.000043: caused by fortuitous event or force majeure.
p.000043: Art. 53.- Companies, institutions and organizations that provide public services must incorporate
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p.000047: territorial for the preservation of their culture. The law will regulate its conformation.
p.000047: Communes that have collective ownership of land are recognized as an ancestral form of
p.000047: Territorial organization.
p.000047: CHAPTER @UINTO
p.000047: Participation Rights
p.000047: Art. 61.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians enjoy the following rights:
p.000047: 1. Choose and be chosen.
p.000047: 2. Participate in matters of public interest.
p.000047: 3. Present projects of normative popular initiative.
p.000047: 4. Be consulted.
p.000047: 5. Supervise the acts of public power.
p.000047: 6. Revoke the mandate conferred on the authorities of popular election.
p.000047: 7. Perform public jobs and functions based on merits and capabilities, and a system of selection and
p.000047: transparent, inclusive, equitable, pluralistic and democratic designation that guarantees their participation,
p.000047: with criteria of equity and gender parity, equal opportunities for people with disabilities and
p.000047: intergenerational participation
p.000047: 8. Forming political parties and movements, affiliating or disenrolling freely from them
p.000047: and participate in all the decisions they adopt.
p.000047: Foreign persons will enjoy these rights as applicable.
p.000048: 48
p.000048: Art. 62.- People in enjoyment of political rights have the right to universal, equal, direct, secret and secret voting.
p.000048: publicly scrutinized, in accordance with the following provisions:
p.000048: 1. Voting will be mandatory for people over eighteen. They will exercise their right to vote
p.000048: persons deprived of liberty without conviction executed.
p.000048: 2. The vote shall be optional for persons between sixteen and eighteen years of age, those over
p.000048: Sixty-five years, Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians living abroad, members of the
p.000048: Armed Forces and National Police, and people with disabilities.
p.000048: Art. 63.- Ecuadorians and Ecuadorians abroad have the right to elect the President or President
p.000048: and to the Vice President or Vice President of the Republic, national representatives and the constituency of the
p.000048: Exterior; and may be elected for any position.
p.000048: Foreign persons resident in Ecuador have the right to vote provided they have legally resided in the
p.000048: Country at least five years.
p.000048: Art. 64.- The enjoyment of political rights will be suspended, in addition to the cases determined by law, for the reasons
p.000048: following:
p.000048: 1. Judicial interdiction, while it subsists, except in case of insolvency or bankruptcy that has not been
p.000048: declared fraudulent.
p.000048: 2. Execution sentence that condemns a prison sentence, while it remains.
p.000048: Art. 65.- The State shall promote the equal representation of women and men in the positions of
p.000048: nomination or designation of the public function, in its instances of direction and decision, and in the parties and
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p.000056: public; Access and free and private communication with your defender or defender cannot be restricted.
p.000056: h) Present verbally or in writing the reasons or arguments of which it is believed assisted and replicate the
p.000056: arguments of the other parties; present evidence and contradict those presented against it.
p.000056: i) No one may be tried more than once for the same cause and matter. The cases resolved by the jurisdiction
p.000056: Indigenous should be considered for this purpose.
p.000056: j) Those who act as witnesses or experts will be required to appear before the judge, judge or authority, and
p.000056: answer the respective interrogation.
p.000056: k) Be judged by an independent, impartial and competent judge or judge. No one will be judged by courts of
p.000056: exception or by special commissions created for this purpose.
p.000056: l) The resolutions of the public authorities must be motivated. There will be no motivation if in the resolution
p.000056: the